• Iron In Sepsis

    From ironjustice@21:1/5 to All on Thu Dec 9 01:33:55 2021
    Causal Effects of Genetically Predicted Iron Status on Sepsis: A Two-Sample Bidirectional Mendelian Randomization Study
    Yuanlong Hu 1 2, Xiaomeng Cheng 2 3, Huaiyu Mao 4, Xianhai Chen 1 2, Yue Cui 5, Zhanjun Qiu 1 2
    Front Nutr
    . 2021 Nov 19;8:747547. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2021.747547. eCollection 2021.

    Background/Aim: Several observational studies showed a significant association between elevated iron status biomarkers levels and sepsis with the unclear direction of causality. A two-sample bidirectional mendelian randomization (MR) study was designed
    to identify the causal direction between seven iron status traits and sepsis. Methods: Seven iron status traits were studied, including serum iron, ferritin, transferrin saturation, transferrin, hemoglobin, erythrocyte count, and reticulocyte count. MR
    analysis was first performed to estimate the causal effect of iron status on the risk of sepsis and then performed in the opposite direction. The multiplicative random-effects and fixed-effects inverse-variance weighted, weighted median-based method and
    MR-Egger were applied. MR-Egger regression, MR pleiotropy residual sum and outlier (MR-PRESSO), and Cochran's Q statistic methods were used to assess heterogeneity and pleiotropy. Results: Genetically predicted high levels of serum iron (OR = 1.21, 95%CI
    = 1.13-1.29, p = 3.16 × 10-4), ferritin (OR = 1.32, 95%CI = 1.07-1.62, p =0.009) and transferrin saturation (OR = 1.14, 95%CI = 1.06-1.23, p = 5.43 × 10-4) were associated with an increased risk of sepsis. No significant causal relationships between
    sepsis and other four iron status biomarkers were observed. Conclusions: This present bidirectional MR analysis suggested the causal association of the high iron status with sepsis susceptibility, while the reverse causality hypothesis did not hold. The
    levels of transferrin, hemoglobin, erythrocytes, and reticulocytes were not significantly associated with sepsis. Further studies will be required to confirm the potential clinical value of such a prevention and treatment strategy.

    PMID: 34869523 PMCID: PMC8639868 DOI: 10.3389/fnut.2021.747547

    Copyright © 2021 Hu, Cheng, Mao, Chen, Cui and Qiu.

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