• Iron Chelators In Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

    From ironjustice@21:1/5 to All on Wed Oct 30 11:40:56 2019
    Effects of the Antifungal Agent Ciclopirox in HPV-Positive Cancer Cells: Repression of Viral E6/E7 Oncogene Expression and Induction of Senescence and Apoptosis.
    Braun JA1,2, Herrmann AL1,2, Blase JI1, Frensemeier K1,2, Bulkescher J1, Scheffner M3, Galy B4, Hoppe-Seyler K1, Hoppe-Seyler F1.
    Int J Cancer. 2019 Oct 11. doi: 10.1002/ijc.32709.
    Molecular Therapy of Virus-Associated Cancers, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.
    Faculty of Biosciences, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany. Virus-Associated Carcinogenesis, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.

    The malignant growth of human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cancer cells is dependent on the continuous expression of the viral E6/E7 oncogenes. Here, we examined the effects of iron deprivation on the phenotype of HPV-positive cervical cancer cells. We
    found that iron chelators, such as the topical antifungal agent ciclopirox (CPX), strongly repress HPV E6/E7 oncogene expression, both at the transcript and protein level. CPX efficiently blocks the proliferation of HPV-positive cancer cells by inducing
    cellular senescence. Although active mTOR signaling is considered to be critical for the cellular senescence response towards a variety of pro-senescent agents, CPX-induced senescence occurs under conditions of severely impaired mTOR signaling. Prolonged
    CPX treatment leads to p53-independent Caspase-3/7 activation and induction of apoptosis. CPX also eliminates HPV-positive cancer cells under hypoxic conditions through induction of apoptosis. Taken together, these results show that iron deprivation
    exerts profound anti-viral and anti-proliferative effects in HPV-positive cancer cells and suggest that iron chelators, such as CPX, possess therapeutic potential as HPV-inhibitory, pro-senescent and pro-apoptotic agents in both normoxic and hypoxic
    environments. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

    This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

    cervical cancer; human papillomavirus; iron; mTOR; tumor virus

    PMID: 31603527 DOI: 10.1002/ijc.32709

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