• Iron In Allergic Rhinitis

    From ironjustice@21:1/5 to All on Tue Jul 3 11:42:03 2018
    The Iron Chelator and Anticancer Agent Dp44mT Relieves Allergic Inflammation in Mice With Allergic Rhinitis
    Hee-Yun Kim Na-Ra Han Hyung-Min Kim Hyun-Ja Jeong
    First Online: 02 July 2018
    Our previous study showed that an iron chelator and anticancer agent Di-2-pyridylketone-4,4-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (Dp44mT) has an antiinflammatory effect in human mast cells. However, antiinflammatory effect of Dp44mT remains unclear in animal
    models. In this study, we assessed whether administration of Dp44mT could relieve clinical symptoms of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic rhinitis (AR) mice. After administration of Dp44mT, number of rubs was significantly decreased, and levels of
    histamine and IgE were suppressed in serum of AR mice. Also, serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α increased by OVA challenge were significantly lowered by administration of Dp44mT.
    T helper type 1 (Th1) cytokine interferon-γ level was significantly increased by administration of Dp44mT, whereas Th2 cytokines such as IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 were significantly reduced by administration of Dp44mT. In intranasal tissues of AR mice,
    levels of IL-1β, TSLP, TNF-α, and IL-6 and activities and protein levels of caspase-1 were significantly reduced by administration of Dp44mT. Interestingly, administration of Dp44mT reduced number of infiltrated eosinophils and mast cells through the
    inhibition of macrophage inflammatory protein-2 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in intranasal tissues of AR mice. In conclusion, these results indicate that Dp44mT also has potential antiinflammatory effects in vivo as well as in vitro.

    allergic rhinitis Dp44mT anticancer agent Th1/Th2 cytokines inflammatory cytokine caspase-1
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    This study was funded by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (2015R1D1A1A01056607).

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