In my animation
https://www.geogebra.org/m/ytws9kbr
there are two trolleys that start from stationary on the rail and
accelerate to speed v=0.866c (range=2).
In one case, the two carriages remain at the same distance (and the belt
does not break), in the other the trolley B moves twice as far away from
the trolley A (and the belt breaks): which of the two conditions is
correct?
In my animation
https://www.geogebra.org/m/ytws9kbr
there are two trolleys that start from stationary on the rail and
accelerate to speed v=0.866c (range=2).
In one case, the two carriages remain at the same distance (and the belt
does not break), in the other the trolley B moves twice as far away from
the trolley A (and the belt breaks): which of the two conditions is
correct?
In my animation
https://www.geogebra.org/m/ytws9kbr
there are two trolleys that start from stationary on the rail and
accelerate to speed v=0.866c (range=2).
In my animation
https://www.geogebra.org/m/ytws9kbr
there are two trolleys that start from stationary on the rail and
accelerate to speed v=0.866c (range=2).
In one case, the two carriages remain at the same distance (and the belt
does not break), in the other the trolley B moves twice as far away from
the trolley A (and the belt breaks): which of the two conditions is
correct?
The issue here lies in the expression "same acceleration" because it
turns out that the accelerations cannot both remain the same as
experienced by the trolleys, and the same as determined by an observer
who remains at rest relative to the initial state.
So you have to choose which it will be, and your choice will affect the outcome.
Luigi Fortunati <fortunati.luigi@gmail.com> wrote:
In my animation
https://www.geogebra.org/m/ytws9kbr
there are two trolleys that start from stationary on the rail and
accelerate to speed v=0.866c (range=2).
There's a very nice discussion of this in the physics FAQ:
https://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/Relativity/SR/BellSpaceships/spaceship_puzzle.html
There's also a nice discussion of this paradox (including a link to
the above physics FAQ article) in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bell%27s_spaceship_paradox
Sylvia Else marted=EC 08/11/2022 alle ore 15:33:00 ha scritto:
In my animation
https://www.geogebra.org/m/ytws9kbr
there are two trolleys that start from stationary on the rail and
accelerate to speed v=0.866c (range=2).
In one case, the two carriages remain at the same distance (and the belt >>> does not break), in the other the trolley B moves twice as far away from >>> the trolley A (and the belt breaks): which of the two conditions is
correct?
The issue here lies in the expression "same acceleration" because it
turns out that the accelerations cannot both remain the same as
experienced by the trolleys, and the same as determined by an observer
who remains at rest relative to the initial state.
So you have to choose which it will be, and your choice will affect the
outcome.
Consider both cases individually.
In the first case, which of the two conditions is correct?
And in the second case?
Luigi.
In my animation
https://www.geogebra.org/m/ytws9kbr
there are two trolleys that start from stationary on the rail and
accelerate to speed v=0.866c (range=2).
In one case, the two carriages remain at the same distance (and the belt >>>> does not break), in the other the trolley B moves twice as far away from >>>> the trolley A (and the belt breaks): which of the two conditions is
correct?
The issue here lies in the expression "same acceleration" because it
turns out that the accelerations cannot both remain the same as
experienced by the trolleys, and the same as determined by an observer
who remains at rest relative to the initial state.
So you have to choose which it will be, and your choice will affect the
outcome.
Consider both cases individually.
In the first case, which of the two conditions is correct?
And in the second case?
Luigi.
I think it would be more helpful for you to explain what you think will happen in the two cases, and why. Then we could look at your analysis.
Sylvia.
Sylvia Else venerd=EC 11/11/2022 alle ore 14:57:28 ha scritto:
In my animation
https://www.geogebra.org/m/ytws9kbr
there are two trolleys that start from stationary on the rail and
accelerate to speed v=0.866c (range=2).
In one case, the two carriages remain at the same distance (and the belt >>>>> does not break), in the other the trolley B moves twice as far away from >>>>> the trolley A (and the belt breaks): which of the two conditions is
correct?
The issue here lies in the expression "same acceleration" because it
turns out that the accelerations cannot both remain the same as
experienced by the trolleys, and the same as determined by an observer >>>> who remains at rest relative to the initial state.
So you have to choose which it will be, and your choice will affect the >>>> outcome.
Consider both cases individually.
In the first case, which of the two conditions is correct?
And in the second case?
Luigi.
I think it would be more helpful for you to explain what you think will
happen in the two cases, and why. Then we could look at your analysis.
Sylvia.
I am on board of trolley A and, during acceleration, I see trolley B
moving away from me by twice the initial distance (as Bell says in his explanation).
At the same time, I see the distances between the track sleepers (the
rail) shrinking.
The effect of both causes increases the number of rails between me and trolley B from 1 to 4, as is the case at the top of my animation.
But 4 rails between me and B contrast with my speed over the ground
(v=0.866c range=2), for which there should only be 2 rails (twice as
much) between me and B (as is the case at the Bottom of my animation)
and not 4 rails.
Hence my doubt that I was hoping someone could clarify, because if one solution is right, the other is wrong (and vice versa).
Luigi
I am on board of trolley A and, during acceleration, I see trolley B
moving away from me by twice the initial distance (as Bell says in his
explanation).
At the same time, I see the distances between the track sleepers (the
rail) shrinking.
The effect of both causes increases the number of rails between me and
trolley B from 1 to 4, as is the case at the top of my animation.
But 4 rails between me and B contrast with my speed over the ground
(v=0.866c range=2), for which there should only be 2 rails (twice as
much) between me and B (as is the case at the Bottom of my animation)
and not 4 rails.
Hence my doubt that I was hoping someone could clarify, because if one
solution is right, the other is wrong (and vice versa).
Luigi
In this scenario, the choice you've made is that the two trolleys
accelerate at the same rate as determined by the observer at rest
relative to the initial state.
They accelerate at different rates in their respective frames (which
implies that differing, and indeed changing, forces are being applied to them). If the trolleys were connected by an inextensible tether, then it would break.
Sylvia
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