The earliest reported Dynasty in Chinese civilization was the ethnic
Tibetan Chiang Hsiung Hsia, (Xsia) Dynasty founded in 2200 B.C.E.
The Next Dynasty was the Shang Dynasty. This dynasty lasted from 1766
B.C.E to approximately 1100 B.C.E. This dynasty featured rudimentary
jade and Bronze Casting technology and the spirtual divination of the practices at that time focused on occult human and animal sacrifice.
Once the victim was sacrificed the flesh was stripped from the bones
and the bones were bleeched and set into the sacrificial fire.
Depending on the nature of the fire searing the Bone, the cracks in
those bones would determine the earliest basis for the Phylogy and phenomenology of the Chinese language character system.
The Next Dynasty was the Zhou (Chou) dynasty. This dynasty was
considered a golden age in Chinese history. This period began from
roughly 1100 B.C.E. with intermitten decentralization of the
feudatories and the beginning of the Iron Age in the Warring States
Period from about 700 B.C.E. to about 225 B.C.E.
The early great Philosophical kings of the Zhou Dynasty period were
King Wu, Marshall Wei and the Duke of Zhou. The Duke of Zhou was
considered an agricultural innovator by introducing the three seasonal
three field crop rotation method.
The Warring States period, (660 - 225 B.C.E.) featured a period of
much civil war and political decentralization and yet also featured a revitilization of chinese philosophical thought. The earliest known,
written works of this time were the I - Ching, and the philosophers
of this time were Lao Tzu, composer of the Tao Te Ching, and earliest
known chinese traveller to Amdo, Tibet. The creator of the Chinese
Civil Service Academy was Kung Fu Tzu, composer of the Analects,
(Confucius) and Meng Tzu who formalized confucian thought in the 2nd
Confucian thought centered on the principle of Ren and Li, Benevolence
and proper ritual practices, repectively and also focused on ancestral
spirit worship along with a practical mundane philosophy for a code
among the Shin Shi, the philosopher Bureacrat knight.
Other Books of this period focused on taoist gurellia warfare
techniques and occult chinese opera. The most famous book of this
later period, written approximately in 200 B.C.E. was Sun Tzu's, "Art
The end of the Zhou dynasty saw a revivalist of the eastern 12
feudatory kingdoms of the Han dynasty unto their defeat by the Chin
dynasty which culminated in the shortlived 25 year regime of a unified
China under Chin Shi Huang Di with the rise of the Legalist positivist
school of chinese occult political theocratic statecraft.
The rise of the Chin Dynasty, 225 B.C.E. to 200 B.C.E. saw for the
first time albeit a short time a unified and centralized China. Chin
Shi Huang Di however did not tolerate dissedents to his rule.
Many Books were burned, chiefly among them the Lost book of Poetry,
and many of the Confucians, Daoists, and the Mohists, perhaps the
world's first 'free love bohemian society' many had their bodies
buried up to their necks in sand and then had their necks crushed, or
were boiled alive in their own blood in huge iron vats. Other occult
human sacrificial techniques also included scaling 5 foot in length by
1 foot in width razor ladders approximately 20 feet high with the
survivor being granted clemency upon succesful ascent and descent of
the razor ladder to heaven Gauntlet.
Chin Shi Huang Di's regime was shortlived because he had no efficient bureacratic succession method. Out of his approximatelly 22 sons, he
had originally designated his second son as his heir, however, the
17th son assasinated the second son and so the dynasty plunged again
into chaos and disorder. He was entombed in a pyramid, and his
sarcophagus rested on a floating lake of mercury. Archaelogical
evidence of his skull revealed the existence of mercury poisoning
which contributed to the disfigurement of his spine and death in his
mid to late sixties. His tomb had approximately 10,000 chin soldiers
each bearing a unique likeness and representation of the soldier who
had the misfortune of being entombed alive with the death of Chin Shi
Qin Shi Huang Di was also obssessed with the search for immortality.
This caused him to seek many a chinese alchemist potion and Taoist
sexual practices intended to increase his Chi, or life force.
Unfortunately few worked for him as evinced by the mercury traces in
the forensic analysis of his skull.
The next dynasty was the Han dynasty. This dynasty lasted from 200
b.c.e. to about 400 C.E. During the latter half of this period saw the
rise of the silk road Eastern Western, European Asian trade routes and
the formation of the Pax Sinica and the Pax Romana. Indeed at Julius
Caesar's coronation, Han red silk imperial banners were featured.
The Han dynasty represented a technological revolution of Iron age
bronze lost wax casting methods. The consolidation of East west Silk
route trade was facillitated between the Han of china and the Mauryan
Asokan dynasty of India, and the Parthians, descendants of Cyrus,
Xerxes and Alexander's Generals of Persia to the Roman Empire of the Mediterraniean.
During this period Trade between India and China began to commence
with the silk route importation of metaphysical Tai Chi and Kung Fu,
along with the Buddhist philosophical thought of the Theravadan
Tripitaka, Pali Canon and importation of Mahayana commentary by
Kumarajiva, and Nagarjuna, (Mahamadyikma, http://www.khandro.net/Bud_philo_Madhyamika.htm , Sunyata, the Great
Void School) http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9001321 and
http://www.iep.utm.edu/n/nagarjun.htm ) propagated by Chinese pilgrims
to India disseminating such thought upon returning to China, chiefly
the most famous of them being Fan Shen, Bodhi Dharma, and Zhuang
tZuan, (Hsuang Tzuan) the first pioneers across the Tamalakarand
XinJiang desert beginning in the latter half of the second century
B.C.E. to about the end of the 7th century C.E.
During this time the pilgrmage Stupas, of Swayambunath
( http://www.sacredsites.com/1st30/swayambh.html ) and Bhodunath, http://www.exodus.co.uk/picfiles/a00hp49a.html were constructed and as
legend would have it by Padmasambhava himself. Inside these temples
legend maintained the existence of secret caverns, where death to all
mortals prevailed and the existence of Naga dragon guardian Serpent
The decline of the han saw the rise of the Tang Dynasty in China
beginning about roughly in the 7th century and ending roughly in the
9th century. (600 C.E. to about 900 C.E. Tang China's most powerful
Ruler, Tang Taitzu still nonetheless had his capital, Changan sacked
and held for 30 days by 250,000 Tibetan Calvarymen of the northern
Western Tibetan Tribes led by Gyalpo Srongtsen Gampo. A treaty was
concluded in approximately 760 C.E whichwas formalized by stone
pillars erected in both Changan and the Tibetan capital of Lhasa which stipulated the equalness and equality of the hegemonic temporal power
both nation states shared in the Indian middle eastern Silk Route
trade routes. As a condition of the treaty between Tibet and China,
the chinese emperor seceded his daughter Princess Wen Chen, along with
the arrival of the Jowo Sakyamuni statue to the Jokhang cathedral in
Lhasa. It was reputed that princess Wen Chen Brought the secrets of
chinese agriculture to the nomadic pastorlist Tibetans. Srongtsan
Gampo also took a nepalese bride from the King of Nepal.
The Tibetan Yarlung Dynasty began about approximately 225 B.C.E. when
legend had it that the first king of heaven descended from the sky on
a meteroite lightning bolt phurba. He was named Namri Sangpo.
In the 8th century tibetan kings opened up more cultural and
philosophical trade routes with India, and conquered, Ladhak and
Khotan during the regimes of Tri Song Detsun, (Thi Song Detsun) and
Hathori Nyantsen, and Ralpachen. During this period was marked by the
arrival of the Kashmiri Pandit, Padmasambhava who first pacified and integrated Bonpo indigenous Tibetan occult theology with Tantric
Buddhist and Hindu theologies. India also borrowed much from tibet, as
it was reputed that the Home of Shiva was none other to be found then
in Mt. Kailash in Tibet.
Tibetan military dress was influenced both by Chinese armor
construction techniques as well as the importation of persian scale
mail. Tibetan cultural influences have been ecceltically varied from
cultural importation of Zorastrianism and Mongolian Shamanism.
The Tibetan Yarlung dynasty ended with the assasination of the Bon po
king Lang Darma and the rise of the Tibetan Priest Class to temporal
Meanwhile in China the fall of the Tang at approximately the same time
of the assasination of lang darma culminated in the rise of the
Nothern - Southern Song (Sung) Dynasty which lasted from 960 C.E. to
about 1163 C.E. The bureacratic state philosophy of this time featured
the principle of Wu - Wei, or Void full non action, in the sense
that the ruler and the subjects existed in symbiotical rings of
temporal influence. The latter half of the Southern song (Sung)
Dynasty saw the formation of Chan Shaolin Buddhist warrior monks who
feuded with Mongolian Hsia, Hun, Shamanist Buddhist nomadic warrior chieftans.
The Song dynasty was virtually entirely annihilated by Ghengiss,
(Chingiss) Temujin Khan, (b- 1163 c.e. d- 1227 c.e.) and also by his
grandson Kublai khan by 1242 C.E. with the formation of the Yuan
Dynasty. It was during this period that the Altaeic Pax mongolica
superseded the Pax Sinica and Centralization of the trade routes
between east and west opened up more far east trade with the Venetian republics of Italy and the declining Maecadonian Byzantium Empire.
Marco polo an early Italian historian and merchant traveller to Kublai
khan's court and also the first importer of pasta from china left many
a account in his diary concerning the coutenance and the statecraft of
the Mongol Yuan Court.
During this time the Mongols made Tibet a military Protectorate and
enlisted the Tibetan Lama's as their Chief Shaman's. The most famous
of these Lama's was Sakya Pandita. The system of limited suzeranity
applied to Tibet by the Mongol Khans envisaged a Cho Yon, priest
patron relationship, with the priest obliged to pray for the welfare
and long life of the emperor, and the emperor, obliged to protect the
wealth and authority of the Kagyu Karmapa's and later Sakya and then
Gelugpa patriarchs of the Tibetan church as well as provide for the
national defense of the Tibetan state from foreign invaders. Unlike
Europe this was a centralized Feudal System unlike a decentralized
Meanwhile the Mongols rocketed across the Urals and sacked Russkian
Kiev and Novgorod and Vladimir Volynia, Suzdalia Rostav in the 1237 -
1242, winter military campaigns as well as Austria, Hungary and Poland
during the same period. Led by Temujin's Grandson, Batu the Russian
Mongols converted to Islam however they invested the title of Grand
Prince of Vladimir - Kiev with Alexander Nevsky a enobled Russian
orthodox saint and collaborater with the Mongols. Thus the Orthodox
Slavic Ruirkid Rus Dynasty was spared total annhilation.
see this link for more info: http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/B00004XQN5/ref=pd_ecc_rvi_1/102-5157557-6512121
Eisenstein - The Sound Years (Ivan the Terrible Parts 1 & 2, Alexander Nevsky) - Criterion Collection (1938)
The Yuan Dynasty fell in 1388. The Mongols continued to rule russia
until the rise of Ivan Grozny IV (Ivan Vassiliovich) when Moscow a
hill fort established by the Mongols superseded the Vladimir Suzdalian Rostov, Pskov municipalities.
The Mongols would still continue to dominate Central Asia well into
the 17th and 18th centuries though later as decentralized tribal confederacies.
The Ming Dynasty which began in 1388 also saw the catalouging of the
Yuan official court records, as recorded in the 'Yuan Po Pao Shi,'
also translated into English, as "the secret history of the Mongols,"
by the Harvard, Yen Ching Institute, see source:
Secret History of the Mongols: The Origin of Chingiss Khan by Paul
Kahn, Francis Woodman Cleaves http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0887272991/102-5157557-6512121?v=glance
The Ming Dynasty was founded in 1388 by a former Buddhist Peasant
monk. Pictorial portrait:
The Ming dynasty was an age of great exploration and cultural
renesseance for the first half of the dynasty. During this time many seafaring voyages to Africa and the mideast occured until the rise of
the Portegeuse and the Dutch hegemons of the West. However, somewhere
during the middle half of the dynasty, due to the proliferation of bureacratic Eunuchs in the royal household circumvented the
centripetal authority of the Emperor. The latter half of the Ming
Dynasty was known as the Great Withdrawal period were China once had
the technoligical crest of civilization then due to western hegemonic consolidation of the Silk Road Gun Powder and Ship Wright construction
trade fell behind the west. The Ming Dynasty fell in 1644.
They were replaced by Manchurian Jin Tribesman led by the tetrarchy of Dorgan, Nur Haichi and Hong Taiji who established the Qing (Pure)
Dynasty. The greatest rulers of this dynasty were KangXi, 1654—1722 http://www.chinapage.com/emperor/qing1204.html
selected reading: http://web.archive.org/web/20020316043349/http://www.stanford.edu/class/history92a/readings/kangziyongzheng.html
YongZhen, and Qianlong. After these regimes the neo Confucian Qing
state began to bureacratically and inertially implode due to the
Protestant opium wars. The Qing dynasty fell in 1911, when the boy
emperor Pu Yi was deposed by Yuan Shi Kai.
Republican China began with Sun Yat sen.
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