• RQFTCIMM11 Game 4, Rounds 7-8: fire and Irish bulls

    From Mark Brader@21:1/5 to All on Wed Sep 1 23:15:05 2021
    These questions were written to be asked in Toronto on 2011-06-06,
    and should be interpreted accordingly. All questions were written
    by members of the Misplaced Modifiers, but have been reformatted
    and may have been retyped and/or edited by me. I will reveal the
    correct answers in about 3 days.

    For further information, including an explanation of the """ notation
    that may appear in these rounds, see my 2021-07-20 companion posting
    on "Reposted Questions from the Canadian Inquisition (RQFTCI*)".


    * Game 4, Round 7 - Science - It Burns!

    The following questions are about fire and burns.

    1. During much of the 1700s, many chemists, such as Joseph
    Priestley, believed that all combustible substances contained
    a special material that was liberated by burning. What name
    was given to this material?

    2. Generally, you need oxygen to burn something. However, if
    the temperature is high enough, some substances can "burn"
    even in the absence of oxygen. This chemical decomposition of
    organic material is known by what name, derived from the Greek
    words for "fire" and "separate" or "break down"?

    3. Through <answer 2>, wood can be turned into charcoal, which
    burns hotter than wood. Likewise, the <answer 2> of coal at
    temperatures as high as 2,000C results in a hotter-burning
    substance that is critical to the production of steel. What is
    this fuel that's made from coal?

    4. Fire is often used in subsistence agriculture. Typically a
    forest is logged and the remains are allowed to dry, then set
    ablaze during the dry season. The resulting ash fertilizes the
    soil, which is then planted at the beginning of the rainy season.
    By what name is this practice commonly known?

    5. When a fire grows so large that it draws oxygen into it at
    extremely high speeds, generating strong winds at its base,
    such as during the Hiroshima atomic bombing and the Hamburg or
    Dresden firebombings, this type of fire is known as what?

    6. The auto-ignition temperature or kindling point of a substance
    is the lowest temperature at which it will spontaneously ignite
    in a normal atmosphere without any external flame or spark.
    For paper, there is considerable variation, but one temperature
    was made famous by a work of science fiction. What is that?

    7. Burns to the skin may be caused by heat or fire, but also by
    different sorts of chemicals. Any such chemical is referred
    to as a "corrosive" chemical. Among the corrosive chemicals,
    there are some chemicals which are described as "caustic".
    What property do the caustic chemicals possess?

    8. In the movie "Fight Club", the central character suffers a
    chemical burn to his hand. His hand is first licked to wet it,
    and then a solution of sodium hydroxide (used in soap-making)
    is poured on it, inducing much agony. By what name is sodium
    hydroxide better known?

    9. Other burns to the skin can be caused by radiation, especially
    from the sun. While sunburn can cause DNA damage to the skin,
    it also induces the production of a photoprotectant substance,
    which is capable of dissipating 99.9% of absorbed UV radiation
    as heat. What is this substance?

    10. After receiving a sunburn, many of us grab Solarcaine (TM)
    and spray it on, or apply it in lotion form. Name the active
    ingredient in Solarcaine, which deadens nerve endings.

    After completing round, please decode the rot13: Vs lbh whfg
    nafjrerq "fbqn" ba nal dhrfgvba, cyrnfr tb onpx naq or zber
    fcrpvsvp.


    * Game 4, Round 8 - Miscellaneous - Irish Bulls

    Why incongruous or nonsensical statements should be called Irish
    bulls is not known, but those worthy of the name make you think.
    Hence the expression, "An Irish bull is always pregnant." Now you
    get a chance to supply the missing word that makes each of the
    following quotations nonsensical. Sometimes the authors are aware
    of the self-contradiction, sometimes not.

    Note: We want a *single word* in each case, not a phrase. But not
    only will we accept synonyms, if you have an alternative answers
    that would also make an Irish bull, we will accept that.

    Example: Sam Goldwyn said, "A (blank) contract isn't worth the
    paper it's written on." Answer: verbal or oral.

    1. Benjamin Disraeli: "I must follow the people; am I not their
    (blank)?"

    2. Anonymous: "Thank (blank) I'm an atheist."

    3. Sir Boyle Roche (politician and alleged father of the Irish
    Bull): "The best way to (blank) danger is to meet it plump."
    Note: "plump" here means "head on".

    4. Attributed to Sir Boyle Roche: "We should (blank) anyone
    who opposes the right to freedom of speech."

    5. Yogi Berra, referring to a New York nightclub: "Nobody goes
    there anymore. It's too (blank)."

    6. Yogi Berra: "Always go to other people's (blank)s; otherwise
    they won't come to yours."

    7. Casey Stengel: "All right everyone, line up (blank)ly according
    to your height."

    8. Irene Peter: "Always be (blank), even when you don't mean it."

    9. Sam Goldwyn: "We're (blank)ing him, but he's worth it."

    10. Sam Goldwyn: "Don't talk to me while I'm (blank)ing."
    --
    Mark Brader, Toronto | "Rarely is the question asked:
    msb@vex.net | 'Is our children learning?'" --George W. Bush

    My text in this article is in the public domain.

    --- SoupGate-Win32 v1.05
    * Origin: fsxNet Usenet Gateway (21:1/5)
  • From Dan Tilque@21:1/5 to Mark Brader on Wed Sep 1 23:32:36 2021
    On 9/1/21 9:15 PM, Mark Brader wrote:

    * Game 4, Round 7 - Science - It Burns!

    The following questions are about fire and burns.

    1. During much of the 1700s, many chemists, such as Joseph
    Priestley, believed that all combustible substances contained
    a special material that was liberated by burning. What name
    was given to this material?

    phlogiston


    2. Generally, you need oxygen to burn something. However, if
    the temperature is high enough, some substances can "burn"
    even in the absence of oxygen. This chemical decomposition of
    organic material is known by what name, derived from the Greek
    words for "fire" and "separate" or "break down"?

    pyrolysis


    3. Through <answer 2>, wood can be turned into charcoal, which
    burns hotter than wood. Likewise, the <answer 2> of coal at
    temperatures as high as 2,000°C results in a hotter-burning
    substance that is critical to the production of steel. What is
    this fuel that's made from coal?

    coke


    4. Fire is often used in subsistence agriculture. Typically a
    forest is logged and the remains are allowed to dry, then set
    ablaze during the dry season. The resulting ash fertilizes the
    soil, which is then planted at the beginning of the rainy season.
    By what name is this practice commonly known?

    slash-and-burn


    5. When a fire grows so large that it draws oxygen into it at
    extremely high speeds, generating strong winds at its base,
    such as during the Hiroshima atomic bombing and the Hamburg or
    Dresden firebombings, this type of fire is known as what?

    fire storm


    6. The auto-ignition temperature or kindling point of a substance
    is the lowest temperature at which it will spontaneously ignite
    in a normal atmosphere without any external flame or spark.
    For paper, there is considerable variation, but one temperature
    was made famous by a work of science fiction. What is that?

    Fahrenheit 451


    7. Burns to the skin may be caused by heat or fire, but also by
    different sorts of chemicals. Any such chemical is referred
    to as a "corrosive" chemical. Among the corrosive chemicals,
    there are some chemicals which are described as "caustic".
    What property do the caustic chemicals possess?

    8. In the movie "Fight Club", the central character suffers a
    chemical burn to his hand. His hand is first licked to wet it,
    and then a solution of sodium hydroxide (used in soap-making)
    is poured on it, inducing much agony. By what name is sodium
    hydroxide better known?

    lye


    9. Other burns to the skin can be caused by radiation, especially
    from the sun. While sunburn can cause DNA damage to the skin,
    it also induces the production of a photoprotectant substance,
    which is capable of dissipating 99.9% of absorbed UV radiation
    as heat. What is this substance?

    melanin


    10. After receiving a sunburn, many of us grab Solarcaine (TM)
    and spray it on, or apply it in lotion form. Name the active
    ingredient in Solarcaine, which deadens nerve endings.

    lidocaine


    After completing round, please decode the rot13: Vs lbh whfg
    nafjrerq "fbqn" ba nal dhrfgvba, cyrnfr tb onpx naq or zber
    fcrpvsvp.


    * Game 4, Round 8 - Miscellaneous - Irish Bulls

    Why incongruous or nonsensical statements should be called Irish
    bulls is not known, but those worthy of the name make you think.
    Hence the expression, "An Irish bull is always pregnant." Now you
    get a chance to supply the missing word that makes each of the
    following quotations nonsensical. Sometimes the authors are aware
    of the self-contradiction, sometimes not.

    Note: We want a *single word* in each case, not a phrase. But not
    only will we accept synonyms, if you have an alternative answers
    that would also make an Irish bull, we will accept that.

    Example: Sam Goldwyn said, "A (blank) contract isn't worth the
    paper it's written on." Answer: verbal or oral.

    1. Benjamin Disraeli: "I must follow the people; am I not their
    (blank)?"

    leader


    2. Anonymous: "Thank (blank) I'm an atheist."

    God


    3. Sir Boyle Roche (politician and alleged father of the Irish
    Bull): "The best way to (blank) danger is to meet it plump."
    Note: "plump" here means "head on".

    avoid


    4. Attributed to Sir Boyle Roche: "We should (blank) anyone
    who opposes the right to freedom of speech."

    shoot


    5. Yogi Berra, referring to a New York nightclub: "Nobody goes
    there anymore. It's too (blank)."

    crowded


    6. Yogi Berra: "Always go to other people's (blank)s; otherwise
    they won't come to yours."

    funerals


    7. Casey Stengel: "All right everyone, line up (blank)ly according
    to your height."

    alphabetical


    8. Irene Peter: "Always be (blank), even when you don't mean it."

    sincere


    9. Sam Goldwyn: "We're (blank)ing him, but he's worth it."

    cheat


    10. Sam Goldwyn: "Don't talk to me while I'm (blank)ing."

    listen


    --
    Dan Tilque

    --- SoupGate-Win32 v1.05
    * Origin: fsxNet Usenet Gateway (21:1/5)
  • From Erland Sommarskog@21:1/5 to Mark Brader on Thu Sep 2 20:34:09 2021
    Mark Brader (msb@vex.net) writes:
    * Game 4, Round 7 - Science - It Burns!

    The following questions are about fire and burns.

    1. During much of the 1700s, many chemists, such as Joseph
    Priestley, believed that all combustible substances contained
    a special material that was liberated by burning. What name
    was given to this material?

    Flogiston

    6. The auto-ignition temperature or kindling point of a substance
    is the lowest temperature at which it will spontaneously ignite
    in a normal atmosphere without any external flame or spark.
    For paper, there is considerable variation, but one temperature
    was made famous by a work of science fiction. What is that?

    451F

    8. In the movie "Fight Club", the central character suffers a
    chemical burn to his hand. His hand is first licked to wet it,
    and then a solution of sodium hydroxide (used in soap-making)
    is poured on it, inducing much agony. By what name is sodium
    hydroxide better known?

    Caustic soda

    9. Other burns to the skin can be caused by radiation, especially
    from the sun. While sunburn can cause DNA damage to the skin,
    it also induces the production of a photoprotectant substance,
    which is capable of dissipating 99.9% of absorbed UV radiation
    as heat. What is this substance?

    * Game 4, Round 8 - Miscellaneous - Irish Bulls

    2. Anonymous: "Thank (blank) I'm an atheist."

    God

    4. Attributed to Sir Boyle Roche: "We should (blank) anyone
    who opposes the right to freedom of speech."

    silence

    5. Yogi Berra, referring to a New York nightclub: "Nobody goes
    there anymore. It's too (blank)."

    Crowded

    7. Casey Stengel: "All right everyone, line up (blank)ly according
    to your height."

    Random

    8. Irene Peter: "Always be (blank), even when you don't mean it."

    Honest

    --- SoupGate-Win32 v1.05
    * Origin: fsxNet Usenet Gateway (21:1/5)
  • From swp@21:1/5 to Mark Brader on Thu Sep 2 18:26:09 2021
    On Thursday, September 2, 2021 at 12:15:11 AM UTC-4, Mark Brader wrote:
    These questions were written to be asked in Toronto on 2011-06-06,
    and should be interpreted accordingly. All questions were written
    by members of the Misplaced Modifiers, but have been reformatted
    and may have been retyped and/or edited by me. I will reveal the
    correct answers in about 3 days.

    For further information, including an explanation of the """ notation
    that may appear in these rounds, see my 2021-07-20 companion posting
    on "Reposted Questions from the Canadian Inquisition (RQFTCI*)".


    * Game 4, Round 7 - Science - It Burns!

    The following questions are about fire and burns.

    1. During much of the 1700s, many chemists, such as Joseph
    Priestley, believed that all combustible substances contained
    a special material that was liberated by burning. What name
    was given to this material?

    phlogiston

    2. Generally, you need oxygen to burn something. However, if
    the temperature is high enough, some substances can "burn"
    even in the absence of oxygen. This chemical decomposition of
    organic material is known by what name, derived from the Greek
    words for "fire" and "separate" or "break down"?

    pyrolysis

    3. Through <answer 2>, wood can be turned into charcoal, which
    burns hotter than wood. Likewise, the <answer 2> of coal at
    temperatures as high as 2,000°C results in a hotter-burning
    substance that is critical to the production of steel. What is
    this fuel that's made from coal?

    coke

    4. Fire is often used in subsistence agriculture. Typically a
    forest is logged and the remains are allowed to dry, then set
    ablaze during the dry season. The resulting ash fertilizes the
    soil, which is then planted at the beginning of the rainy season.
    By what name is this practice commonly known?

    fire-fallow cultivation ; slash and burn

    5. When a fire grows so large that it draws oxygen into it at
    extremely high speeds, generating strong winds at its base,
    such as during the Hiroshima atomic bombing and the Hamburg or
    Dresden fire bombings, this type of fire is known as what?

    firestorm

    6. The auto-ignition temperature or kindling point of a substance
    is the lowest temperature at which it will spontaneously ignite
    in a normal atmosphere without any external flame or spark.
    For paper, there is considerable variation, but one temperature
    was made famous by a work of science fiction. What is that?

    451

    7. Burns to the skin may be caused by heat or fire, but also by
    different sorts of chemicals. Any such chemical is referred
    to as a "corrosive" chemical. Among the corrosive chemicals,
    there are some chemicals which are described as "caustic".
    What property do the caustic chemicals possess?

    they are alkaline

    8. In the movie "Fight Club", the central character suffers a
    chemical burn to his hand. His hand is first licked to wet it,
    and then a solution of sodium hydroxide (used in soap-making)
    is poured on it, inducing much agony. By what name is sodium
    hydroxide better known?

    lye

    9. Other burns to the skin can be caused by radiation, especially
    from the sun. While sunburn can cause DNA damage to the skin,
    it also induces the production of a photoprotectant substance,
    which is capable of dissipating 99.9% of absorbed UV radiation
    as heat. What is this substance?

    melanin

    10. After receiving a sunburn, many of us grab Solarcaine (TM)
    and spray it on, or apply it in lotion form. Name the active
    ingredient in Solarcaine, which deadens nerve endings.

    lidocaine ; benzocaine

    After completing round, please decode the rot13: If you just
    answered "soda" on any question, please go back and be more
    specific.


    * Game 4, Round 8 - Miscellaneous - Irish Bulls

    Why incongruous or nonsensical statements should be called Irish
    bulls is not known, but those worthy of the name make you think.
    Hence the expression, "An Irish bull is always pregnant." Now you
    get a chance to supply the missing word that makes each of the
    following quotations nonsensical. Sometimes the authors are aware
    of the self-contradiction, sometimes not.

    Note: We want a *single word* in each case, not a phrase. But not
    only will we accept synonyms, if you have an alternative answers
    that would also make an Irish bull, we will accept that.

    Example: Sam Goldwyn said, "A (blank) contract isn't worth the
    paper it's written on." Answer: verbal or oral.

    1. Benjamin Disraeli: "I must follow the people; am I not their
    (blank)?"

    leader

    2. Anonymous: "Thank (blank) I'm an atheist."

    God

    3. Sir Boyle Roche (politician and alleged father of the Irish
    Bull): "The best way to (blank) danger is to meet it plump."
    Note: "plump" here means "head on".

    avoid

    4. Attributed to Sir Boyle Roche: "We should (blank) anyone
    who opposes the right to freedom of speech."

    silence

    5. Yogi Berra, referring to a New York nightclub: "Nobody goes
    there anymore. It's too (blank)."

    crowded

    6. Yogi Berra: "Always go to other people's (blank)s; otherwise
    they won't come to yours."

    funerals

    7. Casey Stengel: "All right everyone, line up (blank)ly according
    to your height."

    alphabetical

    8. Irene Peter: "Always be (blank), even when you don't mean it."

    honest

    9. Sam Goldwyn: "We're (blank)ing him, but he's worth it."

    overpaying

    10. Sam Goldwyn: "Don't talk to me while I'm (blank)ing."

    interrupting

    --
    Mark Brader, Toronto | "Rarely is the question asked:
    m...@vex.net | 'Is our children learning?'" --George W. Bush

    My text in this article is in the public domain.

    swp

    --- SoupGate-Win32 v1.05
    * Origin: fsxNet Usenet Gateway (21:1/5)
  • From Pete Gayde@21:1/5 to Mark Brader on Fri Sep 3 16:14:16 2021
    Mark Brader wrote:
    These questions were written to be asked in Toronto on 2011-06-06,
    and should be interpreted accordingly. All questions were written
    by members of the Misplaced Modifiers, but have been reformatted
    and may have been retyped and/or edited by me. I will reveal the
    correct answers in about 3 days.

    For further information, including an explanation of the """ notation
    that may appear in these rounds, see my 2021-07-20 companion posting
    on "Reposted Questions from the Canadian Inquisition (RQFTCI*)".


    * Game 4, Round 7 - Science - It Burns!

    The following questions are about fire and burns.

    1. During much of the 1700s, many chemists, such as Joseph
    Priestley, believed that all combustible substances contained
    a special material that was liberated by burning. What name
    was given to this material?

    2. Generally, you need oxygen to burn something. However, if
    the temperature is high enough, some substances can "burn"
    even in the absence of oxygen. This chemical decomposition of
    organic material is known by what name, derived from the Greek
    words for "fire" and "separate" or "break down"?

    3. Through <answer 2>, wood can be turned into charcoal, which
    burns hotter than wood. Likewise, the <answer 2> of coal at
    temperatures as high as 2,000°C results in a hotter-burning
    substance that is critical to the production of steel. What is
    this fuel that's made from coal?

    4. Fire is often used in subsistence agriculture. Typically a
    forest is logged and the remains are allowed to dry, then set
    ablaze during the dry season. The resulting ash fertilizes the
    soil, which is then planted at the beginning of the rainy season.
    By what name is this practice commonly known?

    5. When a fire grows so large that it draws oxygen into it at
    extremely high speeds, generating strong winds at its base,
    such as during the Hiroshima atomic bombing and the Hamburg or
    Dresden firebombings, this type of fire is known as what?

    6. The auto-ignition temperature or kindling point of a substance
    is the lowest temperature at which it will spontaneously ignite
    in a normal atmosphere without any external flame or spark.
    For paper, there is considerable variation, but one temperature
    was made famous by a work of science fiction. What is that?

    7. Burns to the skin may be caused by heat or fire, but also by
    different sorts of chemicals. Any such chemical is referred
    to as a "corrosive" chemical. Among the corrosive chemicals,
    there are some chemicals which are described as "caustic".
    What property do the caustic chemicals possess?

    8. In the movie "Fight Club", the central character suffers a
    chemical burn to his hand. His hand is first licked to wet it,
    and then a solution of sodium hydroxide (used in soap-making)
    is poured on it, inducing much agony. By what name is sodium
    hydroxide better known?

    Lye


    9. Other burns to the skin can be caused by radiation, especially
    from the sun. While sunburn can cause DNA damage to the skin,
    it also induces the production of a photoprotectant substance,
    which is capable of dissipating 99.9% of absorbed UV radiation
    as heat. What is this substance?

    10. After receiving a sunburn, many of us grab Solarcaine (TM)
    and spray it on, or apply it in lotion form. Name the active
    ingredient in Solarcaine, which deadens nerve endings.

    After completing round, please decode the rot13: Vs lbh whfg
    nafjrerq "fbqn" ba nal dhrfgvba, cyrnfr tb onpx naq or zber
    fcrpvsvp.


    * Game 4, Round 8 - Miscellaneous - Irish Bulls

    Why incongruous or nonsensical statements should be called Irish
    bulls is not known, but those worthy of the name make you think.
    Hence the expression, "An Irish bull is always pregnant." Now you
    get a chance to supply the missing word that makes each of the
    following quotations nonsensical. Sometimes the authors are aware
    of the self-contradiction, sometimes not.

    Note: We want a *single word* in each case, not a phrase. But not
    only will we accept synonyms, if you have an alternative answers
    that would also make an Irish bull, we will accept that.

    Example: Sam Goldwyn said, "A (blank) contract isn't worth the
    paper it's written on." Answer: verbal or oral.

    1. Benjamin Disraeli: "I must follow the people; am I not their
    (blank)?"

    leader


    2. Anonymous: "Thank (blank) I'm an atheist."

    God


    3. Sir Boyle Roche (politician and alleged father of the Irish
    Bull): "The best way to (blank) danger is to meet it plump."
    Note: "plump" here means "head on".

    duck


    4. Attributed to Sir Boyle Roche: "We should (blank) anyone
    who opposes the right to freedom of speech."

    silence


    5. Yogi Berra, referring to a New York nightclub: "Nobody goes
    there anymore. It's too (blank)."

    popular


    6. Yogi Berra: "Always go to other people's (blank)s; otherwise
    they won't come to yours."

    Funeral


    7. Casey Stengel: "All right everyone, line up (blank)ly according
    to your height."

    quick


    8. Irene Peter: "Always be (blank), even when you don't mean it."

    sincere


    9. Sam Goldwyn: "We're (blank)ing him, but he's worth it."

    10. Sam Goldwyn: "Don't talk to me while I'm (blank)ing."

    Speak



    Pete Gayde

    --- SoupGate-Win32 v1.05
    * Origin: fsxNet Usenet Gateway (21:1/5)
  • From Dan Blum@21:1/5 to Mark Brader on Sat Sep 4 04:22:05 2021
    Mark Brader <msb@vex.net> wrote:

    * Game 4, Round 7 - Science - It Burns!

    1. During much of the 1700s, many chemists, such as Joseph
    Priestley, believed that all combustible substances contained
    a special material that was liberated by burning. What name
    was given to this material?

    phlogiston

    2. Generally, you need oxygen to burn something. However, if
    the temperature is high enough, some substances can "burn"
    even in the absence of oxygen. This chemical decomposition of
    organic material is known by what name, derived from the Greek
    words for "fire" and "separate" or "break down"?

    pyroclasm

    3. Through <answer 2>, wood can be turned into charcoal, which
    burns hotter than wood. Likewise, the <answer 2> of coal at
    temperatures as high as 2,000?C results in a hotter-burning
    substance that is critical to the production of steel. What is
    this fuel that's made from coal?

    coke

    4. Fire is often used in subsistence agriculture. Typically a
    forest is logged and the remains are allowed to dry, then set
    ablaze during the dry season. The resulting ash fertilizes the
    soil, which is then planted at the beginning of the rainy season.
    By what name is this practice commonly known?

    slash and burn

    5. When a fire grows so large that it draws oxygen into it at
    extremely high speeds, generating strong winds at its base,
    such as during the Hiroshima atomic bombing and the Hamburg or
    Dresden firebombings, this type of fire is known as what?

    firestorm

    6. The auto-ignition temperature or kindling point of a substance
    is the lowest temperature at which it will spontaneously ignite
    in a normal atmosphere without any external flame or spark.
    For paper, there is considerable variation, but one temperature
    was made famous by a work of science fiction. What is that?

    451 degrees F

    8. In the movie "Fight Club", the central character suffers a
    chemical burn to his hand. His hand is first licked to wet it,
    and then a solution of sodium hydroxide (used in soap-making)
    is poured on it, inducing much agony. By what name is sodium
    hydroxide better known?

    lye

    9. Other burns to the skin can be caused by radiation, especially
    from the sun. While sunburn can cause DNA damage to the skin,
    it also induces the production of a photoprotectant substance,
    which is capable of dissipating 99.9% of absorbed UV radiation
    as heat. What is this substance?

    melanin

    * Game 4, Round 8 - Miscellaneous - Irish Bulls

    1. Benjamin Disraeli: "I must follow the people; am I not their
    (blank)?"

    leader

    2. Anonymous: "Thank (blank) I'm an atheist."

    God

    3. Sir Boyle Roche (politician and alleged father of the Irish
    Bull): "The best way to (blank) danger is to meet it plump."
    Note: "plump" here means "head on".

    avoid

    4. Attributed to Sir Boyle Roche: "We should (blank) anyone
    who opposes the right to freedom of speech."

    censor

    5. Yogi Berra, referring to a New York nightclub: "Nobody goes
    there anymore. It's too (blank)."

    crowded

    6. Yogi Berra: "Always go to other people's (blank)s; otherwise
    they won't come to yours."

    funerals

    7. Casey Stengel: "All right everyone, line up (blank)ly according
    to your height."

    randomly

    8. Irene Peter: "Always be (blank), even when you don't mean it."

    sincere

    9. Sam Goldwyn: "We're (blank)ing him, but he's worth it."

    overpay

    10. Sam Goldwyn: "Don't talk to me while I'm (blank)ing."

    listen

    --
    _______________________________________________________________________
    Dan Blum tool@panix.com
    "I wouldn't have believed it myself if I hadn't just made it up."

    --- SoupGate-Win32 v1.05
    * Origin: fsxNet Usenet Gateway (21:1/5)
  • From Joshua Kreitzer@21:1/5 to Mark Brader on Fri Sep 3 21:52:18 2021
    On Wednesday, September 1, 2021 at 11:15:11 PM UTC-5, Mark Brader wrote:

    * Game 4, Round 7 - Science - It Burns!

    1. During much of the 1700s, many chemists, such as Joseph
    Priestley, believed that all combustible substances contained
    a special material that was liberated by burning. What name
    was given to this material?

    phlogiston

    4. Fire is often used in subsistence agriculture. Typically a
    forest is logged and the remains are allowed to dry, then set
    ablaze during the dry season. The resulting ash fertilizes the
    soil, which is then planted at the beginning of the rainy season.
    By what name is this practice commonly known?

    slash and burn

    6. The auto-ignition temperature or kindling point of a substance
    is the lowest temperature at which it will spontaneously ignite
    in a normal atmosphere without any external flame or spark.
    For paper, there is considerable variation, but one temperature
    was made famous by a work of science fiction. What is that?

    451 degrees Fahrenheit

    8. In the movie "Fight Club", the central character suffers a
    chemical burn to his hand. His hand is first licked to wet it,
    and then a solution of sodium hydroxide (used in soap-making)
    is poured on it, inducing much agony. By what name is sodium
    hydroxide better known?

    lye

    10. After receiving a sunburn, many of us grab Solarcaine (TM)
    and spray it on, or apply it in lotion form. Name the active
    ingredient in Solarcaine, which deadens nerve endings.

    aloe vera

    * Game 4, Round 8 - Miscellaneous - Irish Bulls

    Why incongruous or nonsensical statements should be called Irish
    bulls is not known, but those worthy of the name make you think.
    Hence the expression, "An Irish bull is always pregnant." Now you
    get a chance to supply the missing word that makes each of the
    following quotations nonsensical. Sometimes the authors are aware
    of the self-contradiction, sometimes not.

    1. Benjamin Disraeli: "I must follow the people; am I not their
    (blank)?"

    leader

    2. Anonymous: "Thank (blank) I'm an atheist."

    God

    3. Sir Boyle Roche (politician and alleged father of the Irish
    Bull): "The best way to (blank) danger is to meet it plump."
    Note: "plump" here means "head on".

    confront

    4. Attributed to Sir Boyle Roche: "We should (blank) anyone
    who opposes the right to freedom of speech."

    censor

    5. Yogi Berra, referring to a New York nightclub: "Nobody goes
    there anymore. It's too (blank)."

    crowded

    6. Yogi Berra: "Always go to other people's (blank)s; otherwise
    they won't come to yours."

    funerals

    7. Casey Stengel: "All right everyone, line up (blank)ly according
    to your height."

    alphabetically

    8. Irene Peter: "Always be (blank), even when you don't mean it."

    sincere

    9. Sam Goldwyn: "We're (blank)ing him, but he's worth it."

    overpaying

    10. Sam Goldwyn: "Don't talk to me while I'm (blank)ing."

    listening

    --
    Joshua Kreitzer
    gromit82@hotmail.com

    --- SoupGate-Win32 v1.05
    * Origin: fsxNet Usenet Gateway (21:1/5)
  • From Mark Brader@21:1/5 to All on Sat Sep 4 23:04:09 2021
    Mark Brader:
    These questions were written to be asked in Toronto on 2011-06-06,
    and should be interpreted accordingly... For further information...
    see my 2021-07-20 companion posting on "Reposted Questions from
    the Canadian Inquisition (RQFTCI*)".


    * Game 4, Round 7 - Science - It Burns!

    The following questions are about fire and burns.

    1. During much of the 1700s, many chemists, such as Joseph
    Priestley, believed that all combustible substances contained
    a special material that was liberated by burning. What name
    was given to this material?

    Phlogiston ["flow-JISS-ton"]. 4 for Dan Tilque, Erland, Stephen,
    Dan Blum, and Joshua.

    The disproof of this theory involved the discovery of oxygen,
    nitrogen, and CO2.

    2. Generally, you need oxygen to burn something. However, if
    the temperature is high enough, some substances can "burn"
    even in the absence of oxygen. This chemical decomposition of
    organic material is known by what name, derived from the Greek
    words for "fire" and "separate" or "break down"?

    Pyrolysis. 4 for Dan Tilque and Stephen.

    3. Through <answer 2>, wood can be turned into charcoal, which
    burns hotter than wood. Likewise, the <answer 2> of coal at
    temperatures as high as 2,000C results in a hotter-burning
    substance that is critical to the production of steel. What is
    this fuel that's made from coal?

    Coke. 4 for Dan Tilque, Stephen, and Dan Blum.

    Coke was also critical to the early history of the London Underground
    system. When the Metropolitan Railway, the first of the companies
    that collectively became the Underground, applied to Parliament
    for authorization to build its route in a tunnel through central
    London, and declared their intention to operate frequent trains,
    there was much concern about the smoke and steam that the locomotives
    would emit. The company dismissed this by promising to use steam
    locomotives that would operate firelessly in the tunnels -- but when
    they tried to actually design one, it proved to be totally unusable.

    So, doing their best to keep to the spirit of their promise, they
    instead opted for condensing steam locomotives, which directed the
    exhaust steam into cold-water tanks when in the tunnels so at least
    it would not be released there. And because it burns smokelessly,
    the fuel they used was coke rather than coal. (Of course they still
    produced carbon dioxide and other combustion products.)

    That is, the locomotives burned coke *for the first 6 years (1863-69)*.
    At that point the company took a hard look at how much the supply
    of coke was *costing* them, and switched to burning coal after all.

    And at some point after that, one of their drivers commented that
    it wasn't too bad -- *only rarely* was the smoke in the tunnel so
    thick that he couldn't see the signals.

    But that still wasn't all. Once what is now called the Circle Line
    was completed in 1884, the trains were scheduled to make several
    successive trips around it without a break, with the result that the
    locomotive could no longer condense its steam -- after a few trips
    the cold-water tanks were no longer cold. So once that happened,
    they began releasing steam into the tunnels as well.

    Practical electric trains became available in the 1890s and in 1905
    the steam locomotives were removed from use.

    See:
    http://blog.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/sites/9/2019/10/Baker-Street-Station.jpg
    http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-4FlifyZe-Bo/T4NYTrwtEbI/AAAAAAAAAug/eFsIlSOvdo0/s1600/Met+Railway+DL.jpg

    4. Fire is often used in subsistence agriculture. Typically a
    forest is logged and the remains are allowed to dry, then set
    ablaze during the dry season. The resulting ash fertilizes the
    soil, which is then planted at the beginning of the rainy season.
    By what name is this practice commonly known?

    Slash-and-burn, assarting, fire-fallow cultivation, or swiddening;
    also accepting burn-beating as close enough. 4 for Dan Tilque,
    Stephen (the hard way), Dan Blum, and Joshua.

    5. When a fire grows so large that it draws oxygen into it at
    extremely high speeds, generating strong winds at its base,
    such as during the Hiroshima atomic bombing and the Hamburg or
    Dresden firebombings, this type of fire is known as what?

    A firestorm. 4 for Dan Tilque, Stephen, and Dan Blum.

    6. The auto-ignition temperature or kindling point of a substance
    is the lowest temperature at which it will spontaneously ignite
    in a normal atmosphere without any external flame or spark.
    For paper, there is considerable variation, but one temperature
    was made famous by a work of science fiction. What is that?

    451F or 233C. (From Ray Bradbury's book and the movie adaptation, "Fahrenheit 451".) 4 for Dan Tilque, Erland, Dan Blum, and Joshua.
    No points if the unit was not stated.

    7. Burns to the skin may be caused by heat or fire, but also by
    different sorts of chemicals. Any such chemical is referred
    to as a "corrosive" chemical. Among the corrosive chemicals,
    there are some chemicals which are described as "caustic".
    What property do the caustic chemicals possess?

    They are strong bases or alkaline chemicals. (That is, they have
    a high pH.) 4 for Stephen.

    8. In the movie "Fight Club", the central character suffers a
    chemical burn to his hand. His hand is first licked to wet it,
    and then a solution of sodium hydroxide (used in soap-making)
    is poured on it, inducing much agony. By what name is sodium
    hydroxide better known?

    Lye (or caustic soda, with both words required). 4 for everyone --
    Dan Tilque, Erland, Stephen, Pete, Dan Blum, and Joshua.

    9. Other burns to the skin can be caused by radiation, especially
    from the sun. While sunburn can cause DNA damage to the skin,
    it also induces the production of a photoprotectant substance,
    which is capable of dissipating 99.9% of absorbed UV radiation
    as heat. What is this substance?

    Melanin. 4 for Dan Tilque, Stephen, and Dan Blum.

    10. After receiving a sunburn, many of us grab Solarcaine (TM)
    and spray it on, or apply it in lotion form. Name the active
    ingredient in Solarcaine, which deadens nerve endings.

    Benzocaine in the spray, or lidocaine (aka xylocaine or lignocaine)
    in the lotion. 4 for Dan Tilque and Stephen (the hard way).


    * Game 4, Round 8 - Miscellaneous - Irish Bulls

    This was the easiest round in the original game.

    Why incongruous or nonsensical statements should be called Irish
    bulls is not known, but those worthy of the name make you think.
    Hence the expression, "An Irish bull is always pregnant." Now you
    get a chance to supply the missing word that makes each of the
    following quotations nonsensical. Sometimes the authors are aware
    of the self-contradiction, sometimes not.

    Note: We want a *single word* in each case, not a phrase. But not
    only will we accept synonyms, if you have an alternative answers
    that would also make an Irish bull, we will accept that.

    Alternative answers that were accepted for these reasons on protest
    in the original game, or that I similarly decided to accept this
    time or in 2012, are shown in square brackets.

    Example: Sam Goldwyn said, "A (blank) contract isn't worth the
    paper it's written on." Answer: verbal or oral.

    1. Benjamin Disraeli: "I must follow the people; am I not their
    (blank)?"

    Leader. 4 for Dan Tilque, Stephen, Pete, Dan Blum, and Joshua.

    2. Anonymous: "Thank (blank) I'm an atheist."

    God. 4 for everyone.

    3. Sir Boyle Roche (politician and alleged father of the Irish
    Bull): "The best way to (blank) danger is to meet it plump."
    Note: "plump" here means "head on".

    Avoid. 4 for Dan Tilque, Stephen, and Dan Blum.

    4. Attributed to Sir Boyle Roche: "We should (blank) anyone
    who opposes the right to freedom of speech."

    Silence [censor, shoot, strangle]. 4 for everyone.

    5. Yogi Berra, referring to a New York nightclub: "Nobody goes
    there anymore. It's too (blank)."

    Crowded [popular]. 4 for everyone.

    6. Yogi Berra: "Always go to other people's (blank)s; otherwise
    they won't come to yours."

    Funerals. 4 for Dan Tilque, Stephen, Pete, Dan Blum, and Joshua.

    7. Casey Stengel: "All right everyone, line up (blank)ly according
    to your height."

    Alphabetically [randomly]. 4 for Dan Tilque, Erland, Stephen,
    Dan Blum, and Joshua.

    8. Irene Peter: "Always be (blank), even when you don't mean it."

    Sincere [honest]. 4 for everyone.

    9. Sam Goldwyn: "We're (blank)ing him, but he's worth it."

    Overpaying. 4 for Stephen, Dan Blum, and Joshua.

    10. Sam Goldwyn: "Don't talk to me while I'm (blank)ing."

    Interrupting [listening]. 4 for Dan Tilque, Stephen, Dan Blum,
    and Joshua.


    Scores, if there are no errors:

    GAME 4 ROUNDS-> 2 3 4 6 7 8 BEST
    TOPICS-> Lit Spo Ent Geo Sci Mis FOUR
    Stephen Perry 39 20 40 40 36 40 159
    Dan Tilque 40 0 0 24 36 36 136
    Dan Blum 40 0 24 26 28 40 134
    Joshua Kreitzer 16 0 32 24 16 36 108
    Erland Sommarskog 4 0 0 27 12 20 63
    Pete Gayde 4 0 8 24 4 24 60
    John Gerson 24 0 -- -- -- -- 24

    --
    Mark Brader "Also, be sure to include your signature TWICE in Toronto each article. That way you're sure people will msb@vex.net read it." -- "Emily Postnews" (Brad Templeton)

    My text in this article is in the public domain.

    --- SoupGate-Win32 v1.05
    * Origin: fsxNet Usenet Gateway (21:1/5)