• Iron In Hodgkin, Follicular, and Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    From ironjustice@21:1/5 to All on Mon Oct 30 17:39:24 2017
    Whole-Body Diffusion-weighted MR Imaging of Iron Deposits in Hodgkin, Follicular, and Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma.
    Radiology. 2017 Oct 6:170599. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017170599.
    Cottereau AS1, Mulé S1, Lin C1, Belhadj K1, Vignaud A1, Copie-Bergman C1, Boyez A1, Zerbib P1, Tacher V1, Scherman E1, Haioun C1, Luciani A1, Itti E1, Rahmouni A1.

    To analyze the frequency and distribution of low-signal-intensity regions (LSIRs) in lymphoma lesions and to compare these to fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake and biologic markers of inflammation.
    Materials and Methods
    The authors analyzed 61 untreated patients with a bulky lymphoma (at least one tumor mass ≥7 cm in diameter). When a LSIR within tumor lesions was detected on diffusion-weighted images obtained with a b value of 50 sec/mm2, a T2-weighted gradient-echo (
    GRE) sequence was performed and calcifications were searched for with computed tomography (CT). In two patients, Perls staining was performed on tissue samples from the LSIR. LSIRs were compared with biologic inflammatory parameters and baseline FDG
    positon emission tomography (PET)/CT parameters (maximum standardized uptake value [SUVmax], total metabolic tumor volume [TMTV]).
    LSIRs were detected in 22 patients and corresponded to signal void on GRE images; one LSIR was due to calcifications, and three LSIRS were due to a recent biopsy. In 18 patients, LSIRs appeared to be related to focal iron deposits; this was proven with
    Perls staining in two patients. The LSIRs presumed to be due to iron deposits were found mostly in patients with aggressive lymphoma (nine of 26 patients with Hodgkin lymphoma and eight of 20 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma vs one of 15
    patients with follicular lymphoma; P = .047) and with advanced stage disease (15 of 18 patients). LSIRS were observed in spleen (n = 14), liver (n = 3), and nodal (n = 8) lesions and corresponded to foci FDG uptake, with mean SUVmax of 9.8, 6.7, and 16.2,
    respectively. These patients had significantly higher serum levels of C-reactive protein, α1-globulin, and α2-globulin and more frequently had microcytic anemia than those without such deposits (P = .0072, P = .003, P = .0068, and P < .0001,
    respectively). They also had a significantly higher TMTV (P = .0055) and higher levels of spleen involvement (P < .0001).
    LSIRs due to focal iron deposits are detected in lymphoma lesions and are associated with a more pronounced biologic inflammatory syndrome.

    © RSNA, 2017 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

    PMID: 28985135 DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2017170599

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