why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? These equations have a very simple solution. e.g.
d^2/dx^2-dy/dx *x-y*x-x^2=0
Click the dsolve button to solve it, then click the test button to test its solution in mathHand.com.
http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%28ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2%29&inp=ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2
On 12/10/2020 5:13 PM, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? These equations have a very simple solution. e.g.
d^2/dx^2-dy/dx *x-y*x-x^2=0
Click the dsolve button to solve it, then click the test button to test its solution in mathHand.com.
http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%28ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2%29&inp=ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2
The solution you give to
y'' - x y' -x y = x^2
is
y = 1+ c1 exp(-x)(1+x/2) - x
But this is second order ODE. So it should have 2 constants of integrations, not one.
I am not sure how you generated the plot there, since there is no initial conditions
given. May be your program gave an arbitrary value to the constant.
Also, Substituting the solution above back into the ODE does not verify the ODE.
Mathematica gives:
---------------
ClearAll[x, y];
ode = y''[x] - y'[x]*x - y[x]*x == x^2;
Simplify[DSolve[ode, y[x], x]]
{{y[x] -> ((1/
2)*(2*E^(2 + x + x^2/2)*(E^x*(1 + x + x^2) +
Sqrt[2]*(2 + x)*C[1] + E^((1/2)*(2 + x)^2)*C[2]) -
Sqrt[2*Pi]*
Sqrt[(2 + x)^2]*(1 + x + x^2 + E^(2 + x + x^2/2)*C[2])*
Erfi[Sqrt[(2 + x)^2]/Sqrt[2]] +
2*Sqrt[2]*E^(2 + x + x^2/2)*(2 + x)*
Inactive[
Integrate][(E^K[1]*K[1]^2)/Sqrt[2] - (1/2)*
E^(-2 - K[1] - K[1]^2/2)*Sqrt[Pi]*
Erfi[Sqrt[(2 + K[1])^2]/Sqrt[2]]*K[1]^2*
Sqrt[(2 + K[1])^2], {K[1], 1, x}]))/E^((1/2)*(2 + x)^2)}} --------------------
And Maple gives
restart;
ode:=diff(y(x),x$2) -x*diff(y(x),x) - y(x)*x= x^2 ;
dsolve(ode);
y(x) = exp(-x)*(x + 2)*_C2 + (sqrt(Pi)*sqrt(2)*exp(x*(x + 2)/2)*I -
Pi*(x + 2)*erf(I/2*sqrt(2)*(x + 2))*exp(-2 - x))*_C1 - x + 1
The standard way to sovle this ode is by Kovacic algorithm, since it
is linear and has rational coefficients.
Nasser M. Abbasi <nma@12000.org> wrote:
On 12/10/2020 5:13 PM, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? These equations have a very simple solution. e.g.
d^2/dx^2-dy/dx *x-y*x-x^2=0
Click the dsolve button to solve it, then click the test button to test its solution in mathHand.com.
http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%28ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2%29&inp=ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2
The solution you give to
y'' - x y' -x y = x^2
is
y = 1+ c1 exp(-x)(1+x/2) - x
But this is second order ODE. So it should have 2 constants of integrations, not one.
AFAICS there is only one parameter family of elementery solutions.
The other base solution of homogeneous system contins 'erfi' so
is more complicated.
I am not sure how you generated the plot there, since there is no initial conditions
given. May be your program gave an arbitrary value to the constant.
Also, Substituting the solution above back into the ODE does not verify the ODE.
It works for me...
Mathematica gives:
---------------
ClearAll[x, y];
ode = y''[x] - y'[x]*x - y[x]*x == x^2;
Simplify[DSolve[ode, y[x], x]]
{{y[x] -> ((1/
2)*(2*E^(2 + x + x^2/2)*(E^x*(1 + x + x^2) +
Sqrt[2]*(2 + x)*C[1] + E^((1/2)*(2 + x)^2)*C[2]) -
Sqrt[2*Pi]*
Sqrt[(2 + x)^2]*(1 + x + x^2 + E^(2 + x + x^2/2)*C[2])*
Erfi[Sqrt[(2 + x)^2]/Sqrt[2]] +
2*Sqrt[2]*E^(2 + x + x^2/2)*(2 + x)*
Inactive[
Integrate][(E^K[1]*K[1]^2)/Sqrt[2] - (1/2)*
E^(-2 - K[1] - K[1]^2/2)*Sqrt[Pi]*
Erfi[Sqrt[(2 + K[1])^2]/Sqrt[2]]*K[1]^2*
Sqrt[(2 + K[1])^2], {K[1], 1, x}]))/E^((1/2)*(2 + x)^2)}}
--------------------
And Maple gives
restart;
ode:=diff(y(x),x$2) -x*diff(y(x),x) - y(x)*x= x^2 ;
dsolve(ode);
y(x) = exp(-x)*(x + 2)*_C2 + (sqrt(Pi)*sqrt(2)*exp(x*(x + 2)/2)*I -
Pi*(x + 2)*erf(I/2*sqrt(2)*(x + 2))*exp(-2 - x))*_C1 - x + 1
The standard way to sovle this ode is by Kovacic algorithm, since it
is linear and has rational coefficients.
Well, looks like a flaw in Mathematica. Apparently Maple and
FriCAS have no trouble with this equation.
On 12/10/2020 5:13 PM, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? These equations have a very simple solution. e.g.
d^2/dx^2-dy/dx *x-y*x-x^2=0
Click the dsolve button to solve it, then click the test button to test its solution in mathHand.com.
http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%28ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2%29&inp=ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2
The solution you give to
y'' - x y' -x y = x^2
is
y = 1+ c1 exp(-x)(1+x/2) - x
But this is second order ODE. So it should have 2 constants of integrations, not one.
I am not sure how you generated the plot there, since there is no initial conditions
given. May be your program gave an arbitrary value to the constant.
Also, Substituting the solution above back into the ODE does not verify the ODE.
Mathematica gives:
---------------
ClearAll[x, y];
ode = y''[x] - y'[x]*x - y[x]*x == x^2;
Simplify[DSolve[ode, y[x], x]]
{{y[x] -> ((1/
2)*(2*E^(2 + x + x^2/2)*(E^x*(1 + x + x^2) +
Sqrt[2]*(2 + x)*C[1] + E^((1/2)*(2 + x)^2)*C[2]) -
Sqrt[2*Pi]*
Sqrt[(2 + x)^2]*(1 + x + x^2 + E^(2 + x + x^2/2)*C[2])*
Erfi[Sqrt[(2 + x)^2]/Sqrt[2]] +
2*Sqrt[2]*E^(2 + x + x^2/2)*(2 + x)*
Inactive[
Integrate][(E^K[1]*K[1]^2)/Sqrt[2] - (1/2)*
E^(-2 - K[1] - K[1]^2/2)*Sqrt[Pi]*
Erfi[Sqrt[(2 + K[1])^2]/Sqrt[2]]*K[1]^2*
Sqrt[(2 + K[1])^2], {K[1], 1, x}]))/E^((1/2)*(2 + x)^2)}} --------------------
And Maple gives
restart;
ode:=diff(y(x),x$2) -x*diff(y(x),x) - y(x)*x= x^2 ;
dsolve(ode);
y(x) = exp(-x)*(x + 2)*_C2 + (sqrt(Pi)*sqrt(2)*exp(x*(x + 2)/2)*I -
Pi*(x + 2)*erf(I/2*sqrt(2)*(x + 2))*exp(-2 - x))*_C1 - x + 1
The standard way to sovle this ode is by Kovacic algorithm, since it
is linear and has rational coefficients.
--Nasser
On 12/11/2020 6:42 AM, antispam@math.uni.wroc.pl wrote:
Nasser M. Abbasi <nma@12000.org> wrote:
On 12/10/2020 5:13 PM, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? These equations have a very simple solution. e.g.
d^2/dx^2-dy/dx *x-y*x-x^2=0
Click the dsolve button to solve it, then click the test button to test its solution in mathHand.com.
http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%28ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2%29&inp=ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2
The solution you give to
y'' - x y' -x y = x^2
is
y = 1+ c1 exp(-x)(1+x/2) - x
But this is second order ODE. So it should have 2 constants of integrations, not one.
AFAICS there is only one parameter family of elementery solutions.
The other base solution of homogeneous system contins 'erfi' so
is more complicated.
I am not sure how you generated the plot there, since there is no initial conditions
given. May be your program gave an arbitrary value to the constant.
Also, Substituting the solution above back into the ODE does not verify the ODE.
It works for me...
You are right. I seem to have make a typo when I tried the solution
in my worksheet and did not get a zero.
But then this is not a general solution. A general solution should
be linear combination of the basis functions. There should be 2 of these since it is second order ODE. Hence there should be 2 constants of integrations?
Mathematica gives:
---------------
ClearAll[x, y];
ode = y''[x] - y'[x]*x - y[x]*x == x^2;
Simplify[DSolve[ode, y[x], x]]
{{y[x] -> ((1/
2)*(2*E^(2 + x + x^2/2)*(E^x*(1 + x + x^2) +
Sqrt[2]*(2 + x)*C[1] + E^((1/2)*(2 + x)^2)*C[2]) -
Sqrt[2*Pi]*
Sqrt[(2 + x)^2]*(1 + x + x^2 + E^(2 + x + x^2/2)*C[2])*
Erfi[Sqrt[(2 + x)^2]/Sqrt[2]] +
2*Sqrt[2]*E^(2 + x + x^2/2)*(2 + x)*
Inactive[
Integrate][(E^K[1]*K[1]^2)/Sqrt[2] - (1/2)*
E^(-2 - K[1] - K[1]^2/2)*Sqrt[Pi]*
Erfi[Sqrt[(2 + K[1])^2]/Sqrt[2]]*K[1]^2*
Sqrt[(2 + K[1])^2], {K[1], 1, x}]))/E^((1/2)*(2 + x)^2)}}
--------------------
And Maple gives
restart;
ode:=diff(y(x),x$2) -x*diff(y(x),x) - y(x)*x= x^2 ;
dsolve(ode);
y(x) = exp(-x)*(x + 2)*_C2 + (sqrt(Pi)*sqrt(2)*exp(x*(x + 2)/2)*I -
Pi*(x + 2)*erf(I/2*sqrt(2)*(x + 2))*exp(-2 - x))*_C1 - x + 1
The standard way to sovle this ode is by Kovacic algorithm, since it
is linear and has rational coefficients.
Well, looks like a flaw in Mathematica. Apparently Maple and
FriCAS have no trouble with this equation.
I need to learn how to use FriCAS to solve ODE's one day.
Is there a specific tutorial showing examples using FriCAS syntax
for solving ode's? Can FriCAS solve pde's?
why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? These equations have a very simple solution. e.g.
d^2/dx^2-dy/dx *x-y*x-x^2=0
Click the dsolve button to solve it, then click the test button to test its solution in mathHand.com.
http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%28ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2%29&inp=ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2
On Friday, 11 December 2020 at 10:13:09 UTC+11, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? These equations have a very simple solution. e.g.why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? many examples, e.g.:
d^2/dx^2-dy/dx *x-y*x-x^2=0
Click the dsolve button to solve it, then click the test button to test its solution in mathHand.com.
http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%28ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2%29&inp=ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%29*x-x*y-x%5E2
x*y"-y-x^2=0
x*y"-y-x^3=0
x*y"-y-x^4=0
......
mathHand.com can: http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%28x*ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-y-x%5E2%29
http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%28x*ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-y-x%5E3%29
why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? many examples, e.g.:
1/x*y"-y-x^2=0
1/x*y"-y-x^3=0
1/x*y"-y-x^4=0
......
mathHand.com can: http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%281%2Fx*ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-y-x%5E3%29
so it is good idea to use two software to check solution.
why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? many examples, e.g.:
1/x*y"-y-x^2=0
1/x*y"-y-x^3=0
1/x*y"-y-x^4=0
......
mathHand.com can: http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%281%2Fx*ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-y-x%5E3%29
so it is good idea to use two software to check solution.
For the first ode above. This is inhomogeneous Airy ode. The solution you give for
1/x*y''[x]-y[x]-x^2==0
is
y(x)= -6+Ai(x)*C1+Bi(x)*C2-x^3
But this solution is not verified by Maple:
==============
restart;
ode := 1/x*diff(y(x),x$2) - y(x) - x^2 = 0;
sol := y(x) = -6+AiryAi(x)*_C2 + AiryBi(x)*_C1-x^3;
odetest(sol,ode);
x^3 - x^2
=================
Which is not zero. Hence not a valid solution?
--Nasser
On Thursday, 7 January 2021 at 13:30:51 UTC+11, Nasser M. Abbasi wrote:
why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? many examples, e.g.:
1/x*y"-y-x^2=0
1/x*y"-y-x^3=0
1/x*y"-y-x^4=0
......
mathHand.com can: http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%281%2Fx*ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-y-x%5E3%29
so it is good idea to use two software to check solution.
For the first ode above. This is inhomogeneous Airy ode. The solution you give for
1/x*y''[x]-y[x]-x^2==0
is
y(x)= -6+Ai(x)*C1+Bi(x)*C2-x^3
But this solution is not verified by Maple:
==============
restart;
ode := 1/x*diff(y(x),x$2) - y(x) - x^2 = 0;
sol := y(x) = -6+AiryAi(x)*_C2 + AiryBi(x)*_C1-x^3;
odetest(sol,ode);
x^3 - x^2
=================
Which is not zero. Hence not a valid solution?
--Nasserthe bug fixed. thanks.
mathHand.com
On Thursday, 7 January 2021 at 23:28:50 UTC+11, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
On Thursday, 7 January 2021 at 13:30:51 UTC+11, Nasser M. Abbasi wrote:
why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? many examples, e.g.:
1/x*y"-y-x^2=0
1/x*y"-y-x^3=0
1/x*y"-y-x^4=0
......
mathHand.com can: http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%281%2Fx*ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-y-x%5E3%29
so it is good idea to use two software to check solution.
For the first ode above. This is inhomogeneous Airy ode. The solution you give for
1/x*y''[x]-y[x]-x^2==0
is
y(x)= -6+Ai(x)*C1+Bi(x)*C2-x^3
But this solution is not verified by Maple:
==============
restart;
ode := 1/x*diff(y(x),x$2) - y(x) - x^2 = 0;
sol := y(x) = -6+AiryAi(x)*_C2 + AiryBi(x)*_C1-x^3;
odetest(sol,ode);
x^3 - x^2
=================
Which is not zero. Hence not a valid solution?
input your equation into mathHand.com, click the "dsolve" button to solve, then click the "test" button to test its solution, or click the "to inte" button to plot if it did not auto plot.--Nasserthe bug fixed. thanks.
mathHand.com
http://mathHand.com
On Thursday, 7 January 2021 at 23:45:38 UTC+11, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
On Thursday, 7 January 2021 at 23:28:50 UTC+11, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
On Thursday, 7 January 2021 at 13:30:51 UTC+11, Nasser M. Abbasi wrote:
why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? many examples, e.g.:
1/x*y"-y-x^2=0
1/x*y"-y-x^3=0
1/x*y"-y-x^4=0
......
mathHand.com can: http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%281%2Fx*ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-y-x%5E3%29
so it is good idea to use two software to check solution.
For the first ode above. This is inhomogeneous Airy ode. The solution you give for
1/x*y''[x]-y[x]-x^2==0
is
y(x)= -6+Ai(x)*C1+Bi(x)*C2-x^3
But this solution is not verified by Maple:
==============
restart;
ode := 1/x*diff(y(x),x$2) - y(x) - x^2 = 0;
sol := y(x) = -6+AiryAi(x)*_C2 + AiryBi(x)*_C1-x^3;
odetest(sol,ode);
x^3 - x^2
=================
Which is not zero. Hence not a valid solution?
input your equation into mathHand.com, click the "dsolve" button to solve, then click the "test" button to test its solution, or click the "to inte" button to plot if it did not auto plot.--Nasserthe bug fixed. thanks.
mathHand.com
http://mathHand.comwolfram gives very complicated solution:
y"-x y-x^3+2=0
mathHand.com gives very simple solution: http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%28ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-x*y-x%5E3%2B2%29
On Friday, 8 January 2021 at 10:36:30 UTC+11, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
On Thursday, 7 January 2021 at 23:45:38 UTC+11, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
On Thursday, 7 January 2021 at 23:28:50 UTC+11, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
On Thursday, 7 January 2021 at 13:30:51 UTC+11, Nasser M. Abbasi wrote:
why wolfram cannot find simple solution in many equations? many examples, e.g.:
1/x*y"-y-x^2=0
1/x*y"-y-x^3=0
1/x*y"-y-x^4=0
......
mathHand.com can: http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%281%2Fx*ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-y-x%5E3%29
so it is good idea to use two software to check solution.
For the first ode above. This is inhomogeneous Airy ode. The solution you give for
1/x*y''[x]-y[x]-x^2==0
is
y(x)= -6+Ai(x)*C1+Bi(x)*C2-x^3
But this solution is not verified by Maple:
==============
restart;
ode := 1/x*diff(y(x),x$2) - y(x) - x^2 = 0;
sol := y(x) = -6+AiryAi(x)*_C2 + AiryBi(x)*_C1-x^3;
odetest(sol,ode);
x^3 - x^2
=================
Which is not zero. Hence not a valid solution?
input your equation into mathHand.com, click the "dsolve" button to solve, then click the "test" button to test its solution, or click the "to inte" button to plot if it did not auto plot.--Nasserthe bug fixed. thanks.
mathHand.com
http://mathHand.comwolfram gives very complicated solution:
y"-x y-x^3+2=0
mathHand.com gives very simple solution: http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%28ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-x*y-x%5E3%2B2%29
wolfram gives very complicated solution:
y"-x y'-x y-x^3+2=0
mathHand.com gives very simple solution: http://server.drhuang.com/input/?guess=dsolve%28ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%2Cx%2C1%29*x-y*x-x%5E3%2B2%29&inp=ds%28y%2Cx%2C2%29-ds%28y%2Cx%2C1%29*x-y*x-x%5E3%2B2
Wolfram cannot find simple solution but mathHand.com can in following equations:
y"-x*y'-x*y-x=0
http://drhuang.com/science/mathematics/fractional_calculus/fractional_differential_equation.htm
On 1/9/2021 8:22 PM, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
Wolfram cannot find simple solution but mathHand.com can in following equations:
y"-x*y'-x*y-x=0
...
http://drhuang.com/science/mathematics/fractional_calculus/fractional_differential_equation.htm
Hello.
Again, it is not really fair for Mathematica to compare your solution,
which is not a general solution, to the general solution it gives.
Your solution is simpler, because it is not the general solution.
Lets look at the above ode as an example. This is inhomogeneous ode.
The homogeneous part has 2 basis function (since second order).
The particular solution is -1.
Your program gives this as a solution to the above ode
y(x) = -1 + C1*exp(-x)*(x + 2)
Which is correct.
But it is not the general solution since in the above
you only included one of the two basis functions. The "-1" in the
above is the particular solution. The second basis function
one is the complicated one.
-----------------
ode:=diff(y(x),x$2)-x*diff(y(x),x)-x*y(x)=0;
dsolve(ode,output=basis);
exp(-x)*(x + 2) #first basis function
#second basis function
Pi*(x + 2)*erf(I/2*sqrt(2)*(x + 2))*exp(-2 - x) - sqrt(Pi)*sqrt(2)*exp(x*(x + 2)/2)*I
----------------
While the particular solution is
------------------
ode:=diff(y(x),x$2)-x*diff(y(x),x)-x*y(x)-x=0;
DEtools:-particularsol(ode)
-1
-----------------
So your solution is this
y = particular solution + c1* first basis function
While Mathematica's solution is
y = particular solution + c1* first basis function + C2* second basis function.
This is why your solution is simpler. But it is not the general solution.
So this is like comparing apples to oranges, which is not fair.
--Nasser
On Sunday, 10 January 2021 at 16:13:16 UTC+11, Nasser M. Abbasi wrote:
On 1/9/2021 8:22 PM, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
Wolfram cannot find simple solution but mathHand.com can in following equations:
y"-x*y'-x*y-x=0
...
http://drhuang.com/science/mathematics/fractional_calculus/fractional_differential_equation.htm
Hello.
Again, it is not really fair for Mathematica to compare your solution, which is not a general solution, to the general solution it gives.
Your solution is simpler, because it is not the general solution.
Lets look at the above ode as an example. This is inhomogeneous ode.
The homogeneous part has 2 basis function (since second order).
The particular solution is -1.
Your program gives this as a solution to the above ode
y(x) = -1 + C1*exp(-x)*(x + 2)
Which is correct.
But it is not the general solution since in the above
you only included one of the two basis functions. The "-1" in the
above is the particular solution. The second basis function
one is the complicated one.
-----------------
ode:=diff(y(x),x$2)-x*diff(y(x),x)-x*y(x)=0;
dsolve(ode,output=basis);
exp(-x)*(x + 2) #first basis function
#second basis function
Pi*(x + 2)*erf(I/2*sqrt(2)*(x + 2))*exp(-2 - x) - sqrt(Pi)*sqrt(2)*exp(x*(x + 2)/2)*I
----------------
While the particular solution is
------------------
ode:=diff(y(x),x$2)-x*diff(y(x),x)-x*y(x)-x=0;
DEtools:-particularsol(ode)
-1
-----------------
So your solution is this
y = particular solution + c1* first basis function
While Mathematica's solution is
y = particular solution + c1* first basis function + C2* second basis function.
This is why your solution is simpler. But it is not the general solution.
So this is like comparing apples to oranges, which is not fair.
--Nasserthe bug is fixed. mathHand gives
y = particular solution + c1* first basis function + C2* second basis function.
mathHand.com
On 1/9/2021 8:22 PM, drhu...@gmail.com wrote:
Wolfram cannot find simple solution but mathHand.com can in following equations:
y"-x*y'-x*y-x=0
...
http://drhuang.com/science/mathematics/fractional_calculus/fractional_differential_equation.htm
Hello.
Again, it is not really fair for Mathematica to compare your solution,
which is not a general solution, to the general solution it gives.
Your solution is simpler, because it is not the general solution.
Lets look at the above ode as an example. This is inhomogeneous ode.
The homogeneous part has 2 basis function (since second order).
The particular solution is -1.
Your program gives this as a solution to the above ode
y(x) = -1 + C1*exp(-x)*(x + 2)
Which is correct.
But it is not the general solution since in the above
you only included one of the two basis functions. The "-1" in the
above is the particular solution. The second basis function
one is the complicated one.
-----------------
ode:=diff(y(x),x$2)-x*diff(y(x),x)-x*y(x)=0;
dsolve(ode,output=basis);
exp(-x)*(x + 2) #first basis function
#second basis function
Pi*(x + 2)*erf(I/2*sqrt(2)*(x + 2))*exp(-2 - x) - sqrt(Pi)*sqrt(2)*exp(x*(x + 2)/2)*I
----------------
While the particular solution is
------------------
ode:=diff(y(x),x$2)-x*diff(y(x),x)-x*y(x)-x=0;
DEtools:-particularsol(ode)
-1
-----------------
So your solution is this
y = particular solution + c1* first basis function
While Mathematica's solution is
y = particular solution + c1* first basis function + C2* second basis function.
This is why your solution is simpler. But it is not the general solution.
So this is like comparing apples to oranges, which is not fair.
--Nasser
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