• [ans] ANS-150 AMSAT News Service Weekly Bulletins

    From kd4iz@frawg.org@21:1/5 to All on Sun May 30 08:32:45 2021
    XPost: rec.radio.info


    The AMSAT News Service bulletins are a free, weekly news and information service of AMSAT, The Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation. ANS publishes
    news related to Amateur Radio in Space including reports on the activities
    of a worldwide group of Amateur Radio operators who share an active interest
    in designing, building, launching and communicating through analog and
    digital Amateur Radio satellites.

    The news feed on http://www.amsat.org publishes news of Amateur Radio in
    Space as soon as our volunteers can post it.

    Please send any amateur satellite news or reports to: ans-editor@amsat.org

    You can sign up for free e-mail delivery of the AMSAT News Service Bulletins via the ANS List; to join this list see: https://mailman.amsat.org/postorius/lists/ans.amsat.org/

    In this edition:

    * FCC Considers UHF/Microwave Ham Bands for Commercial Space Launch
    * ASU student-built spacecraft to interact with the public
    * Canadian Researchers Highlight Concerns About Overcrowded Orbits
    * Andy MacAllister, W5ACM, SK
    * PSAT2: DTMF *and* APRS-to-Voice enabled
    * NASA Schedules Live Coverage of Russian Spacewalk
    * No Changes to AMSAT-NA TLE Distribution for May 27, 2021
    * ARISS News
    * Upcoming Satellite Operations
    * Hamfests, Conventions, Maker Faires, and Other Events
    * Satellite Shorts From All Over

    ANS-150 AMSAT News Service Weekly Bulletins

    AMSAT News Service Bulletin 150.01
    From: Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation
    712 H Street NE Suite 1653
    Washington, DC 20002

    DATE 2021 May 30

    FCC Considers UHF/Microwave Ham Bands for Commercial Space Launch

    The FCC in April issued a Report and Order allocating spectrum in the
    2200-2290 MHz range for private space travel and satellite launch companies
    to use for pre-launch testing and space launch operations. The order creates
    a non-federal secondary allocation for these uses in spectrum that is
    currently reserved exclusively for federal government use.
    The action also includes a Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking which seeks comment on possible additional spectrum for private space launch purposes. Among the frequencies specifically mentioned are 420-430 MHz in the 70-centimeter amateur band and 5650-5925 MHz, which is the 5-centimeter ham band. Amateur radio has a secondary allocation in each of these bands, and
    the NPRM made no mention of the bands' current occupants and/or whether they would be displaced. The 5.6-GHz band is already shared widely with home WiFi networks.

    [ANS thanks CQ Newsroom for the above information]


    ASU student-built spacecraft to interact with the public

    NASA has selected an Arizona State University-designed spacecraft to fly as
    an auxiliary payload aboard a rocket launching between 2022 and 2025. It is among 14 small research satellites, called CubeSats, that were chosen for
    this opportunity through NASA’s CubeSat Launch Initiative. The ASU CubeSa
    named LightCube, is about the size of a toaster and will be deployed to low-Earth orbit (LEO). Its unique feature is that it can be commanded by
    anyone with an amateur radio license and a ham radio to set off a xenon
    flash from the spacecraft that will be visible from the ground.
    Additional Details are available at https://bit.ly/3fF9v4B

    [ANS thanks Karin Valentine, Media Relations & Marketing Manager, School of Earth and Space Exploration at ASU for the above information]

    Join the 2021 President's Club!
    Score your 2" 4-Color Accent Commemorative Coin.
    This gold finished coin comes with
    Full Color Certificate and Embroidered "Remove Before Flight" Key Tag
    Donate today at
    You won't want to miss it!

    Canadian Researchers Highlight Concerns About Overcrowded Orbits

    A new report by two Canadian researchers is highlighting the growing hazard
    of space debris. It warns that the new mega-constellations of tens of
    thousands of communication satellites could pose a new kind of danger that could ultimately threaten other satellites, astronauts, our ability to use space and could even have an impact on the climate.
    Recently, the uncontrolled fall from space of a large Chinese rocket booster gained worldwide attention as no one could predict where it would come
    crashing to Earth. Fortunately, it came down in the Indian Ocean and no one
    was injured. That was just one booster.
    But the amount of stuff — satellites, discarded boosters and other debris
    Earth orbit — is huge. And this new report warns that with projects like
    the SpaceX Starlink satellite constellation, the issue of space debris could approach a critical turning point.
    Right now, Starlink has full approval within the current legal system to go ahead and launch 12,000 satellites, and they want to put up 30,000 more, so there will be 42,000 satellites. With Starlink alone, there will be more satellites in the sky than there are naked eye visible stars.
    And that's not all. Others have similar plans, including OneWeb, Amazon, Telesat, and GW, which is a Chinese state-owned company.
    This astounding number of satellites will outnumber the total number of
    objects orbiting the Earth today and form shells around the planet in low
    Earth orbit up to about 750 km altitude.
    The more objects placed in orbit, the greater the chance of collision
    between them, other working satellites, astronauts working in space, and
    people on the ground when the objects fall out of orbit.
    The new satellites launched by SpaceX and other companies are not just
    thrown up willy-nilly. They're placed in careful orbits meant to minimize
    risks of collision, and modern satellites are designed to be de-orbited when they die, not just abandoned as space junk. The commercial space companies must have plans to do this in an organized and safe way. This is all good
    and responsible.
    The report highlights the possibility and implications of accidents. Random pieces of untracked space debris, or even meteors, could disable these satellites, disrupting their careful orbits and the deorbiting plans. The
    sheer number of these new satellites increases the risk.

    [ANS thanks CBC radio host and blogger Bob McDonald for the above


    Andy MacAllister, W5ACM, SK

    From Marty Smith, WV5Y: "It's with much sadness and deep regret I announce
    our buddy, Andy, W5ACM - Past AMSAT Board of Directors, King of the South
    Texas Balloon Launch Team, The Voice of The Houston AMSAT Net and KTRU Rice Radio Engineer and DJ, AndyMac - Passed away on the evening of Wednesday, 5/19/2021. Andy's wife Heather said he was on his computer until a few
    minutes before...
    His funeral service was held on Thursday, May 27th 2021 at 12:30 PM at the Pines Presbyterian Church (12751 Kimberley Ln, Houston, TX 77024-4097).
    Andy will be missed very much by all of his family, friends and coworkers.
    He lived life to the fullest, and his lust for life was contagious. Our
    common interests in everything high tech, scientific & electronic, was
    shared by many, and he had great taste in food, drink, and music, especially loving classic rock & roll! He will forever be in our minds and hearts. 73, Marty Smith, WV5Y"

    From AMSAT Director Bruce Paige, KK5DO: "Andy, W5ACM (ex WA5ZIB), became a Silent Key on May 19, 2021. He has been a close friend of mine since I
    became a ham in 1993. That was when I found satellites and AMSAT. Andy had
    been doing the Houston AMSAT Net and I became involved in the net. We have
    done over 1400 episodes of the net since then. Andy and I had a great time
    at many AMSAT Symposiums where we would work satellites from parking lots of restaurants or outside a hotel. During the AMSAT Symposium in 2016, we
    worked each other from the deck of the cruise ship when we were standing
    about 3 feet from each other.
    Andy spent some time in the early 90's on the AMSAT Board of Directors. Many
    of today's hams would not remember the K2ZRO tests on AO-13. When the
    satellite was at apogee, Andy would transmit a string of CW characters. He would then reduce his power by 50% and transmit another string of
    characters. This would be done 8 times to a point where the signals were
    very weak. Hams around the world would participate and receive a certificate with an endorsement for the level you achieved.
    Andy got into balloon launches. I do not remember when BLT-1 was launched
    but BLT-12 was launched in 1993 and they are into the 60's now. The balloons have gone up with all types of experiments on them and have come down in
    many a strange place. One came down in the Gulf of Mexico, picked up by a fishing boat and they called the number on the package. Of course that one
    was not reusable as everything was a tad bit wet. The balloon came down in someone's front yard once and they picked it up and took it inside. GPS told the tale and knocking on the door, the homeowner returned the package. A few recent balloon launches have traversed the globe one or two times.
    Andy had worked at NASA and was a member of the Johnson Space Center ARC as well as the Brazos Valley ARC in Houston, the ARRL and AMSAT. More recently
    he was the Chief Engineer for the radio station, KTRU, at Rice University in Houston. Andy gave talks and demos at many Houston area hamfests.
    It was only a few months ago in February that Andy went in for a quick procedure and they found something that should not be. He was sent home for hospice care. You will be missed my friend. ... _._

    Andy's wife, Heather, has requested that donations in his name be made to
    AMSAT or the Brazos Valley Amateur Radio Club, P.O. Box 2997, Sugar Land,
    TX 77487-2997 (reference the Andy MacAllister BLT Memorial Fund). Donations
    to AMSAT in his name may be made at https://www.amsat.org/donations/w5acm-memorial/

    [ANS thanks Marty Smith, WV5Y for the above information]

    Need new satellite antennas? Purchase Arrows, Alaskan Arrows,
    and M2 LEO-Packs from the AMSAT Store. When you purchase through
    AMSAT, a portion of the proceeds goes towards
    Keeping Amateur Radio in Space.

    PSAT2: DTMF *and* APRS-to-Voice enabled

    A new feature has been enabled for the Voice Synthesizer on PSAT2
    in addition to DTMF grid and DTMF messaging to voice. Now the voice synthesizer is also listening for APRS-to-Voice messages as well.
    Here is how to use it
    1) Remain on the 145.980 uplink and 145.825 downlink for DTMF
    2) Using an APRS radio, send an APRS message to PSAT-SAY
    3) Begin the first 10 chars of the message with CCCCCC sez
    4) Followed by the text to be spoken.
    5) CCCCCC is your callsign right-padded with spaces.

    The satellite should ACK the packet uplink and then speak the text. You can tell if APRS-to-Voice is enabled if this 1 bit is on: XXXX0010. Usually the DTMF bits are also enabled so the telemetry will usually show as 11010010.
    To do both DTMF and APRS-to-Voice at the same time, the Basic Stamp
    processor has to check both the DTMF decoder and the packet decoder and so there is a finite chance that a perfectly good uplink might be missed. So,
    just try again.
    See http://aprs.org/psat2.html Tomorrow I will add this feature to the users manual and post it.
    Enjoy, Bob, WB4APR

    [ANS thanks Bob Bruninga, WB4APR for the above information]


    NASA Schedules Live Coverage of Russian Spacewalk

    Two Russian cosmonauts are scheduled to conduct a spacewalk outside the International Space Station on Wednesday, June 2, to continue preparing the Pirs docking compartment airlock for undocking and disposal later this year. Live coverage will begin at 1 a.m. EDT (0500z), with the spacewalk beginning about 1:20 a.m. (0520z) on NASA Television, the agency’s website, and the
    NASA app.
    Expedition 65 Flight Engineers Oleg Novitskiy and Pyotr Dubrov of Roscosmos will emerge from the Poisk module on the space-facing side of the Zvezda service module for a spacewalk expected to last about six and a half hours.
    The two cosmonauts will disconnect all external mechanical links between
    Pirs and the station, reposition spacewalk hardware and antennas, and
    relocate other gear previously used for spacecraft dockings to Pirs.
    During the spacewalk, the cosmonauts will prepare Pirs for removal from its port by the uncrewed Progress 77 cargo ship on the Earth-facing side of
    Zvezda, clearing the way for the arrival of the new Russian Multi-Purpose Laboratory Module named “Nauka,” which is Russian for “science.” The
    undocking of Pirs is scheduled for this summer, about two days after Nauka launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
    The cosmonauts also will replace a fluid flow regulator on the nearby Zarya module and replace biological and material science samples on the exterior
    of the Russian modules.
    Novitskiy, who is designated as extravehicular crew member 1 (EV1), will
    wear a Russian Orlan spacesuit with red stripes. Dubrov will wear a
    spacesuit with blue stripes as extravehicular crew member 2 (EV2). This will
    be the first spacewalk for both cosmonauts and the 238th spacewalk overall
    in support of space station assembly, maintenance, and upgrades. It also
    marks the sixth spacewalk of 2021.
    See the NASA TV streaming video, schedule and downlink information at: http://www.nasa.gov/ntv
    Learn more about the International Space Station and its crew at: http://www.nasa.gov/station

    [ANS thanks NASA for the above information]


    AMSAT's GOLF Program is about getting back to higher orbits, and it all
    begins with GOLF-TEE – a technology demonstrator for deployable solar
    panels, propulsion, and attitude control. Come along for the ride. The
    journey will be worth it!



    No Changes to AMSAT-NA TLE Distribution for May 27, 2021

    No changes are noted for the current week. However, TLE (KEPS) have been updated and are available on the AMSAT website at: https://www.amsat.org/keplerian-elements-resources/

    [ANS thanks Ray Hoad, WA5QGD, AMSAT Orbital Elements Manager, for the above information]

    Want to fly the colors on your own grid expedition?
    Get your AMSAT car flag and other neat stuff
    from our Zazzle store!
    25% of the purchase price of each product goes
    towards Keeping Amateur Radio in Space

    ARISS NEWS: Upcoming ARISS Contact Schedule as of May 30, 2021

    College of Saint Pierre Marboz, Marboz, France, multi-point telebridge via IK1SLD. The ISS callsign is presently scheduled to be OR4ISS. The downlink frequency is presently scheduled to be 145.800 MHz. The latest information
    on the operation mode can be found at: https://www.ariss.org/current-status-of-iss-stations.html.
    The scheduled astronaut is Thomas Pesquet KG5FYG. Contact is go for: Mon 2021-05-31 13:49:32 UTC 40 deg. Watch for livestream at https://youtu.be/HnPoFku7DXg

    About Gagarin From Space. Conducting an amateur radio session with schoolchildren of Mordovia, Russia, direct via TBD. The ISS callsign is presently scheduled to be RSŘISS. The downlink frequency is presently
    scheduled to be 145.800 MHz. The latest information on the operation mode
    can be found at: https://www.ariss.org/current-status-of-iss-stations.html.
    The scheduled astronaut is Oleg Novitskiy. Contact is go for Sun 2021-06-06 12:25 UTC.
    The Father's House Christian School (Home Education Provider: Roots), Morinville, Alberta, Canada, multi-point telebridge via VK4KHZ. The ISS callsign is presently scheduled to be NA1SS. The downlink frequency is presently scheduled to be 145.800 MHz. The latest information on the
    operation mode can be found at: https://www.ariss.org/current-status-of-iss-stations.html. The scheduled astronaut is Akihiko Hoshide KE5DNI. Contact is go for: Wed 2021-06-02
    14:28:53 UTC 44 deg.

    Lipetsk, Russia, direct via TBD. The ISS callsign is presently scheduled to
    be RSŘISS. The downlink frequency is presently scheduled to be 145.800 MH
    The latest information on the operation mode can be found at https://www.ariss.org/current-status-of-iss-stations.html. The scheduled astronaut is Pyotr Dubrov. Contact is go for Fri 2021-06-11 11:40 UTC.

    Velikiy Ustyug, Russia, direct via TBD. The ISS callsign is presently
    scheduled to be RSŘISS. The downlink frequency is presently scheduled to
    145.800 MHz. The latest information on the operation mode can be found at https://www.ariss.org/current-status-of-iss-stations.html. The scheduled astronaut is Oleg Novitskiy. Contact is go for Sat 2021-06-12 09:15 UTC.

    Lipetsk, Russia, direct via TBD. The ISS callsign is presently scheduled to
    be RSŘISS. The downlink frequency is presently scheduled to be 145.800 MH
    The latest information on the operation mode can be found at https://www.ariss.org/current-status-of-iss-stations.html. The scheduled astronaut is Pyotr Dubrov. Contact is go for Sat 2021-06-12 10:55 UTC.

    The latest information on the operation mode can be found at https://www.ariss.org/current-status-of-iss-stations.html
    The latest list of frequencies in use can be found at https://www.ariss.org/contact-the-iss.html

    [ANS thanks Charlie Sufana, AJ9N, one of the ARISS operation team mentors
    for the above information]

    AMSAT, along with our ARISS partners, is developing an amateur
    radio package, including two-way communication capability, to
    be carried on-board Gateway in lunar orbit.

    Support AMSAT's projects today at https://www.amsat.org/donate/

    Upcoming Satellite Operations

    Quick Hits:

    EA4M: : Hi guys later in June I’ll be in IN73 on holidays, probably for a
    week or so, I will try some birds stay tuned on tweeter for schedules.
    ND0C and KE0WPA: In June @kylee_ke0wpa and I, along with our resident photojournalist (Mom/Amy), will be taking a family excursion to the
    southwest and working some sats as time permits. Here are the less commonly worked grids from which we plan to operate. We will hit other grids too.
    DM67 6/15 – 6/17, DM56 6/18, DM45 6/19, DN63 7/2, DN64 7/2 & 7/3

    Major Roves:

    AD0DX (VA3IIR): Long Range Rover plans: VA3IIR in FN15/25 June 18 FM and SSB

    DL98 WA5RR: I’m looking at doing a rove in DL98 with an overnight stay in
    Eagle Pass, TX around the last week in June. Details to follow.
    N5LEX: CN98 last week of June.
    DM62: K5TA, I’m tentatively planning for DM62 ~9-July, when there are are several good passes mid-day, making it a doable day-trip for me….
    EN57/67: @SeanKutzko KX9X and @Nancy_N9NCY will celebrate Sean’s birthday
    the Michigan’s Keweenaw Peninsula July 15-19. Look for them on FM and SSB satellites, with the possibility of some Parks On The Air activity as well.

    Please submit any additions or corrections to Ke0pbr (at) gmail.com
    Updated 05/19/2021

    [ANS thanks Paul Overn, KE0PBR, AMSAT rover page manager for the above information]


    Hamfests, Conventions, Maker Faires, and Other Events

    On the Air event: AMSAT Italia: Members of AMSAT Italia commemorate
    Gagarin's flight into space until the end of the year with the callsign
    II0SAT on HF and via satellite.

    Satellites on Field Day: Seth Kutzko, KX9X, made an outstanding presentation
    to the RATPAC group on Satellites and Field Day. The session was held on Thursday May 27 during a weekly RATPAC meeting. Seth presented more than
    just a "how to", his tips and tricks were very valuable for new entrants and his cautions were particularly well taken. This presentation is a must for
    any Field Day group that is contemplating chasing the 100-point bonus. Dan Marler, K7REX has made the presentation, documents, and the video available:
    To View Video: https://vimeo.com/556034517
    To Download Video: https://vimeo.com/user107547861/download/556034517/954b837d38
    To Retrieve Documents: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/cktvhfz1lhvv8hr/AADzoAi0HiGccLLG6IdnY24Aa?dl˙Rad
    The Amateur Training Planning and Activities Committee (RATPAC) comprises
    ARRL section managers, appointed field leadership, and membership. Together,
    we host nationwide Amateur Radio Zoom presentations twice-a-week, Wednesdays
    on general radio topics and Thursdays on amateur radio emergency communications. The topics are selected from audience recommendations that
    the planning committee then seeks topic experts or discussion panel members. The presentation audience consists of thousands of amateur radio operators worldwide who participate directly in the Zoom sessions or with video links
    of the presentation and related documentation sent out after each session.

    AMSAT Ambassador Clint Bradford K6CLS is planning the following
    University of Arizona - June 1
    Conejo Valley (CA) - October 21
    Wellesley ARC - June 15
    White Mountain ARC - June 2
    West Valley (CA) ARC - June 9

    Think a 90-minute lively, informative, and fun “How to Work the Easy Satellites” Zoom presentation would be appropriate for your convention or
    club? Always includes are overviews of the ARRL, AMSAT, and ARISS … and pre-presentation questions are solicited and welcome. Send Clint an email or call!
    Clint Bradford K6LCS, http://www.work-sat.com. Tel:909-999-SATS (7287)

    [ANS thanks Paul Overn, KE0PBR, AMSAT Events page manager, AMSAT Italia, Dan Marler, K7REX RATPAC Leader and Idaho Section Manager, and Clint Bradford, K6CLS AMSAT Ambassador for the above information]

    Satellite Shorts From All Over

    + June 2021 Eclipse Festival Seeks Ham Participants
    HamSCI is looking for ham radio operators to make recordings of
    time-standard stations during the June 2021 annular solar eclipse across the Arctic Circle as part of a citizen science experiment. Researchers will use
    the crowd-sourced data to investigate the superimposed effects of auroral particle precipitation and the eclipse on HF Doppler shift. For details,
    see: https://bit.ly/3ukP6ai [ANS thanks HamSci and ARRL News for the above information]

    + Hackaday Satellite Commnications Hack Chat scheduled for 2 June, 2021 - 19:00Z Paul Marsh from UHF-Satcom will join us for the 2 June Hack Chat. The number of satellites whizzing along above our heads is truly mindboggling,
    with the number growing daily. Each of these spacecraft is up there for a specific reason, and a lot of them are doing interesting things. Listening
    in on what they have to say can be a lot of fun, but learning the ropes and getting that first capture can be tricky. Paul Marsh will stop by the Hack
    Chat to share the ins and outs of monitoring satellite communications and
    give us some insight into what the satcom hobby is all about. [ANS thanks
    the hackaday.io Newsletter for the above information]

    + The possibility of a Europa Lander is under study. Intense radiation from Jupiter converts ice and dust on the surface of its icy moon Europa into energetic compounds, which may cycle through the ice and ultimately be food
    for microbes in the ocean below. NASA has been developing a potential Europa Lander mission to look for such chemistry since 2016 (and also previously in 2005 and 2012). This mission concept proposes a 575 kg battery-powered
    lander with a limited (but still impressive) lifespan of 1-3 months.
    Additional information is available at https://go.nature.com/3oRkVXf and https://bit.ly/3hWvsyE [ANS thanks The Orbital Index for the above

    + The March/April 2021 edition of Apogee View has been posted to the AMSAT website at https://www.amsat.org/apogeeview/
    + Congratulations to John Papay, K8YSE, for becoming the first amateur satellite operator to receive the GridMaster Award twice! John was the first recipient of the GridMaster Award, issued for completing QSOs with all 488
    of the grid squares within the continental United States (analogous to the
    Fred Fish Memorial Award issued by the ARRL for completing the same feat on
    six meters) in May of 2014. John's second award, the 30th issued, was for
    QSOs completed while operating as K8YSE/7 in Mesa, Arizona. More information about the GridMaster Award can be found at https://www.amsat.org/gridmaster/ (Thanks to AMSAT Director of Contests and Awards Bruce Paige, KK5DO).

    + A couple of amateur satellite operators in Nova Scotia have been taking advantage of their favorable geographic location to set new distance records
    on various satellites. On May 5, 2021, John Langille, VE1CWJ, and Jérôme LeCuyer, F4DXV, claimed the initial distance record on the newly activated satellite JO-97 with a QSO cover 4,889 km between FN85ii in Nova Scotia and JN04it in France. Dana Rushton, VE1CWJ, also in FN85ii, set the new record
    on XW-2C on May 18, 2021, completing a QSO with F4DXV in JN04jr covering
    4,897 km. Finally VE1CWJ and F4DXV also set a new record on LilacSat-2 on
    May 27, 2021, completing a 4,888 km QSO between FN85jn and JN04jr. For a
    list of current satellite records and instructions for claiming new (or old) ones, visit https://www.amsat.org/satellite-distance-records/ [ANS thanks
    AMSAT Executive Vice President Paul Stoetzer, N8HM for the above

    + JAMSAT has posted the FO-99 operating schedule for June at https://www.jamsat.or.jp/?p38 (ANS thanks JAMSATfor the above
    Dr. Alan Johnston, KU2Y, AMSAT Vice President - Educational Relations, made
    a presentation on the AMSAT CubeSat Simulator to the Holmesburg Amateur
    Radio Club on May 21, 2021. A copy of his presentation can be found at https://www.cubesatsim.org/pres/AMSAT_HARC_Presentation.pdf [ANS thanks
    AMSAT Executive Vice President Paul Stoetzer, N8HM for the above

    + Last weekend, AMSAT President Robert Bankston, KE4AL, Executive Vice President Paul Stoetzer, N8HM, Founding President Perry Klein, W3PK, and Manager Martha Saragovitz spent three days cleaning out the AMSAT office in Kensington, Maryland, moving documents and other AMSAT items to a storage facility. This completes the transition of AMSAT from operating a physical office location to a fully virtual operation. The savings of nearly $150,000 per year from the closing of the physical office, transition to digital delivery of The AMSAT Journal, and Martha's retirement ensures that AMSAT
    will remain financially healthy and able to Keep Amateur Radio in Space for many years to come. [ANS thanks AMSAT Executive Vice President Paul
    Stoetzer, N8HM for the above information]



    In addition to regular membership, AMSAT offers membership in the
    President's Club. Members of the President's Club, as sustaining donors to AMSAT Project Funds, will be eligible to receive additional benefits. Application forms are available from the AMSAT Store.

    Primary and secondary school students are eligible for membership at
    one-half the standard yearly rate. Post-secondary school students enrolled
    in at least half time status shall be eligible for the student rate for a maximum of 6 post-secondary years in this status. Contact info [at]
    amsat.org for additional student membership information.

    73 and Remember to help keep amateur radio in space,
    This week's ANS Editor, Jack Spitznagel, KD4IZ
    kd4iz at frawg dot org

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