• [ANS] ANS-219 AMSAT News Service Weekly Bulletins

    From Frank Karnauskas (N1UW) via ANS@21:1/5 to All on Sun Aug 7 00:08:21 2022
    XPost: rec.radio.info


    The AMSAT News Service bulletins are a free, weekly news and information service of AMSAT, The Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation. ANS publishes news related to Amateur Radio in Space including reports on the activities of a worldwide group of Amateur Radio operators who share an active interest in designing, building, launching and communicating through analog and digital Amateur Radio satellites.

    The news feed on http://www.amsat.org publishes news of Amateur Radio in
    Space as soon as our volunteers can post it.

    Please send any amateur satellite news or reports to: ans-editor [at] amsat.org.

    You can sign up for free e-mail delivery of the AMSAT News Service Bulletins via the ANS List; to join this list see: https://mailman.amsat.org/postorius/lists/ans.amsat.org/

    In this edition:

    * 40th AMSAT Space Symposium and Annual General Meeting - Bloomington, MN - Oct. 21-22, 2022

    * Apogee View
    * VUCC Satellite Standings August 2022
    * PREDICT Version 2.3.0 Released
    * AMSAT DSTAR Now Linked to DMR and YSF-Fusion
    * AzaadiSAT to be Launched on August 7, 2022
    * Astro Pi Mission Space Lab 2021/22: The Results
    * Changes to AMSAT-NA TLE Distribution for August 4, 2022
    * ARISS News
    * Upcoming Satellite Operations
    * Hamfests, Conventions, Maker Faires, and Other Events
    * Satellite Shorts From All Over

    ANS-219 AMSAT News Service Weekly Bulletins

    From: Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation
    712 H Street NE, Suite 1653
    Washington, DC 20002

    DATE 2022 Aug 07

    40th AMSAT Space Symposium and Annual General Meeting - Bloomington, MN -
    Oct. 21-22, 2022

    Highlights of all scheduled events include:

    - AMSAT Board of Directors Meeting, October 20-21
    - 40th AMSAT Space Symposium and Annual General Meeting, October 21-22
    - Friday Night Social and Auction, October 21
    - AMSAT Banquet and Reception, October 22
    - AMSAT Ambassador Breakfast, October 23

    A preliminary schedule is available on the AMSAT Member Portal, launch.amsat.org, under the Events tab.

    Crowne Plaza is located adjacent to the Minneapolis / St. Paul International Airport and provides complimentary, scheduled shuttle to and from the
    airport. Nearby attractions include Mall of America with Nickelodeon
    Universe Theme park, Target Field, and the Minnesota Zoo.

    You can make hotel reservations by calling the hotel directly at (952) 854-9000. The group code is ASG (Amateur Satellite Group). Hotel
    reservations can also be made online at the following link: https://tinyurl.com/ANS-219-Symposium-Rooms.

    Symposium tickets and banquet reservations may be purchased on the AMSAT
    Member Portal. Log into https://launch.amsat.org/ and clock on the Events

    We at AMSAT, are excited to be able to host an in-person Symposium this year.
    We hope that you can join us in celebrating Amateur Radio in Space.

    [ANS thanks AMSAT for the above information.]


    Apogee View

    This year’s Hamvention theme was Reunion, which was certainly evident among this year's attendees. After a two-year absence due to COVID restrictions, it was great to see everyone face-to-face and talk about the exciting opportunities of amateur radio in space. Like many of our visitors, I was excited and impressed with the progress and accomplishments in our
    Engineering, CubeSat Simulator, and Youth Initiative programs.

    The AMSAT TAPR Banquet on Friday night was an excellent opportunity to come together with our friends at Tucson Amateur Packet Radio (TAPR) and pay
    tribute to Bob Bruninga, WB4APR (SK), who we lost earlier this year. I want
    to thank everyone who shared their stories of Bob, who has contributed so
    much to amateur radio and amateur radio in space.

    Attendance at the AMSAT Forum was fantastic. Jerry Buxton, N0JY, and Jonathan Brandenburg, KF5IDY, provided an excellent Engineering update on GOLF, our in-house developed reaction wheels, and the new Fox Plus program. Frank Karnauskas, N1UW, brought us up to speed on the AMSAT Youth Initiative
    program, which takes an innovative and inspiring approach to introduce youth
    to amateur radio in space. Last but not least, Alan Johnston, KU2Y, and his students demonstrated the CubeSat Simulator and CubeSatSim Lite, which have made a terrific impact on the STEM education community.

    I thank the volunteers who donated their time over the long weekend to serve
    as AMSAT Ambassadors at our booths. Our volunteers, led by Phil Smith, W1EME, did a phenomenal job in answering questions, helping our members, and making AMSAT’s presence at Hamvention 2022 a huge success. THANK YOU!

    40th Anniversary of the Space Camp
    For those not aware, the U.S. Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama, celebrated the 40th Anniversary of Space Camp on June 18, 2022. AMSAT Ambassador Tim Cunningham, N8DEU, hosted special event station K4S, demonstrating his field day amateur radio satellite station and answering questions about amateur radio in space. While Tim worked the International Space Station (ISS) several times, along with multiple contacts through other LEO satellites, the highlight of his efforts was facilitating a contact
    between a graduating Space Camp young lady and an astronaut aboard the ISS. Congratulations, Tim, on a job well done!

    An Innovation Road Map
    Innovation and experimentation are the cornerstones of what sets AMSAT apart
    in the amateur satellite community and what we need to continue to focus on
    in AMSAT’s future.

    In June 2021, AMSAT implemented a strategic plan defining who we are and
    where we want to go. In this plan, we affirmed our commitment to return to higher orbits and the vital role GOLF plays in helping us to develop the necessary systems and skills to take us there. In addition, we expressed our continued support in providing easily accessible amateur radio satellites in low earth orbit, encouraging the next generation of engineers, software developers, scientists, and mathematicians through STEM educational initiatives, and partnering with ARISS on human spaceflight programs. It is
    now time that we put that plan into action.

    Compliance and Open Projects – Establish export control policy and open project framework to allow AMSAT’s return to international collaboration. AMSAT is committed to complying with U.S. export controls laws and
    regulations, including the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), and the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) regulations. ITAR and EAR regulations govern the shipment, transfer, and access of export-controlled data, items, equipment, materials, and software to non-U.S. persons or entities (domestically and abroad). OFAC regulations impose sanctions and embargoes on transactions or exchanges with designated countries, entities, and individuals.

    To ensure compliance with all Export laws, AMSAT must establish an Export Control policy, including procedures for complying with Export Control laws
    and educating all individuals working at, with, or on behalf of AMSAT, who
    work with, or have access to export-controlled technical data software, materials, and equipment, on such laws, policies, and procedures. This policy should require actively managing and monitoring compliance with Export
    Control laws and authorizing the creation of procedures to administer major organizational functions related to export compliance.

    AMSAT also recognizes that a critical component of its mission is supporting fundamental research, developing relationships and participating in the worldwide scientific, amateur radio, and amateur satellite communities to further the pursuit of knowledge.

    Export control laws restrict foreign national access to items or information that might be contrary to U.S. interests; however, these laws include exemptions for information published or disseminated in the Public Domain. AMSAT must take advantage of these carve- outs, when available, to further
    its international collaboration and outreach efforts.

    As such, we are working on implementing the necessary online project
    management and collaboration tools to support our open projects and the required publication processes to share what we have learned with the world.

    Experimentation and Education – Develop open and sustainable CubeSat
    programs to provide technological experimentation and educational support in Low Earth Orbits (LEO).

    Low earth orbiting (LEO) satellites play a critical role in AMSAT’s future. LEO FM CubeSats provide a cheap entry point to amateur radio in space. The lower costs associated with building and launching them make them an
    excellent platform to support our technological experimentation and STEM education initiatives. AMSAT’s Fox Plus program will be the foundation for our future efforts in LEO.

    In addition, proposed orbital debris mitigation standards will require all flight systems intended to be flown above low earth orbits to be “proven” in low earth orbit first. AMSAT’s GOLF-TEE (Greater Orbit Larger Footprint
    - Technology Exploration Experiment) was developed to demonstrate the
    necessary technologies for higher orbits.

    Scientific Research – Develop an open CubeSat program to enable scientific research related to amateur radio above low earth orbits. As space becomes increasingly crowded, obtaining a license to launch a satellite above low
    earth orbit will require a reason more important than amateur radio. Moving forward, we need to incorporate missions that include benefits for the
    greater good of society, of which scientific research and education appear to be our easiest path.

    AMSAT is not a scientific research institution, but we can certainly benefit
    by partnering with educational institutions to study the long-term effects of radiation exposure on communication and command and control systems. For example, our partnership with Vanderbilt University during the Fox Program provides a template as we chart our return to HEO.

    GEO Rideshare – Develop a program to secure an amateur radio payload in geostationary orbit above North America. I am often asked, “When will AMSAT put a satellite in geostationary orbit?” The short answer is NEVER,... if
    we have to do it ourselves. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is
    not going to allow a bunch of weekend warriors to play in geostationary
    orbit; not to mention, the price of admission, continued operation, and indemnification is beyond our reach. So, our best opportunity is to partner with someone already going there as a secondary payload.

    No one has knocked on our door offering a free ride, nor have we succeeded in our numerous cold call attempts. We need someone on the inside or even a
    friend of a friend, who can get us in the room. If you know someone and an opportunity, I could use your help. Until next time, thank you for supporting AMSAT. Onward & Upward!

    [ANS thanks Robert Bankston, KE4AL, AMSAT President for the above

    The 2022 AMSAT President's Club coins have arrived!
    To commemorate the 50th anniversary of its launch on
    October 15, 1972, this year's coin features
    an image of AMSAT-OSCAR 6.
    Join the AMSAT President's Club today and help
    Keep Amateur Radio in Space! https://www.amsat.org/join-the-amsat-presidents-club/ +=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+

    VUCC Satellite Standings August 2022

    K8YSE 2035 2100
    K8DP 1300 1316
    N0JE 761 775
    WD9EWK (DM43) 686 696
    AF5CC 621 628
    W7QL 563 600
    KS1G 551 579
    K5TA 563 575
    KE8RJU 512 568
    EA2AA 525 546
    W8MTB New 515
    N6UTC 475 503
    F4BKV 400 500
    HP2VX 453 464
    XE1MYO 349 451
    FG8OJ 300 373
    KB1HY 337 353
    N7ZO 300 302
    KE7RTB 250 300
    N3CAL 235 247
    K3HPA 205 225
    N3UPS 100 218
    XE1ZD 109 213
    VE7PTN 202 203
    JH0BBE 150 200
    WD9EWK (DM22) 181 189
    WD9EWK (DM23) 182 185
    VA3VGR 103 164
    WD9EWK (DM42) 157 164
    WD9EWK (DM45) 155 160
    WD9EWK (DM54) 153 159
    IK7FMQ 103 156
    HC2FG 146 150
    K2KA 102 128
    KC4CJ New 126
    DF2PI 116 124
    HP2BPK New 107
    N2WLS New 104
    K5JBT New 100

    Congratulations to the new Satellite VUCC holders

    [ANS thanks Jon Goering, N7AZ for the above informatiion.]


    PREDICT Version 2.3.0 Released

    John Magliacane, KD2BD announced the release of PREDICT Version 2.3.0.
    PREDICT is a widely-used open source satellite tracking / orbital prediction application for Linux and Unix computing environments including PCs, laptops, Raspberry PIs, and Android devices running under a Termux environment. A new limited capability version that operates under a 32-bit DOS environment has been released as well.

    PREDICT version 2.3.0 introduces an easy-to-use satellite transponder
    database editor and support for a mouse (or touch screen under a
    Termux/Android environment). New features make it possible to run PREDICT in Multi-Satellite Tracking Mode, left click on any satellite displayed on the screen, and be brought directly into Single Satellite Tracking Mode for more detailed tracking information on the chosen satellite. In addition,
    previously separate "Vocalizer" code has been integrated into PREDICT's mainline source. Text-to-speech operations are now executed in separate threads rather than forked background processes as was the practice in the past.

    PREDICT was originally released under an Open Source Software General Public License in late 1999, and is cataloged under the Smithsonian/NASA
    Astrophysics Data System hosted by Harvard University. PREDICT has been successfully employed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration where it provides orbital prediction and tracking data for VLBI radio
    telescope steering. PREDICT is employed by the European Space Agency's Rutherford Appleton Laboratory where it provides tracking and velocity
    profile data used to steer the 25 meter dish antenna at the Chilbolton Observatory (https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2006/03/Chilbolton_Observatory). PREDICT also powers AMSAT North America's on-line satellite prediction
    service (https://www.amsat.org/track/), and has served as the basis for a
    host of other derivative open-source software applications. Additional information, including screenshots and download links, are available via the PREDICT website at https://www.qsl.net/kd2bd/predict.html

    [ANS thanks John Magliacane, KD2BD, for the above information.]


    Need new satellite antennas? Purchase Arrows, Alaskan Arrows,
    and M2 LEO-Packs from the AMSAT Store. When you purchase through
    AMSAT, a portion of the proceeds goes towards
    Keeping Amateur Radio in Space.


    AMSAT DSTAR Now Linked to DMR and YSF-Fusion

    There have been a couple of updates to the AMSAT digital radio links. In case you were not aware of it, the AMSAT DMR 98006 talkgroup and the US AMSAT YSF 11689 reflector have been linked together for years, making it quite simple
    to use either mode to cross-communicate with the other. However, the AMSAT DSTAR reflector has not been bridged into the system, so it has been
    isolated. But, there is great news on that front.

    With the great help of Craig Jump, 2M0JUM, that problem seems to be solved. Craig has been linked his XLX606 DSTAR reflector to the AMSAT reflector, and has also bridged the DSTAR reflector to the AMSAT DMR 98006 talkgroup. This means that users can now use DMR, YSF-Fusion or DSTAR and seamlessly communicate with anyone on any of these technologies. As with all things digital, users may want to give the system one or two extra seconds when they key up so all the links are fully engaged before talking - just to ensure
    they don't cut off the first syllable of their transmission. However, this
    been the case with DMR and YSF only links for years.

    Testing is still underway so it is possible that the system could be temporarily disabled at times. But, the hope is this will be as solid as the previous bridge. Users experiencing problems or need help getting connected
    can contact Walter Holmes, K5WH.

    [ANS thanks Walter Holmes, K5WH, for the above information.]


    AzaadiSAT to be Launched on August 7, 2022

    On August 7, 2022 at 0348 UTC the Indian satellite AzaadiSAT of Space Kidz India is to be launched as the secondary payload on the first flight of the
    new SSLV rocket from Sriharikota, India. The planned orbit is circular at 356 km with inclination 37.21 degrees. AzaadiSAT carries a digital packet store
    and forward system, a camera and a radiation sensor. The downlink is on the IARU coordinated frequency 437.400 MHz with 1200 bps FSK telemetry and camera pictures with AFSK SSTV and LoRa.

    Developed and built by 750 girl students from across India, the satellite is the result of ISRO pushing for girls to take up Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM). The eight-kilogram CubeSat carries 75 different payloads, each weighing around 50 grams, that will conduct femto-experiments and has a mission life of six months. It is part of the
    Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav celebrations, to mark the 75th anniversary of India's Independence.

    Read the complete story at https://tinyurl.com/ANS-219-AzaadiSAT.

    [ANS thanks Nico Janssen, PA0DLO, and IndiaToday.in for the above


    Astro Pi Mission Space Lab 2021/22: The Results

    RaspberryPi.org reports, "It’s been an incredible year for the European
    Astro Pi Challenge. We’ve sent new hardware into space, seen record numbers of young people participate in the Challenge, and received lots of fantastic programs. Before we say goodbye to the 2021/22 European Astro Pi Challenge,
    the Raspberry Pi Foundation and the European Space Agency are thrilled to announce this year’s winning and highly commended Mission Space Lab teams.

    "In Mission Space Lab, teams of young people aged up to 19 work together to create scientific experiments to be carried out on the International Space Station. Their mission is to design and create a program to run on the two Astro Pi computers — space-adapted Raspberry Pi's with cameras and a range
    of sensors.

    "This year, 799 teams of young people designed experiments and entered
    Mission Space Lab and 502 of these teams were invited to Phase 2, which is
    25% more than last year! The teams each received an Astro Pi kit to write and test their programs on and 299 teams submitted programs that passed rigorous testing at Astro Pi Mission Control and achieved ‘flight status’.

    "After their program collected data during the experiment’s three-hour runtime on the ISS, each team analyzed the results and wrote a short report
    to describe their experiment.

    "We were especially excited to see what experiments young people would investigate this year, as their programs would be the first to run on the brand-new Astro Pi units, which were named after Nikola Tesla and Marie Curie by participants in this year’s Mission Zero."

    For a look at the teams’ investigations for Mission Space Lab 2021/22 go to https://tinyurl.com/ANS-219-Astro-Pi.

    [ANS thanks the Raspberry Pi Foundation for the above information.]


    Want to fly the colors on your own grid expedition?
    Get your AMSAT car flag and other neat stuff
    from our Zazzle store!
    25% of the purchase price of each product goes
    towards Keeping Amateur Radio in Space


    Changes to AMSAT-NA TLE Distribution for August 4, 2022

    The following satellites have been added this week's AMSAT-NA TLE

    RS4S NORAD Cat ID 53306
    RS3S NORAD Cat ID 53308
    RS1S NORAD Cat ID 53309
    RS5S NORAD Cat ID 53310
    RS6S NORAD Cat ID 53311
    RS9S NORAD Cat ID 53312
    RS12S NORAD Cat ID 53313

    Thanks to Nico Janssen, PA0DLO, for the identification of these satellites.

    [ANS thanks Ray Hoad, WA5QGD, AMSAT Orbital Elements Manager, for the above information.]



    Amateurs and others around the world may listen in on contacts between
    amateurs operating in schools and allowing students to interact with
    astronauts and cosmonauts aboard the International Space Station. The
    downlink frequency on which to listen is 145.800 MHz worldwide.

    + Upcoming Contacts

    Ufa State Aviation Technical University, Ufa, Russia, direct via TBD.
    The ISS callsign is presently scheduled to be RS0ISS.
    The downlink frequency is presently scheduled to be 145.800 MHz.
    The scheduled crewmember is Oleg Artemiev.
    Contact is go for 2022-08-10 10:05 UTC.

    Kopernik Observatory & Science Center (KOSC), Vestal, N.Y., direct via

    The ISS callsign is presently scheduled to be NA1SS.
    The downlink frequency is presently scheduled to be 145.800 MHz.
    The scheduled crewmember is Bob Hines KI5RQT.
    Contact is go for: Wed 2022-08-10 16:11:14 UTC.

    Summer Space School at IKI RAN (Space Research Institute of the Russian
    Academy of Sciences), Moscow, Russia, direct via TBD.

    The ISS callsign is presently scheduled to be RS0ISS.
    The downlink frequency is presently scheduled to be 145.800 MHz.
    The scheduled crewmember is Sergey Korsakov.
    Contact is go for: Mon 2022-08-08 11:40 UTC.

    + Successful Contacts

    About Gagarin From Space Conducting a session of amateur radio communication with students in Almetyevsk, Almetyevsk, Tatarstan, Russia, direct via RC4P.

    The ISS callsign was RS0ISS.
    The crewmember was Sergei Korsakov.
    Contact was successful: 2022-07-30 14:08 UTC.

    Swiss Guide and Scout Movement, Bern, Switzerland, direct via HB9JAM.
    The ISS callsign was OR4ISS.
    The crewmember was Samantha Cristoforetti, IZ0UDF.
    Contact was successful: Wed 2022-08-03 12:23:28 UTC.

    The latest information on the operation mode can be found at https://www.ariss.org/current-status-of-iss-stations.html

    The latest list of frequencies in use can be found at https://www.ariss.org/contact-the-iss.html

    [ANS thanks Charlie Sufana, AJ9N, one of the ARISS operation team mentors for the above information.]


    AMSAT, along with our ARISS partners, is developing an Amateur
    Radio package, including two-way communication capability, to
    be carried on-board Gateway in lunar orbit.

    Support AMSAT's projects today at https://www.amsat.org/donate/


    Upcoming Satellite Operations

    N8MR: Will be in EN57 with frequent roves to EN56 and EN67 Aug 6-13.
    Listening for EU, Car, SA CA. Prefer linear sats, FM sats poss. Sked depends
    on wx, etc.

    EA4NF, Philippe will be operating as 8P9NF on LEO Satellites from Barbados,
    in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies and the most easterly of the Caribbean Islands. This will be happening 8/8 – 8/12 Philippe will operate using his portable LEO sat station (Yaesu FT818ND+Yaesu FT817ND) and Arrow antenna added to a Walkie Kenwood TH-D7 and a whip antenna to cover short,
    mid and long distances on both modes (FM & SSB)

    EA4NF, Phillippe. August 13-16, EL94 & EL95, FM and Liners, will confirm in LOTW as KE4NF. Hit him up on Twitter @EA4NF_Sat for details.

    KI7QEK: Taking a family vacation in British Columbia and Alberta from August 27-September 3. Planning to bring FM and linear gear. “Holiday style” so
    no promises on passes, but he will be passing through these grids: DN09,
    DO00, DO01, DO11, DO20 & DO21

    [ANS thanks Paul Overn, KE0PBR, AMSAT rover page manager, for the above information.]


    Hamfests, Conventions, Maker Faires, and Other Events

    AMSAT Ambassadors provide presentations, demonstrate communicating through amateur satellites, and host information tables at club meetings, hamfests, conventions, maker faires, and other events.

    + 40th Annual AMSAT Space Symposium and General Meeting
    October 21–22, 2022
    The Crowne Plaza Suites, 3 Appletree Square, Bloomington, MN
    More information to follow.

    + HamXposition
    August 27-28, 2022
    Marlborough, MA

    + 2022 Rocky Mountain ARRL Division Convention
    October 7-9, 2022
    Event Center at Archer
    3921 Archer Pkwy
    Cheyenne, Wyoming 82007

    + 2022 AMSAT-UK International Space Colloquium
    October 8–9, 2022
    Kents Hill Park Conference Centre, Milton Keynes https://rsgb.org/main/about-us/rsgb-convention/

    + 41st ARRL and TAPR Digital Communications Conference (DCC)
    September 16–18, 2022
    Hilton Charlotte Airport Hotel
    Charlotte, North Carolina

    [ANS thanks Paul Overn, KE0PBR, AMSAT Events page manager, for the above information.]


    Satellite Shorts From All Over

    + NASA astronaut Kjell Lindgren KO5MOS, who is on the International Space Station, describes his amateur radio contact with 8-year-old Isabella from Kent, UK, as his favorite so far. He tweeted: "I’ve had a lot of fun using the #ARISS amateur radio station #NA1SS on the @Space_Station to talk with
    ham radio operators all over the world. I’ve even (unofficially) worked stations on all continents! But this may be my favorite contact so far." A recording of the contact is at https://tinyurl.com/ANS-219-Favorite.

    [ANS thanks AMSAT-UK for the above information.]

    + On August 9, 2022 the Iranian remote sensing satellite Khayyam is to be launched from Baykonur on a Soyuz 2.1B & Fregat, along with 16 Russian cubesats. One of those will be the 3U cubesat KAI 1, aka KNITU-KAI, NILAKT DOSAAF LLC, ANO DPO "KIRO". Its callsign will be RS26S. It carries a 145/435 MHz repeater, panoramic cameras and a temperature meter based on a fiber
    Bragg grating. Currently no further details are available. Also it is not
    clear if any of the other cubesats will appear on any amateur radio frequencies.

    [ANS thanks Nico Janssen, PA0DLO for the above information.]

    + The White House released a new National Orbital Debris Implementation Plan
    on July 29. The plan focuses on 44 specific actions which need to be taken,
    or researched, or collaborated on, around debris mitigation, tracking, and remediation, and delegates various government agencies to undertake them. To read the entire document, see https://bit.ly/3JtYpxR [ANS thanks The Orbital Index for the above information.]


    Join AMSAT today at https://launch.amsat.org/

    In addition to regular membership, AMSAT offers membership to:

    * Societies (a recognized group, clubs or organization).
    * Primary and secondary school students are eligible for membership at
    one-half the standard yearly rate.

    * Post-secondary school students enrolled in at least half time status shall
    be eligible for the student rate for a maximum of 6 post-secondary years in this status.

    * Memberships are available for annual and lifetime terms.

    Contact info [at] amsat.org for additional membership information.

    73 and remember to help Keep Amateur Radio in Space!

    This week's ANS Editor, Frank Karnauskas, N1UW
    n1uw at amsat dot org

    ANS mailing list -- ans@amsat.org
    View archives of this mailing list at https://mailman.amsat.org/hyperkitty/list/ans@amsat.org

    To unsubscribe send an email to ans-leave@amsat.org
    Manage all of your AMSAT-NA mailing list preferences at https://mailman.amsat.org

    --- SoupGate-Win32 v1.05
    * Origin: fsxNet Usenet Gateway (21:1/5)