• The 1680s

    From Steve Hayes@21:1/5 to All on Wed Dec 1 14:13:16 2021
    XPost: alt.history

    This section is transcluded from 1688. (edit | history)

    March – William Dampier makes the first recorded visit to
    Christmas Island.
    March 1 – A great fire devastates Bungay, England.
    April 3 – Francesco Morosini becomes Doge of Venice.
    April 10 – Morean War: The Venetian forces under Francesco
    Morosini evacuate Athens and Piraeus.
    April 18 (Julian calendar) – The Germantown Quaker Protest Against Slavery is drafted by four Germantown Quakers.
    April 29 – Friedrich Wilhelm, the Great Elector of
    Brandenburg-Prussia, dies. Friedrich III becomes Elector of
    Brandenburg-Prussia until 1701, when he becomes the first King of
    Prussia, as Friedrich I.
    May 4 – King James II of England orders his Declaration of
    Indulgence, suspending penal laws against Catholics, to be read from
    every Anglican pulpit in England. The Church of England and its
    staunchest supporters, the peers and gentry, are outraged; on June 8
    the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Sancroft, is imprisoned in the
    Tower of London for refusing to proclaim it.
    May 10 – King Narai of Ayutthaya nominates Princess Sudawadi as
    his successor, with Constantine Phaulkon, Mom Pi and Phetracha acting
    as joint regents.
    May 17 – The arrest of King Narai of Ayutthaya launches a coup
    June 5 – Constantine Phaulkon is arrested; he is later beheaded.
    June 10 – The birth of James Francis Edward Stuart (later known as
    the Old Pretender), son and heir to James II of England and his
    Catholic wife Mary of Modena, at St James's Palace in London,
    increases public disquiet about a Catholic dynasty, particularly when
    the baby is baptised into the Catholic faith. Rumours about his true
    maternity swiftly begin to circulate.
    June 24 – French forces under Chevalier de Beauregard abandon
    their garrison at Mergui, following repeated Siamese attacks; this
    ultimately leads to their withdrawal from the country.
    June 30 – A high-powered conspiracy of notables (the Immortal
    Seven) invite Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange and Princess
    Mary to "defend the liberties of England", and depose King James VII
    and II.


    July 13 – The siege of Negroponte by the Venetians begins.
    August 1 – Phetracha becomes king of Ayutthaya, after a coup
    August 27 – The funding of the armed invasion of William III in
    England causes a financial crisis in the Dutch Republic.[21]
    September 6 – Great Turkish War: The Habsburg army captures
    October 21 – The Venetians raise the siege of Negroponte.
    October 27 – King James II of England dismisses his minister
    Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland.
    November 11 (November 1 OS) – Glorious Revolution: William III of
    Orange sets sail a second time from Hellevoetsluis, the Netherlands,
    to take over England, Scotland and Ireland from King James II of
    November 15 (November 5 OS) – The Glorious Revolution begins:
    William of Orange lands at Torbay, England with a multinational force
    of 15,000 mercenaries. He makes no claim to the British Crown, saying
    only that he has come to save Protestantism and to maintain English
    liberty, and begins a march on London.
    November 19 (November 9 OS) – William of Orange captures Exeter,
    after the magistrates flee the city.
    November 20 (November 10 OS) – The Wincanton Skirmish between
    forces loyal to James II led by Patrick Sarsfield and a party of Dutch
    troops is one of the few armed clashes in England during the Glorious Revolution.
    November 23 – A group of 1,500 Old Believers immolate themselves
    to avoid capture, when troops of the tsar lay siege to their monastery
    on Lake Onega.
    November 26 – Hearing that William of Orange has landed in
    England, Louis XIV declares war on the Netherlands. Perhaps
    revealingly, he does not attack the Netherlands, but instead strikes
    at the heart of the Holy Roman Empire, with about 100,000 soldiers.
    The Nine Years' War begins in Europe and America.
    December 7 –

    December 7: The shutting of the gates in Derry in a stained glass
    window of the Guildhall[22]
    The gates of Derry are shut in front of the Jacobite Earl of
    Antrim and his "redshanks". This initiates the siege of Derry, which
    is the first major event in the Williamite War in Ireland.
    December 9 – The Battle of Reading takes place in Reading,
    Berkshire. It is the only substantial military action in England
    during the Glorious Revolution and ends in a decisive victory for
    forces loyal to William of Orange.
    December 11 – Having led his army to Salisbury and been deserted
    by his troops, James VII and II attempts to flee to France.
    December 18 – William of Orange enters London.

    Date unknown

    The Austrians incite the Chiprovtsi Uprising, against the Ottomans
    in Bulgaria.
    Edward Lloyd opens the London coffee house that soon becomes a
    popular meeting place for shipowners, merchants, insurance brokers and underwriters. In time the business association they form will outgrow
    the coffee house premises, and become Lloyd's of London.
    Neuruppin becomes a Prussian garrison town.
    Johann Weikhard von Valvasor becomes a member of the Royal
    Antonio Verrio begins work on the Heaven Room at Burghley House.
    The earliest known mention of the balalaika is made.

    (source: ?Wikipedia)

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