• [ANS] ANS-016 AMSAT News Service Weekly Bulletins

    From Mark Johns, K0JM@21:1/5 to All on Sat Jan 15 20:28:07 2022
    XPost: rec.radio.info


    The AMSAT News Service bulletins are a free, weekly news and information service of AMSAT, The Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation. ANS publishes
    news related to Amateur Radio in Space including reports on the activities
    of a worldwide group of Amateur Radio operators who share an active
    interest in designing, building, launching and communicating through analog
    and digital Amateur Radio satellites.

    The news feed on http://www.amsat.org publishes news of Amateur Radio in
    Space as soon as our volunteers can post it.

    Please send any amateur satellite news or reports to: ans-editor [at]

    You can sign up for free e-mail delivery of the AMSAT News Service
    Bulletins via the ANS List; to join this list see: https://mailman.amsat.org/postorius/lists/ans.amsat.org/

    In this edition:

    * SpaceX Rideshare Mission Carries Multiple Amateur Satellites
    * Tevel Mission Launched on SpaceX Transporter-3 Mission January 13
    * EASAT-2 and Hades Satellites with FM Repeaters Are Launched
    * SpaceX Launches TU Delft Mini-Satellite
    * AMSAT Awards Update
    * First Ever Svalbard QO-100 DXpedition JW100QO
    * Eight U.S. Schools Moved Forward in ARISS Selection Process
    * ARISS News
    * Upcoming Satellite Operations
    * Hamfests, Conventions, Maker Faires, and Other Events
    * Satellite Shorts From All Over

    ANS-016 AMSAT News Service Weekly Bulletins

    From: Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation
    712 H Street NE, Suite 1653
    Washington, DC 20002

    DATE 2022 Jan 16

    SpaceX Rideshare Mission Carries Multiple Amateur Satellites

    A SpaceX Falcon 9 placed more than 100 smallsats into orbit on January 13
    as the company accelerates the pace of its dedicated rideshare missions.
    The mission, dubbed Transporter-3, or TR-3, carried a number of Amateur
    Radio satellites to orbit.

    The Falcon 9 lifted off from Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral
    Space Force Station in Florida at 15:25 UTC. The upper stage reached orbit eight and a half minutes later and, after a second burn 55 minutes after liftoff, deployed its payloads into a 525-kilometer sun-synchronous orbit
    over the following half-hour.

    The Falcon 9 first stage landed at the company’s Landing Zone 1 at
    Canaveral, the first land landing of a Falcon 9 booster since the
    Transporter-2 rideshare mission in June 2021. The booster was on its tenth flight, having first launched in May 2020 on the Demo-2 commercial crew
    mission for NASA. It subsequently launched the ANASIS-2 satellite, CRS-21
    cargo mission, Transporter-1 and five Starlink missions before
    Transporter-3. SpaceX is planning up to three more dedicated rideshare
    launches this year.

    SpaceX said that the TR-3 launch carried 105 spacecraft. Among them were
    the long-delayed EASAT-2 and Hades satellites from Spanish satellite organization AMSAT-EA, and the Tevel mission consisting of 8 satellites developed by the Herzliya Science Center in Israel. All ten of these
    satellites carry FM repeaters, among other function, and are detailed in
    the following stories.

    [ANS thanks SpaceNews.com for the above information]

    The 2022 AMSAT President's Club coins have arrived!
    To commemorate the 50th anniversary of its launch on
    October 15, 1972, this year's coin features
    an image of AMSAT-OSCAR 6.
    Join the AMSAT President's Club today and help
    Keep Amateur Radio in Space!

    Tevel Mission Launched on SpaceX Transporter-3 Mission January 13

    The Tevel mission consisting of 8 satellites developed by the Herzliya
    Science Center in Israel, each carrying an FM transponder, was launched on January 13 at 15:25 GMT on the SpaceX Falcon-9 Transporter-3 mission. This mission also carries AMSAT-EA's EASAT-2 and HADES satellites.

    Tevel-1, Tevel-2 ….Tevel-8

    Beacon transmissions on 436.400 MHz, (9600bps BPSK G3RUH)
    FM transponders uplink frequency: 145.970 MHz|
    FM transponders downlink frequency: 436.400 MHz

    All 8 satellites will have the same frequencies, so as long as the
    footprints are overlapping, only one FM transponder will be activated. The satellites were built by 8 schools in different parts of Israel.

    Prelaunch TLEs:

    Deployment number 28

    1 12345U 22-T3TE 22013.69008102 0.00000000 00000-0 00000-0 0 9997
    2 12345 97.3652 83.6317 0010843 246.0911 147.6817 15.12493461 06

    Deployment number 30

    1 12345U 22-T3TE 22013.69038194 0.00000000 00000-0 00000-0 0 9991
    2 12345 97.3658 83.6317 0009074 254.1211 141.2940 15.11975594 07

    Deployment number 55

    1 12345U 22-T3TE 22013.69375000 0.00000000 00000-0 00000-0 0 9991
    2 12345 97.3676 83.6318 0009046 252.0606 161.7026 15.11914367 05

    Control station will be 4X4HSC at the Herzliya Science Center.

    [ANS thanks David Greenberg, 4X1DG, for the above information]


    EASAT-2 and Hades Satellites with FM Repeaters Are Launched

    The Scottish space broker Alba Orbital has confirmed the launch of the
    EASAT-2 and Hades satellites in the Falcon-9 vehicle, using the company's AlbaPOD ejector for this purpose. The launch took place as schedule on
    January 13 at 15:25 UTC (16:25 Spanish peninsular time). Both satellites
    should have been launched a year ago, but the problems of the Momentus integrator, on whose Vigoride vehicle Alba Orbital's AlbaPod ejectors were
    to be integrated with the American administration, caused this delay.
    Momentus was replaced by Exolaunch for the flight.

    Both satellites offer FM voice communications and data retransmission in
    FSK or AFSK up to 2400 bps, such as AX.25 or APRS frames. They also emit FM voice beacons with the callsigns AM5SAT and AM6SAT, as well as CW.

    The EASAT-2 satellite, designed and built jointly by AMSAT-EA and students
    of the European University of the Degrees in Aerospace Engineering in
    Aircraft and in Telecommunications Systems Engineering, with contributions
    from ICAI in the communications part, incorporates as an experimental load Basaltic material from Lanzarote, similar to lunar basalts, provided by the CSIC's research group on meteorites and planetary geosciences at the
    Institute of Geosciences, IGEO (CSIC-UCM) and which could be used as a construction material on the Moon. This project was promoted and has the collaboration of the ETSICCP (UPM).

    As for Hades, its payload consists of a miniature camera module that sends
    the captured images as an audio signal in SSTV mode. The SSTV formats it
    uses are compatible with Robot36, Robot72, MP73 and MP115.

    The design is based on the one used in the successful mission of the PSAT2 satellite, an amateur radio satellite of the United States Naval Academy
    and the Brno University of Technology. This camera has been operational
    since June 25, 2019: (http://www.aprs.org/psat2.html).

    The camera chip is the Omnivision OV2640, which provides a resolution of up
    to 2M pixels and compressed JPEG output. Resolution is limited by the
    internal memory of the CPU (MCU) that controls the camera to 320x240
    (typical) or 640x480 maximum. The MCU selected for control is the STM32F446RET6, which has the smallest footprint possible with connection to DCMI peripheral, necessary for connection to the camera.
    Images can be stored in 2 MB serial flash memory. The complete SSTV encoder
    has managed to be implemented on a 4-layer PCB with dimensions of just

    The MCU can be fully controlled from ground stations. The firmware allows
    the sending of live camera images, images previously saved in flash memory
    or images encoded in ROM. It also provides advance PSK telemetry and
    imaging schedule with current status (event counters, temperature, voltage, light conditions, etc.) and a brief summary.

    The described module has been developed and manufactured in the Radioelectronics Department of the Brno University of Technology in the
    Czech Republic. Both hardware and firmware designs with source codes will
    be available on Github under the MIT license ( https://github.com/alpov/SatCam).
    Initially, only the EASAT-2 repeater is active. The Hades one will be
    activated by telecommand a few days after launch.

    The frequencies coordinated with IARU for both satellites are as follows:

    145.875 MHz uplink, Modes: FM voice (no subtone) and FSK 50 bps, AFSK,
    AX.25, APRS 1200 / 2400 bps
    436.666 MHz downlink, Modes: FM voice, CW, FSK 50 bps, FM voice beacon
    with AM5SAT callsign

    145.925 MHz uplink, Modes: FM voice (no subtone) and FSK 50 bps, AFSK,
    AX.25, APRS 1200 / 2400 bps
    436.888 MHz downlink, Modes: FM voice, CW FSK 50 bps, SSTV Robot 36, FM
    voice beacon with AM6SAT callsign

    The description of the transmissions in English can be found in the .pdf document at:

    AMSAT-EA appreciates the reception of telemetry, voice beacons and SSTV
    images. A paper QSL is sent to those who send their transmissions. It can
    be done through the following link: http://data.amsat-ea.org

    Preliminary post-launch Keplerian elements for EASAT-2 and HADES are:
    1 99999U 22013.68430556 .00000000 00000-0 50000-4 0 02
    2 99999 97.5220 83.8550 0002429 -171.2750 173.6400 15.12786821 04

    [ANS thanks Felix Paez, EA4GQS, and AMSAT-EA for the above information]

    Need new satellite antennas? Purchase Arrows, Alaskan Arrows,
    and M2 LEO-Packs from the AMSAT Store. When you purchase through
    AMSAT, a portion of the proceeds goes towards
    Keeping Amateur Radio in Space.

    SpaceX Launches TU Delft Mini-Satellite

    During the Transporter-3 satellite launch by SpaceX on 13 January from Cape Canaveral a small satellite from Delft in the Netherlands also traveled
    into space. The DelfiPQ is one of the smallest satellites in the world. Satellite researchers Alessandra Menicucci, Stefano Speretta and Sevket
    Uludag from TU Delft designed and built the satellite themselves to
    demonstrate that technology on such a small scale can actually function in space. Swarms of these small satellites are better able than today's large satellites to observe the earth. They could play an important role in monitoring climate change and in fast wireless broadband connections, among other things.

    An important goal of these tiny satellites is that they prove that even miniature-scale technology can still function in space. And moreover, that
    the satellites can be monitored from Earth and can be distinguished from
    space debris. A big advantage is that the development time is much shorter
    than for larger satellites, some of which still run on 20-year-old
    technology. “We can build and launch a whole new generation of inst
    every one or two years, so we can always incorporate the latest
    technology,“ says Speretta. In the future, satellite swarms may eve
    n play a
    role in high-speed wireless broadband connections.

    The DelfiPQ measures just 5 by 5 by 18 centimetres, making it one of the smallest satellites in the world. The satellite is the third TU Delft
    satellite to actually go into space. DelfiC3 was the first. This satellite
    has been in space for over 12.5 years and is still alive. DelfiN3xt was launched in 2013. Contact has recently been re-established with this
    satellite. University lecturer and project leader Alessandra Menicucci: "Whether the DelfiPQ also comes to life in space is the most exciting of
    all three. DelfiPQ is eight times smaller than its brothers. And those were already no bigger than a milk carton."

    The DelfiPQ has UHF downlink for GMSK at up to 19k2. A downlink on 436.650
    MHz has been coordinated.

    [ANS thanks Delft University of Technology for the above information]


    AMSAT Awards Update

    As we have rolled into 2022, I am posting the awards from the last part of
    2021 and a couple from 2022.

    AMSAT Satellite Communicators Award for making their first satellite QSO

    John Gesell, KB7JJG
    Brian Lopeman, KI7WXP
    Peter Stover, KD4QNA
    James Gillanders, KG6HXN


    AMSAT Communications Achievement Award

    Richard Nolet, VA3VGR #639


    AMSAT South Africa Satellite Communications Achievement Award

    Richard Nolet, VA3VGR #242


    AMSAT Robert W. Barbee Jr., W4AMI Award (1,000-4,000)

    Edward Campagnulol, KN4ZAA #US120
    Hector Martinez, W5CBF #US121 4,000 Upgrade
    Keith Austermiller, KB9STR #US122
    Giancarlo Zanella, IK1DOC #US123
    Dwight Fletcher, N1RCN #US124


    AMSAT Robert W. Barbee Jr., W4AMI Award (5,000)

    Hector Martinez, W5CBF #39
    Mitchell Ahrenstorff, AD0HJ #40


    AMSAT Rover Award

    Rover Call
    #60 KF6JOQ
    #61 VA3VGR
    #62 N6UTC


    GridMaster Award

    #33 Dave Chasey, N9FN
    #34 Douglas Tabor, N6UA


    Our newest award the Reverse VUCC or VUCC/r

    #03 James Clary, ND9M Ugrade to 385
    #09 Randy Kohlwey, WI7P

    To see all the awards visit http://www.amsat.org and click on Services then Awards.

    [ANS thanks Bruce Paige, KK5DO, AMSAT Board Member and Director Contests
    and Awards, for the above information]


    AMSAT's GOLF Program is about getting back to higher orbits, and it all
    begins with GOLF-TEE – a technology demonstrator for deployable sol
    panels, propulsion, and attitude control, now manifested for launch on
    NASA's ELaNa 46 mission. Come along for the ride. The journey will be
    worth it!



    First Ever Svalbard QO-100 DXpedition JW100QO

    A DXpedition to Svalbard (78° North) is planned for April 19-26 with t
    callsign JW0X. In addition to the five HF stations (FT8/FT4/RTTY/SSB/CW)
    the team will activate the first QO-100 satellite DX Station callsign
    JW100QO April 22-24.

    Making the first ever QO-100 calls from Svalbard is the biggest challenge
    of this DXpedition. ON4CKM Cedric, ON4DCU Patrick and ON5UR Max will make a rugged snowmobile ride of almost 100 km in temperatures of -20°
    Celsius to reach their goal. Kapp Linné is the only place in the area
    allows a view of the QO-100 satellite at only 3° above the horizon.
    Svalbard also lies on the edge of the satellite area (footprint), which
    makes the challenge even greater. We want to give as many radio amateurs as possible the opportunity to work this first QO-100 DXpedition. For this
    unique challenge we also have a special callsign JW100QO.

    Further info at:

    Svalbard QO-100 JW100QO April 22-24 https://www.dx-adventure.com/en/qo-100-our-goal/

    Svalbard JW0X April 19-26

    QO-100 geostationary amateur satellite transponder provides coverage from Brazil to Thailand, see

    [ANS thanks AMSAT-UK for the above information]

    Want to fly the colors on your own grid expedition?
    Get your AMSAT car flag and other neat stuff
    from our Zazzle store!
    25% of the purchase price of each product goes
    towards Keeping Amateur Radio in Space

    Eight U.S. Schools Moved Forward in ARISS Selection Process

    Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) is pleased to
    announce the schools/host organizations selected for the July 1 through December 31, 2022, time period. A total of eight of the submitted proposals during the recent proposal window have been accepted to move forward in the processes of planning to host a scheduled amateur radio contact with crew
    on the ISS. The primary goal of the ARISS program is to engage young people
    in Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics (STEAM)
    activities and raise their awareness of space communications, radio communications, space exploration, and related areas of study and career possibilities.

    The ARISS program anticipates that NASA will be able to provide scheduling opportunities for the eight US host organizations during the July 1 through December 31, 2022, time period. They are now at work completing an
    acceptable equipment plan that demonstrates their ability to execute the
    ham radio contact. Once their equipment plan is approved by the ARISS
    Technical Mentors, the final selected schools/organizations will be
    scheduled as their availability and flexibility match up with the
    scheduling opportunities offered by NASA.

    The schools and host organizations are:
    * Buehler Challenger & Science Center, Paramus, NJ
    * Eaton Public Library, Eaton, CO
    * Davis Aerospace Technical High School, Detroit, MI
    * St. Stephen’s Episcopal School Houston, Houston, TX
    * Harris Middle School, Spruce Pine, NC
    * Kopernik Observatory & Science, Vestal, NY
    * Monroe Carell Jr. Children’s Hospital at Vanderbilt, Nashville, T
    * Canterbury School of Fort Myers, Ft Myers, FL

    Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) is a cooperative venture of international amateur radio societies and the space agencies
    that support the International Space Station (ISS). In the United States, sponsors are the Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation (AMSAT), the American Radio Relay League (ARRL), the ISS National Lab-Space Station Explorers,
    and NASA’s Space communications and Navigation program. The primary
    goal of
    ARISS is to promote exploration of science, technology, engineering, the
    arts, and mathematics topics. ARISS does this by organizing scheduled
    contacts via amateur radio between crew members aboard the ISS and
    students. Before and during these radio contacts, students, educators,
    parents, and communities take part in hands-on learning activities tied to space, space technologies, and amateur radio. For more information, see www.ariss.org

    [ANS thanks Dave Jordan, AA4KN, ARISS PR for the above information]



    Amateurs and others around the world may listen in on contacts between
    amateurs operating in schools and allowing students to interact with
    astronauts and cosmonauts aboard the International Space Station. The
    downlink frequency on which to listen is 145.800 MHz worldwide.

    The next scheduled contact is with Quantorium Children's Technopark, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Russia, direct via TBD. The ISS callsign is presently scheduled to be RSØISS, and the scheduled crewmember is Russian Cosmon
    Anton Shkaplerov. The contact is go for 2022-01-25 08:45 UTC.

    The next mode change, from APRS digital repeater to FM voice cross band repeater is expected to occur in late January/early February 2022.

    The latest information on the operation mode can be found at https://www.ariss.org/current-status-of-iss-stations.html

    The latest list of frequencies in use can be found at https://www.ariss.org/contact-the-iss.html

    [ANS thanks Charlie Sufana, AJ9N, one of the ARISS operation team mentors
    for the above information]

    AMSAT, along with our ARISS partners, is developing an Amateur
    Radio package, including two-way communication capability, to
    be carried on-board Gateway in lunar orbit.

    Support AMSAT's projects today at https://www.amsat.org/donate/

    Upcoming Satellite Operations

    4A90, MEXICO (Special Event). Members of the Federacion Mexicana de Radio Experimentadores (FMRE)[Mexican Society]are celebrating their 90th
    anniversary during January, February and March 2022 promoting each of the
    31 States and Mexico City with the following 32 different special event callsigns and 4A90FMRE:

    January 16-30th: 4A90MOR, 4A90NAY, 4A90PUE, 4A90QRO, 4A90TLX and 4A90VER

    January 31st-February 14th: 4A90AGS, 4A90BAC, 4A90BCS, 4A90COA, 4A90CHH and 4A90DGO

    February 15th-March 1st: 4A90NLE, 4A90SLP, 4A90SIN, 4A90SON, 4A90TAM and 4A90ZAC

    March 2-16th: 4A90CAM, 4A90CHI, 4A90GRO, 4A90OAX, 4A90QUI, 4A90TAB and 4A90YUC

    Activity will be on various HF bands using CW, SSB, RTTY, FT8/FT4 and the satellites. Awards are available (see QRZ.com for details). For more
    details on the event, see: http://fmre90.puebladx.org

    [ANS thanks Paul Overn, KE0PBR, AMSAT rover page manager, for the above information]


    Hamfests, Conventions, Maker Faires, and Other Events

    AMSAT Ambassadors provide presentations, demonstrate communicating through amateur satellites, and host information tables at club meetings, hamfests, conventions, maker faires, and other events.

    Events with a confirmed AMSAT presence:

    HamCation 2022 - The ARRL National Convention

    Friday, February 11th, 2022 to Sunday, February 13, 2022

    Central Florida Fairgrounds and Expo Park
    4603 West Colonial Drive
    Orlando, Florida 32808



    Hamvention 2022

    Friday May 20, 2022 to Sunday May 22, 2022

    Greene County Fairgrounds and Expo Center

    210 Fairground Road
    Xenia, Ohio 45385



    2022 Rocky Mountain ARRL Division Convention

    Friday, October 7th, 2022 to Sunday, October 9th, 2022

    Event Center at Archer
    3921 Archer Pkwy
    Cheyenne, Wyoming 82007



    Clint Bradford, K6LCS reports:

    2022 is starting off with a bang! Presentations set for clubs in …

    South Bay CA
    New York
    British Columbia
    Ontario Canada
    Victoria BC
    Sonoma CA
    Tampa FL

    Think a 90-minute lively, informative, and fun “How to Work the Eas
    Satellites” Zoom presentation would be appropriate for your conve
    ntion or
    club? Always included are overviews of the ARRL, AMSAT, and ARISS. And pre-presentation questions are solicited and welcome.

    Send an email or call!

    Clint Bradford K6LCS
    AMSAT Ambassador, ARRL instructor
    909-999-SATS (7287)

    [ANS thanks Paul Overn, KE0PBR, AMSAT Events page manager, and Clint
    Bradford, K6LCS, for the above information]


    Satellite Shorts From All Over

    + NASA has recognized Amateur Radio on the International Space Station
    (ARISS) as a science education and research program. Two images of ARISS activity are among those singled out by the space agency as some of the
    Best Space Station Science Pictures of 2021. The photos feature "some of
    the best photos of breakthrough investigations crew members worked on in
    2021." The complete gallary of photos can be seen at https://go.nasa.gov/3rdedwh (ANS thanks ARRL and NASA for the above information)

    + Among the 105 satellites launched on Thursday aboard the SpaceX TR-3 rideshare was the Brazilian satellite PION-BR1, "a radio amateur mission combined with education with the aim of promoting access to space
    technologies and interaction between students and the radio amateur community.” In addition, “the satellite’s main miss
    ion will be a digital
    experiment in storing and sending messages using the NGHam protocol.
    downlink on 437.300 MHz has been coordinated. (ANS thanks the Internation Amateur Radio Union frequency coordination site for the above information.)

    + In addition to the SpaceX Falcon 9 Transporter-3 launch on January 13,
    Virgin Orbit completed another flight of its air-dropped rocket later the
    same day off the coast of California. The LauncherOne rocket carried seven mini-payloads into low Earth orbit. The Boeing 747 carrier jet took off
    from the Mojave runway around 2100 GMT) to begin an hour-long flight out to
    the mission's drop point 35,000 feet (10,700 meters) over the Pacific
    Ocean. The satellites on-board were from three customers: The U.S. Space
    Force, SatRevolution of Poland, and Spire. There were no Amateur Radio
    payloads this time. (ANS thanks Spaceflight Now for the above information)

    + U.S. space tracking has linked the breakup of Chinese satellite Yunhai-1
    (02) to a collision with a small piece of debris from a Russian satellite launch, according to NASA. The Yunhai-1 (02) satellite was developed by the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology and launched in September 2019
    into a Sun-synchronous orbit with an altitude of around 783 kilometers. It suffered a breakup event on March 18, 2021, creating a number of pieces of debris. The breakup of Yunhai-1 (02) is the fifth confirmed accidental collision between two cataloged objects, according to the report. A total
    of 37 fragments from the collision have been cataloged as of 1 October
    2021, with four of these having reentered the atmosphere. (ANS thanks SpaceNews.com for the above information)

    + As widely reported in the media, the ESA/NASA James Web Space Telescope (JWST) has successfully deployed. We can now all breathe out and marvel at
    how complex it all was. According to NASA, “The unfolding and tensi
    oning of
    the sunshield involved 139 of Webb’s 178 release mechanisms, 70 hin
    assemblies, eight deployment motors, roughly 400 pulleys, and 90 individual cables totaling roughly one quarter of a mile in length.” The teles
    cope now
    faces approximately six more months of commissioning and calibration before beginning operation. (ANS thanks NASA and The Orbital Index for the above information)

    + Now that the JWST is deployed and could have a lifespan of 20 years, some
    are already turning attention to NASA’s next telescope. The wide-fi
    infrared Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope (née WFIRST) is scheduled t
    launch in 2025. Like JWST, it will also orbit at the Sun-Earth L2 point.
    The NGRST has two instruments: the Wide Field Instrument, a 300-megapixel camera with a Hubble-class 2.4 m aperture, but 100x the field of view, and
    the Coronagraph Instrument, for imaging and spectroscopy of nearby
    exoplanets. It is predicted to find 100,000 transiting exoplanets,
    expanding far beyond the 4,884 exoplanets discovered so far. (ANS thanks
    The Orbital Index for the above information)


    Join AMSAT today at https://launch.amsat.org/

    In addition to regular membership, AMSAT offers membership to:

    * Societies (a recognized group, clubs or organization).
    * Primary and secondary school students are eligible for membership at
    one-half the standard yearly rate.
    * Post-secondary school students enrolled in at least half time status
    shall be eligible for the student rate for a maximum of 6 post-secondary
    years in this status.
    * Memberships are available for annual and lifetime terms.

    Contact info [at] amsat.org for additional membership information.

    73 and remember to help Keep Amateur Radio in Space!

    This week's ANS Editor, Mark Johns, K0JM
    k0jm at amsat dot org

    ANS mailing list -- ans@amsat.org
    View archives of this mailing list at https://mailman.amsat.org/hyperkitty/list/ans@amsat.org

    To unsubscribe send an email to ans-leave@amsat.org
    Manage all of your AMSAT-NA mailing list preferences at https://mailman.amsat.org

    --- SoupGate-Win32 v1.05
    * Origin: fsxNet Usenet Gateway (21:1/5)