This quote comes from section 16.4 of Jackson's Classical Electrodynamics, where I've used @ = partial, a= alpha, B =beta, y = lambda:infamous 4/3 problem, first noted by J.J. Thomson (1881). The root of the difficulty lies in the nonvanishing of the 4-divergence of the electromagnetic stress tensor. In contrast to source-free fields, the stress tensor Theta^aB of any charged particle
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So far our discussion of the Abraham-Lorentz model of a classical charged particle has been nonrelativistic, with apologies for the paradox of different electromagnetic "masses" from electrostatic and Lorentz force (dynamic) considerations -- the
@_a Theta^aB =−F^By (J_y)/c=−f^BThe root of the 4/3 difficulty lies with the 1/3 additional energy-momentum required to get the sources of the EM system to move at the same velocity as one another.
Where f^α is the Lorentz force density. As stated in Problem 12.18, only if the 4-divergence of a stress tensor vanishes everywhere do the spatial integrals of Theta^a0 transform as a 4-vector.
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I don't agree with the above. If an electromagnetic system is closed where all interactions are entirely via the sources with no additional forces such as Poincare stresses, then the total EM energy and momentum should still transform as a 4-vector.
Any Comments appreciated in advance,
On 20/09/07 2:55 AM, john mcandrew wrote:infamous 4/3 problem, first noted by J.J. Thomson (1881). The root of the difficulty lies in the nonvanishing of the 4-divergence of the electromagnetic stress tensor. In contrast to source-free fields, the stress tensor Theta^aB of any charged particle
This quote comes from section 16.4 of Jackson's Classical Electrodynamics, where I've used @ = partial, a= alpha, B =beta, y = lambda:
"------"
So far our discussion of the Abraham-Lorentz model of a classical charged particle has been nonrelativistic, with apologies for the paradox of different electromagnetic "masses" from electrostatic and Lorentz force (dynamic) considerations -- the
The root of the 4/3 difficulty lies with the 1/3 additional energy-momentum required to get the sources of the EM system to move at the same velocity as one another.@_a Theta^aB =−F^By (J_y)/c=−f^B
Where f^α is the Lorentz force density. As stated in Problem 12.18, only if the 4-divergence of a stress tensor vanishes everywhere do the spatial integrals of Theta^a0 transform as a 4-vector.
"------"
I don't agree with the above. If an electromagnetic system is closed where all interactions are entirely via the sources with no additional forces such as Poincare stresses, then the total EM energy and momentum should still transform as a 4-vector.
Any Comments appreciated in advance,It seems you can define "the 4/3 problem" in various ways. But always
by doing something wrong! Because there is no real 4/3 problem, it is
just a paradox.
In this discussion, for instance, entry 14 makes clear that the paradox
can be formulated by ignoring that a moving charged sphere becomes an ellipsoid, which of course is an error, so no wonder a paradox results:
<https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/80856/does-the-frac43-problem-of-classical-electromagnetism-remain-in-quantum-m#99530>
If there is no real problem then of course we can ignore loaded
questions like "does the problem remain in QM?" as in stackexchange's discussion, or "does the problem lie with [insert some fact]" as in
this thread. We can just say that there is no problem if we avoid
errors and if we do not avoid errors we can create the problem in a
number of different ways..
--
Jos
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