• [ANS] ANS-126 AMSAT News Service Weekly Bulletins

    From Mitch Ahrenstorff (AD0HJ) via ANS@21:1/5 to All on Sat May 4 20:08:49 2024
    XPost: rec.radio.info

    AMSAT NEWS SERVICE
    ANS-126

    In this edition:

    * Greencube Terminal Program: Version 1.0.0.90 Enhancements and Updates
    * Chang'e-6 Successfully Launches: China's Historic Lunar Mission Begins
    * NASA Reveals SpaceX's Innovative Plan for Starship Refueling in Orbit
    * GridMasterMap Satellite Top 100 Rovers May 2024 Rankings
    * Changes to AMSAT-NA TLE Distribution for May 3, 2024
    * ARISS News
    * Upcoming Satellite Operations
    * Hamfests, Conventions, Maker Faires, and Other Events
    * Satellite Shorts From All Over

    The AMSAT News Service bulletins are a free, weekly news and information se rvice of AMSAT, the Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation. ANS publishes news
    related to Amateur Radio in Space including reports on the activities of a
    worldwide group of Amateur Radio operators who share an active interest in
    designing, building, launching and communicating through analog and digita
    l Amateur Radio satellites.

    The news feed on https://www.amsat.org publishes news of Amateur Radio in S pace as soon as our volunteers can post it.

    Please send any amateur satellite news or reports to: ans-editor [at] amsat .org<http://amsat.org>

    You can sign up for free e-mail delivery of the AMSAT News Service Bulletin
    s via the ANS List; to join this list see: https://mailman.amsat.org/postor ius/lists/ans.amsat.org/

    ANS-126 AMSAT News Service Weekly Bulletins

    To: All RADIO AMATEURS
    From: Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation
    712 H Street NE, Suite 1653
    Washington, DC 20002

    DATE 2024 May 05

    ________________________________
    Greencube Terminal Program: Version 1.0.0.90 Enhancements and Updates

    The Greencube Terminal Program, developed by Carsten Groen, OZ9AAR, has tak
    en another leap forward in its evolution with the launch of Version 1.0.0.9
    0. This latest update brings a number of enhancements and fixes geared towa
    rds bolstering operational efficiency and enriching the user experience, pa rticularly for IO-117 satellite enthusiasts.

    One of the standout features of this update is the integration of UHM 2.1 (
    yoU Heard Me), supplanting the older UHM 2.0. It's imperative for users to
    make the switch before May 14th, as UHM 2.0 will quit working thereafter. I
    n the Live World View (LWV), users now have the flexibility to customize th
    e positioning of the "radar view" of the current pass on the screen, allowi
    ng for more tailored satellite tracking experiences. Moreover, a bug that c aused the frequency/band to default to 435.310 MHz regardless of the satell
    ite selected when logging stations has been rectified. [https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2024/05/Greencube-Termi nal-1.0.0.90-Live-World-View.jpg]<https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-conten t/uploads/2024/05/Greencube-Terminal-1.0.0.90-Live-World-View.jpg>
    Greencube Terminal Live World View [Credit: Carsten Groen, OZ9AAR]

    Several user-requested enhancements have been incorporated, including the a ddition of time stamps (HH:MM:SS) when copying selected lines to the clipbo
    ard in the Traffic window and the removal of limitations on the length of c allsigns (excluding SSID) in AX.25 mode so the full 6-character callsigns i
    n AX.25 are supported. Additionally, users can now integrate their horizon
    into the "radar view" in LWV by defining horizon definitions in a text file
    .

    Noteworthy improvements have also been made to message handling within the Terminal program. These include fixes to parsing issues with local TLE data
    caused by duplicate NORAD numbers and adjustments to the way UHM paints li
    nes in the Traffic view to address reported errors. Furthermore, enhancemen
    ts to LoTW status checks now ensure that updates occur automatically every
    12 hours based on user-configured preferences, streamlining the process and
    ensuring accuracy. [https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2024/05/Greencube-Termi nal-1.0.0.90-Terminal-View.jpg]<https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/ uploads/2024/05/Greencube-Terminal-1.0.0.90-Terminal-View.jpg>
    Greencube Terminal Main Screen with UHM 2.1 [Credit: Carsten Groen, OZ9AAR]

    The introduction of Live QSO Viewer (LQV) and Live World View (LWV) offers users innovative graphical representations of satellite traffic and station
    locations, enhancing situational awareness and operational efficiency. Add itionally, the integration of GPS in version 1.0.0.84 enables users to conn
    ect GPS receivers for automatic grid location updates, simplifying tracking
    and reporting, especially for mobile users.

    With the addition of features such as UHM integration, expanded satellite s election, and improved message handling, users can anticipate a more robust
    and user-friendly experience with the Greencube Terminal Program v1.0.0.90
    . These updates underscore a commitment to continuous improvement and innov ation, ensuring Greencube Terminal Program remains the most popular applica tion for GreenCube satellite communications. More information about install ation, features, and updates can be found on Carsten's website: https://www .moonbounce.dk/hamradio/greencube-terminal-program.html.

    [ANS thanks Carsten Groen, OZ9AAR, for the above information]

    ________________________________

    Chang'e-6 Successfully Launches: China's Historic Lunar Mission Begins

    China's Chang'e-6 mission embarked on its historic journey on May 3rd, laun ching aboard a Long March 5 rocket from the Wenchang Satellite Launch Cente
    r on Hainan Island, China. This mission aims to retrieve samples from the f
    ar side of the Moon, a feat never before achieved. The spacecraft is set to
    undergo a 53-day voyage to the Moon and back, where it will collect lunar
    soil and rocks, offering invaluable insights into the Moon's ancient histor
    y.

    The mission targets the Moon's South Pole-Aitken (SPA) basin, a region of p articular interest due to its potential to unveil crucial information about
    the Moon's past. This basin, formed by an ancient impact, holds clues abou
    t the events that shaped both the Moon and Earth billions of years ago, pro viding an opportunity to understand the differences between the near and fa
    r sides of the Moon. [https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2024/05/Change-6-Spacec raft-in-Lunar-Orbit.jpg]<https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads /2024/05/Change-6-Spacecraft-in-Lunar-Orbit.jpg>
    Rendering of Chang'e-6 Spacecraft in Lunar Orbit. [Credit: Chinese National
    Space Agency (CNSA)]

    Unlike previous lunar missions, which primarily focused on the near side, C hang'e-6 will explore the challenging terrain of the far side. Landing and communicating on this side of the Moon require sophisticated technology, in cluding communications relay satellites. China, having achieved the first s uccessful lunar far-side landing in 2019 with Chang'e-4, now endeavors to b ring back samples from this uncharted territory.

    The Chang'e-6 spacecraft is comprised of four components: an orbiter, lande
    r, ascender, and reentry module. Upon reaching lunar orbit, the lander and ascender will descend to the Moon's surface, collect approximately 2 kilogr
    ams (4.4 pounds) of lunar material using specialized tools, and return to l unar orbit. The orbiter will then carry the samples back to Earth, releasin
    g the reentry module into the atmosphere for a soft landing. [https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2024/05/Change-6-Planne d-Lunar-Landing-Site.jpg]<https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/upload s/2024/05/Change-6-Planned-Lunar-Landing-Site.jpg>
    Chang'e-6 Spacecraft's Landing Site on the Moon's SPA Basin. [Credit: Chine
    se National Space Agency (CNSA)]

    During its 53-day mission, Chang'e-6 will communicate with Earth through th
    e Queqiao-2 relay satellite, which features a large parabolic antenna. This
    communication link will enable scientists to monitor and control the missi on's progress and ensure the safe return of valuable lunar samples.

    The scientific significance of Chang'e-6 extends beyond lunar exploration.
    The samples it retrieves will shed light on the Solar System's tumultuous p ast, particularly the Late Heavy Bombardment period around 3.9 billion year
    s ago. By studying the SPA basin's age and composition, scientists hope to discern the origins of this event and its implications for Earth's history
    and the potential for life elsewhere in the universe.

    [ANS thanks Jason Davis, The Planetary Society, for the above information]

    ________________________________
    The 2024 AMSAT President's Club coins are here now!
    Help Support GOLF and Fox Plus [https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2024/01/2024-Coin-Both_ 586-300x148.jpg]
    Join the AMSAT President's Club today and help
    Keep Amateur Radio in Space! https://www.amsat.org/join-the-amsat-presidents-club/ ________________________________

    NASA Reveals SpaceX's Innovative Plan for Starship Refueling in Orbit

    NASA recently outlined SpaceX's plans for refueling Starships in low-Earth orbit, a critical step toward enabling ambitious lunar missions. Scheduled
    for next year, this demonstration involves linking two Starships in orbit. Under contract with NASA's Artemis program, SpaceX aims to supply human-rat
    ed Starships for lunar landings, although the targeted 2026 launch for Arte
    mis III highlights the project's ambitious nature. Last year, NASA awarded
    a contract to Blue Origin, providing alternative options for lunar missions
    . Both companies designed their landers with future refueling capabilities,
    allowing for multiple missions and potential resource utilization on the M
    oon or Mars.

    Amit Kshatriya, leading NASA's "Moon to Mars" program, outlined SpaceX's st rategy for in-space refueling during a recent meeting. Despite challenges, progress is evident as SpaceX prepares for upcoming Starship test flights, aiming to tackle crucial technical hurdles. Before lunar missions become a reality, mastering in-space refueling is essential. SpaceX plans to demonst rate large-scale propellant transfer between two Starships in orbit next ye
    ar. This milestone follows a successful cryogenic propellant transfer test during a previous Starship flight, funded by NASA. [https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2024/05/SpaceX-Starship s-Docked-in-Orbit.jpg]<https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2 024/05/SpaceX-Starships-Docked-in-Orbit.jpg>
    Artist's Illustration of Two SpaceX Starships Docked in Orbit. [Credit: Spa ceX]

    With each test flight, SpaceX aims to enhance capabilities necessary for lu
    nar landings. These include precise booster landings, in-orbit engine resta rts, and controlled reentries-a prerequisite for deep space exploration. Sp aceX's long-term goal of frequent Starship launches hinges on rapid reusabi lity, aligning with Elon Musk's vision. Despite the challenges, progress is
    tangible, with plans underway to establish additional launch infrastructur
    e in Texas and Florida.

    The upcoming refueling demonstration involves autonomously linking two Star ships in orbit, a task not without complexities. Yet, leveraging experience
    from Dragon capsule missions, SpaceX aims to navigate these challenges. Th
    e propellant transfer process relies on a pressure differential mechanism, simplifying the flow between donor and recipient tanks. Fine-tuning this pr ocedure is crucial to avoid propellant loss during transfers. [https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2024/05/SpaceX-Cryogeni c-Transfer-Demonstration.jpg]<https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/up loads/2024/05/SpaceX-Cryogenic-Transfer-Demonstration.jpg>
    Plans for SpaceX's Ship-to-Ship Cryogenic Transfer Demonstration. [Credit: NASA/Amit Kshatriya]

    Success in these demonstrations will determine the number of refueling tank
    ers required for lunar missions. While predictions exist, practical tests w
    ill validate these estimates, ensuring mission success. As SpaceX pushes bo undaries, industry experts emphasize the importance of collaboration and in novation. With a resilient team and the right attitude, SpaceX aims to over come challenges and pioneer the next era of space exploration. While ambiti ous, SpaceX's endeavors signify a paradigm shift in space exploration, driv
    en by a collective vision of advancing humanity's reach beyond Earth's orbi
    t.

    [ANS thanks Stephen Clark, Ars Technica, for the above information]

    ________________________________
    GridMasterMap Satellite Top 100 Rovers May 2024 Rankings

    The May 2024 rankings for the Top 100 Rovers (Mixed LEO/MEO/GEO) in satelli
    te operations, as determined by @GridMasterMap<https://twitter.com/GridMast erMap> on Twitter, has been released. The ranking is determined by the numb
    er of grids and DXCC entities activated, taking into account only those gri
    ds where a minimum number of QSOs logged on the gridmaster.fr<http://gridma ster.fr> website have been validated by a third party. Grid numbers do not directly reflect the exact number of activations. Satellite operators are e ncouraged to upload their LoTW satellite contacts to https://gridmaster.fr
    in order to provide more accurate data.

    Updated: 2024-05-01
    1
    ND9M
    26
    N5BO
    51
    SP5XSD
    76
    FG8OJ
    2
    NJ7H
    27
    K8BL
    52
    AD7DB
    77
    PT9BM
    3
    JA9KRO
    28
    LU5ILA
    53
    JL3RNZ
    78
    KJ7NDY
    4
    N5UC
    29
    KE4AL
    54
    F4DXV
    79
    KI7UXT
    5
    UT1FG
    30
    DL2GRC
    55
    KE9AJ
    80
    YU0W
    6
    OE3SEU
    31
    VE3HLS
    56
    KI7QEK
    81
    WA9JBQ
    7
    DL6AP
    32
    KB5FHK
    57
    PA3GAN
    82
    N4DCW
    8
    WI7P
    33
    KI7UNJ
    58
    N8RO
    83
    HB9GWJ
    9
    HA3FOK
    34
    LA9XGA
    59
    XE1ET
    84
    KB2YSI
    10
    K5ZM
    35
    F4BKV
    60
    KM4LAO
    85
    N0TEL
    11
    N6UA
    36
    N7AGF
    61
    VE1CWJ
    86
    VE3GOP
    12
    N9IP
    37
    JO2ASQ
    62
    SM3NRY
    87
    KI0KB
    13
    WY7AA
    38
    XE3DX
    63
    N4UFO
    88
    JM1CAX
    14
    W5PFG
    39
    K7TAB
    64
    VA3VGR
    89
    CU2ZG
    15
    AK8CW
    40
    KE0PBR
    65
    W1AW
    90
    K0FFY
    16
    AD0DX
    41
    KE0WPA
    66
    VA7LM
    91
    KG4AKV
    17
    DP0POL
    42
    N6DNM
    67
    PT2AP
    92
    AF5CC
    18
    WD9EWK
    43
    PR8KW
    68
    M1DDD
    93
    VE6WK
    19
    AD0HJ
    44
    AC0RA
    69
    DL4EA
    94
    W8MTB
    20
    ON4AUC
    45
    EB1AO
    70
    AA8CH
    95
    VE7PTN
    21
    KX9X
    46
    JK2XXK
    71
    N4AKV
    96
    DK9JC
    22
    KG5CCI
    47
    W7WGC
    72
    LU4JVE
    97
    K6VHF
    23
    ND0C
    48
    EA4NF
    73
    VE1VOX
    98
    N6UTC
    24
    DJ8MS
    49
    VK5DG
    74
    W8LR
    99
    PT9ST
    25
    F5VMJ
    50
    AA5PK
    75
    DF2ET
    100
    VO2AC

    [ANS thanks @GridMasterMap<https://twitter.com/GridMasterMap> for the above
    information]

    ________________________________
    Need new satellite antennas?
    Purchase an M2 LEO-Pack from the AMSAT Store!<https://www.amsat.org/shop/> [https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/cm/LEO-Pack1-300x298.pn g]<https://www.amsat.org/product/m2-leo-pack-antenna-system/>
    When you purchase through AMSAT, a portion of the proceeds goes towards
    Keeping Amateur Radio in Space.
    https://amsat.org/product-category/hardware/
    ________________________________
    Changes to AMSAT-NA TLE Distribution for May 3, 2024

    Two Line Elements or TLEs, often referred to as Keplerian elements or keps
    in the amateur community, are the inputs to the SGP4 standard mathematical model of spacecraft orbits used by most amateur tracking programs. Weekly u pdates are completely adequate for most amateur satellites. TLE bulletin fi
    les are updated daily in the first hour of the UTC day. New bulletin files
    will be posted immediately after reliable elements become available for new
    amateur satellites. More information may be found at https://www.amsat.org /keplerian-elements-resources/.

    Correction to last week's addition:
    KASHIWA NORAD Cat ID 59508 Correct downlink 437.3753 MHz (Thanks Nico PA0DL
    O)

    The following satellites have been removed from this week's AMSAT-NA TLE di stribution:
    NIUSAT NORAD Cat ID 42766 Decayed from orbit on or about 27 April 2024
    ExoCube 2 NORAD Cat ID 47319 Decayed from orbit on or about 30 April 2024

    [ANS thanks AMSAT Orbital Elements page for the above information]

    ________________________________
    ARISS NEWS

    Amateurs and others around the world may listen in on contacts between amat eurs operating in schools and allowing students to interact with astronauts
    and cosmonauts aboard the International Space Station. The downlink freque
    ncy on which to listen is 145.800 MHz worldwide.

    + Recently Completed Contacts

    Centennial Campus Magnet Middle School Center for Innovation, Raleigh, NC, telebridge via K6DUE
    The ISS callsign was NA1SS
    The scheduled crewmember was Matthew Dominick KCTOR
    The ARISS mentor was AA6TB
    Contact was successful: Wed 2024-05-01 12:03:49 UTC
    Watch for Livestream at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?vAZJknxsgw

    Wireless Institute of Australia / Bundaberg High School Amateur Radio Club,
    Bundaberg, Queensland, Australia, telebridge via VK6MJ
    The ISS callsign was NA1SS
    The scheduled crewmember was Mike Barratt KD5MIJ
    The ARISS mentor was VK4KHZ
    Contact was successful: Sat 2024-05-04 10:28:24 UTC

    + Upcoming Contacts

    Eric Knows CIC, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom, telebridge via K6DUE
    The ISS callsign is presently scheduled to be NA1SS
    The scheduled crewmember is Matthew Dominick KCTOR
    The ARISS mentor is MXTD
    Contact is go for: Sat 2024-05-11 08:42:32 UTC

    The crossband repeater continues to be active (145.990 MHz up {PL 67} & 437 .800 MHz down). If any crewmember is so inclined, all they have to do is pi
    ck up the microphone, raise the volume up, and talk on the crossband repeat
    er. So give a listen, you just never know.

    The packet system is also active (145.825 MHz up & down).

    As always, if there is an EVA, a docking, or an undocking; the ARISS radios
    are turned off as part of the safety protocol.

    Note, all times are approximate. It is recommended that you do your own orb ital prediction or start listening about 10 minutes before the listed time.

    The latest information on the operation mode can be found at https://www.ar iss.org/current-status-of-iss-stations.html

    The latest list of frequencies in use can be found at https://www.ariss.org /contact-the-iss.html

    [ANS thanks Charlie Sufana, AJ9N, one of the ARISS operation team mentors f
    or the above information]

    ________________________________
    Upcoming Satellite Operations

    A growing number of satellite rovers are currently engaged in sharing their
    grid square activations on https://hams.at. By visiting the website, you g
    ain easy access to comprehensive information about the operators responsibl
    e for activating specific grid squares. Additionally, you have the ability
    to assess the match score between yourself and a particular rover for a giv
    en pass, while also being able to identify the upcoming satellite passes th
    at are accessible from your location.

    [ANS thanks Ian Parsons, K5ZM, AMSAT rover page manager, for the above info rmation]

    ________________________________
    Hamfests, Conventions, Maker Faires, and Other Events

    AMSAT Ambassadors provide presentations, demonstrate communicating through amateur satellites, and host information tables at club meetings, hamfests,
    conventions, maker faires, and other events.

    Dayton Hamvention 2024
    Friday May 17th - Sunday May 19th
    Greene County Fairgrounds and Expo Center
    120 Fairground Road
    Xenia, OH 45385
    https://hamvention.org
    38th Annual Small Satellite Conference
    August 3-8, 2024
    Logan, UT, USA
    https://smallsat.org<https://smallsat.org/>

    [ANS thanks the AMSAT Events page for the above information]

    ________________________________
    Want to fly the colors on your own grid expedition?
    Get an AMSAT car flag and other neat stuff from our Zazzle store<https://ww w.zazzle.com/store/amsat_gear>!
    25% of the purchase price of each product goes towards Keeping Amateur Radi
    o in Space [https://www.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2024/01/AMSAT-Car-Flag- e1705691761784-300x235.png]<https://www.zazzle.com/amsat_car_flag-256716714 380264543>
    Keeping Amateur Radio in Space
    https://www.zazzle.com/amsat_gear
    ________________________________
    Satellite Shorts From All Over

    + Congratulations are in order for RJ Bragg, WY7AA, and Andrew Northam, KE8 FZT, for their impressive accomplishments in earning GridMaster Awards #64
    and #65, respectively! This esteemed recognition, initiated by Star Comm Gr
    oup in 2014 and backed by Damon Runion, WA4HFN, and Rick Tillman, WA4NVM, h
    as now been entrusted to AMSAT for the benefit of the entire amateur satell
    ite community. The GridMaster Award celebrates radio amateurs worldwide who
    achieve two-way communication via amateur satellite with operators in all
    488 Maidenhead grids across the contiguous United States of America. For mo
    re details on this distinguished award, visit the AMSAT website at https:// www.amsat.org/gridmaster/. Andrew and RJ, your achievement is truly commend able-well done! (ANS thanks Bruce Paige, KK5DO, AMSAT Director of Contests
    and Awards for the above information)

    + AMSAT Italia proudly announces the acquisition of ownership of the IO-117
    "GreenCube" satellite, with Sapienza University retaining partial ownershi
    p. Through collaboration, the satellite will continue amateur radio operati
    ons post-primary scientific mission completion, preventing its decommission ing. This transfer of legal responsibility from the Italian Space Agency to
    AMSAT Italia solidifies the satellite's exclusive amateur radio use. Origi nally named GreenCube, it was developed by Sapienza University, ENEA, and U niversity of Naples Federico II, with AMSAT Italia contributing to its desi
    gn. On October 29, 2022, GreenCube became the first ham radio satellite to operate in a MEO orbit, designated as Italy-OSCAR 117 (IO-117) by AMSAT. AM
    SAT Italia, Sapienza Space Systems, and Space Surveillance Laboratory commi
    t to operating the satellite for continued service to the amateur radio com munity. (ANS thanks AMSAT Italia for the above information)

    + Boeing's Crew Flight Test (CFT) of the CST-100 Starliner spacecraft is sc heduled for Monday, May 6, with a targeted launch time of 10:34 p.m. EDT. L
    ed by Commander Barry "Butch" Wilmore and Pilot Suni Williams, both experie nced NASA astronauts, this mission comes after over a decade in development
    . The duo will spend at least eight days aboard the International Space Sta tion (ISS) conducting various flight test objectives before returning for a
    solid-ground landing. Wilmore and Williams will be the first humans to fly
    atop the United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket since 1963 and execut
    e the first "land" landing of a crew-carrying U.S. spacecraft since 2011. O riginally not slated for this mission, Wilmore and Williams stepped in afte
    r several crew changes, with Williams set to become the first woman to fly
    the maiden voyage of a new orbital-class vehicle. Deep into pre-flight quar antine, the astronauts express their readiness, acknowledging the challenge
    s and the learning opportunities that lie ahead in this ambitious test flig
    ht. (ANS thanks Ben Evans, AmericaSpace, for the above information)

    + On April 25, 2024, Roscosmos cosmonauts Oleg Kononenko and Nikolai Chub c onducted a successful spacewalk, lasting four hours and 36 minutes, to inst
    all communication and corrosion analysis equipment on the International Spa
    ce Station (ISS). The spacewalk aimed to deploy a communications system and
    install equipment to analyze corrosion levels on station surfaces. Kononen
    ko, with seven spacewalks under his belt, and Chub, on his second, complete
    d their tasks, including deploying a panel for a synthetic radar communicat ions system on the Russian segment of the ISS. This mission marked the 270t
    h spacewalk for assembly, maintenance, and upgrades of the space station, w
    ith Kononenko and Chub having arrived at the station on September 15, 2023,
    aboard the Soyuz MS-24 spacecraft. (ANS thanks SciTechDaily.com, for the a bove information)

    + Two new Galileo navigation satellites were launched from Kennedy Space Ce nter on Saturday, April 27th, at 8:34 p.m. EDT, bolstering the system's con stellation to 30 satellites and amplifying reliability and precision for bi llions of users globally. Since its inception in 2016, Galileo has been piv otal across various sectors such as rail, maritime, agriculture, and rescue
    operations, contributing significantly to the EU's GDP, with 10% reliant o
    n satellite navigation. This launch follows the recent introduction of the
    new Public Regulated Service signals, further solidifying Europe's independ ence in satellite navigation. Notably, this marks the first time Galileo sa tellites have been launched aboard an American-made rocket, a significant d evelopment amid Europe's diminishing space collaboration with Russia. (ANS thanks the European Space Agency, for the above information)

    + SpaceX's 30th Dragon cargo mission successfully returned to Earth, splash
    ing down off the coast of Florida in the early hours of April 30th. Departi
    ng from the International Space Station on April 28th, the capsule complete
    d its mission under the CRS-30 contract with NASA. Loaded with over 4,100 p ounds of supplies and scientific experiments, Dragon is unique in its capab ility to safely bring gear back from the ISS, unlike other operational spac ecraft that burn up upon reentry. This return enables quick transportation
    of experiments to NASA's facilities for data collection. Meanwhile, another
    SpaceX vehicle remains docked at the ISS, supporting the Crew-8 astronaut mission for NASA, launched in early March. (ANS thanks Mike Wall, Space.com
    , for the above information)

    ________________________________

    Join AMSAT today at https://launch.amsat.org/

    In addition to regular membership, AMSAT offers membership to:

    * Societies (a recognized group, clubs or organization).
    * Primary and secondary school students are eligible for membership at one- half the standard yearly rate.
    * Post-secondary school students enrolled in at least half-time status shal
    l be eligible for the student rate for a maximum of 6 post-secondary years
    in this status.
    * Memberships are available for annual and lifetime terms.

    Contact info [at] amsat.org<http://amsat.org> for additional membership inf ormation.

    73 and remember to help Keep Amateur Radio in Space!

    This week's ANS Editor, Mitch Ahrenstorff, ADHJ
    ad0hj [at] amsat.org<http://amsat.org>


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