The bladder may or may not have laces but normally has
Bonk: To tap something as the boarder flies over it. Ski
resorts don't like boarders to bonk trash cans, picnic
tables, or skiers.
Butt plant: corollary to face plant.
Camber: The built in curvature of a board, which can be
seen as a space between the board and a table when the
board is laid flat on a table; can be curved up like
skis or down (rockered).
Cant Plate/Wedge: A shim placed under the binding
to angle the foot towards the rider
Carve: Turning using weight shifting and without skidding
Core: The material the inside of the board is made of.
CSF: Canadian Snowboard Federation
Duck-Stance: A duck-footed stance where the feet are splayed
outward, used for free-styling.
Effective edge/Contact edge: The length of edge which contacts
the snow, or applies pressure, during a turn.
Face plant: Falling on one's face.
Fakie: Riding backwards, this term can not be applied to a
totally symmetrical board with a centered stance where
the feet are perpendicular to the edges, normally the
feet are angled towards the nose of the board.
Fall line: The most direct line down a slope, the line a ball
would follow if rolled down the hill.
Goofy/regular footed: Right foot towards the nose is goofy,
left is regular. About half of all boarders ride goofy.
Same terminology applies to skateboarding and surfing.
Grab: Any aerial maneuver where the board is grabbed by
either or both hands.
Half-pipe: A trough cut into or built up with snow, term
originates from skateboarding.
Heel edge: Opposite edge of the toe edge.
High-back binding: Generally used with soft or hybrid
boots, see equipment section.
Inserts: Two methods exist to secure bindings to a board.
An insert is a nut built into the board and a machine
screw is then used to secure the binding. A big
advantage of this method is the ease of moving the
bindings, you don't have to have a shop do it and the
odds of a screw-up are low.
Jib: To ride on something other than snow, like logs, cars, hand
rails, skiers, etc.
Leash: A safety strap for the case where the buckles of the
binding accidentally release, required at most ski areas.
Newbie: A novice, someone new to a thing.
New-school: Newer more recent riding techniques, equipment, and
equipment set-ups. These include very wide centered stances,
short boards, and baggy clothes. New-school is generally only
freestyle type riding since the equipment and stances preclude
other types of riding.
Nose or tip: That end of the board that the feet are angled
Old-school: The techniques and equipment set-ups originated over the
P-tex: Brand name of polyethylene used for the snowboard base material.
Plate binding: Used with hard shell boots, see equipment
PSIA: Professional Ski Instructors of America.
Rail: Side edge of a snowboard.
Retention Plate: The other method of securing bindings is
like ski bindings, a sheet metal screw is used after
tapping a hole into the board. It is referred to as
plate retention because a metal plate is built into the
board where the board will be tapped.
Side-cut: The curvature of the edge towards the center of
the board described by the radius of the arc of that
Shin-strap: Optional binding strap on the high-back portion of a
high-back binding, aids in applying edge pressure in toe-side
Shred: Rip, jam, do way good snowboarding.
Shredder: One who shreds.
Sideslip: To slide or skid down a hill with the board perpendicular
to the fall line.
Skate: To propel yourself by pushing with the rear foot
which is out of the binding while the front foot is still
Soft binding: Same as a high-back binding.
Stance: Refers to the position of the feet on the board.
Stomp or Skid pad: A pad attached to the board between the
bindings where the rear foot can be set when its not in the
Switch stance: A boarding stance in which the nose and tail
are indistinguishable, there is no fakie, no
forwards or backwards.
Symmetrical/asymmetrical: Refers to board design, see
Tail: Back of the board.
Toe edge: That edge of the board the rider faces.
Top Sheet: The top layer of a laminated board, normally contains
the graphics, the top layer of the board which can be touched.
Tweak: To become as distorted as possible.
Wall: Vertical section of a half-pipe.
3D: Burton's 3 hole pattern of binding mounting. Each binding
is secured by 3 screws. There are four different positions
or settings of 3 holes for each binding. This allows easy
stance adjustment. The 3D hole binding also is mounted on a
disk that rotates for angle adjustment. 3D is only used by
Burton, but an adapter is available to allow for 3D bindings
to be used on the 4x4 hole pattern.
4x4: F2 originated 4 hole pattern of binding mounting. Each
binding is secured by 4 screws. There are four different
positions or settings of 4 holes for each binding. This
allows easy stance adjustment. The 4x4 binding also is
mounted on a disk that rotates for angle adjustment. A
majority of non-Burton boards and bindings use the 4x4
8.09)*** Where is snowboarding not allowed?
This is a topic of often heated debate. For any number of reasons a
minority of resorts do not allow boarders and probably never will.
The number, now at 15 with full prohibition, has been shrinking
steadily. Following is a full U.S. list of areas which have
prohibitions or restrictions as of the 94-95 season:
* - Confirmed, no boarding allowed
P - Partial or unknown restrictions, call before going
* Keystone, Colorado
* Aspen Mountain, Colorado
* Taos, New Mexico
* Alta, Utah
* Park City, Utah \ Wolf Mtn. (a.k.a. Park West), which
* Deer Valley, Utah / is in the same area, does allow boarding
* Sundance, Utah
P Snowbird, Utah - 1 chair lift closed to boarders
P Solitude, Utah - Open to boarding on certain days of the
week (Mon/Tue/Wed), some blackout dates.
* Alpine Meadows, California
P Tahoe Donner, California - This area began allowing boarding
sometime after the start of the season.
Instructors are on staff. The board of
directors has made no decision about
* Blue Mountain, Pennsylvania
P Camelback, Tannersville, Pennsylvania
* MadRiver Glen, Vermont
P Stratton Mountain, Vermont
* Appalachian Ski Mountain, North Carolina
* Sapphire Valley, North Carolina
P Labrador Mtn, New York
* Perfect North Slopes, Indiana
* Cascade Mountain, Wisconsin
* Nordic Mountain, Wisconsin
8.10) How does one learn to snowboard?
First of all read this FAQ so you'll know what to ask when you
rent equipment, then go take a lesson from a PSIA certified
The point to keep in mind here is that it doesn't have to be
painful. Taken slow and with the right guidance boarding can be
quicker to learn than skiing. PSIA (Professional Ski Instructors of
America) and CSF (Canadian Snowboard Federation) now certifies
snowboard instructors and most resorts which allow boarding will
have instructors on staff. Most boarders who have also skied agree
that boarding is initially more difficult than skiing but after
learning the basics the intermediate and advanced levels are
achieved more quickly. Edging and balancing skills are more
important from the outset because your feet are secured, you can't
step from foot to foot, and you don't have the use of poles as
Snowboarders fall differently than skiers do. Where skiers tend to
fall to the right or left snowboarders fall forward or backwards
onto their face or butt. It is best in a forward fall to fall to
the knee and forearm (do not stiff arm on the palms) and then lift
the board in the air until you stop. In a backwards fall it is best
to go to the butt and roll onto the back, keeping the chin in your
chest, lift board until you stop. Learn to ride with fingers in a
fist, to avoid finger smashing. And why not have releasable
bindings? Most boarders would disagree with the use of a releasable
binding, the board is relatively short, most ride a 150-170 cm
length board, and the idea of going down a hill with one foot
released and one not is a very scary thought.
Most ski areas require snowboards to have metal edges, leashes, and
secure bindings. The newer boards are far easier to use than
anything made prior to about 1988. Boards today are lighter, easy
to turn and comfortable to ride. If the board your friend is
letting you use to learn on has a split tail, center fin, solid
high-back bindings, bindings with nylon straps, or a stance very off
center towards the rear of the board find a new friend, or rent.
Use a boot designed for boarding. How would you like to learn to
downhill ski in hiking boots? The right boots give your ankles much
needed support and alleviate pressure points from the straps or
A beginner should learn on an all-around or alpine board with
high-back bindings and a firmer soft boot or hybrid boot. Hard
boots and step-in bindings are not recommended because of the
increased difficulties of balancing, turning, skating and using
There use to be a lengthy description here about how to learn to
snowboard. I've taken it out because there are now alot of good
books out there on snowboarding which include how to sections
written by professionals. A newer one, I found very good, is entitled
The Complete Snowboarder by Jeff Bennett and Scott Downey. Read
about it if you want to, but then go get a lesson!
8.11) Is it true that a snowboarder is less likely to get injured than
(Following, compliments of Laura Beth Kupperman)
No. It's fairly even, skiers and boarders have about the same
number of injuries but those injuries are different. You are much
less likely to sustain knee injuries while snowboarding than skiing.
There has been a recent study on snowboarding injuries. The study
was done in Australia and appears in "The American Journal of Sports Medicine" vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 701-704. In this article comparisons
between skiing and boarding injuries are documented for a 4 year
period. The distilled info goes something like this: skiers are
much more likely to injure their knees, and when they do injure
their knees the injury is usually worse (grade II or III, if that
means anything to you) than a boarder's knee injury (usually only
grade I or II, with only one grade III reported during the course of
the study). Boarders are more likely to injure their ankles, feet,
wrists, and hands. There is also info in t...
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