• Purpose of Temptation:

    From Weedy@21:1/5 to All on Sat Jul 15 02:24:28 2023
    Purpose of Temptation:

    The purpose of temptation is to test humans to determine their
    worthiness to receive life eternal: "Blessed is the man who endures
    temptation; for when he has been approved, he will receive the crown
    of life which the Lord has promised to those who love Him." [James
    1:12] "We must through many tribulations (trials) enter the kingdom of
    God." [Acts 14:22] God tests all things because he desires a perfect
    and everlasting world--eternity; if such a world is to be, nothing
    evil (destructive) can be permitted to enter therein: "Blessed are
    they that wash their robes in the blood of the Lamb: that they may
    have a right to the tree of life and may enter in by the gates into
    the city. Without are dogs and sorcerers and unchaste and murderers
    and servers of idols and every one that loveth and maketh a lie. "
    [Revelation 22:14-15]

    15 July – Blessed Bernard of Baden TOSF
    Also known as – Bernard of Marchio, Bernard II, Margrave of
    Baden-Baden, Bernhard of Baden, Bernardo, Bernardus, Bernhard.

    Margrave of Baden (Margrave was originally the medieval title for the
    military commander assigned to maintain the defence of one of the
    border provinces of the Holy Roman Empire.) Tertiary of the Order of
    St Francis, apostle of the poor and the needy. Born in c 1428 in
    Hohenbaden Castle, Baden-Baden, Baden-Württemberg, Germany and died on
    15 July 1458 in Moncalieri, Italy of natural causes. Patronages –
    Baden, Germany, Baden-Baden, Germany, together with Saint Konrad of
    Constance, he is the Patron Saint of the Archdiocese of Freiburg,
    Germany, Moncalieri, Italy.

    Blessed Bernard was born in late 1428 or early 1429 (his exact
    birthday is not known) at Hohenbaden Castle near Baden-Baden in the
    present state of Baden- Baden. Württemberg in Germany. This Castle was
    the then tribal seat of the Margraves of Baden and Bernhard was the
    second son of Margrave James I and his wife Catherine of Lorraine, who
    was the daughter of Blessed Margaret of the Palatinate and Duke
    Charles II of Lorraine (1364-1431).

    Bernard grew up in a deeply religious family. His father, had founded Fremersberg Abbey and expanded the Collegiate Church in Baden-Baden.
    The Margrave’s house was characterised by a deep devotion and
    religious practices and a great sense of responsibility towards the
    family members and subjects.

    Bernard received a careful education, which would prepare him for his
    later role as a sovereign. The intent was that he would be Margrave of Pforzheim, Eberstein, Besigheim and several districts in the northern
    part of the Margraviate.

    He was related to the Habsburg dynasty via his older brother Karl I,
    who had married Catherine of Austria, a sister of Emperor Frederick
    III. This relationship should give Bernard access to the imperial
    Court. But first, he assisted his uncle René of Anjou in an armed
    conflict in northern Italy. According to contemporary sources, he
    fought bravely. After his father’s death in 1453, he returned to
    Baden, where he agreed with his brother to give up his claim to part
    of the margraviate. Instead, he became Frederick III’s personal envoy, despite his young age.

    Bernard saw a number of disgraceful situations and tried to alleviate
    hardship and poverty wherever he could. He spent most of his income
    assisting the poor and those in need. Even during his lifetime, he
    impressed his contemporaries with his unusual and deep piety.

    Under pressure, after the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453,
    the imperial Habsburg family began preparing a Crusade against the
    expanding Ottoman Empire. In March 1453, the Turks captured
    Constantinople, the capital of the Greek Empire, after a terrible
    battle and the City was lost to Christianity. This was the main reason
    that Frederick III, in particular, saw the need to attempt to rout the
    Turks. Thus, Bernard left soldier life and embarked on a diplomatic
    career, which was more in line with his peaceful nature. Emperor
    Frederick III sent him to various Courts in Germany, France and Italy
    to arouse interest and raise money for a new Crusade. He was so
    attracted to this mission to save Christianity, that he soon after
    handed over the office of Margrave of Baden with all rights to his
    brother Karl for a period of ten years.

    Bernard had, since childhood, lived a very religious life and wanted
    to support his brother-in-law the Emperor by all means. At the
    imperial Court he also became an ardent intercessor for the needy,
    following the teachings of Christ and His Church and seeing the Face
    of Christ in the poor. Bernard rightly believed, that Godliness should
    lead to mercy for those in most need. He himself lived as he taught
    and divided his guaranteed annual income into three: one-third was to
    be used for the poor, one-third was to benefit the Church, and
    one-third was for himself. In addition, he led a strictly religious
    life and gave up all worldly pleasures, which earned him deep respect
    even during his young lifetime.

    Emperor Frederick III held two parliaments in 1455, where he appointed delegations of German Princes to recruit rulers outside Germany to
    take part in a crusade against the Turks. Bernard’s intention was to
    work on behalf of Emperor Frederick III for the good of Christianity
    in the areas that the Turks had occupied. His last voyage as an
    imperial envoy began in late May 1458 and led him and his companions
    to the Duchy of Orléans and on to Genoa.

    He was on his way to Rome, to meet Pope Callistus III (1455-1458), who
    himself tried to encourage support for a Crusade with great enthusiasm
    but little success. But shortly after Bernard left Turin in northern
    Italy, he and his companions were infected by an epidemic, probably
    the plague. He tried to get home to Baden but even before reaching the
    village of Moncalieri on the Po River south of Turin in Piedmont, two
    of his companions were dead. In a hostel next to the Franciscan
    Monastery in Moncalieri, Bernard died on 15 July 1458, not yet thirty
    years old.

    Due to his position as Prince and Emperor’s envoy, Margrave Bernard
    was buried in front of the High Altar in the dormitory Church of Santa
    Maria della Scala in Moncalieri. He was not a citizen of Moncalieri
    but was, nevertheless, solemnly carried to the grave in the presence
    of numerous clergy and local citizens, which was probably due more to
    his privileged status, than the strongly believing and holy life he
    had led.

    During the mourning ceremony, Bernard’s life was told, which led to a
    citizen of Moncalieri asking Bernhard for prayer and help, as he had
    only been able to move with a cane and crutches for a long time the
    result of a bone disease. Already, during the mourning ceremony, this
    man recovered, which led to general astonishment and joy and was
    immediately attributed to the prayers of the newly buried Badian
    Margrave. Bernard’s cult and calls for help and support had begun.
    He already had a reputation for holiness and for a special devotion to
    the Virgin Mary, and many miracles were reported at his tomb. In
    Moncalieri and the surrounding area, accounts spread of his effective intercession. His tomb and his relics became a pilgrimage site which
    it still is. Pilgrimages were and are held there, prayers are said,
    vows are made and sacrifices are offered. Bernhard has, for many
    centuries, been the Patron Saint of Moncalieri, which is probably the
    only City in Italy, that has a German Prince as their Protector.

    His cult spread rapidly in Piedmont and the surrounding areas of
    France and Germany. In Vic near Nancy and Metz in Lorraine, where
    Bernhard’s brother Georg had been Bishop, an Altar and Statue were
    erected in St. Stephan’s Collegiate Church. Of course, he was also remembered in his home county. There, Margaret, daughter of Margrave
    Charles I, who from 1477 to 1496 was Abbess of the Monastery of
    Lichtenthal, had a wooden Statue made in honour of her uncle, which
    was erected in the princely Chapel.

    Bernard was Beatifed on 16 September 1769 by Pope Clement XIV. His
    Canonisation process continues, at present, the second miracle
    required is being investigated.


    Bible Quote:
    O the depth of the riches of the wisdom and of the knowledge of God!
    How incomprehensible are his judgments, and how unsearchable his ways!
    [Romans 11:33] DRB

    Saint Quote:
    For the cup we drink is a participation in the blood of Christ, and
    the bread we break is a participation in the body of Christ. Because
    there is one loaf, we who are many are one body, since we all share
    the same bread. And so we pray that, by the same grace which made the
    Church Christ's body, all its members may remain firm in the unity of
    that body through the enduring bond of love.
    -- Saint Fulgentius of Ruspe

    You have not the Time
    --Sermon from the Cure de Ars--Concerning Prayer and Work

    We can only find our happiness on earth in loving God, and we can only
    love Him in prayer to Him. We see that Jesus Christ, to encourage us
    often to have recourse to Him through prayer, promises never to refuse
    us anything if we pray for it as we should. But there is no need to go
    looking for elaborate and roundabout ways of showing you that we
    should pray often, for you have only to open your catechism and you
    will see there that the duty of every good Christian is to pray
    morning and evening and often during the day--that is to say,

    Which of us, my dear brethren, could, without tears of compassion,
    listen to those poor Christians who dare to say that they have not
    time to pray? You have not the time! Poor blind creatures, which is
    the more precious action: to strive to please God and to save your
    soul, or to go out to feed your animals in the stable or to call your
    children or your servants in order to send them out to till the earth
    or to tidy up the stable? Dear God! How blind man is! .... You have
    not the time! But tell me, ungrateful creatures, if God had called you
    to die that night, would you have exerted yourselves? If He had sent
    you three or four months of illness, would you have exerted
    yourselves? Go away, you miserable creatures; you deserve to have God
    abandon you in your blindness and leave you thus to perish. We find
    that it is too much to give Him a few minutes to thank Him for the
    graces which He is giving us at every instant! ....

    You must get on with your work, you say.

    That, my dear people, is where you are greatly mistaken. You have no
    other work to do except to please God and to save your souls. All the
    rest is not your work. If you do not do it, others will, but if you
    lose your soul, who will save it?

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