• Bronze, Iron Age, Classical, & neoclassical Confucian China

    From ryan.tipper06@gmail.com@21:1/5 to Thomas J Wheat on Sat Jun 1 18:19:02 2019
    On Tuesday, 26 October 2004 04:18:10 UTC+10, Thomas J Wheat wrote:
    The earliest reported Dynasty in Chinese civilization was the ethnic
    Tibetan Chiang Hsiung Hsia, (Xsia) Dynasty founded in 2200 B.C.E.

    The Next Dynasty was the Shang Dynasty. This dynasty lasted from 1766
    B.C.E to approximately 1100 B.C.E. This dynasty featured rudimentary
    jade and Bronze Casting technology and the spirtual divination of the practices at that time focused on occult human and animal sacrifice.
    Once the victim was sacrificed the flesh was stripped from the bones
    and the bones were bleeched and set into the sacrificial fire.
    Depending on the nature of the fire searing the Bone, the cracks in
    those bones would determine the earliest basis for the Phylogy and phenomenology of the Chinese language character system.

    The Next Dynasty was the Zhou (Chou) dynasty. This dynasty was
    considered a golden age in Chinese history. This period began from
    roughly 1100 B.C.E. with intermitten decentralization of the
    feudatories and the beginning of the Iron Age in the Warring States
    Period from about 700 B.C.E. to about 225 B.C.E.

    The early great Philosophical kings of the Zhou Dynasty period were
    King Wu, Marshall Wei and the Duke of Zhou. The Duke of Zhou was
    considered an agricultural innovator by introducing the three seasonal
    three field crop rotation method.

    The Warring States period, (660 - 225 B.C.E.) featured a period of
    much civil war and political decentralization and yet also featured a revitilization of chinese philosophical thought. The earliest known,
    written works of this time were the I - Ching, and the philosophers
    of this time were Lao Tzu, composer of the Tao Te Ching, and earliest
    known chinese traveller to Amdo, Tibet. The creator of the Chinese
    Civil Service Academy was Kung Fu Tzu, composer of the Analects,
    (Confucius) and Meng Tzu who formalized confucian thought in the 2nd
    century B.C.E.

    Confucian thought centered on the principle of Ren and Li, Benevolence
    and proper ritual practices, repectively and also focused on ancestral
    spirit worship along with a practical mundane philosophy for a code
    among the Shin Shi, the philosopher Bureacrat knight.

    Other Books of this period focused on taoist gurellia warfare
    techniques and occult chinese opera. The most famous book of this
    later period, written approximately in 200 B.C.E. was Sun Tzu's, "Art
    of War."

    The end of the Zhou dynasty saw a revivalist of the eastern 12
    feudatory kingdoms of the Han dynasty unto their defeat by the Chin
    dynasty which culminated in the shortlived 25 year regime of a unified
    China under Chin Shi Huang Di with the rise of the Legalist positivist
    school of chinese occult political theocratic statecraft.

    The rise of the Chin Dynasty, 225 B.C.E. to 200 B.C.E. saw for the
    first time albeit a short time a unified and centralized China. Chin
    Shi Huang Di however did not tolerate dissedents to his rule.

    Many Books were burned, chiefly among them the Lost book of Poetry,
    and many of the Confucians, Daoists, and the Mohists, perhaps the
    world's first 'free love bohemian society' many had their bodies
    buried up to their necks in sand and then had their necks crushed, or
    were boiled alive in their own blood in huge iron vats. Other occult
    human sacrificial techniques also included scaling 5 foot in length by
    1 foot in width razor ladders approximately 20 feet high with the
    survivor being granted clemency upon succesful ascent and descent of
    the razor ladder to heaven Gauntlet.

    Chin Shi Huang Di's regime was shortlived because he had no efficient bureacratic succession method. Out of his approximatelly 22 sons, he
    had originally designated his second son as his heir, however, the
    17th son assasinated the second son and so the dynasty plunged again
    into chaos and disorder. He was entombed in a pyramid, and his
    sarcophagus rested on a floating lake of mercury. Archaelogical
    evidence of his skull revealed the existence of mercury poisoning
    which contributed to the disfigurement of his spine and death in his
    mid to late sixties. His tomb had approximately 10,000 chin soldiers
    each bearing a unique likeness and representation of the soldier who
    had the misfortune of being entombed alive with the death of Chin Shi
    Huang Di.

    Qin Shi Huang Di was also obssessed with the search for immortality.
    This caused him to seek many a chinese alchemist potion and Taoist
    sexual practices intended to increase his Chi, or life force.
    Unfortunately few worked for him as evinced by the mercury traces in
    the forensic analysis of his skull.

    The next dynasty was the Han dynasty. This dynasty lasted from 200
    b.c.e. to about 400 C.E. During the latter half of this period saw the
    rise of the silk road Eastern Western, European Asian trade routes and
    the formation of the Pax Sinica and the Pax Romana. Indeed at Julius
    Caesar's coronation, Han red silk imperial banners were featured.

    The Han dynasty represented a technological revolution of Iron age
    bronze lost wax casting methods. The consolidation of East west Silk
    route trade was facillitated between the Han of china and the Mauryan
    Asokan dynasty of India, and the Parthians, descendants of Cyrus,
    Xerxes and Alexander's Generals of Persia to the Roman Empire of the Mediterraniean.

    During this period Trade between India and China began to commence
    with the silk route importation of metaphysical Tai Chi and Kung Fu,
    along with the Buddhist philosophical thought of the Theravadan
    Tripitaka, Pali Canon and importation of Mahayana commentary by
    Kumarajiva, and Nagarjuna, (Mahamadyikma, http://www.khandro.net/Bud_philo_Madhyamika.htm , Sunyata, the Great
    Void School) http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9001321 and
    also see
    http://www.iep.utm.edu/n/nagarjun.htm ) propagated by Chinese pilgrims
    to India disseminating such thought upon returning to China, chiefly
    the most famous of them being Fan Shen, Bodhi Dharma, and Zhuang
    tZuan, (Hsuang Tzuan) the first pioneers across the Tamalakarand
    XinJiang desert beginning in the latter half of the second century
    B.C.E. to about the end of the 7th century C.E.

    During this time the pilgrmage Stupas, of Swayambunath
    ( http://www.sacredsites.com/1st30/swayambh.html ) and Bhodunath, http://www.exodus.co.uk/picfiles/a00hp49a.html were constructed and as
    legend would have it by Padmasambhava himself. Inside these temples
    legend maintained the existence of secret caverns, where death to all
    mortals prevailed and the existence of Naga dragon guardian Serpent

    The decline of the han saw the rise of the Tang Dynasty in China
    beginning about roughly in the 7th century and ending roughly in the
    9th century. (600 C.E. to about 900 C.E. Tang China's most powerful
    Ruler, Tang Taitzu still nonetheless had his capital, Changan sacked
    and held for 30 days by 250,000 Tibetan Calvarymen of the northern
    Western Tibetan Tribes led by Gyalpo Srongtsen Gampo. A treaty was
    concluded in approximately 760 C.E whichwas formalized by stone
    pillars erected in both Changan and the Tibetan capital of Lhasa which stipulated the equalness and equality of the hegemonic temporal power
    both nation states shared in the Indian middle eastern Silk Route
    trade routes. As a condition of the treaty between Tibet and China,
    the chinese emperor seceded his daughter Princess Wen Chen, along with
    the arrival of the Jowo Sakyamuni statue to the Jokhang cathedral in
    Lhasa. It was reputed that princess Wen Chen Brought the secrets of
    chinese agriculture to the nomadic pastorlist Tibetans. Srongtsan
    Gampo also took a nepalese bride from the King of Nepal.

    The Tibetan Yarlung Dynasty began about approximately 225 B.C.E. when
    legend had it that the first king of heaven descended from the sky on
    a meteroite lightning bolt phurba. He was named Namri Sangpo.

    In the 8th century tibetan kings opened up more cultural and
    philosophical trade routes with India, and conquered, Ladhak and
    Khotan during the regimes of Tri Song Detsun, (Thi Song Detsun) and
    Hathori Nyantsen, and Ralpachen. During this period was marked by the
    arrival of the Kashmiri Pandit, Padmasambhava who first pacified and integrated Bonpo indigenous Tibetan occult theology with Tantric
    Buddhist and Hindu theologies. India also borrowed much from tibet, as
    it was reputed that the Home of Shiva was none other to be found then
    in Mt. Kailash in Tibet.

    Tibetan military dress was influenced both by Chinese armor
    construction techniques as well as the importation of persian scale
    mail. Tibetan cultural influences have been ecceltically varied from
    cultural importation of Zorastrianism and Mongolian Shamanism.

    The Tibetan Yarlung dynasty ended with the assasination of the Bon po
    king Lang Darma and the rise of the Tibetan Priest Class to temporal

    Meanwhile in China the fall of the Tang at approximately the same time
    of the assasination of lang darma culminated in the rise of the
    Nothern - Southern Song (Sung) Dynasty which lasted from 960 C.E. to
    about 1163 C.E. The bureacratic state philosophy of this time featured
    the principle of Wu - Wei, or Void full non action, in the sense
    that the ruler and the subjects existed in symbiotical rings of
    temporal influence. The latter half of the Southern song (Sung)
    Dynasty saw the formation of Chan Shaolin Buddhist warrior monks who
    feuded with Mongolian Hsia, Hun, Shamanist Buddhist nomadic warrior chieftans.

    The Song dynasty was virtually entirely annihilated by Ghengiss,
    (Chingiss) Temujin Khan, (b- 1163 c.e. d- 1227 c.e.) and also by his
    grandson Kublai khan by 1242 C.E. with the formation of the Yuan
    Dynasty. It was during this period that the Altaeic Pax mongolica
    superseded the Pax Sinica and Centralization of the trade routes
    between east and west opened up more far east trade with the Venetian republics of Italy and the declining Maecadonian Byzantium Empire.
    Marco polo an early Italian historian and merchant traveller to Kublai
    khan's court and also the first importer of pasta from china left many
    a account in his diary concerning the coutenance and the statecraft of
    the Mongol Yuan Court.

    During this time the Mongols made Tibet a military Protectorate and
    enlisted the Tibetan Lama's as their Chief Shaman's. The most famous
    of these Lama's was Sakya Pandita. The system of limited suzeranity
    applied to Tibet by the Mongol Khans envisaged a Cho Yon, priest
    patron relationship, with the priest obliged to pray for the welfare
    and long life of the emperor, and the emperor, obliged to protect the
    wealth and authority of the Kagyu Karmapa's and later Sakya and then
    Gelugpa patriarchs of the Tibetan church as well as provide for the
    national defense of the Tibetan state from foreign invaders. Unlike
    Europe this was a centralized Feudal System unlike a decentralized
    feudal system.

    Meanwhile the Mongols rocketed across the Urals and sacked Russkian
    Kiev and Novgorod and Vladimir Volynia, Suzdalia Rostav in the 1237 -
    1242, winter military campaigns as well as Austria, Hungary and Poland
    during the same period. Led by Temujin's Grandson, Batu the Russian
    Mongols converted to Islam however they invested the title of Grand
    Prince of Vladimir - Kiev with Alexander Nevsky a enobled Russian
    orthodox saint and collaborater with the Mongols. Thus the Orthodox
    Slavic Ruirkid Rus Dynasty was spared total annhilation.
    see this link for more info: http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/B00004XQN5/ref=pd_ecc_rvi_1/102-5157557-6512121
    Eisenstein - The Sound Years (Ivan the Terrible Parts 1 & 2, Alexander Nevsky) - Criterion Collection (1938)

    The Yuan Dynasty fell in 1388. The Mongols continued to rule russia
    until the rise of Ivan Grozny IV (Ivan Vassiliovich) when Moscow a
    hill fort established by the Mongols superseded the Vladimir Suzdalian Rostov, Pskov municipalities.

    The Mongols would still continue to dominate Central Asia well into
    the 17th and 18th centuries though later as decentralized tribal confederacies.

    The Ming Dynasty which began in 1388 also saw the catalouging of the
    Yuan official court records, as recorded in the 'Yuan Po Pao Shi,'
    also translated into English, as "the secret history of the Mongols,"
    by the Harvard, Yen Ching Institute, see source:
    Secret History of the Mongols: The Origin of Chingiss Khan by Paul
    Kahn, Francis Woodman Cleaves http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0887272991/102-5157557-6512121?v=glance

    The Ming Dynasty was founded in 1388 by a former Buddhist Peasant
    monk. Pictorial portrait:

    The Ming dynasty was an age of great exploration and cultural
    renesseance for the first half of the dynasty. During this time many seafaring voyages to Africa and the mideast occured until the rise of
    the Portegeuse and the Dutch hegemons of the West. However, somewhere
    during the middle half of the dynasty, due to the proliferation of bureacratic Eunuchs in the royal household circumvented the
    centripetal authority of the Emperor. The latter half of the Ming
    Dynasty was known as the Great Withdrawal period were China once had
    the technoligical crest of civilization then due to western hegemonic consolidation of the Silk Road Gun Powder and Ship Wright construction
    trade fell behind the west. The Ming Dynasty fell in 1644.

    They were replaced by Manchurian Jin Tribesman led by the tetrarchy of Dorgan, Nur Haichi and Hong Taiji who established the Qing (Pure)
    Dynasty. The greatest rulers of this dynasty were KangXi, 1654—1722 http://www.chinapage.com/emperor/qing1204.html
    selected reading: http://web.archive.org/web/20020316043349/http://www.stanford.edu/class/history92a/readings/kangziyongzheng.html

    YongZhen, and Qianlong. After these regimes the neo Confucian Qing
    state began to bureacratically and inertially implode due to the
    Protestant opium wars. The Qing dynasty fell in 1911, when the boy
    emperor Pu Yi was deposed by Yuan Shi Kai.

    Republican China began with Sun Yat sen.

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