• List of Big Eight Newsgroups (1/4)

    From news.announce.newgroups Moderation@21:1/5 to All on Fri Oct 15 08:00:01 2021
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    What follows is a complete list of newsgroups in the "Big Eight"
    hierarchies (comp.*, humanities.*, misc.*, news.*, rec.*, sci.*,
    soc.*, and talk.*) with descriptions. Moderated newsgroups are marked
    with the string "(Moderated)" at the end of the description.

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    by readers without access to control messages.

    ========================= cut to this line ========================= comp.admin.policy Discussions of site administration policies.
    comp.ai Artificial Intelligence. (Moderated)
    comp.ai.alife Research about artificial life. comp.ai.doc-analysis.misc General document understanding technologies. comp.ai.doc-analysis.ocr OCR research, algorithms and software. comp.ai.edu Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Education. comp.ai.fuzzy Fuzzy set theory, aka fuzzy logic.
    comp.ai.games Artificial intelligence in games and game-playing. comp.ai.genetic Genetic algorithms in computing.
    comp.ai.nat-lang Natural language processing by computers. comp.ai.neural-nets All aspects of neural networks.
    comp.ai.philosophy Philosophical aspects of Artificial Intelligence. comp.ai.shells Expert systems and other artificial intelligence shells.
    comp.ai.vision Artificial Intelligence Vision Research. (Moderated) comp.answers Repository for periodic USENET articles. (Moderated) comp.apps.spreadsheets Spreadsheets on various platforms.
    comp.arch Computer architecture.
    comp.arch.arithmetic Implementing arithmetic on computers/digital systems. comp.arch.embedded Embedded computer systems topics.
    comp.arch.fpga Field Programmable Gate Array based computing systems. comp.arch.hobbyist Homebrew digital electronics design. (Moderated) comp.arch.storage Storage system issues, both hardware and software. comp.archives.admin Issues relating to computer archive administration. comp.archives.ms-windows.discuss Discussing Microsoft Windows archives. comp.bbs.majorbbs Support & discussion of The Major BBS from Galacticomm. comp.bbs.misc All aspects of computer bulletin board systems. comp.bbs.waffle The Waffle BBS and USENET system on all platforms. comp.benchmarks Discussion of benchmarking techniques and results. comp.binaries.cbm For the transfer of 8bit Commodore binaries. (Moderated)
    comp.bugs.misc General UNIX bug reports and fixes (incl V7, uucp). comp.cad.autocad AutoDesk's AutoCAD software.
    comp.cad.cadence Users of Cadence Design Systems products. comp.cad.compass Compass Design Automation EDA tools.
    comp.cad.i-deas SDRC I-DEAS Masters Series software. comp.cad.microstation MicroStation CAD software and related products. comp.cad.microstation.programmer Developing software in Microstation CAD.
    comp.cad.pro-engineer Parametric Technology's Pro/Engineer design package. comp.cad.solidworks SolidWorks newsgroup.
    comp.cad.synthesis Research and production in the field of logic synthesis.
    comp.client-server Topics relating to client/server technology. comp.cog-eng Cognitive engineering.
    comp.compilers Compiler construction, theory, etc. (Moderated) comp.compilers.lcc The lcc C Compiler and related topics. comp.compilers.tools.javacc The Java Compiler Compiler and related topics. comp.compression Data compression algorithms and theory. comp.compression.research Discussions about data compression research. (Moderated)
    comp.constraints Constraint processing and related topics. comp.data.administration Manage data as a corporate asset: stds & methds.
    comp.databases Database and data management issues and theory. comp.databases.adabas ADABAS Database topics in general. comp.databases.berkeley-db The Berkeley DB libraries. comp.databases.btrieve Pervasive Software client/server development. comp.databases.filemaker Technical discussions about FileMaker. comp.databases.gupta Gupta SQLWindows client-server development. comp.databases.ibm-db2 Problem resolution with DB2 database products. comp.databases.informix Informix database management software discussions. comp.databases.ingres Issues relating to INGRES products. comp.databases.ms-access MS Windows' relational database system, Access. comp.databases.ms-sqlserver Microsoft's SQL Server and related products. comp.databases.mysql MySQL RDBMS technical discussions. comp.databases.object Object-oriented paradigms in database systems. comp.databases.olap Analytical Processing, Multidimensional DBMS, EIS, DSS. comp.databases.oracle.marketplace Oracle-related jobs, etc. comp.databases.oracle.misc Oracle related topics. comp.databases.oracle.server Oracle database administration/server topics. comp.databases.oracle.tools Oracle software tools/applications. comp.databases.paradox Borland's database for DOS & MS Windows. comp.databases.pick Pick-like, post-relational, database systems. comp.databases.postgresql PGSQL Relational Database Management System. comp.databases.progress The Progress 4GL & RDBMS.
    comp.databases.rdb The relational database engine RDB from DEC. comp.databases.sybase Implementations of the SQL Server. comp.databases.theory Discussing advances in database technology. comp.databases.visual-dbase Database discussions using Visual dBASE. comp.databases.xbase.codebase CodeBase and its related products. comp.databases.xbase.fox Fox Software's xBase system and compatibles. comp.databases.xbase.misc Discussion of xBase (dBASE-like) products. comp.dcom.cabling Cabling selection, installation and use. comp.dcom.cell-relay Forum for discussion of Cell Relay-based products. comp.dcom.fax Fax hardware, software, and protocols. comp.dcom.isdn.capi CAPI - the Common ISDN Application Interface. comp.dcom.lans.ethernet Discussions of the Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 protocols. comp.dcom.lans.misc Local area network hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems Data communications hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems.cable Cable modems and internet access via cable tv. comp.dcom.net-analysis Network Testing and Analysis Procedures and Results. comp.dcom.net-management Network management methods and applications. comp.dcom.sdh-sonet Discuss the SDH and SONET technology. comp.dcom.sys.cisco Info on Cisco routers and bridges.
    comp.dcom.sys.nortel Nortel telecommunications products and systems. comp.dcom.telecom Telecommunications digest. (Moderated) comp.dcom.telecom.tech Discussion of technical aspects of telephony. comp.dcom.videoconf Video conference technology and applications. comp.dcom.voice-over-ip Voice Over IP technology.
    comp.dcom.vpn Virtual Private Network Technology.
    comp.dcom.wan All topics concerned with wide area networking. comp.dcom.xdsl Discussion area for different DSL technologies. comp.distributed Distributed Resource Sharing and Applications. comp.doc.management Document Management technologies.
    comp.doc.techreports Lists of technical reports. (Moderated)
    comp.dsp Digital Signal Processing using computers.
    comp.editors Topics related to computerized text editing.
    comp.edu Computer science education.
    comp.edu.languages.natural Computer assisted languages instruction issues. comp.emacs EMACS editors of different flavors.
    comp.emacs.xemacs Bug reports, questions and answers about XEmacs. comp.emulators.apple2 Emulators of Apple // systems.
    comp.emulators.cbm Emulators of C-64, C-128, PET, and VIC-20 systems. comp.emulators.game-consoles Emulators of game console systems. comp.emulators.misc Emulators of miscellaneous computer systems. comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine A free MS-Windows emulator under X. comp.file-sharing.bittorrent Distributed file sharing on Bittorrent protocol.
    comp.fonts Typefonts -- design, conversion, use, etc. comp.games.development.design Designing gameplay and rules systems. comp.games.development.industry Biz news, project management, jobs. comp.games.development.programming.algorithms Abstract algorithms for games. comp.games.development.programming.misc General info on programming games. comp.graphics.algorithms Algorithms used in producing computer graphics. comp.graphics.animation Technical aspects of computer animation. comp.graphics.api.misc Application Programmer Interface issues, methods. comp.graphics.api.opengl The OpenGL 3D application programming interface.
    comp.graphics.apps.alias 3-D graphics software from Alias Research. comp.graphics.apps.cinema4d 3D modeling, animation and raytracing package. comp.graphics.apps.corel Corel graphics software applications. comp.graphics.apps.gimp The GNU Image Manipulation Program. comp.graphics.apps.gnuplot The gnuplot interactive function plotter. comp.graphics.apps.lightwave NewTek's Lightwave3D & related topics. comp.graphics.apps.pagemaker Question, answers, tips and suggestions. comp.graphics.apps.paint-shop-pro Paint Shop Pro in general. comp.graphics.apps.photoshop Adobe Photoshop techniques & help. comp.graphics.apps.ulead Ulead graphics software products. comp.graphics.misc Computer graphics miscellany. comp.graphics.packages.3dstudio Autodesk's 3D Studio software. comp.graphics.rendering.misc Rendering comparisons, approaches, methods. comp.graphics.rendering.raytracing Raytracing software, tools and methods. comp.graphics.rendering.renderman RenderMan interface & shading language. comp.graphics.visualization Info on scientific visualization. comp.groupware Software & hardware for shared interactive environments.
    comp.groupware.lotus-notes.admin Lotus Notes system administration. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.apps Application software for Lotus Notes. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.misc Lotus Notes related discussions. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.programmer Programming for Lotus Notes. comp.home.automation Home automation devices, setup, sources, etc. comp.human-factors Issues related to human-computer interaction (HCI). comp.infosystems Any discussion about information systems. comp.infosystems.gis All aspects of Geographic Information Systems. comp.infosystems.gopher Discussion of the Gopher information service. comp.infosystems.hyperg The Hyper-G network hypermedia system and applications. comp.infosystems.kiosks Informational and transactional kiosks. (Moderated) comp.infosystems.search All aspects of search technology.
    comp.infosystems.wais The Z39.50-based WAIS full-text search system. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html Writing HTML for the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.images Using images, imagemaps on the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.misc Miscellaneous Web authoring issues. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.site-design Web site design philosophy. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets Layout/presentation on the WWW. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.tools Programs to help authoring Websites. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.mac Web browsers for the Macintosh platform.
    comp.infosystems.www.browsers.misc Web browsers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.ms-windows Web browsers for MS Windows. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.x Web browsers for the X-Window system. comp.infosystems.www.misc Miscellaneous World Wide Web discussion. comp.infosystems.www.servers.misc Web servers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.servers.ms-windows Web servers for MS Windows and NT. comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix Web servers for UNIX platforms. comp.internet.library Discussing electronic libraries. (Moderated) comp.internet.services.blog.livejournal LJ blogging service and software. comp.internet.services.google Search, Gmail, Groups, Maps, Picasa, etc. comp.internet.services.video.youtube Internet video for the masses. comp.internet.services.wiki Wikis, such as Wikipedia.
    comp.lang.ada Discussion about Ada*.
    comp.lang.apl Discussion about APL.
    comp.lang.asm.x86 Bulletin Board and Q&A for x86 assembly language topics. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.asm370 Programming in IBM System/370 Assembly Language. comp.lang.awk The AWK programming language.
    comp.lang.basic.misc Other dialects and aspects of BASIC. comp.lang.basic.powerbasic PowerBasic Inc. programming languages. comp.lang.basic.realbasic REALBasic programming discussion. comp.lang.basic.visual.database Database aspects of Visual Basic. comp.lang.basic.visual.misc Visual Basic in general.
    comp.lang.beta The object-oriented programming language BETA. comp.lang.c Discussion about C.
    comp.lang.c++ The object-oriented C++ language.
    comp.lang.c++.leda All aspects of the LEDA library.
    comp.lang.c++.misc Development in C++, libraries, cross and single targets comp.lang.c++.moderated Technical discussion of the C++ language. (Moderated) comp.lang.c.moderated The C programming language. (Moderated) comp.lang.clarion Technical discussion of Clarion programming. comp.lang.clipper Clipper and Visual Objects programming languages. comp.lang.clipper.visual-objects CA-Visual Objects developer system. comp.lang.clos Common Lisp Object System discussions.
    comp.lang.cobol The COBOL language and software.
    comp.lang.dylan For discussion of the Dylan language.
    comp.lang.eiffel The object-oriented Eiffel language.
    comp.lang.forth Discussion about Forth.
    comp.lang.forth.mac The CSI MacForth programming environment. comp.lang.fortran Discussion about FORTRAN.
    comp.lang.functional Discussion about functional languages. comp.lang.haskell Polymorphically-typed lazy purely-functional programming.
    comp.lang.hermes The Hermes language for distributed applications. comp.lang.icon Topics related to the ICON programming language. comp.lang.idl IDL (Interface Description Language) related topics. comp.lang.idl-pvwave IDL and PV-Wave language discussions.
    comp.lang.java.3d 3D Graphics API's for the Java language. comp.lang.java.advocacy Support for and criticism of the Java System. comp.lang.java.beans Java software components (JavaBeans). comp.lang.java.corba Topics relating to Java and CORBA. comp.lang.java.databases Databases, java.sql, JDBC, ODBC. comp.lang.java.gui GUI toolkits and windowing: AWT, IFC etc. comp.lang.java.help Set-up problems, catch-all first aid. comp.lang.java.machine JVM, native methods, hardware. comp.lang.java.programmer Programming in the Java language. comp.lang.java.security Security issues raised by Java. comp.lang.java.softwaretools IDEs, browsers, compilers, other tools. comp.lang.javascript Netscape Communications Corp.'s JavaScript language. comp.lang.labview Labview Software Discussion Group.
    comp.lang.lisp Discussion about LISP.
    comp.lang.logo The Logo teaching and learning language.
    comp.lang.misc Different computer languages not specifically listed. comp.lang.ml ML languages including Standard ML, CAML, Lazy ML, etc. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.modula2 Discussion about Modula-2.
    comp.lang.modula3 Discussion about the Modula-3 language.
    comp.lang.mumps The M (MUMPS) language & technology, in general. comp.lang.oberon The Oberon language and system.
    comp.lang.objective-c The Objective-C language and environment. comp.lang.pascal.ansi-iso Pascal according to ANSI and ISO standards. comp.lang.pascal.borland Borland's Pascal. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.components.misc General component issues. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.databases Database aspects of Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.misc General issues with Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.mac Macintosh based Pascals.
    comp.lang.pascal.misc Pascal in general and ungrouped Pascals. comp.lang.perl.announce Announcements about Perl. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.misc The Perl language in general.
    comp.lang.perl.moderated Perl language. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.modules Use and development of Perl modules.
    comp.lang.perl.tk Using Tk (and X) from Perl.
    comp.lang.php PHP, server side scripting.
    comp.lang.pl1 PL/I language discussions.
    comp.lang.pop Pop11 and the Plug user group.
    comp.lang.postscript The PostScript Page Description Language. comp.lang.prolog Discussion about PROLOG.
    comp.lang.python The Python computer language.
    comp.lang.python.announce Announcements about the Python language. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.rexx The REXX command language.
    comp.lang.ruby The Ruby dynamic OO programming language. comp.lang.scheme The Scheme Programming language.
    comp.lang.scheme.scsh SCSH - the Scheme Shell.
    comp.lang.smalltalk Discussion about Smalltalk 80. comp.lang.smalltalk.advocacy Discussion of Smalltalk Language pros/cons. comp.lang.smalltalk.dolphin The Dolphin variant of the Smalltalk language. comp.lang.tcl The Tcl programming language and related tools. comp.lang.verilog Discussing Verilog and PLI.
    comp.lang.vhdl VHSIC Hardware Description Language, IEEE 1076/87. comp.lang.vrml Virtual Reality Modeling Language discussion. comp.lang.xharbour xHarbour programming, Clipper, and xBase.
    comp.lsi Large scale integrated circuits.
    comp.lsi.testing Testing of electronic circuits.
    comp.mail.elm Discussion and fixes for the ELM mail system. comp.mail.eudora.mac Eudora email software for Macintosh. comp.mail.eudora.ms-windows Eudora email software for MS Windows. comp.mail.headers Gatewayed from the Internet header-people list. comp.mail.imap Discussion of IMAP-based mail systems. comp.mail.list-admin.software Software used in the running of mailing lists. comp.mail.mh The UCI version of the Rand Message Handling system. comp.mail.mime Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions of RFC 1341. comp.mail.misc General discussions about computer mail.
    comp.mail.mutt The Mutt E-Mail Client.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.misc Pegasus Mail for DOS and Macs, and Mercury Mail.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.ms-windows Discussion of Pegasus Mail for Windows. comp.mail.pine The PINE mail user agent.
    comp.mail.sendmail Configuring and using the BSD sendmail agent. comp.mail.uucp Mail in the uucp network environment.
    comp.misc General topics about computers not covered elsewhere. comp.mobile.android Discussing Android devices / OS.
    comp.mobile.ipad Mobile tablet PC running iPhone OS.
    comp.multimedia Interactive multimedia technologies of all kinds. comp.music.midi Computers as components in MIDI music systems. comp.music.misc Miscellaneous use of computers in music. comp.music.research The use of Computers in Music Research and Composition. (Moderated)
    comp.newprod Announcements of new products of interest. (Moderated) comp.object Object-oriented programming and languages. comp.object.corba OMG CORBA standard.
    comp.object.logic Integrating object-oriented and logic programming. comp.org.acm Topics about the Association for Computing Machinery. comp.org.cauce The Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial E-Mail. (Moderated)
    comp.org.ieee Issues and announcements about the IEEE & its members. comp.org.lisp-users Association of Lisp Users related discussions. comp.org.uniforum UniForum Association activities.
    comp.org.usenix USENIX Association events and announcements. comp.org.usenix.roomshare Finding lodging during Usenix conferences. comp.org.user-groups.meetings Planning for user group meetings and events. comp.org.user-groups.misc User group discussions in general.
    comp.os.aos Topics related to Data General's AOS/VS. comp.os.coherent Discussion and support of the Coherent operating system.
    comp.os.cpm Discussion about the CP/M operating system. comp.os.geos.misc GEOS O/S by Geoworks in general. comp.os.geos.programmer GEOS O/S Programming in general.
    comp.os.linux.advocacy Benefits of Linux compared to other operating systems. comp.os.linux.alpha Linux on Digital Alpha machines.
    comp.os.linux.announce Announcements important to the Linux community. (Moderated)
    comp.os.linux.development.apps Writing Linux applications, porting to Linux. comp.os.linux.development.system Linux kernels, device drivers, modules. comp.os.linux.embedded Linux operating system on embedded hardware. comp.os.linux.hardware Hardware compatibility with the Linux operating system. comp.os.linux.m68k Linux operating system on 680x0 Amiga, Atari, VME. comp.os.linux.misc Linux-specific topics not covered by other groups. comp.os.linux.networking Networking and communications under Linux. comp.os.linux.portable Linux OS on portable PCs.
    comp.os.linux.powerpc Linux systems running on PowerPC microprocessors. comp.os.linux.security Security and the GNU/Linux Operating System. comp.os.linux.setup Linux installation and system administration. comp.os.linux.x Linux X Window System servers, clients, libs and fonts. comp.os.linux.xbox Linux on Xbox.
    comp.os.lynx Discussion of LynxOS and Lynx Real-Time Systems. comp.os.mach The MACH OS from CMU & other places.
    comp.os.magic-cap Everything about General Magic's Magic Cap OS. comp.os.minix Discussion of Tanenbaum's MINIX system.
    comp.os.misc General OS-oriented discussion not carried elsewhere. comp.os.ms-windows.advocacy Speculation and debate about Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.financial MS-Windows financial & tax software. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.misc MS-Windows applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.utilities.win95 Utility/add-on programs for Win95. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.winsock.misc Other Winsock applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.word-proc MS-Windows word-processing applications.
    comp.os.ms-windows.ce Microsoft Windows CE operating system. comp.os.ms-windows.misc General discussions about Windows issues. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.misc Windows and other networks. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.tcp-ip Windows and TCP/IP networking. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.win95 Win95 to Novell, TCP/IP, other nets. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.windows Windows' built-in networking. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.misc Windows NT system administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.networking Windows NT network administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.security Windows NT Security topics. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.misc General discussion about Windows NT. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.setup.misc Windows NT software setup. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.backoffice Windows NT BackOffice. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.compatibility Win NT software compatibility. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.services Windows NT system services software. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.controls Controls, dialogs and VBXs. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.graphics GDI, graphics and printing. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.memory Memory management issues. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.misc Programming Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.networks Network programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.nt.kernel-mode Windows NT driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.ole OLE2, COM and DDE programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.mfc MFC-based development for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.misc Windows Development tools. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.winsock Winsock programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.vxd Windows VxD and driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.win32 32-bit Windows programming interfaces. comp.os.ms-windows.video Video adapters and drivers for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.win95.misc Miscellaneous Topics about Windows 95. comp.os.msdos.4dos The 4DOS command processor for MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.apps Discussion of applications that run under MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.desqview QuarterDeck's Desqview and related products. comp.os.msdos.djgpp DOS GNU C/C++ applications and programming environment. comp.os.msdos.misc Miscellaneous topics about MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer Programming MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer.turbovision Borland's text application libraries. comp.os.netware.connectivity Connectivity products (TCP/IP, SAA, NFS, MAC). comp.os.netware.misc General Netware topics.
    comp.os.os2.advocacy Supporting and flaming OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.announce Notable news and announcements related to OS/2. (Moderated)
    comp.os.os2.apps Discussions of applications under OS/2. comp.os.os2.beta All aspects of beta releases of OS/2 systems software. comp.os.os2.bugs OS/2 system bug reports, fixes and work-arounds. comp.os.os2.ecomstation Serenity Systems operating system eComStation. comp.os.os2.games Running games under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.mail-news Mail and news apps/utils (on- & offline) under OS/2. comp.os.os2.marketplace Forsale/wanted; shopping; commercial ads; job postings. comp.os.os2.misc Miscellaneous topics about the OS/2 system. comp.os.os2.multimedia Multi-media on OS/2 systems. comp.os.os2.networking.misc Miscellaneous networking issues of OS/2. comp.os.os2.networking.server Administration of NetWare, Warp Server, etc. comp.os.os2.networking.tcp-ip TCP/IP under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.networking.www World Wide Web (WWW) apps/utils under OS/2. comp.os.os2.programmer.misc Programming OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.porting Porting software to OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.tools Compilers, assemblers, interpreters under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.misc Installing/configuring OS/2; misc. hardware/drivers. comp.os.os2.setup.storage Disk/Tape/CD-ROM hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.video Base video hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.utilities General purpose utils (shells/backup/compression/etc). comp.os.os9 Microware's OS-9 real-time operating system. comp.os.plan9 Plan 9 from Bell Labs. (Moderated)
    comp.os.psos The realtime operating system pSOS+.
    comp.os.qnx Using and developing under the QNX operating system. comp.os.rsts Topics related to the PDP-11 RSTS/E operating system. comp.os.vms DEC's VAX* line of computers & VMS.
    comp.os.vxworks The VxWorks real-time operating system.
    comp.parallel Massively parallel hardware/software. (Moderated) comp.parallel.mpi Message Passing Interface (MPI).
    comp.parallel.pvm The PVM system of multi-computer parallelization. comp.periphs Peripheral devices.
    comp.periphs.printers Information on printers.
    comp.periphs.scanners Technical discussion of scanners and imaging devices. comp.periphs.scsi Discussion of SCSI-based peripheral devices. comp.programming Programming issues that transcend languages and OSs. comp.programming.contests Announcements & results of programming contests.
    comp.programming.literate Literate programming and LP tools. (Moderated) comp.programming.threads All issues about multithreaded programming. comp.protocols.dicom Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine. comp.protocols.dns.bind Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). (Moderated) comp.protocols.kerberos The Kerberos authentication server. comp.protocols.kermit.misc Kermit protocol and software. comp.protocols.misc Various forms and types of protocol.
    comp.protocols.nfs Discussion about the Network File System protocol. comp.protocols.ppp Discussion of the Internet Point to Point Protocol. comp.protocols.smb SMB file sharing protocol and Samba SMB server/client. comp.protocols.snmp The Simple Network Management Protocol. comp.protocols.tcp-ip TCP and IP network protocols. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.domains Topics related to Domain Style names. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.ibmpc TCP/IP for IBM(-like) personal computers. comp.protocols.time.ntp The network time protocol.
    comp.publish.cdrom.hardware Hardware used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.cdrom.software Software used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.electronic.misc General electronic publishing issues. comp.publish.prepress Electronic prepress.
    comp.realtime Issues related to real-time computing.
    comp.risks Risks to the public from computers & users. (Moderated) comp.robotics.misc All aspects of robots and their applications. comp.robotics.research Academic, government & industry research in robotics. (Moderated)
    comp.security.firewalls Anything pertaining to network firewall security. comp.security.misc Security issues of computers and networks. comp.security.pgp.discuss PGP and its implications. comp.security.pgp.tech Use of PGP, bug reports and help. comp.security.pgp.test Testing signing, encryption and decryption using PGP. comp.security.ssh SSH secure remote login and tunneling tools. comp.security.unix Discussion of Unix security.
    comp.simulation Simulation methods, problems, uses. (Moderated) comp.society.futures Events in technology affecting future computing. comp.soft-sys.ace ACE programming, porting, and systems. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.forte Discussion of Forte development software. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.uniface Uniface Client/Server App Development. comp.soft-sys.business.sap Discussion forum on SAP software. comp.soft-sys.dce The Distributed Computing Environment (DCE). comp.soft-sys.gis.esri ESRI GIS software and system implementation. comp.soft-sys.math.maple Maple computer mathematics discussion group. comp.soft-sys.math.mathematica Mathematica discussion group. (Moderated) comp.soft-sys.math.scilab Scientific software package Scilab. comp.soft-sys.matlab The MathWorks calculation and visualization package. comp.soft-sys.octave GNU Octave, language for numerical computations. comp.soft-sys.powerbuilder Application development tools from PowerSoft. comp.soft-sys.ptolemy The Ptolemy simulation/code generation environment. comp.soft-sys.sas The SAS statistics package.
    comp.soft-sys.stat.spss The statistical program package SPSS. comp.soft-sys.wxwindows Discussions related to wxWindows framework. comp.software-eng Software Engineering and related topics. comp.software.arabic Arabic script software. (Moderated) comp.software.config-mgmt Configuration management, tools and procedures. comp.software.extreme-programming Extreme Programming discussions. comp.software.international Finding, using, & writing non-English software. comp.software.licensing Software licensing technology. comp.software.measurement Discussions of software metrics. comp.software.patterns Design, organizational and other software patterns. comp.software.shareware.announce Shareware announcements. (Moderated) comp.software.shareware.authors Creation of shareware. (Moderated) comp.software.testing All aspects of testing computer systems. comp.software.year-2000 Year 2000 compliance: projects and issues. comp.sources.bugs Bug reports, fixes, discussion for posted sources. comp.sources.d For any discussion of source postings. comp.sources.games Postings of recreational software. (Moderated) comp.sources.testers Finding people to test software.
    comp.sources.wanted Requests for software and fixes. comp.specification.misc Formal specification methods in general. comp.specification.z Discussion about the formal specification notation Z. comp.speech.research Speech technology research issues.
    comp.speech.users Issues related with using current speech technology. comp.std.announce Announcements about standards activities. (Moderated) comp.std.c Discussion about C language standards.
    comp.std.c++ Discussion about C++ language, library, standards. (Moderated)
    comp.std.misc Discussion about various standards.
    comp.sw.components Software components and related technology. comp.sys.3b1 Discussion and support of AT&T 7300/3B1/UnixPC. comp.sys.acorn.advocacy Why Acorn computers and programs are better. comp.sys.acorn.announce Announcements for Acorn and ARM users. (Moderated) comp.sys.acorn.apps Acorn software applications.
    comp.sys.acorn.extra-cpu Extra CPUs in Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.games Discussion of games for Acorn machines. comp.sys.acorn.hardware Acorn hardware.
    comp.sys.acorn.misc Acorn computing in general.
    comp.sys.acorn.networking Networking of Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.programmer Programming of Acorn computers. comp.sys.amiga.advocacy Why an Amiga is better than XYZ. comp.sys.amiga.announce Announcements about the Amiga. (Moderated)

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    What follows is a complete list of newsgroups in the "Big Eight"
    hierarchies (comp.*, humanities.*, misc.*, news.*, rec.*, sci.*,
    soc.*, and talk.*) with descriptions. Moderated newsgroups are marked
    with the string "(Moderated)" at the end of the description.

    Most versions of news support a "checkgroups" control message that can
    be used to help keep your active file in sync with the "standard"
    Usenet groups. This newsgroup list is in the format expected by such
    software. If you wish to process it as a checkgroups control message,
    extract the newsgroup list between the marked lines below and pass it
    to your checkgroups script on standard input.

    A normal checkgroups control message is also posted monthly, suitable
    for automated processing by news software. This posting is intended
    to supplement the control message, providing the same list in a
    regular news message. This may be useful for reference, or for review
    by readers without access to control messages.

    ========================= cut to this line ========================= comp.admin.policy Discussions of site administration policies.
    comp.ai Artificial Intelligence. (Moderated)
    comp.ai.alife Research about artificial life. comp.ai.doc-analysis.misc General document understanding technologies. comp.ai.doc-analysis.ocr OCR research, algorithms and software. comp.ai.edu Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Education. comp.ai.fuzzy Fuzzy set theory, aka fuzzy logic.
    comp.ai.games Artificial intelligence in games and game-playing. comp.ai.genetic Genetic algorithms in computing.
    comp.ai.nat-lang Natural language processing by computers. comp.ai.neural-nets All aspects of neural networks.
    comp.ai.philosophy Philosophical aspects of Artificial Intelligence. comp.ai.shells Expert systems and other artificial intelligence shells.
    comp.ai.vision Artificial Intelligence Vision Research. (Moderated) comp.answers Repository for periodic USENET articles. (Moderated) comp.apps.spreadsheets Spreadsheets on various platforms.
    comp.arch Computer architecture.
    comp.arch.arithmetic Implementing arithmetic on computers/digital systems. comp.arch.embedded Embedded computer systems topics.
    comp.arch.fpga Field Programmable Gate Array based computing systems. comp.arch.hobbyist Homebrew digital electronics design. (Moderated) comp.arch.storage Storage system issues, both hardware and software. comp.archives.admin Issues relating to computer archive administration. comp.archives.ms-windows.discuss Discussing Microsoft Windows archives. comp.bbs.majorbbs Support & discussion of The Major BBS from Galacticomm. comp.bbs.misc All aspects of computer bulletin board systems. comp.bbs.waffle The Waffle BBS and USENET system on all platforms. comp.benchmarks Discussion of benchmarking techniques and results. comp.binaries.cbm For the transfer of 8bit Commodore binaries. (Moderated)
    comp.bugs.misc General UNIX bug reports and fixes (incl V7, uucp). comp.cad.autocad AutoDesk's AutoCAD software.
    comp.cad.cadence Users of Cadence Design Systems products. comp.cad.compass Compass Design Automation EDA tools.
    comp.cad.i-deas SDRC I-DEAS Masters Series software. comp.cad.microstation MicroStation CAD software and related products. comp.cad.microstation.programmer Developing software in Microstation CAD.
    comp.cad.pro-engineer Parametric Technology's Pro/Engineer design package. comp.cad.solidworks SolidWorks newsgroup.
    comp.cad.synthesis Research and production in the field of logic synthesis.
    comp.client-server Topics relating to client/server technology. comp.cog-eng Cognitive engineering.
    comp.compilers Compiler construction, theory, etc. (Moderated) comp.compilers.lcc The lcc C Compiler and related topics. comp.compilers.tools.javacc The Java Compiler Compiler and related topics. comp.compression Data compression algorithms and theory. comp.compression.research Discussions about data compression research. (Moderated)
    comp.constraints Constraint processing and related topics. comp.data.administration Manage data as a corporate asset: stds & methds.
    comp.databases Database and data management issues and theory. comp.databases.adabas ADABAS Database topics in general. comp.databases.berkeley-db The Berkeley DB libraries. comp.databases.btrieve Pervasive Software client/server development. comp.databases.filemaker Technical discussions about FileMaker. comp.databases.gupta Gupta SQLWindows client-server development. comp.databases.ibm-db2 Problem resolution with DB2 database products. comp.databases.informix Informix database management software discussions. comp.databases.ingres Issues relating to INGRES products. comp.databases.ms-access MS Windows' relational database system, Access. comp.databases.ms-sqlserver Microsoft's SQL Server and related products. comp.databases.mysql MySQL RDBMS technical discussions. comp.databases.object Object-oriented paradigms in database systems. comp.databases.olap Analytical Processing, Multidimensional DBMS, EIS, DSS. comp.databases.oracle.marketplace Oracle-related jobs, etc. comp.databases.oracle.misc Oracle related topics. comp.databases.oracle.server Oracle database administration/server topics. comp.databases.oracle.tools Oracle software tools/applications. comp.databases.paradox Borland's database for DOS & MS Windows. comp.databases.pick Pick-like, post-relational, database systems. comp.databases.postgresql PGSQL Relational Database Management System. comp.databases.progress The Progress 4GL & RDBMS.
    comp.databases.rdb The relational database engine RDB from DEC. comp.databases.sybase Implementations of the SQL Server. comp.databases.theory Discussing advances in database technology. comp.databases.visual-dbase Database discussions using Visual dBASE. comp.databases.xbase.codebase CodeBase and its related products. comp.databases.xbase.fox Fox Software's xBase system and compatibles. comp.databases.xbase.misc Discussion of xBase (dBASE-like) products. comp.dcom.cabling Cabling selection, installation and use. comp.dcom.cell-relay Forum for discussion of Cell Relay-based products. comp.dcom.fax Fax hardware, software, and protocols. comp.dcom.isdn.capi CAPI - the Common ISDN Application Interface. comp.dcom.lans.ethernet Discussions of the Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 protocols. comp.dcom.lans.misc Local area network hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems Data communications hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems.cable Cable modems and internet access via cable tv. comp.dcom.net-analysis Network Testing and Analysis Procedures and Results. comp.dcom.net-management Network management methods and applications. comp.dcom.sdh-sonet Discuss the SDH and SONET technology. comp.dcom.sys.cisco Info on Cisco routers and bridges.
    comp.dcom.sys.nortel Nortel telecommunications products and systems. comp.dcom.telecom Telecommunications digest. (Moderated) comp.dcom.telecom.tech Discussion of technical aspects of telephony. comp.dcom.videoconf Video conference technology and applications. comp.dcom.voice-over-ip Voice Over IP technology.
    comp.dcom.vpn Virtual Private Network Technology.
    comp.dcom.wan All topics concerned with wide area networking. comp.dcom.xdsl Discussion area for different DSL technologies. comp.distributed Distributed Resource Sharing and Applications. comp.doc.management Document Management technologies.
    comp.doc.techreports Lists of technical reports. (Moderated)
    comp.dsp Digital Signal Processing using computers.
    comp.editors Topics related to computerized text editing.
    comp.edu Computer science education.
    comp.edu.languages.natural Computer assisted languages instruction issues. comp.emacs EMACS editors of different flavors.
    comp.emacs.xemacs Bug reports, questions and answers about XEmacs. comp.emulators.apple2 Emulators of Apple // systems.
    comp.emulators.cbm Emulators of C-64, C-128, PET, and VIC-20 systems. comp.emulators.game-consoles Emulators of game console systems. comp.emulators.misc Emulators of miscellaneous computer systems. comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine A free MS-Windows emulator under X. comp.file-sharing.bittorrent Distributed file sharing on Bittorrent protocol.
    comp.fonts Typefonts -- design, conversion, use, etc. comp.games.development.design Designing gameplay and rules systems. comp.games.development.industry Biz news, project management, jobs. comp.games.development.programming.algorithms Abstract algorithms for games. comp.games.development.programming.misc General info on programming games. comp.graphics.algorithms Algorithms used in producing computer graphics. comp.graphics.animation Technical aspects of computer animation. comp.graphics.api.misc Application Programmer Interface issues, methods. comp.graphics.api.opengl The OpenGL 3D application programming interface.
    comp.graphics.apps.alias 3-D graphics software from Alias Research. comp.graphics.apps.cinema4d 3D modeling, animation and raytracing package. comp.graphics.apps.corel Corel graphics software applications. comp.graphics.apps.gimp The GNU Image Manipulation Program. comp.graphics.apps.gnuplot The gnuplot interactive function plotter. comp.graphics.apps.lightwave NewTek's Lightwave3D & related topics. comp.graphics.apps.pagemaker Question, answers, tips and suggestions. comp.graphics.apps.paint-shop-pro Paint Shop Pro in general. comp.graphics.apps.photoshop Adobe Photoshop techniques & help. comp.graphics.apps.ulead Ulead graphics software products. comp.graphics.misc Computer graphics miscellany. comp.graphics.packages.3dstudio Autodesk's 3D Studio software. comp.graphics.rendering.misc Rendering comparisons, approaches, methods. comp.graphics.rendering.raytracing Raytracing software, tools and methods. comp.graphics.rendering.renderman RenderMan interface & shading language. comp.graphics.visualization Info on scientific visualization. comp.groupware Software & hardware for shared interactive environments.
    comp.groupware.lotus-notes.admin Lotus Notes system administration. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.apps Application software for Lotus Notes. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.misc Lotus Notes related discussions. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.programmer Programming for Lotus Notes. comp.home.automation Home automation devices, setup, sources, etc. comp.human-factors Issues related to human-computer interaction (HCI). comp.infosystems Any discussion about information systems. comp.infosystems.gis All aspects of Geographic Information Systems. comp.infosystems.gemini Internet Hypertext System, Privacy, Accessibility. comp.infosystems.gopher Discussion of the Gopher information service. comp.infosystems.hyperg The Hyper-G network hypermedia system and applications. comp.infosystems.kiosks Informational and transactional kiosks. (Moderated) comp.infosystems.search All aspects of search technology.
    comp.infosystems.wais The Z39.50-based WAIS full-text search system. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html Writing HTML for the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.images Using images, imagemaps on the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.misc Miscellaneous Web authoring issues. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.site-design Web site design philosophy. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets Layout/presentation on the WWW. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.tools Programs to help authoring Websites. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.mac Web browsers for the Macintosh platform.
    comp.infosystems.www.browsers.misc Web browsers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.ms-windows Web browsers for MS Windows. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.x Web browsers for the X-Window system. comp.infosystems.www.misc Miscellaneous World Wide Web discussion. comp.infosystems.www.servers.misc Web servers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.servers.ms-windows Web servers for MS Windows and NT. comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix Web servers for UNIX platforms. comp.internet.library Discussing electronic libraries. (Moderated) comp.internet.services.blog.livejournal LJ blogging service and software. comp.internet.services.google Search, Gmail, Groups, Maps, Picasa, etc. comp.internet.services.video.youtube Internet video for the masses. comp.internet.services.wiki Wikis, such as Wikipedia.
    comp.lang.ada Discussion about Ada*.
    comp.lang.apl Discussion about APL.
    comp.lang.asm.x86 Bulletin Board and Q&A for x86 assembly language topics. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.asm370 Programming in IBM System/370 Assembly Language. comp.lang.awk The AWK programming language.
    comp.lang.basic.misc Other dialects and aspects of BASIC. comp.lang.basic.powerbasic PowerBasic Inc. programming languages. comp.lang.basic.realbasic REALBasic programming discussion. comp.lang.basic.visual.database Database aspects of Visual Basic. comp.lang.basic.visual.misc Visual Basic in general.
    comp.lang.beta The object-oriented programming language BETA. comp.lang.c Discussion about C.
    comp.lang.c++ The object-oriented C++ language.
    comp.lang.c++.leda All aspects of the LEDA library.
    comp.lang.c++.misc Development in C++, libraries, cross and single targets comp.lang.c++.moderated Technical discussion of the C++ language. (Moderated) comp.lang.c.moderated The C programming language. (Moderated) comp.lang.clarion Technical discussion of Clarion programming. comp.lang.clipper Clipper and Visual Objects programming languages. comp.lang.clipper.visual-objects CA-Visual Objects developer system. comp.lang.clos Common Lisp Object System discussions.
    comp.lang.cobol The COBOL language and software.
    comp.lang.dylan For discussion of the Dylan language.
    comp.lang.eiffel The object-oriented Eiffel language.
    comp.lang.forth Discussion about Forth.
    comp.lang.forth.mac The CSI MacForth programming environment. comp.lang.fortran Discussion about FORTRAN.
    comp.lang.functional Discussion about functional languages. comp.lang.haskell Polymorphically-typed lazy purely-functional programming.
    comp.lang.hermes The Hermes language for distributed applications. comp.lang.icon Topics related to the ICON programming language. comp.lang.idl IDL (Interface Description Language) related topics. comp.lang.idl-pvwave IDL and PV-Wave language discussions.
    comp.lang.java.3d 3D Graphics API's for the Java language. comp.lang.java.advocacy Support for and criticism of the Java System. comp.lang.java.beans Java software components (JavaBeans). comp.lang.java.corba Topics relating to Java and CORBA. comp.lang.java.databases Databases, java.sql, JDBC, ODBC. comp.lang.java.gui GUI toolkits and windowing: AWT, IFC etc. comp.lang.java.help Set-up problems, catch-all first aid. comp.lang.java.machine JVM, native methods, hardware. comp.lang.java.programmer Programming in the Java language. comp.lang.java.security Security issues raised by Java. comp.lang.java.softwaretools IDEs, browsers, compilers, other tools. comp.lang.javascript Netscape Communications Corp.'s JavaScript language. comp.lang.labview Labview Software Discussion Group.
    comp.lang.lisp Discussion about LISP.
    comp.lang.logo The Logo teaching and learning language.
    comp.lang.misc Different computer languages not specifically listed. comp.lang.ml ML languages including Standard ML, CAML, Lazy ML, etc. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.modula2 Discussion about Modula-2.
    comp.lang.modula3 Discussion about the Modula-3 language.
    comp.lang.mumps The M (MUMPS) language & technology, in general. comp.lang.oberon The Oberon language and system.
    comp.lang.objective-c The Objective-C language and environment. comp.lang.pascal.ansi-iso Pascal according to ANSI and ISO standards. comp.lang.pascal.borland Borland's Pascal. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.components.misc General component issues. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.databases Database aspects of Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.misc General issues with Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.mac Macintosh based Pascals.
    comp.lang.pascal.misc Pascal in general and ungrouped Pascals. comp.lang.perl.announce Announcements about Perl. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.misc The Perl language in general.
    comp.lang.perl.moderated Perl language. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.modules Use and development of Perl modules.
    comp.lang.perl.tk Using Tk (and X) from Perl.
    comp.lang.php PHP, server side scripting.
    comp.lang.pl1 PL/I language discussions.
    comp.lang.pop Pop11 and the Plug user group.
    comp.lang.postscript The PostScript Page Description Language. comp.lang.prolog Discussion about PROLOG.
    comp.lang.python The Python computer language.
    comp.lang.python.announce Announcements about the Python language. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.rexx The REXX command language.
    comp.lang.ruby The Ruby dynamic OO programming language. comp.lang.scheme The Scheme Programming language.
    comp.lang.scheme.scsh SCSH - the Scheme Shell.
    comp.lang.smalltalk Discussion about Smalltalk 80. comp.lang.smalltalk.advocacy Discussion of Smalltalk Language pros/cons. comp.lang.smalltalk.dolphin The Dolphin variant of the Smalltalk language. comp.lang.tcl The Tcl programming language and related tools. comp.lang.verilog Discussing Verilog and PLI.
    comp.lang.vhdl VHSIC Hardware Description Language, IEEE 1076/87. comp.lang.vrml Virtual Reality Modeling Language discussion. comp.lang.xharbour xHarbour programming, Clipper, and xBase.
    comp.lsi Large scale integrated circuits.
    comp.lsi.testing Testing of electronic circuits.
    comp.mail.elm Discussion and fixes for the ELM mail system. comp.mail.eudora.mac Eudora email software for Macintosh. comp.mail.eudora.ms-windows Eudora email software for MS Windows. comp.mail.headers Gatewayed from the Internet header-people list. comp.mail.imap Discussion of IMAP-based mail systems. comp.mail.list-admin.software Software used in the running of mailing lists. comp.mail.mh The UCI version of the Rand Message Handling system. comp.mail.mime Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions of RFC 1341. comp.mail.misc General discussions about computer mail.
    comp.mail.mutt The Mutt E-Mail Client.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.misc Pegasus Mail for DOS and Macs, and Mercury Mail.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.ms-windows Discussion of Pegasus Mail for Windows. comp.mail.pine The PINE mail user agent.
    comp.mail.sendmail Configuring and using the BSD sendmail agent. comp.mail.uucp Mail in the uucp network environment.
    comp.misc General topics about computers not covered elsewhere. comp.mobile.android Discussing Android devices / OS.
    comp.mobile.ipad Mobile tablet PC running iPhone OS.
    comp.multimedia Interactive multimedia technologies of all kinds. comp.music.midi Computers as components in MIDI music systems. comp.music.misc Miscellaneous use of computers in music. comp.music.research The use of Computers in Music Research and Composition. (Moderated)
    comp.newprod Announcements of new products of interest. (Moderated) comp.object Object-oriented programming and languages. comp.object.corba OMG CORBA standard.
    comp.object.logic Integrating object-oriented and logic programming. comp.org.acm Topics about the Association for Computing Machinery. comp.org.cauce The Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial E-Mail. (Moderated)
    comp.org.ieee Issues and announcements about the IEEE & its members. comp.org.lisp-users Association of Lisp Users related discussions. comp.org.uniforum UniForum Association activities.
    comp.org.usenix USENIX Association events and announcements. comp.org.usenix.roomshare Finding lodging during Usenix conferences. comp.org.user-groups.meetings Planning for user group meetings and events. comp.org.user-groups.misc User group discussions in general.
    comp.os.aos Topics related to Data General's AOS/VS. comp.os.coherent Discussion and support of the Coherent operating system.
    comp.os.cpm Discussion about the CP/M operating system. comp.os.geos.misc GEOS O/S by Geoworks in general. comp.os.geos.programmer GEOS O/S Programming in general.
    comp.os.linux.advocacy Benefits of Linux compared to other operating systems. comp.os.linux.alpha Linux on Digital Alpha machines.
    comp.os.linux.announce Announcements important to the Linux community. (Moderated)
    comp.os.linux.development.apps Writing Linux applications, porting to Linux. comp.os.linux.development.system Linux kernels, device drivers, modules. comp.os.linux.embedded Linux operating system on embedded hardware. comp.os.linux.hardware Hardware compatibility with the Linux operating system. comp.os.linux.m68k Linux operating system on 680x0 Amiga, Atari, VME. comp.os.linux.misc Linux-specific topics not covered by other groups. comp.os.linux.networking Networking and communications under Linux. comp.os.linux.portable Linux OS on portable PCs.
    comp.os.linux.powerpc Linux systems running on PowerPC microprocessors. comp.os.linux.security Security and the GNU/Linux Operating System. comp.os.linux.setup Linux installation and system administration. comp.os.linux.x Linux X Window System servers, clients, libs and fonts. comp.os.linux.xbox Linux on Xbox.
    comp.os.lynx Discussion of LynxOS and Lynx Real-Time Systems. comp.os.mach The MACH OS from CMU & other places.
    comp.os.magic-cap Everything about General Magic's Magic Cap OS. comp.os.minix Discussion of Tanenbaum's MINIX system.
    comp.os.misc General OS-oriented discussion not carried elsewhere. comp.os.ms-windows.advocacy Speculation and debate about Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.financial MS-Windows financial & tax software. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.misc MS-Windows applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.utilities.win95 Utility/add-on programs for Win95. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.winsock.misc Other Winsock applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.word-proc MS-Windows word-processing applications.
    comp.os.ms-windows.ce Microsoft Windows CE operating system. comp.os.ms-windows.misc General discussions about Windows issues. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.misc Windows and other networks. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.tcp-ip Windows and TCP/IP networking. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.win95 Win95 to Novell, TCP/IP, other nets. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.windows Windows' built-in networking. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.misc Windows NT system administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.networking Windows NT network administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.security Windows NT Security topics. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.misc General discussion about Windows NT. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.setup.misc Windows NT software setup. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.backoffice Windows NT BackOffice. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.compatibility Win NT software compatibility. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.services Windows NT system services software. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.controls Controls, dialogs and VBXs. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.graphics GDI, graphics and printing. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.memory Memory management issues. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.misc Programming Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.networks Network programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.nt.kernel-mode Windows NT driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.ole OLE2, COM and DDE programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.mfc MFC-based development for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.misc Windows Development tools. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.winsock Winsock programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.vxd Windows VxD and driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.win32 32-bit Windows programming interfaces. comp.os.ms-windows.video Video adapters and drivers for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.win95.misc Miscellaneous Topics about Windows 95. comp.os.msdos.4dos The 4DOS command processor for MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.apps Discussion of applications that run under MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.desqview QuarterDeck's Desqview and related products. comp.os.msdos.djgpp DOS GNU C/C++ applications and programming environment. comp.os.msdos.misc Miscellaneous topics about MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer Programming MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer.turbovision Borland's text application libraries. comp.os.netware.connectivity Connectivity products (TCP/IP, SAA, NFS, MAC). comp.os.netware.misc General Netware topics.
    comp.os.os2.advocacy Supporting and flaming OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.announce Notable news and announcements related to OS/2. (Moderated)
    comp.os.os2.apps Discussions of applications under OS/2. comp.os.os2.beta All aspects of beta releases of OS/2 systems software. comp.os.os2.bugs OS/2 system bug reports, fixes and work-arounds. comp.os.os2.ecomstation Serenity Systems operating system eComStation. comp.os.os2.games Running games under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.mail-news Mail and news apps/utils (on- & offline) under OS/2. comp.os.os2.marketplace Forsale/wanted; shopping; commercial ads; job postings. comp.os.os2.misc Miscellaneous topics about the OS/2 system. comp.os.os2.multimedia Multi-media on OS/2 systems. comp.os.os2.networking.misc Miscellaneous networking issues of OS/2. comp.os.os2.networking.server Administration of NetWare, Warp Server, etc. comp.os.os2.networking.tcp-ip TCP/IP under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.networking.www World Wide Web (WWW) apps/utils under OS/2. comp.os.os2.programmer.misc Programming OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.porting Porting software to OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.tools Compilers, assemblers, interpreters under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.misc Installing/configuring OS/2; misc. hardware/drivers. comp.os.os2.setup.storage Disk/Tape/CD-ROM hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.video Base video hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.utilities General purpose utils (shells/backup/compression/etc). comp.os.os9 Microware's OS-9 real-time operating system. comp.os.plan9 Plan 9 from Bell Labs. (Moderated)
    comp.os.psos The realtime operating system pSOS+.
    comp.os.qnx Using and developing under the QNX operating system. comp.os.rsts Topics related to the PDP-11 RSTS/E operating system. comp.os.vms DEC's VAX* line of computers & VMS.
    comp.os.vxworks The VxWorks real-time operating system.
    comp.parallel Massively parallel hardware/software. (Moderated) comp.parallel.mpi Message Passing Interface (MPI).
    comp.parallel.pvm The PVM system of multi-computer parallelization. comp.periphs Peripheral devices.
    comp.periphs.printers Information on printers.
    comp.periphs.scanners Technical discussion of scanners and imaging devices. comp.periphs.scsi Discussion of SCSI-based peripheral devices. comp.programming Programming issues that transcend languages and OSs. comp.programming.contests Announcements & results of programming contests.
    comp.programming.literate Literate programming and LP tools. (Moderated) comp.programming.threads All issues about multithreaded programming. comp.protocols.dicom Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine. comp.protocols.dns.bind Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). (Moderated) comp.protocols.kerberos The Kerberos authentication server. comp.protocols.kermit.misc Kermit protocol and software. comp.protocols.misc Various forms and types of protocol.
    comp.protocols.nfs Discussion about the Network File System protocol. comp.protocols.ppp Discussion of the Internet Point to Point Protocol. comp.protocols.smb SMB file sharing protocol and Samba SMB server/client. comp.protocols.snmp The Simple Network Management Protocol. comp.protocols.tcp-ip TCP and IP network protocols. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.domains Topics related to Domain Style names. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.ibmpc TCP/IP for IBM(-like) personal computers. comp.protocols.time.ntp The network time protocol.
    comp.publish.cdrom.hardware Hardware used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.cdrom.software Software used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.electronic.misc General electronic publishing issues. comp.publish.prepress Electronic prepress.
    comp.realtime Issues related to real-time computing.
    comp.risks Risks to the public from computers & users. (Moderated) comp.robotics.misc All aspects of robots and their applications. comp.robotics.research Academic, government & industry research in robotics. (Moderated)
    comp.security.firewalls Anything pertaining to network firewall security. comp.security.misc Security issues of computers and networks. comp.security.pgp.discuss PGP and its implications. comp.security.pgp.tech Use of PGP, bug reports and help. comp.security.pgp.test Testing signing, encryption and decryption using PGP. comp.security.ssh SSH secure remote login and tunneling tools. comp.security.unix Discussion of Unix security.
    comp.simulation Simulation methods, problems, uses. (Moderated) comp.society.futures Events in technology affecting future computing. comp.soft-sys.ace ACE programming, porting, and systems. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.forte Discussion of Forte development software. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.uniface Uniface Client/Server App Development. comp.soft-sys.business.sap Discussion forum on SAP software. comp.soft-sys.dce The Distributed Computing Environment (DCE). comp.soft-sys.gis.esri ESRI GIS software and system implementation. comp.soft-sys.math.maple Maple computer mathematics discussion group. comp.soft-sys.math.mathematica Mathematica discussion group. (Moderated) comp.soft-sys.math.scilab Scientific software package Scilab. comp.soft-sys.matlab The MathWorks calculation and visualization package. comp.soft-sys.octave GNU Octave, language for numerical computations. comp.soft-sys.powerbuilder Application development tools from PowerSoft. comp.soft-sys.ptolemy The Ptolemy simulation/code generation environment. comp.soft-sys.sas The SAS statistics package.
    comp.soft-sys.stat.spss The statistical program package SPSS. comp.soft-sys.wxwindows Discussions related to wxWindows framework. comp.software-eng Software Engineering and related topics. comp.software.arabic Arabic script software. (Moderated) comp.software.config-mgmt Configuration management, tools and procedures. comp.software.extreme-programming Extreme Programming discussions. comp.software.international Finding, using, & writing non-English software. comp.software.licensing Software licensing technology. comp.software.measurement Discussions of software metrics. comp.software.patterns Design, organizational and other software patterns. comp.software.shareware.announce Shareware announcements. (Moderated) comp.software.shareware.authors Creation of shareware. (Moderated) comp.software.testing All aspects of testing computer systems. comp.software.year-2000 Year 2000 compliance: projects and issues. comp.sources.bugs Bug reports, fixes, discussion for posted sources. comp.sources.d For any discussion of source postings. comp.sources.games Postings of recreational software. (Moderated) comp.sources.testers Finding people to test software.
    comp.sources.wanted Requests for software and fixes. comp.specification.misc Formal specification methods in general. comp.specification.z Discussion about the formal specification notation Z. comp.speech.research Speech technology research issues.
    comp.speech.users Issues related with using current speech technology. comp.std.announce Announcements about standards activities. (Moderated) comp.std.c Discussion about C language standards.
    comp.std.c++ Discussion about C++ language, library, standards. (Moderated)
    comp.std.misc Discussion about various standards.
    comp.sw.components Software components and related technology. comp.sys.3b1 Discussion and support of AT&T 7300/3B1/UnixPC. comp.sys.acorn.advocacy Why Acorn computers and programs are better. comp.sys.acorn.announce Announcements for Acorn and ARM users. (Moderated) comp.sys.acorn.apps Acorn software applications.
    comp.sys.acorn.extra-cpu Extra CPUs in Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.games Discussion of games for Acorn machines. comp.sys.acorn.hardware Acorn hardware.
    comp.sys.acorn.misc Acorn computing in general.
    comp.sys.acorn.networking Networking of Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.programmer Programming of Acorn computers. comp.sys.amiga.advocacy Why an Amiga is better than XYZ.

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    What follows is a complete list of newsgroups in the "Big Eight"
    hierarchies (comp.*, humanities.*, misc.*, news.*, rec.*, sci.*,
    soc.*, and talk.*) with descriptions. Moderated newsgroups are marked
    with the string "(Moderated)" at the end of the description.

    Most versions of news support a "checkgroups" control message that can
    be used to help keep your active file in sync with the "standard"
    Usenet groups. This newsgroup list is in the format expected by such
    software. If you wish to process it as a checkgroups control message,
    extract the newsgroup list between the marked lines below and pass it
    to your checkgroups script on standard input.

    A normal checkgroups control message is also posted monthly, suitable
    for automated processing by news software. This posting is intended
    to supplement the control message, providing the same list in a
    regular news message. This may be useful for reference, or for review
    by readers without access to control messages.

    ========================= cut to this line ========================= comp.admin.policy Discussions of site administration policies.
    comp.ai Artificial Intelligence. (Moderated)
    comp.ai.alife Research about artificial life. comp.ai.doc-analysis.misc General document understanding technologies. comp.ai.doc-analysis.ocr OCR research, algorithms and software. comp.ai.edu Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Education. comp.ai.fuzzy Fuzzy set theory, aka fuzzy logic.
    comp.ai.games Artificial intelligence in games and game-playing. comp.ai.genetic Genetic algorithms in computing.
    comp.ai.nat-lang Natural language processing by computers. comp.ai.neural-nets All aspects of neural networks.
    comp.ai.philosophy Philosophical aspects of Artificial Intelligence. comp.ai.shells Expert systems and other artificial intelligence shells.
    comp.ai.vision Artificial Intelligence Vision Research. (Moderated) comp.answers Repository for periodic USENET articles. (Moderated) comp.apps.spreadsheets Spreadsheets on various platforms.
    comp.arch Computer architecture.
    comp.arch.arithmetic Implementing arithmetic on computers/digital systems. comp.arch.embedded Embedded computer systems topics.
    comp.arch.fpga Field Programmable Gate Array based computing systems. comp.arch.hobbyist Homebrew digital electronics design. (Moderated) comp.arch.storage Storage system issues, both hardware and software. comp.archives.admin Issues relating to computer archive administration. comp.archives.ms-windows.discuss Discussing Microsoft Windows archives. comp.bbs.majorbbs Support & discussion of The Major BBS from Galacticomm. comp.bbs.misc All aspects of computer bulletin board systems. comp.bbs.waffle The Waffle BBS and USENET system on all platforms. comp.benchmarks Discussion of benchmarking techniques and results. comp.binaries.cbm For the transfer of 8bit Commodore binaries. (Moderated)
    comp.bugs.misc General UNIX bug reports and fixes (incl V7, uucp). comp.cad.autocad AutoDesk's AutoCAD software.
    comp.cad.cadence Users of Cadence Design Systems products. comp.cad.compass Compass Design Automation EDA tools.
    comp.cad.i-deas SDRC I-DEAS Masters Series software. comp.cad.microstation MicroStation CAD software and related products. comp.cad.microstation.programmer Developing software in Microstation CAD.
    comp.cad.pro-engineer Parametric Technology's Pro/Engineer design package. comp.cad.solidworks SolidWorks newsgroup.
    comp.cad.synthesis Research and production in the field of logic synthesis.
    comp.client-server Topics relating to client/server technology. comp.cog-eng Cognitive engineering.
    comp.compilers Compiler construction, theory, etc. (Moderated) comp.compilers.lcc The lcc C Compiler and related topics. comp.compilers.tools.javacc The Java Compiler Compiler and related topics. comp.compression Data compression algorithms and theory. comp.compression.research Discussions about data compression research. (Moderated)
    comp.constraints Constraint processing and related topics. comp.data.administration Manage data as a corporate asset: stds & methds.
    comp.databases Database and data management issues and theory. comp.databases.adabas ADABAS Database topics in general. comp.databases.berkeley-db The Berkeley DB libraries. comp.databases.btrieve Pervasive Software client/server development. comp.databases.filemaker Technical discussions about FileMaker. comp.databases.gupta Gupta SQLWindows client-server development. comp.databases.ibm-db2 Problem resolution with DB2 database products. comp.databases.informix Informix database management software discussions. comp.databases.ingres Issues relating to INGRES products. comp.databases.ms-access MS Windows' relational database system, Access. comp.databases.ms-sqlserver Microsoft's SQL Server and related products. comp.databases.mysql MySQL RDBMS technical discussions. comp.databases.object Object-oriented paradigms in database systems. comp.databases.olap Analytical Processing, Multidimensional DBMS, EIS, DSS. comp.databases.oracle.marketplace Oracle-related jobs, etc. comp.databases.oracle.misc Oracle related topics. comp.databases.oracle.server Oracle database administration/server topics. comp.databases.oracle.tools Oracle software tools/applications. comp.databases.paradox Borland's database for DOS & MS Windows. comp.databases.pick Pick-like, post-relational, database systems. comp.databases.postgresql PGSQL Relational Database Management System. comp.databases.progress The Progress 4GL & RDBMS.
    comp.databases.rdb The relational database engine RDB from DEC. comp.databases.sybase Implementations of the SQL Server. comp.databases.theory Discussing advances in database technology. comp.databases.visual-dbase Database discussions using Visual dBASE. comp.databases.xbase.codebase CodeBase and its related products. comp.databases.xbase.fox Fox Software's xBase system and compatibles. comp.databases.xbase.misc Discussion of xBase (dBASE-like) products. comp.dcom.cabling Cabling selection, installation and use. comp.dcom.cell-relay Forum for discussion of Cell Relay-based products. comp.dcom.fax Fax hardware, software, and protocols. comp.dcom.isdn.capi CAPI - the Common ISDN Application Interface. comp.dcom.lans.ethernet Discussions of the Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 protocols. comp.dcom.lans.misc Local area network hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems Data communications hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems.cable Cable modems and internet access via cable tv. comp.dcom.net-analysis Network Testing and Analysis Procedures and Results. comp.dcom.net-management Network management methods and applications. comp.dcom.sdh-sonet Discuss the SDH and SONET technology. comp.dcom.sys.cisco Info on Cisco routers and bridges.
    comp.dcom.sys.nortel Nortel telecommunications products and systems. comp.dcom.telecom Telecommunications digest. (Moderated) comp.dcom.telecom.tech Discussion of technical aspects of telephony. comp.dcom.videoconf Video conference technology and applications. comp.dcom.voice-over-ip Voice Over IP technology.
    comp.dcom.vpn Virtual Private Network Technology.
    comp.dcom.wan All topics concerned with wide area networking. comp.dcom.xdsl Discussion area for different DSL technologies. comp.distributed Distributed Resource Sharing and Applications. comp.doc.management Document Management technologies.
    comp.doc.techreports Lists of technical reports. (Moderated)
    comp.dsp Digital Signal Processing using computers.
    comp.editors Topics related to computerized text editing.
    comp.edu Computer science education.
    comp.edu.languages.natural Computer assisted languages instruction issues. comp.emacs EMACS editors of different flavors.
    comp.emacs.xemacs Bug reports, questions and answers about XEmacs. comp.emulators.apple2 Emulators of Apple // systems.
    comp.emulators.cbm Emulators of C-64, C-128, PET, and VIC-20 systems. comp.emulators.game-consoles Emulators of game console systems. comp.emulators.misc Emulators of miscellaneous computer systems. comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine A free MS-Windows emulator under X. comp.file-sharing.bittorrent Distributed file sharing on Bittorrent protocol.
    comp.fonts Typefonts -- design, conversion, use, etc. comp.games.development.design Designing gameplay and rules systems. comp.games.development.industry Biz news, project management, jobs. comp.games.development.programming.algorithms Abstract algorithms for games. comp.games.development.programming.misc General info on programming games. comp.graphics.algorithms Algorithms used in producing computer graphics. comp.graphics.animation Technical aspects of computer animation. comp.graphics.api.misc Application Programmer Interface issues, methods. comp.graphics.api.opengl The OpenGL 3D application programming interface.
    comp.graphics.apps.alias 3-D graphics software from Alias Research. comp.graphics.apps.cinema4d 3D modeling, animation and raytracing package. comp.graphics.apps.corel Corel graphics software applications. comp.graphics.apps.gimp The GNU Image Manipulation Program. comp.graphics.apps.gnuplot The gnuplot interactive function plotter. comp.graphics.apps.lightwave NewTek's Lightwave3D & related topics. comp.graphics.apps.pagemaker Question, answers, tips and suggestions. comp.graphics.apps.paint-shop-pro Paint Shop Pro in general. comp.graphics.apps.photoshop Adobe Photoshop techniques & help. comp.graphics.apps.ulead Ulead graphics software products. comp.graphics.misc Computer graphics miscellany. comp.graphics.packages.3dstudio Autodesk's 3D Studio software. comp.graphics.rendering.misc Rendering comparisons, approaches, methods. comp.graphics.rendering.raytracing Raytracing software, tools and methods. comp.graphics.rendering.renderman RenderMan interface & shading language. comp.graphics.visualization Info on scientific visualization. comp.groupware Software & hardware for shared interactive environments.
    comp.groupware.lotus-notes.admin Lotus Notes system administration. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.apps Application software for Lotus Notes. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.misc Lotus Notes related discussions. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.programmer Programming for Lotus Notes. comp.home.automation Home automation devices, setup, sources, etc. comp.human-factors Issues related to human-computer interaction (HCI). comp.infosystems Any discussion about information systems. comp.infosystems.gis All aspects of Geographic Information Systems. comp.infosystems.gemini Internet Hypertext System, Privacy, Accessibility. comp.infosystems.gopher Discussion of the Gopher information service. comp.infosystems.hyperg The Hyper-G network hypermedia system and applications. comp.infosystems.kiosks Informational and transactional kiosks. (Moderated) comp.infosystems.search All aspects of search technology.
    comp.infosystems.wais The Z39.50-based WAIS full-text search system. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html Writing HTML for the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.images Using images, imagemaps on the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.misc Miscellaneous Web authoring issues. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.site-design Web site design philosophy. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets Layout/presentation on the WWW. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.tools Programs to help authoring Websites. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.mac Web browsers for the Macintosh platform.
    comp.infosystems.www.browsers.misc Web browsers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.ms-windows Web browsers for MS Windows. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.x Web browsers for the X-Window system. comp.infosystems.www.misc Miscellaneous World Wide Web discussion. comp.infosystems.www.servers.misc Web servers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.servers.ms-windows Web servers for MS Windows and NT. comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix Web servers for UNIX platforms. comp.internet.library Discussing electronic libraries. (Moderated) comp.internet.services.blog.livejournal LJ blogging service and software. comp.internet.services.google Search, Gmail, Groups, Maps, Picasa, etc. comp.internet.services.video.youtube Internet video for the masses. comp.internet.services.wiki Wikis, such as Wikipedia.
    comp.lang.ada Discussion about Ada*.
    comp.lang.apl Discussion about APL.
    comp.lang.asm.x86 Bulletin Board and Q&A for x86 assembly language topics. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.asm370 Programming in IBM System/370 Assembly Language. comp.lang.awk The AWK programming language.
    comp.lang.basic.misc Other dialects and aspects of BASIC. comp.lang.basic.powerbasic PowerBasic Inc. programming languages. comp.lang.basic.realbasic REALBasic programming discussion. comp.lang.basic.visual.database Database aspects of Visual Basic. comp.lang.basic.visual.misc Visual Basic in general.
    comp.lang.beta The object-oriented programming language BETA. comp.lang.c Discussion about C.
    comp.lang.c++ The object-oriented C++ language.
    comp.lang.c++.leda All aspects of the LEDA library.
    comp.lang.c++.misc Development in C++, libraries, cross and single targets comp.lang.c++.moderated Technical discussion of the C++ language. (Moderated) comp.lang.c.moderated The C programming language. (Moderated) comp.lang.clarion Technical discussion of Clarion programming. comp.lang.clipper Clipper and Visual Objects programming languages. comp.lang.clipper.visual-objects CA-Visual Objects developer system. comp.lang.clos Common Lisp Object System discussions.
    comp.lang.cobol The COBOL language and software.
    comp.lang.dylan For discussion of the Dylan language.
    comp.lang.eiffel The object-oriented Eiffel language.
    comp.lang.forth Discussion about Forth.
    comp.lang.forth.mac The CSI MacForth programming environment. comp.lang.fortran Discussion about FORTRAN.
    comp.lang.functional Discussion about functional languages. comp.lang.haskell Polymorphically-typed lazy purely-functional programming.
    comp.lang.hermes The Hermes language for distributed applications. comp.lang.icon Topics related to the ICON programming language. comp.lang.idl IDL (Interface Description Language) related topics. comp.lang.idl-pvwave IDL and PV-Wave language discussions.
    comp.lang.java.3d 3D Graphics API's for the Java language. comp.lang.java.advocacy Support for and criticism of the Java System. comp.lang.java.beans Java software components (JavaBeans). comp.lang.java.corba Topics relating to Java and CORBA. comp.lang.java.databases Databases, java.sql, JDBC, ODBC. comp.lang.java.gui GUI toolkits and windowing: AWT, IFC etc. comp.lang.java.help Set-up problems, catch-all first aid. comp.lang.java.machine JVM, native methods, hardware. comp.lang.java.programmer Programming in the Java language. comp.lang.java.security Security issues raised by Java. comp.lang.java.softwaretools IDEs, browsers, compilers, other tools. comp.lang.javascript Netscape Communications Corp.'s JavaScript language. comp.lang.labview Labview Software Discussion Group.
    comp.lang.lisp Discussion about LISP.
    comp.lang.logo The Logo teaching and learning language.
    comp.lang.misc Different computer languages not specifically listed. comp.lang.ml ML languages including Standard ML, CAML, Lazy ML, etc. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.modula2 Discussion about Modula-2.
    comp.lang.modula3 Discussion about the Modula-3 language.
    comp.lang.mumps The M (MUMPS) language & technology, in general. comp.lang.oberon The Oberon language and system.
    comp.lang.objective-c The Objective-C language and environment. comp.lang.pascal.ansi-iso Pascal according to ANSI and ISO standards. comp.lang.pascal.borland Borland's Pascal. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.components.misc General component issues. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.databases Database aspects of Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.misc General issues with Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.mac Macintosh based Pascals.
    comp.lang.pascal.misc Pascal in general and ungrouped Pascals. comp.lang.perl.announce Announcements about Perl. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.misc The Perl language in general.
    comp.lang.perl.moderated Perl language. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.modules Use and development of Perl modules.
    comp.lang.perl.tk Using Tk (and X) from Perl.
    comp.lang.php PHP, server side scripting.
    comp.lang.pl1 PL/I language discussions.
    comp.lang.pop Pop11 and the Plug user group.
    comp.lang.postscript The PostScript Page Description Language. comp.lang.prolog Discussion about PROLOG.
    comp.lang.python The Python computer language.
    comp.lang.python.announce Announcements about the Python language. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.rexx The REXX command language.
    comp.lang.ruby The Ruby dynamic OO programming language. comp.lang.scheme The Scheme Programming language.
    comp.lang.scheme.scsh SCSH - the Scheme Shell.
    comp.lang.smalltalk Discussion about Smalltalk 80. comp.lang.smalltalk.advocacy Discussion of Smalltalk Language pros/cons. comp.lang.smalltalk.dolphin The Dolphin variant of the Smalltalk language. comp.lang.tcl The Tcl programming language and related tools. comp.lang.verilog Discussing Verilog and PLI.
    comp.lang.vhdl VHSIC Hardware Description Language, IEEE 1076/87. comp.lang.vrml Virtual Reality Modeling Language discussion. comp.lang.xharbour xHarbour programming, Clipper, and xBase.
    comp.lsi Large scale integrated circuits.
    comp.lsi.testing Testing of electronic circuits.
    comp.mail.elm Discussion and fixes for the ELM mail system. comp.mail.eudora.mac Eudora email software for Macintosh. comp.mail.eudora.ms-windows Eudora email software for MS Windows. comp.mail.headers Gatewayed from the Internet header-people list. comp.mail.imap Discussion of IMAP-based mail systems. comp.mail.list-admin.software Software used in the running of mailing lists. comp.mail.mh The UCI version of the Rand Message Handling system. comp.mail.mime Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions of RFC 1341. comp.mail.misc General discussions about computer mail.
    comp.mail.mutt The Mutt E-Mail Client.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.misc Pegasus Mail for DOS and Macs, and Mercury Mail.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.ms-windows Discussion of Pegasus Mail for Windows. comp.mail.pine The PINE mail user agent.
    comp.mail.sendmail Configuring and using the BSD sendmail agent. comp.mail.uucp Mail in the uucp network environment.
    comp.misc General topics about computers not covered elsewhere. comp.mobile.android Discussing Android devices / OS.
    comp.mobile.ipad Mobile tablet PC running iPhone OS.
    comp.multimedia Interactive multimedia technologies of all kinds. comp.music.midi Computers as components in MIDI music systems. comp.music.misc Miscellaneous use of computers in music. comp.music.research The use of Computers in Music Research and Composition. (Moderated)
    comp.newprod Announcements of new products of interest. (Moderated) comp.object Object-oriented programming and languages. comp.object.corba OMG CORBA standard.
    comp.object.logic Integrating object-oriented and logic programming. comp.org.acm Topics about the Association for Computing Machinery. comp.org.cauce The Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial E-Mail. (Moderated)
    comp.org.ieee Issues and announcements about the IEEE & its members. comp.org.lisp-users Association of Lisp Users related discussions. comp.org.uniforum UniForum Association activities.
    comp.org.usenix USENIX Association events and announcements. comp.org.usenix.roomshare Finding lodging during Usenix conferences. comp.org.user-groups.meetings Planning for user group meetings and events. comp.org.user-groups.misc User group discussions in general.
    comp.os.aos Topics related to Data General's AOS/VS. comp.os.coherent Discussion and support of the Coherent operating system.
    comp.os.cpm Discussion about the CP/M operating system. comp.os.geos.misc GEOS O/S by Geoworks in general. comp.os.geos.programmer GEOS O/S Programming in general.
    comp.os.linux.advocacy Benefits of Linux compared to other operating systems. comp.os.linux.alpha Linux on Digital Alpha machines.
    comp.os.linux.announce Announcements important to the Linux community. (Moderated)
    comp.os.linux.development.apps Writing Linux applications, porting to Linux. comp.os.linux.development.system Linux kernels, device drivers, modules. comp.os.linux.embedded Linux operating system on embedded hardware. comp.os.linux.hardware Hardware compatibility with the Linux operating system. comp.os.linux.m68k Linux operating system on 680x0 Amiga, Atari, VME. comp.os.linux.misc Linux-specific topics not covered by other groups. comp.os.linux.networking Networking and communications under Linux. comp.os.linux.portable Linux OS on portable PCs.
    comp.os.linux.powerpc Linux systems running on PowerPC microprocessors. comp.os.linux.security Security and the GNU/Linux Operating System. comp.os.linux.setup Linux installation and system administration. comp.os.linux.x Linux X Window System servers, clients, libs and fonts. comp.os.linux.xbox Linux on Xbox.
    comp.os.lynx Discussion of LynxOS and Lynx Real-Time Systems. comp.os.mach The MACH OS from CMU & other places.
    comp.os.magic-cap Everything about General Magic's Magic Cap OS. comp.os.minix Discussion of Tanenbaum's MINIX system.
    comp.os.misc General OS-oriented discussion not carried elsewhere. comp.os.ms-windows.advocacy Speculation and debate about Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.financial MS-Windows financial & tax software. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.misc MS-Windows applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.utilities.win95 Utility/add-on programs for Win95. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.winsock.misc Other Winsock applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.word-proc MS-Windows word-processing applications.
    comp.os.ms-windows.ce Microsoft Windows CE operating system. comp.os.ms-windows.misc General discussions about Windows issues. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.misc Windows and other networks. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.tcp-ip Windows and TCP/IP networking. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.win95 Win95 to Novell, TCP/IP, other nets. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.windows Windows' built-in networking. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.misc Windows NT system administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.networking Windows NT network administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.security Windows NT Security topics. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.misc General discussion about Windows NT. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.setup.misc Windows NT software setup. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.backoffice Windows NT BackOffice. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.compatibility Win NT software compatibility. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.services Windows NT system services software. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.controls Controls, dialogs and VBXs. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.graphics GDI, graphics and printing. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.memory Memory management issues. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.misc Programming Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.networks Network programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.nt.kernel-mode Windows NT driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.ole OLE2, COM and DDE programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.mfc MFC-based development for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.misc Windows Development tools. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.winsock Winsock programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.vxd Windows VxD and driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.win32 32-bit Windows programming interfaces. comp.os.ms-windows.video Video adapters and drivers for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.win95.misc Miscellaneous Topics about Windows 95. comp.os.msdos.4dos The 4DOS command processor for MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.apps Discussion of applications that run under MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.desqview QuarterDeck's Desqview and related products. comp.os.msdos.djgpp DOS GNU C/C++ applications and programming environment. comp.os.msdos.misc Miscellaneous topics about MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer Programming MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer.turbovision Borland's text application libraries. comp.os.netware.connectivity Connectivity products (TCP/IP, SAA, NFS, MAC). comp.os.netware.misc General Netware topics.
    comp.os.os2.advocacy Supporting and flaming OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.announce Notable news and announcements related to OS/2. (Moderated)
    comp.os.os2.apps Discussions of applications under OS/2. comp.os.os2.beta All aspects of beta releases of OS/2 systems software. comp.os.os2.bugs OS/2 system bug reports, fixes and work-arounds. comp.os.os2.ecomstation Serenity Systems operating system eComStation. comp.os.os2.games Running games under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.mail-news Mail and news apps/utils (on- & offline) under OS/2. comp.os.os2.marketplace Forsale/wanted; shopping; commercial ads; job postings. comp.os.os2.misc Miscellaneous topics about the OS/2 system. comp.os.os2.multimedia Multi-media on OS/2 systems. comp.os.os2.networking.misc Miscellaneous networking issues of OS/2. comp.os.os2.networking.server Administration of NetWare, Warp Server, etc. comp.os.os2.networking.tcp-ip TCP/IP under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.networking.www World Wide Web (WWW) apps/utils under OS/2. comp.os.os2.programmer.misc Programming OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.porting Porting software to OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.tools Compilers, assemblers, interpreters under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.misc Installing/configuring OS/2; misc. hardware/drivers. comp.os.os2.setup.storage Disk/Tape/CD-ROM hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.video Base video hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.utilities General purpose utils (shells/backup/compression/etc). comp.os.os9 Microware's OS-9 real-time operating system. comp.os.plan9 Plan 9 from Bell Labs. (Moderated)
    comp.os.psos The realtime operating system pSOS+.
    comp.os.qnx Using and developing under the QNX operating system. comp.os.rsts Topics related to the PDP-11 RSTS/E operating system. comp.os.vms DEC's VAX* line of computers & VMS.
    comp.os.vxworks The VxWorks real-time operating system.
    comp.parallel Massively parallel hardware/software. (Moderated) comp.parallel.mpi Message Passing Interface (MPI).
    comp.parallel.pvm The PVM system of multi-computer parallelization. comp.periphs Peripheral devices.
    comp.periphs.printers Information on printers.
    comp.periphs.scanners Technical discussion of scanners and imaging devices. comp.periphs.scsi Discussion of SCSI-based peripheral devices. comp.programming Programming issues that transcend languages and OSs. comp.programming.contests Announcements & results of programming contests.
    comp.programming.literate Literate programming and LP tools. (Moderated) comp.programming.threads All issues about multithreaded programming. comp.protocols.dicom Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine. comp.protocols.dns.bind Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). (Moderated) comp.protocols.kerberos The Kerberos authentication server. comp.protocols.kermit.misc Kermit protocol and software. comp.protocols.misc Various forms and types of protocol.
    comp.protocols.nfs Discussion about the Network File System protocol. comp.protocols.ppp Discussion of the Internet Point to Point Protocol. comp.protocols.smb SMB file sharing protocol and Samba SMB server/client. comp.protocols.snmp The Simple Network Management Protocol. comp.protocols.tcp-ip TCP and IP network protocols. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.domains Topics related to Domain Style names. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.ibmpc TCP/IP for IBM(-like) personal computers. comp.protocols.time.ntp The network time protocol.
    comp.publish.cdrom.hardware Hardware used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.cdrom.software Software used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.electronic.misc General electronic publishing issues. comp.publish.prepress Electronic prepress.
    comp.realtime Issues related to real-time computing.
    comp.risks Risks to the public from computers & users. (Moderated) comp.robotics.misc All aspects of robots and their applications. comp.robotics.research Academic, government & industry research in robotics. (Moderated)
    comp.security.firewalls Anything pertaining to network firewall security. comp.security.misc Security issues of computers and networks. comp.security.pgp.discuss PGP and its implications. comp.security.pgp.tech Use of PGP, bug reports and help. comp.security.pgp.test Testing signing, encryption and decryption using PGP. comp.security.ssh SSH secure remote login and tunneling tools. comp.security.unix Discussion of Unix security.
    comp.simulation Simulation methods, problems, uses. (Moderated) comp.society.futures Events in technology affecting future computing. comp.soft-sys.ace ACE programming, porting, and systems. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.forte Discussion of Forte development software. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.uniface Uniface Client/Server App Development. comp.soft-sys.business.sap Discussion forum on SAP software. comp.soft-sys.dce The Distributed Computing Environment (DCE). comp.soft-sys.gis.esri ESRI GIS software and system implementation. comp.soft-sys.math.maple Maple computer mathematics discussion group. comp.soft-sys.math.mathematica Mathematica discussion group. (Moderated) comp.soft-sys.math.scilab Scientific software package Scilab. comp.soft-sys.matlab The MathWorks calculation and visualization package. comp.soft-sys.octave GNU Octave, language for numerical computations. comp.soft-sys.powerbuilder Application development tools from PowerSoft. comp.soft-sys.ptolemy The Ptolemy simulation/code generation environment. comp.soft-sys.sas The SAS statistics package.
    comp.soft-sys.stat.spss The statistical program package SPSS. comp.soft-sys.wxwindows Discussions related to wxWindows framework. comp.software-eng Software Engineering and related topics. comp.software.arabic Arabic script software. (Moderated) comp.software.config-mgmt Configuration management, tools and procedures. comp.software.extreme-programming Extreme Programming discussions. comp.software.international Finding, using, & writing non-English software. comp.software.licensing Software licensing technology. comp.software.measurement Discussions of software metrics. comp.software.patterns Design, organizational and other software patterns. comp.software.shareware.announce Shareware announcements. (Moderated) comp.software.shareware.authors Creation of shareware. (Moderated) comp.software.testing All aspects of testing computer systems. comp.software.year-2000 Year 2000 compliance: projects and issues. comp.sources.bugs Bug reports, fixes, discussion for posted sources. comp.sources.d For any discussion of source postings. comp.sources.games Postings of recreational software. (Moderated) comp.sources.testers Finding people to test software.
    comp.sources.wanted Requests for software and fixes. comp.specification.misc Formal specification methods in general. comp.specification.z Discussion about the formal specification notation Z. comp.speech.research Speech technology research issues.
    comp.speech.users Issues related with using current speech technology. comp.std.announce Announcements about standards activities. (Moderated) comp.std.c Discussion about C language standards.
    comp.std.c++ Discussion about C++ language, library, standards. (Moderated)
    comp.std.misc Discussion about various standards.
    comp.sw.components Software components and related technology. comp.sys.3b1 Discussion and support of AT&T 7300/3B1/UnixPC. comp.sys.acorn.advocacy Why Acorn computers and programs are better. comp.sys.acorn.announce Announcements for Acorn and ARM users. (Moderated) comp.sys.acorn.apps Acorn software applications.
    comp.sys.acorn.extra-cpu Extra CPUs in Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.games Discussion of games for Acorn machines. comp.sys.acorn.hardware Acorn hardware.
    comp.sys.acorn.misc Acorn computing in general.
    comp.sys.acorn.networking Networking of Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.programmer Programming of Acorn computers. comp.sys.amiga.advocacy Why an Amiga is better than XYZ.

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    What follows is a complete list of newsgroups in the "Big Eight"
    hierarchies (comp.*, humanities.*, misc.*, news.*, rec.*, sci.*,
    soc.*, and talk.*) with descriptions. Moderated newsgroups are marked
    with the string "(Moderated)" at the end of the description.

    Most versions of news support a "checkgroups" control message that can
    be used to help keep your active file in sync with the "standard"
    Usenet groups. This newsgroup list is in the format expected by such
    software. If you wish to process it as a checkgroups control message,
    extract the newsgroup list between the marked lines below and pass it
    to your checkgroups script on standard input.

    A normal checkgroups control message is also posted monthly, suitable
    for automated processing by news software. This posting is intended
    to supplement the control message, providing the same list in a
    regular news message. This may be useful for reference, or for review
    by readers without access to control messages.

    ========================= cut to this line ========================= comp.admin.policy Discussions of site administration policies.
    comp.ai Artificial Intelligence. (Moderated)
    comp.ai.alife Research about artificial life. comp.ai.doc-analysis.misc General document understanding technologies. comp.ai.doc-analysis.ocr OCR research, algorithms and software. comp.ai.edu Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Education. comp.ai.fuzzy Fuzzy set theory, aka fuzzy logic.
    comp.ai.games Artificial intelligence in games and game-playing. comp.ai.genetic Genetic algorithms in computing.
    comp.ai.nat-lang Natural language processing by computers. comp.ai.neural-nets All aspects of neural networks.
    comp.ai.philosophy Philosophical aspects of Artificial Intelligence. comp.ai.shells Expert systems and other artificial intelligence shells.
    comp.ai.vision Artificial Intelligence Vision Research. (Moderated) comp.answers Repository for periodic USENET articles. (Moderated) comp.apps.spreadsheets Spreadsheets on various platforms.
    comp.arch Computer architecture.
    comp.arch.arithmetic Implementing arithmetic on computers/digital systems. comp.arch.embedded Embedded computer systems topics.
    comp.arch.fpga Field Programmable Gate Array based computing systems. comp.arch.hobbyist Homebrew digital electronics design. (Moderated) comp.arch.storage Storage system issues, both hardware and software. comp.archives.admin Issues relating to computer archive administration. comp.archives.ms-windows.discuss Discussing Microsoft Windows archives. comp.bbs.majorbbs Support & discussion of The Major BBS from Galacticomm. comp.bbs.misc All aspects of computer bulletin board systems. comp.bbs.waffle The Waffle BBS and USENET system on all platforms. comp.benchmarks Discussion of benchmarking techniques and results. comp.binaries.cbm For the transfer of 8bit Commodore binaries. (Moderated)
    comp.bugs.misc General UNIX bug reports and fixes (incl V7, uucp). comp.cad.autocad AutoDesk's AutoCAD software.
    comp.cad.cadence Users of Cadence Design Systems products. comp.cad.compass Compass Design Automation EDA tools.
    comp.cad.i-deas SDRC I-DEAS Masters Series software. comp.cad.microstation MicroStation CAD software and related products. comp.cad.microstation.programmer Developing software in Microstation CAD.
    comp.cad.pro-engineer Parametric Technology's Pro/Engineer design package. comp.cad.solidworks SolidWorks newsgroup.
    comp.cad.synthesis Research and production in the field of logic synthesis.
    comp.client-server Topics relating to client/server technology. comp.cog-eng Cognitive engineering.
    comp.compilers Compiler construction, theory, etc. (Moderated) comp.compilers.lcc The lcc C Compiler and related topics. comp.compilers.tools.javacc The Java Compiler Compiler and related topics. comp.compression Data compression algorithms and theory. comp.compression.research Discussions about data compression research. (Moderated)
    comp.constraints Constraint processing and related topics. comp.data.administration Manage data as a corporate asset: stds & methds.
    comp.databases Database and data management issues and theory. comp.databases.adabas ADABAS Database topics in general. comp.databases.berkeley-db The Berkeley DB libraries. comp.databases.btrieve Pervasive Software client/server development. comp.databases.filemaker Technical discussions about FileMaker. comp.databases.gupta Gupta SQLWindows client-server development. comp.databases.ibm-db2 Problem resolution with DB2 database products. comp.databases.informix Informix database management software discussions. comp.databases.ingres Issues relating to INGRES products. comp.databases.ms-access MS Windows' relational database system, Access. comp.databases.ms-sqlserver Microsoft's SQL Server and related products. comp.databases.mysql MySQL RDBMS technical discussions. comp.databases.object Object-oriented paradigms in database systems. comp.databases.olap Analytical Processing, Multidimensional DBMS, EIS, DSS. comp.databases.oracle.marketplace Oracle-related jobs, etc. comp.databases.oracle.misc Oracle related topics. comp.databases.oracle.server Oracle database administration/server topics. comp.databases.oracle.tools Oracle software tools/applications. comp.databases.paradox Borland's database for DOS & MS Windows. comp.databases.pick Pick-like, post-relational, database systems. comp.databases.postgresql PGSQL Relational Database Management System. comp.databases.progress The Progress 4GL & RDBMS.
    comp.databases.rdb The relational database engine RDB from DEC. comp.databases.sybase Implementations of the SQL Server. comp.databases.theory Discussing advances in database technology. comp.databases.visual-dbase Database discussions using Visual dBASE. comp.databases.xbase.codebase CodeBase and its related products. comp.databases.xbase.fox Fox Software's xBase system and compatibles. comp.databases.xbase.misc Discussion of xBase (dBASE-like) products. comp.dcom.cabling Cabling selection, installation and use. comp.dcom.cell-relay Forum for discussion of Cell Relay-based products. comp.dcom.fax Fax hardware, software, and protocols. comp.dcom.isdn.capi CAPI - the Common ISDN Application Interface. comp.dcom.lans.ethernet Discussions of the Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 protocols. comp.dcom.lans.misc Local area network hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems Data communications hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems.cable Cable modems and internet access via cable tv. comp.dcom.net-analysis Network Testing and Analysis Procedures and Results. comp.dcom.net-management Network management methods and applications. comp.dcom.sdh-sonet Discuss the SDH and SONET technology. comp.dcom.sys.cisco Info on Cisco routers and bridges.
    comp.dcom.sys.nortel Nortel telecommunications products and systems. comp.dcom.telecom Telecommunications digest. (Moderated) comp.dcom.telecom.tech Discussion of technical aspects of telephony. comp.dcom.videoconf Video conference technology and applications. comp.dcom.voice-over-ip Voice Over IP technology.
    comp.dcom.vpn Virtual Private Network Technology.
    comp.dcom.wan All topics concerned with wide area networking. comp.dcom.xdsl Discussion area for different DSL technologies. comp.distributed Distributed Resource Sharing and Applications. comp.doc.management Document Management technologies.
    comp.doc.techreports Lists of technical reports. (Moderated)
    comp.dsp Digital Signal Processing using computers.
    comp.editors Topics related to computerized text editing.
    comp.edu Computer science education.
    comp.edu.languages.natural Computer assisted languages instruction issues. comp.emacs EMACS editors of different flavors.
    comp.emacs.xemacs Bug reports, questions and answers about XEmacs. comp.emulators.apple2 Emulators of Apple // systems.
    comp.emulators.cbm Emulators of C-64, C-128, PET, and VIC-20 systems. comp.emulators.game-consoles Emulators of game console systems. comp.emulators.misc Emulators of miscellaneous computer systems. comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine A free MS-Windows emulator under X. comp.file-sharing.bittorrent Distributed file sharing on Bittorrent protocol.
    comp.fonts Typefonts -- design, conversion, use, etc. comp.games.development.design Designing gameplay and rules systems. comp.games.development.industry Biz news, project management, jobs. comp.games.development.programming.algorithms Abstract algorithms for games. comp.games.development.programming.misc General info on programming games. comp.graphics.algorithms Algorithms used in producing computer graphics. comp.graphics.animation Technical aspects of computer animation. comp.graphics.api.misc Application Programmer Interface issues, methods. comp.graphics.api.opengl The OpenGL 3D application programming interface.
    comp.graphics.apps.alias 3-D graphics software from Alias Research. comp.graphics.apps.cinema4d 3D modeling, animation and raytracing package. comp.graphics.apps.corel Corel graphics software applications. comp.graphics.apps.gimp The GNU Image Manipulation Program. comp.graphics.apps.gnuplot The gnuplot interactive function plotter. comp.graphics.apps.lightwave NewTek's Lightwave3D & related topics. comp.graphics.apps.pagemaker Question, answers, tips and suggestions. comp.graphics.apps.paint-shop-pro Paint Shop Pro in general. comp.graphics.apps.photoshop Adobe Photoshop techniques & help. comp.graphics.apps.ulead Ulead graphics software products. comp.graphics.misc Computer graphics miscellany. comp.graphics.packages.3dstudio Autodesk's 3D Studio software. comp.graphics.rendering.misc Rendering comparisons, approaches, methods. comp.graphics.rendering.raytracing Raytracing software, tools and methods. comp.graphics.rendering.renderman RenderMan interface & shading language. comp.graphics.visualization Info on scientific visualization. comp.groupware Software & hardware for shared interactive environments.
    comp.groupware.lotus-notes.admin Lotus Notes system administration. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.apps Application software for Lotus Notes. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.misc Lotus Notes related discussions. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.programmer Programming for Lotus Notes. comp.home.automation Home automation devices, setup, sources, etc. comp.human-factors Issues related to human-computer interaction (HCI). comp.infosystems Any discussion about information systems. comp.infosystems.gis All aspects of Geographic Information Systems. comp.infosystems.gemini Internet Hypertext System, Privacy, Accessibility. comp.infosystems.gopher Discussion of the Gopher information service. comp.infosystems.hyperg The Hyper-G network hypermedia system and applications. comp.infosystems.kiosks Informational and transactional kiosks. (Moderated) comp.infosystems.search All aspects of search technology.
    comp.infosystems.wais The Z39.50-based WAIS full-text search system. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html Writing HTML for the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.images Using images, imagemaps on the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.misc Miscellaneous Web authoring issues. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.site-design Web site design philosophy. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets Layout/presentation on the WWW. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.tools Programs to help authoring Websites. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.mac Web browsers for the Macintosh platform.
    comp.infosystems.www.browsers.misc Web browsers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.ms-windows Web browsers for MS Windows. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.x Web browsers for the X-Window system. comp.infosystems.www.misc Miscellaneous World Wide Web discussion. comp.infosystems.www.servers.misc Web servers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.servers.ms-windows Web servers for MS Windows and NT. comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix Web servers for UNIX platforms. comp.internet.library Discussing electronic libraries. (Moderated) comp.internet.services.blog.livejournal LJ blogging service and software. comp.internet.services.google Search, Gmail, Groups, Maps, Picasa, etc. comp.internet.services.video.youtube Internet video for the masses. comp.internet.services.wiki Wikis, such as Wikipedia.
    comp.lang.ada Discussion about Ada*.
    comp.lang.apl Discussion about APL.
    comp.lang.asm.x86 Bulletin Board and Q&A for x86 assembly language topics. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.asm370 Programming in IBM System/370 Assembly Language. comp.lang.awk The AWK programming language.
    comp.lang.basic.misc Other dialects and aspects of BASIC. comp.lang.basic.powerbasic PowerBasic Inc. programming languages. comp.lang.basic.realbasic REALBasic programming discussion. comp.lang.basic.visual.database Database aspects of Visual Basic. comp.lang.basic.visual.misc Visual Basic in general.
    comp.lang.beta The object-oriented programming language BETA. comp.lang.c Discussion about C.
    comp.lang.c++ The object-oriented C++ language.
    comp.lang.c++.leda All aspects of the LEDA library.
    comp.lang.c++.misc Development in C++, libraries, cross and single targets comp.lang.c++.moderated Technical discussion of the C++ language. (Moderated) comp.lang.c.moderated The C programming language. (Moderated) comp.lang.clarion Technical discussion of Clarion programming. comp.lang.clipper Clipper and Visual Objects programming languages. comp.lang.clipper.visual-objects CA-Visual Objects developer system. comp.lang.clos Common Lisp Object System discussions.
    comp.lang.cobol The COBOL language and software.
    comp.lang.dylan For discussion of the Dylan language.
    comp.lang.eiffel The object-oriented Eiffel language.
    comp.lang.forth Discussion about Forth.
    comp.lang.forth.mac The CSI MacForth programming environment. comp.lang.fortran Discussion about FORTRAN.
    comp.lang.functional Discussion about functional languages. comp.lang.haskell Polymorphically-typed lazy purely-functional programming.
    comp.lang.hermes The Hermes language for distributed applications. comp.lang.icon Topics related to the ICON programming language. comp.lang.idl IDL (Interface Description Language) related topics. comp.lang.idl-pvwave IDL and PV-Wave language discussions.
    comp.lang.java.3d 3D Graphics API's for the Java language. comp.lang.java.advocacy Support for and criticism of the Java System. comp.lang.java.beans Java software components (JavaBeans). comp.lang.java.corba Topics relating to Java and CORBA. comp.lang.java.databases Databases, java.sql, JDBC, ODBC. comp.lang.java.gui GUI toolkits and windowing: AWT, IFC etc. comp.lang.java.help Set-up problems, catch-all first aid. comp.lang.java.machine JVM, native methods, hardware. comp.lang.java.programmer Programming in the Java language. comp.lang.java.security Security issues raised by Java. comp.lang.java.softwaretools IDEs, browsers, compilers, other tools. comp.lang.javascript Netscape Communications Corp.'s JavaScript language. comp.lang.labview Labview Software Discussion Group.
    comp.lang.lisp Discussion about LISP.
    comp.lang.logo The Logo teaching and learning language.
    comp.lang.misc Different computer languages not specifically listed. comp.lang.ml ML languages including Standard ML, CAML, Lazy ML, etc. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.modula2 Discussion about Modula-2.
    comp.lang.modula3 Discussion about the Modula-3 language.
    comp.lang.mumps The M (MUMPS) language & technology, in general. comp.lang.oberon The Oberon language and system.
    comp.lang.objective-c The Objective-C language and environment. comp.lang.pascal.ansi-iso Pascal according to ANSI and ISO standards. comp.lang.pascal.borland Borland's Pascal. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.components.misc General component issues. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.databases Database aspects of Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.misc General issues with Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.mac Macintosh based Pascals.
    comp.lang.pascal.misc Pascal in general and ungrouped Pascals. comp.lang.perl.announce Announcements about Perl. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.misc The Perl language in general.
    comp.lang.perl.moderated Perl language. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.modules Use and development of Perl modules.
    comp.lang.perl.tk Using Tk (and X) from Perl.
    comp.lang.php PHP, server side scripting.
    comp.lang.pl1 PL/I language discussions.
    comp.lang.pop Pop11 and the Plug user group.
    comp.lang.postscript The PostScript Page Description Language. comp.lang.prolog Discussion about PROLOG.
    comp.lang.python The Python computer language.
    comp.lang.python.announce Announcements about the Python language. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.rexx The REXX command language.
    comp.lang.ruby The Ruby dynamic OO programming language. comp.lang.scheme The Scheme Programming language.
    comp.lang.scheme.scsh SCSH - the Scheme Shell.
    comp.lang.smalltalk Discussion about Smalltalk 80. comp.lang.smalltalk.advocacy Discussion of Smalltalk Language pros/cons. comp.lang.smalltalk.dolphin The Dolphin variant of the Smalltalk language. comp.lang.tcl The Tcl programming language and related tools. comp.lang.verilog Discussing Verilog and PLI.
    comp.lang.vhdl VHSIC Hardware Description Language, IEEE 1076/87. comp.lang.vrml Virtual Reality Modeling Language discussion. comp.lang.xharbour xHarbour programming, Clipper, and xBase.
    comp.lsi Large scale integrated circuits.
    comp.lsi.testing Testing of electronic circuits.
    comp.mail.elm Discussion and fixes for the ELM mail system. comp.mail.eudora.mac Eudora email software for Macintosh. comp.mail.eudora.ms-windows Eudora email software for MS Windows. comp.mail.headers Gatewayed from the Internet header-people list. comp.mail.imap Discussion of IMAP-based mail systems. comp.mail.list-admin.software Software used in the running of mailing lists. comp.mail.mh The UCI version of the Rand Message Handling system. comp.mail.mime Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions of RFC 1341. comp.mail.misc General discussions about computer mail.
    comp.mail.mutt The Mutt E-Mail Client.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.misc Pegasus Mail for DOS and Macs, and Mercury Mail.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.ms-windows Discussion of Pegasus Mail for Windows. comp.mail.pine The PINE mail user agent.
    comp.mail.sendmail Configuring and using the BSD sendmail agent. comp.mail.uucp Mail in the uucp network environment.
    comp.misc General topics about computers not covered elsewhere. comp.mobile.android Discussing Android devices / OS.
    comp.mobile.ipad Mobile tablet PC running iPhone OS.
    comp.multimedia Interactive multimedia technologies of all kinds. comp.music.midi Computers as components in MIDI music systems. comp.music.misc Miscellaneous use of computers in music. comp.music.research The use of Computers in Music Research and Composition. (Moderated)
    comp.newprod Announcements of new products of interest. (Moderated) comp.object Object-oriented programming and languages. comp.object.corba OMG CORBA standard.
    comp.object.logic Integrating object-oriented and logic programming. comp.org.acm Topics about the Association for Computing Machinery. comp.org.cauce The Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial E-Mail. (Moderated)
    comp.org.ieee Issues and announcements about the IEEE & its members. comp.org.lisp-users Association of Lisp Users related discussions. comp.org.uniforum UniForum Association activities.
    comp.org.usenix USENIX Association events and announcements. comp.org.usenix.roomshare Finding lodging during Usenix conferences. comp.org.user-groups.meetings Planning for user group meetings and events. comp.org.user-groups.misc User group discussions in general.
    comp.os.aos Topics related to Data General's AOS/VS. comp.os.coherent Discussion and support of the Coherent operating system.
    comp.os.cpm Discussion about the CP/M operating system. comp.os.geos.misc GEOS O/S by Geoworks in general. comp.os.geos.programmer GEOS O/S Programming in general.
    comp.os.linux.advocacy Benefits of Linux compared to other operating systems. comp.os.linux.alpha Linux on Digital Alpha machines.
    comp.os.linux.announce Announcements important to the Linux community. (Moderated)
    comp.os.linux.development.apps Writing Linux applications, porting to Linux. comp.os.linux.development.system Linux kernels, device drivers, modules. comp.os.linux.embedded Linux operating system on embedded hardware. comp.os.linux.hardware Hardware compatibility with the Linux operating system. comp.os.linux.m68k Linux operating system on 680x0 Amiga, Atari, VME. comp.os.linux.misc Linux-specific topics not covered by other groups. comp.os.linux.networking Networking and communications under Linux. comp.os.linux.portable Linux OS on portable PCs.
    comp.os.linux.powerpc Linux systems running on PowerPC microprocessors. comp.os.linux.security Security and the GNU/Linux Operating System. comp.os.linux.setup Linux installation and system administration. comp.os.linux.x Linux X Window System servers, clients, libs and fonts. comp.os.linux.xbox Linux on Xbox.
    comp.os.lynx Discussion of LynxOS and Lynx Real-Time Systems. comp.os.mach The MACH OS from CMU & other places.
    comp.os.magic-cap Everything about General Magic's Magic Cap OS. comp.os.minix Discussion of Tanenbaum's MINIX system.
    comp.os.misc General OS-oriented discussion not carried elsewhere. comp.os.ms-windows.advocacy Speculation and debate about Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.financial MS-Windows financial & tax software. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.misc MS-Windows applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.utilities.win95 Utility/add-on programs for Win95. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.winsock.misc Other Winsock applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.word-proc MS-Windows word-processing applications.
    comp.os.ms-windows.ce Microsoft Windows CE operating system. comp.os.ms-windows.misc General discussions about Windows issues. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.misc Windows and other networks. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.tcp-ip Windows and TCP/IP networking. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.win95 Win95 to Novell, TCP/IP, other nets. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.windows Windows' built-in networking. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.misc Windows NT system administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.networking Windows NT network administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.security Windows NT Security topics. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.misc General discussion about Windows NT. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.setup.misc Windows NT software setup. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.backoffice Windows NT BackOffice. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.compatibility Win NT software compatibility. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.services Windows NT system services software. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.controls Controls, dialogs and VBXs. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.graphics GDI, graphics and printing. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.memory Memory management issues. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.misc Programming Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.networks Network programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.nt.kernel-mode Windows NT driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.ole OLE2, COM and DDE programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.mfc MFC-based development for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.misc Windows Development tools. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.winsock Winsock programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.vxd Windows VxD and driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.win32 32-bit Windows programming interfaces. comp.os.ms-windows.video Video adapters and drivers for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.win95.misc Miscellaneous Topics about Windows 95. comp.os.msdos.4dos The 4DOS command processor for MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.apps Discussion of applications that run under MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.desqview QuarterDeck's Desqview and related products. comp.os.msdos.djgpp DOS GNU C/C++ applications and programming environment. comp.os.msdos.misc Miscellaneous topics about MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer Programming MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer.turbovision Borland's text application libraries. comp.os.netware.connectivity Connectivity products (TCP/IP, SAA, NFS, MAC). comp.os.netware.misc General Netware topics.
    comp.os.os2.advocacy Supporting and flaming OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.announce Notable news and announcements related to OS/2. (Moderated)
    comp.os.os2.apps Discussions of applications under OS/2. comp.os.os2.beta All aspects of beta releases of OS/2 systems software. comp.os.os2.bugs OS/2 system bug reports, fixes and work-arounds. comp.os.os2.ecomstation Serenity Systems operating system eComStation. comp.os.os2.games Running games under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.mail-news Mail and news apps/utils (on- & offline) under OS/2. comp.os.os2.marketplace Forsale/wanted; shopping; commercial ads; job postings. comp.os.os2.misc Miscellaneous topics about the OS/2 system. comp.os.os2.multimedia Multi-media on OS/2 systems. comp.os.os2.networking.misc Miscellaneous networking issues of OS/2. comp.os.os2.networking.server Administration of NetWare, Warp Server, etc. comp.os.os2.networking.tcp-ip TCP/IP under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.networking.www World Wide Web (WWW) apps/utils under OS/2. comp.os.os2.programmer.misc Programming OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.porting Porting software to OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.tools Compilers, assemblers, interpreters under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.misc Installing/configuring OS/2; misc. hardware/drivers. comp.os.os2.setup.storage Disk/Tape/CD-ROM hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.video Base video hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.utilities General purpose utils (shells/backup/compression/etc). comp.os.os9 Microware's OS-9 real-time operating system. comp.os.plan9 Plan 9 from Bell Labs. (Moderated)
    comp.os.psos The realtime operating system pSOS+.
    comp.os.qnx Using and developing under the QNX operating system. comp.os.rsts Topics related to the PDP-11 RSTS/E operating system. comp.os.vms DEC's VAX* line of computers & VMS.
    comp.os.vxworks The VxWorks real-time operating system.
    comp.parallel Massively parallel hardware/software. (Moderated) comp.parallel.mpi Message Passing Interface (MPI).
    comp.parallel.pvm The PVM system of multi-computer parallelization. comp.periphs Peripheral devices.
    comp.periphs.printers Information on printers.
    comp.periphs.scanners Technical discussion of scanners and imaging devices. comp.periphs.scsi Discussion of SCSI-based peripheral devices. comp.programming Programming issues that transcend languages and OSs. comp.programming.contests Announcements & results of programming contests.
    comp.programming.literate Literate programming and LP tools. (Moderated) comp.programming.threads All issues about multithreaded programming. comp.protocols.dicom Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine. comp.protocols.dns.bind Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). (Moderated) comp.protocols.kerberos The Kerberos authentication server. comp.protocols.kermit.misc Kermit protocol and software. comp.protocols.misc Various forms and types of protocol.
    comp.protocols.nfs Discussion about the Network File System protocol. comp.protocols.ppp Discussion of the Internet Point to Point Protocol. comp.protocols.smb SMB file sharing protocol and Samba SMB server/client. comp.protocols.snmp The Simple Network Management Protocol. comp.protocols.tcp-ip TCP and IP network protocols. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.domains Topics related to Domain Style names. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.ibmpc TCP/IP for IBM(-like) personal computers. comp.protocols.time.ntp The network time protocol.
    comp.publish.cdrom.hardware Hardware used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.cdrom.software Software used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.electronic.misc General electronic publishing issues. comp.publish.prepress Electronic prepress.
    comp.realtime Issues related to real-time computing.
    comp.risks Risks to the public from computers & users. (Moderated) comp.robotics.misc All aspects of robots and their applications. comp.robotics.research Academic, government & industry research in robotics. (Moderated)
    comp.security.firewalls Anything pertaining to network firewall security. comp.security.misc Security issues of computers and networks. comp.security.pgp.discuss PGP and its implications. comp.security.pgp.tech Use of PGP, bug reports and help. comp.security.pgp.test Testing signing, encryption and decryption using PGP. comp.security.ssh SSH secure remote login and tunneling tools. comp.security.unix Discussion of Unix security.
    comp.simulation Simulation methods, problems, uses. (Moderated) comp.society.futures Events in technology affecting future computing. comp.soft-sys.ace ACE programming, porting, and systems. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.forte Discussion of Forte development software. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.uniface Uniface Client/Server App Development. comp.soft-sys.business.sap Discussion forum on SAP software. comp.soft-sys.dce The Distributed Computing Environment (DCE). comp.soft-sys.gis.esri ESRI GIS software and system implementation. comp.soft-sys.math.maple Maple computer mathematics discussion group. comp.soft-sys.math.mathematica Mathematica discussion group. (Moderated) comp.soft-sys.math.scilab Scientific software package Scilab. comp.soft-sys.matlab The MathWorks calculation and visualization package. comp.soft-sys.octave GNU Octave, language for numerical computations. comp.soft-sys.powerbuilder Application development tools from PowerSoft. comp.soft-sys.ptolemy The Ptolemy simulation/code generation environment. comp.soft-sys.sas The SAS statistics package.
    comp.soft-sys.stat.spss The statistical program package SPSS. comp.soft-sys.wxwindows Discussions related to wxWindows framework. comp.software-eng Software Engineering and related topics. comp.software.arabic Arabic script software. (Moderated) comp.software.config-mgmt Configuration management, tools and procedures. comp.software.extreme-programming Extreme Programming discussions. comp.software.international Finding, using, & writing non-English software. comp.software.licensing Software licensing technology. comp.software.measurement Discussions of software metrics. comp.software.patterns Design, organizational and other software patterns. comp.software.shareware.announce Shareware announcements. (Moderated) comp.software.shareware.authors Creation of shareware. (Moderated) comp.software.testing All aspects of testing computer systems. comp.software.year-2000 Year 2000 compliance: projects and issues. comp.sources.bugs Bug reports, fixes, discussion for posted sources. comp.sources.d For any discussion of source postings. comp.sources.games Postings of recreational software. (Moderated) comp.sources.testers Finding people to test software.
    comp.sources.wanted Requests for software and fixes. comp.specification.misc Formal specification methods in general. comp.specification.z Discussion about the formal specification notation Z. comp.speech.research Speech technology research issues.
    comp.speech.users Issues related with using current speech technology. comp.std.announce Announcements about standards activities. (Moderated) comp.std.c Discussion about C language standards.
    comp.std.c++ Discussion about C++ language, library, standards. (Moderated)
    comp.std.misc Discussion about various standards.
    comp.sw.components Software components and related technology. comp.sys.3b1 Discussion and support of AT&T 7300/3B1/UnixPC. comp.sys.acorn.advocacy Why Acorn computers and programs are better. comp.sys.acorn.announce Announcements for Acorn and ARM users. (Moderated) comp.sys.acorn.apps Acorn software applications.
    comp.sys.acorn.extra-cpu Extra CPUs in Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.games Discussion of games for Acorn machines. comp.sys.acorn.hardware Acorn hardware.
    comp.sys.acorn.misc Acorn computing in general.
    comp.sys.acorn.networking Networking of Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.programmer Programming of Acorn computers. comp.sys.amiga.advocacy Why an Amiga is better than XYZ.

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    -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
    Hash: SHA512

    What follows is a complete list of newsgroups in the "Big Eight"
    hierarchies (comp.*, humanities.*, misc.*, news.*, rec.*, sci.*,
    soc.*, and talk.*) with descriptions. Moderated newsgroups are marked
    with the string "(Moderated)" at the end of the description.

    Most versions of news support a "checkgroups" control message that can
    be used to help keep your active file in sync with the "standard"
    Usenet groups. This newsgroup list is in the format expected by such
    software. If you wish to process it as a checkgroups control message,
    extract the newsgroup list between the marked lines below and pass it
    to your checkgroups script on standard input.

    A normal checkgroups control message is also posted monthly, suitable
    for automated processing by news software. This posting is intended
    to supplement the control message, providing the same list in a
    regular news message. This may be useful for reference, or for review
    by readers without access to control messages.

    ========================= cut to this line ========================= comp.admin.policy Discussions of site administration policies.
    comp.ai Artificial Intelligence. (Moderated)
    comp.ai.alife Research about artificial life. comp.ai.doc-analysis.misc General document understanding technologies. comp.ai.doc-analysis.ocr OCR research, algorithms and software. comp.ai.edu Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Education. comp.ai.fuzzy Fuzzy set theory, aka fuzzy logic.
    comp.ai.games Artificial intelligence in games and game-playing. comp.ai.genetic Genetic algorithms in computing.
    comp.ai.nat-lang Natural language processing by computers. comp.ai.neural-nets All aspects of neural networks.
    comp.ai.philosophy Philosophical aspects of Artificial Intelligence. comp.ai.shells Expert systems and other artificial intelligence shells.
    comp.ai.vision Artificial Intelligence Vision Research. (Moderated) comp.answers Repository for periodic USENET articles. (Moderated) comp.apps.spreadsheets Spreadsheets on various platforms.
    comp.arch Computer architecture.
    comp.arch.arithmetic Implementing arithmetic on computers/digital systems. comp.arch.embedded Embedded computer systems topics.
    comp.arch.fpga Field Programmable Gate Array based computing systems. comp.arch.hobbyist Homebrew digital electronics design. (Moderated) comp.arch.storage Storage system issues, both hardware and software. comp.archives.admin Issues relating to computer archive administration. comp.archives.ms-windows.discuss Discussing Microsoft Windows archives. comp.bbs.majorbbs Support & discussion of The Major BBS from Galacticomm. comp.bbs.misc All aspects of computer bulletin board systems. comp.bbs.waffle The Waffle BBS and USENET system on all platforms. comp.benchmarks Discussion of benchmarking techniques and results. comp.binaries.cbm For the transfer of 8bit Commodore binaries. (Moderated)
    comp.bugs.misc General UNIX bug reports and fixes (incl V7, uucp). comp.cad.autocad AutoDesk's AutoCAD software.
    comp.cad.cadence Users of Cadence Design Systems products. comp.cad.compass Compass Design Automation EDA tools.
    comp.cad.i-deas SDRC I-DEAS Masters Series software. comp.cad.microstation MicroStation CAD software and related products. comp.cad.microstation.programmer Developing software in Microstation CAD.
    comp.cad.pro-engineer Parametric Technology's Pro/Engineer design package. comp.cad.solidworks SolidWorks newsgroup.
    comp.cad.synthesis Research and production in the field of logic synthesis.
    comp.client-server Topics relating to client/server technology. comp.cog-eng Cognitive engineering.
    comp.compilers Compiler construction, theory, etc. (Moderated) comp.compilers.lcc The lcc C Compiler and related topics. comp.compilers.tools.javacc The Java Compiler Compiler and related topics. comp.compression Data compression algorithms and theory. comp.compression.research Discussions about data compression research. (Moderated)
    comp.constraints Constraint processing and related topics. comp.data.administration Manage data as a corporate asset: stds & methds.
    comp.databases Database and data management issues and theory. comp.databases.adabas ADABAS Database topics in general. comp.databases.berkeley-db The Berkeley DB libraries. comp.databases.btrieve Pervasive Software client/server development. comp.databases.filemaker Technical discussions about FileMaker. comp.databases.gupta Gupta SQLWindows client-server development. comp.databases.ibm-db2 Problem resolution with DB2 database products. comp.databases.informix Informix database management software discussions. comp.databases.ingres Issues relating to INGRES products. comp.databases.ms-access MS Windows' relational database system, Access. comp.databases.ms-sqlserver Microsoft's SQL Server and related products. comp.databases.mysql MySQL RDBMS technical discussions. comp.databases.object Object-oriented paradigms in database systems. comp.databases.olap Analytical Processing, Multidimensional DBMS, EIS, DSS. comp.databases.oracle.marketplace Oracle-related jobs, etc. comp.databases.oracle.misc Oracle related topics. comp.databases.oracle.server Oracle database administration/server topics. comp.databases.oracle.tools Oracle software tools/applications. comp.databases.paradox Borland's database for DOS & MS Windows. comp.databases.pick Pick-like, post-relational, database systems. comp.databases.postgresql PGSQL Relational Database Management System. comp.databases.progress The Progress 4GL & RDBMS.
    comp.databases.rdb The relational database engine RDB from DEC. comp.databases.sybase Implementations of the SQL Server. comp.databases.theory Discussing advances in database technology. comp.databases.visual-dbase Database discussions using Visual dBASE. comp.databases.xbase.codebase CodeBase and its related products. comp.databases.xbase.fox Fox Software's xBase system and compatibles. comp.databases.xbase.misc Discussion of xBase (dBASE-like) products. comp.dcom.cabling Cabling selection, installation and use. comp.dcom.cell-relay Forum for discussion of Cell Relay-based products. comp.dcom.fax Fax hardware, software, and protocols. comp.dcom.isdn.capi CAPI - the Common ISDN Application Interface. comp.dcom.lans.ethernet Discussions of the Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 protocols. comp.dcom.lans.misc Local area network hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems Data communications hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems.cable Cable modems and internet access via cable tv. comp.dcom.net-analysis Network Testing and Analysis Procedures and Results. comp.dcom.net-management Network management methods and applications. comp.dcom.sdh-sonet Discuss the SDH and SONET technology. comp.dcom.sys.cisco Info on Cisco routers and bridges.
    comp.dcom.sys.nortel Nortel telecommunications products and systems. comp.dcom.telecom Telecommunications digest. (Moderated) comp.dcom.telecom.tech Discussion of technical aspects of telephony. comp.dcom.videoconf Video conference technology and applications. comp.dcom.voice-over-ip Voice Over IP technology.
    comp.dcom.vpn Virtual Private Network Technology.
    comp.dcom.wan All topics concerned with wide area networking. comp.dcom.xdsl Discussion area for different DSL technologies. comp.distributed Distributed Resource Sharing and Applications. comp.doc.management Document Management technologies.
    comp.doc.techreports Lists of technical reports. (Moderated)
    comp.dsp Digital Signal Processing using computers.
    comp.editors Topics related to computerized text editing.
    comp.edu Computer science education.
    comp.edu.languages.natural Computer assisted languages instruction issues. comp.emacs EMACS editors of different flavors.
    comp.emacs.xemacs Bug reports, questions and answers about XEmacs. comp.emulators.apple2 Emulators of Apple // systems.
    comp.emulators.cbm Emulators of C-64, C-128, PET, and VIC-20 systems. comp.emulators.game-consoles Emulators of game console systems. comp.emulators.misc Emulators of miscellaneous computer systems. comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine A free MS-Windows emulator under X. comp.file-sharing.bittorrent Distributed file sharing on Bittorrent protocol.
    comp.fonts Typefonts -- design, conversion, use, etc. comp.games.development.design Designing gameplay and rules systems. comp.games.development.industry Biz news, project management, jobs. comp.games.development.programming.algorithms Abstract algorithms for games. comp.games.development.programming.misc General info on programming games. comp.graphics.algorithms Algorithms used in producing computer graphics. comp.graphics.animation Technical aspects of computer animation. comp.graphics.api.misc Application Programmer Interface issues, methods. comp.graphics.api.opengl The OpenGL 3D application programming interface.
    comp.graphics.apps.alias 3-D graphics software from Alias Research. comp.graphics.apps.cinema4d 3D modeling, animation and raytracing package. comp.graphics.apps.corel Corel graphics software applications. comp.graphics.apps.gimp The GNU Image Manipulation Program. comp.graphics.apps.gnuplot The gnuplot interactive function plotter. comp.graphics.apps.lightwave NewTek's Lightwave3D & related topics. comp.graphics.apps.pagemaker Question, answers, tips and suggestions. comp.graphics.apps.paint-shop-pro Paint Shop Pro in general. comp.graphics.apps.photoshop Adobe Photoshop techniques & help. comp.graphics.apps.ulead Ulead graphics software products. comp.graphics.misc Computer graphics miscellany. comp.graphics.packages.3dstudio Autodesk's 3D Studio software. comp.graphics.rendering.misc Rendering comparisons, approaches, methods. comp.graphics.rendering.raytracing Raytracing software, tools and methods. comp.graphics.rendering.renderman RenderMan interface & shading language. comp.graphics.visualization Info on scientific visualization. comp.groupware Software & hardware for shared interactive environments.
    comp.groupware.lotus-notes.admin Lotus Notes system administration. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.apps Application software for Lotus Notes. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.misc Lotus Notes related discussions. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.programmer Programming for Lotus Notes. comp.home.automation Home automation devices, setup, sources, etc. comp.human-factors Issues related to human-computer interaction (HCI). comp.infosystems Any discussion about information systems. comp.infosystems.gis All aspects of Geographic Information Systems. comp.infosystems.gemini Internet Hypertext System, Privacy, Accessibility. comp.infosystems.gopher Discussion of the Gopher information service. comp.infosystems.hyperg The Hyper-G network hypermedia system and applications. comp.infosystems.kiosks Informational and transactional kiosks. (Moderated) comp.infosystems.search All aspects of search technology.
    comp.infosystems.wais The Z39.50-based WAIS full-text search system. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html Writing HTML for the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.images Using images, imagemaps on the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.misc Miscellaneous Web authoring issues. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.site-design Web site design philosophy. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets Layout/presentation on the WWW. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.tools Programs to help authoring Websites. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.mac Web browsers for the Macintosh platform.
    comp.infosystems.www.browsers.misc Web browsers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.ms-windows Web browsers for MS Windows. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.x Web browsers for the X-Window system. comp.infosystems.www.misc Miscellaneous World Wide Web discussion. comp.infosystems.www.servers.misc Web servers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.servers.ms-windows Web servers for MS Windows and NT. comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix Web servers for UNIX platforms. comp.internet.library Discussing electronic libraries. (Moderated) comp.internet.services.blog.livejournal LJ blogging service and software. comp.internet.services.google Search, Gmail, Groups, Maps, Picasa, etc. comp.internet.services.video.youtube Internet video for the masses. comp.internet.services.wiki Wikis, such as Wikipedia.
    comp.lang.ada Discussion about Ada*.
    comp.lang.apl Discussion about APL.
    comp.lang.asm.x86 Bulletin Board and Q&A for x86 assembly language topics. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.asm370 Programming in IBM System/370 Assembly Language. comp.lang.awk The AWK programming language.
    comp.lang.basic.misc Other dialects and aspects of BASIC. comp.lang.basic.powerbasic PowerBasic Inc. programming languages. comp.lang.basic.realbasic REALBasic programming discussion. comp.lang.basic.visual.database Database aspects of Visual Basic. comp.lang.basic.visual.misc Visual Basic in general.
    comp.lang.beta The object-oriented programming language BETA. comp.lang.c Discussion about C.
    comp.lang.c++ The object-oriented C++ language.
    comp.lang.c++.leda All aspects of the LEDA library.
    comp.lang.c++.misc Development in C++, libraries, cross and single targets comp.lang.c++.moderated Technical discussion of the C++ language. (Moderated) comp.lang.c.moderated The C programming language. (Moderated) comp.lang.clarion Technical discussion of Clarion programming. comp.lang.clipper Clipper and Visual Objects programming languages. comp.lang.clipper.visual-objects CA-Visual Objects developer system. comp.lang.clos Common Lisp Object System discussions.
    comp.lang.cobol The COBOL language and software.
    comp.lang.dylan For discussion of the Dylan language.
    comp.lang.eiffel The object-oriented Eiffel language.
    comp.lang.forth Discussion about Forth.
    comp.lang.forth.mac The CSI MacForth programming environment. comp.lang.fortran Discussion about FORTRAN.
    comp.lang.functional Discussion about functional languages. comp.lang.haskell Polymorphically-typed lazy purely-functional programming.
    comp.lang.hermes The Hermes language for distributed applications. comp.lang.icon Topics related to the ICON programming language. comp.lang.idl IDL (Interface Description Language) related topics. comp.lang.idl-pvwave IDL and PV-Wave language discussions.
    comp.lang.java.3d 3D Graphics API's for the Java language. comp.lang.java.advocacy Support for and criticism of the Java System. comp.lang.java.beans Java software components (JavaBeans). comp.lang.java.corba Topics relating to Java and CORBA. comp.lang.java.databases Databases, java.sql, JDBC, ODBC. comp.lang.java.gui GUI toolkits and windowing: AWT, IFC etc. comp.lang.java.help Set-up problems, catch-all first aid. comp.lang.java.machine JVM, native methods, hardware. comp.lang.java.programmer Programming in the Java language. comp.lang.java.security Security issues raised by Java. comp.lang.java.softwaretools IDEs, browsers, compilers, other tools. comp.lang.javascript Netscape Communications Corp.'s JavaScript language. comp.lang.labview Labview Software Discussion Group.
    comp.lang.lisp Discussion about LISP.
    comp.lang.logo The Logo teaching and learning language.
    comp.lang.misc Different computer languages not specifically listed. comp.lang.ml ML languages including Standard ML, CAML, Lazy ML, etc. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.modula2 Discussion about Modula-2.
    comp.lang.modula3 Discussion about the Modula-3 language.
    comp.lang.mumps The M (MUMPS) language & technology, in general. comp.lang.oberon The Oberon language and system.
    comp.lang.objective-c The Objective-C language and environment. comp.lang.pascal.ansi-iso Pascal according to ANSI and ISO standards. comp.lang.pascal.borland Borland's Pascal. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.components.misc General component issues. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.databases Database aspects of Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.misc General issues with Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.mac Macintosh based Pascals.
    comp.lang.pascal.misc Pascal in general and ungrouped Pascals. comp.lang.perl.announce Announcements about Perl. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.misc The Perl language in general.
    comp.lang.perl.moderated Perl language. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.modules Use and development of Perl modules.
    comp.lang.perl.tk Using Tk (and X) from Perl.
    comp.lang.php PHP, server side scripting.
    comp.lang.pl1 PL/I language discussions.
    comp.lang.pop Pop11 and the Plug user group.
    comp.lang.postscript The PostScript Page Description Language. comp.lang.prolog Discussion about PROLOG.
    comp.lang.python The Python computer language.
    comp.lang.python.announce Announcements about the Python language. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.rexx The REXX command language.
    comp.lang.ruby The Ruby dynamic OO programming language. comp.lang.scheme The Scheme Programming language.
    comp.lang.scheme.scsh SCSH - the Scheme Shell.
    comp.lang.smalltalk Discussion about Smalltalk 80. comp.lang.smalltalk.advocacy Discussion of Smalltalk Language pros/cons. comp.lang.smalltalk.dolphin The Dolphin variant of the Smalltalk language. comp.lang.tcl The Tcl programming language and related tools. comp.lang.verilog Discussing Verilog and PLI.
    comp.lang.vhdl VHSIC Hardware Description Language, IEEE 1076/87. comp.lang.vrml Virtual Reality Modeling Language discussion. comp.lang.xharbour xHarbour programming, Clipper, and xBase.
    comp.lsi Large scale integrated circuits.
    comp.lsi.testing Testing of electronic circuits.
    comp.mail.elm Discussion and fixes for the ELM mail system. comp.mail.eudora.mac Eudora email software for Macintosh. comp.mail.eudora.ms-windows Eudora email software for MS Windows. comp.mail.headers Gatewayed from the Internet header-people list. comp.mail.imap Discussion of IMAP-based mail systems. comp.mail.list-admin.software Software used in the running of mailing lists. comp.mail.mh The UCI version of the Rand Message Handling system. comp.mail.mime Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions of RFC 1341. comp.mail.misc General discussions about computer mail.
    comp.mail.mutt The Mutt E-Mail Client.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.misc Pegasus Mail for DOS and Macs, and Mercury Mail.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.ms-windows Discussion of Pegasus Mail for Windows. comp.mail.pine The PINE mail user agent.
    comp.mail.sendmail Configuring and using the BSD sendmail agent. comp.mail.uucp Mail in the uucp network environment.
    comp.misc General topics about computers not covered elsewhere. comp.mobile.android Discussing Android devices / OS.
    comp.mobile.ipad Mobile tablet PC running iPhone OS.
    comp.multimedia Interactive multimedia technologies of all kinds. comp.music.midi Computers as components in MIDI music systems. comp.music.misc Miscellaneous use of computers in music. comp.music.research The use of Computers in Music Research and Composition. (Moderated)
    comp.newprod Announcements of new products of interest. (Moderated) comp.object Object-oriented programming and languages. comp.object.corba OMG CORBA standard.
    comp.object.logic Integrating object-oriented and logic programming. comp.org.acm Topics about the Association for Computing Machinery. comp.org.cauce The Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial E-Mail. (Moderated)
    comp.org.ieee Issues and announcements about the IEEE & its members. comp.org.lisp-users Association of Lisp Users related discussions. comp.org.uniforum UniForum Association activities.
    comp.org.usenix USENIX Association events and announcements. comp.org.usenix.roomshare Finding lodging during Usenix conferences. comp.org.user-groups.meetings Planning for user group meetings and events. comp.org.user-groups.misc User group discussions in general.
    comp.os.aos Topics related to Data General's AOS/VS. comp.os.coherent Discussion and support of the Coherent operating system.
    comp.os.cpm Discussion about the CP/M operating system. comp.os.geos.misc GEOS O/S by Geoworks in general. comp.os.geos.programmer GEOS O/S Programming in general.
    comp.os.linux.advocacy Benefits of Linux compared to other operating systems. comp.os.linux.alpha Linux on Digital Alpha machines.
    comp.os.linux.announce Announcements important to the Linux community. (Moderated)
    comp.os.linux.development.apps Writing Linux applications, porting to Linux. comp.os.linux.development.system Linux kernels, device drivers, modules. comp.os.linux.embedded Linux operating system on embedded hardware. comp.os.linux.hardware Hardware compatibility with the Linux operating system. comp.os.linux.m68k Linux operating system on 680x0 Amiga, Atari, VME. comp.os.linux.misc Linux-specific topics not covered by other groups. comp.os.linux.networking Networking and communications under Linux. comp.os.linux.portable Linux OS on portable PCs.
    comp.os.linux.powerpc Linux systems running on PowerPC microprocessors. comp.os.linux.security Security and the GNU/Linux Operating System. comp.os.linux.setup Linux installation and system administration. comp.os.linux.x Linux X Window System servers, clients, libs and fonts. comp.os.linux.xbox Linux on Xbox.
    comp.os.lynx Discussion of LynxOS and Lynx Real-Time Systems. comp.os.mach The MACH OS from CMU & other places.
    comp.os.magic-cap Everything about General Magic's Magic Cap OS. comp.os.minix Discussion of Tanenbaum's MINIX system.
    comp.os.misc General OS-oriented discussion not carried elsewhere. comp.os.ms-windows.advocacy Speculation and debate about Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.financial MS-Windows financial & tax software. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.misc MS-Windows applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.utilities.win95 Utility/add-on programs for Win95. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.winsock.misc Other Winsock applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.word-proc MS-Windows word-processing applications.
    comp.os.ms-windows.ce Microsoft Windows CE operating system. comp.os.ms-windows.misc General discussions about Windows issues. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.misc Windows and other networks. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.tcp-ip Windows and TCP/IP networking. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.win95 Win95 to Novell, TCP/IP, other nets. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.windows Windows' built-in networking. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.misc Windows NT system administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.networking Windows NT network administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.security Windows NT Security topics. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.misc General discussion about Windows NT. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.setup.misc Windows NT software setup. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.backoffice Windows NT BackOffice. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.compatibility Win NT software compatibility. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.services Windows NT system services software. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.controls Controls, dialogs and VBXs. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.graphics GDI, graphics and printing. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.memory Memory management issues. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.misc Programming Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.networks Network programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.nt.kernel-mode Windows NT driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.ole OLE2, COM and DDE programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.mfc MFC-based development for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.misc Windows Development tools. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.winsock Winsock programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.vxd Windows VxD and driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.win32 32-bit Windows programming interfaces. comp.os.ms-windows.video Video adapters and drivers for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.win95.misc Miscellaneous Topics about Windows 95. comp.os.msdos.4dos The 4DOS command processor for MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.apps Discussion of applications that run under MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.desqview QuarterDeck's Desqview and related products. comp.os.msdos.djgpp DOS GNU C/C++ applications and programming environment. comp.os.msdos.misc Miscellaneous topics about MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer Programming MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer.turbovision Borland's text application libraries. comp.os.netware.connectivity Connectivity products (TCP/IP, SAA, NFS, MAC). comp.os.netware.misc General Netware topics.
    comp.os.os2.advocacy Supporting and flaming OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.announce Notable news and announcements related to OS/2. (Moderated)
    comp.os.os2.apps Discussions of applications under OS/2. comp.os.os2.beta All aspects of beta releases of OS/2 systems software. comp.os.os2.bugs OS/2 system bug reports, fixes and work-arounds. comp.os.os2.ecomstation Serenity Systems operating system eComStation. comp.os.os2.games Running games under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.mail-news Mail and news apps/utils (on- & offline) under OS/2. comp.os.os2.marketplace Forsale/wanted; shopping; commercial ads; job postings. comp.os.os2.misc Miscellaneous topics about the OS/2 system. comp.os.os2.multimedia Multi-media on OS/2 systems. comp.os.os2.networking.misc Miscellaneous networking issues of OS/2. comp.os.os2.networking.server Administration of NetWare, Warp Server, etc. comp.os.os2.networking.tcp-ip TCP/IP under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.networking.www World Wide Web (WWW) apps/utils under OS/2. comp.os.os2.programmer.misc Programming OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.porting Porting software to OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.tools Compilers, assemblers, interpreters under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.misc Installing/configuring OS/2; misc. hardware/drivers. comp.os.os2.setup.storage Disk/Tape/CD-ROM hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.video Base video hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.utilities General purpose utils (shells/backup/compression/etc). comp.os.os9 Microware's OS-9 real-time operating system. comp.os.plan9 Plan 9 from Bell Labs. (Moderated)
    comp.os.psos The realtime operating system pSOS+.
    comp.os.qnx Using and developing under the QNX operating system. comp.os.rsts Topics related to the PDP-11 RSTS/E operating system. comp.os.vms DEC's VAX* line of computers & VMS.
    comp.os.vxworks The VxWorks real-time operating system.
    comp.parallel Massively parallel hardware/software. (Moderated) comp.parallel.mpi Message Passing Interface (MPI).
    comp.parallel.pvm The PVM system of multi-computer parallelization. comp.periphs Peripheral devices.
    comp.periphs.printers Information on printers.
    comp.periphs.scanners Technical discussion of scanners and imaging devices. comp.periphs.scsi Discussion of SCSI-based peripheral devices. comp.programming Programming issues that transcend languages and OSs. comp.programming.contests Announcements & results of programming contests.
    comp.programming.literate Literate programming and LP tools. (Moderated) comp.programming.threads All issues about multithreaded programming. comp.protocols.dicom Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine. comp.protocols.dns.bind Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). (Moderated) comp.protocols.kerberos The Kerberos authentication server. comp.protocols.kermit.misc Kermit protocol and software. comp.protocols.misc Various forms and types of protocol.
    comp.protocols.nfs Discussion about the Network File System protocol. comp.protocols.ppp Discussion of the Internet Point to Point Protocol. comp.protocols.smb SMB file sharing protocol and Samba SMB server/client. comp.protocols.snmp The Simple Network Management Protocol. comp.protocols.tcp-ip TCP and IP network protocols. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.domains Topics related to Domain Style names. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.ibmpc TCP/IP for IBM(-like) personal computers. comp.protocols.time.ntp The network time protocol.
    comp.publish.cdrom.hardware Hardware used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.cdrom.software Software used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.electronic.misc General electronic publishing issues. comp.publish.prepress Electronic prepress.
    comp.realtime Issues related to real-time computing.
    comp.risks Risks to the public from computers & users. (Moderated) comp.robotics.misc All aspects of robots and their applications. comp.robotics.research Academic, government & industry research in robotics. (Moderated)
    comp.security.firewalls Anything pertaining to network firewall security. comp.security.misc Security issues of computers and networks. comp.security.pgp.discuss PGP and its implications. comp.security.pgp.tech Use of PGP, bug reports and help. comp.security.pgp.test Testing signing, encryption and decryption using PGP. comp.security.ssh SSH secure remote login and tunneling tools. comp.security.unix Discussion of Unix security.
    comp.simulation Simulation methods, problems, uses. (Moderated) comp.society.futures Events in technology affecting future computing. comp.soft-sys.ace ACE programming, porting, and systems. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.forte Discussion of Forte development software. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.uniface Uniface Client/Server App Development. comp.soft-sys.business.sap Discussion forum on SAP software. comp.soft-sys.dce The Distributed Computing Environment (DCE). comp.soft-sys.gis.esri ESRI GIS software and system implementation. comp.soft-sys.math.maple Maple computer mathematics discussion group. comp.soft-sys.math.mathematica Mathematica discussion group. (Moderated) comp.soft-sys.math.scilab Scientific software package Scilab. comp.soft-sys.matlab The MathWorks calculation and visualization package. comp.soft-sys.octave GNU Octave, language for numerical computations. comp.soft-sys.powerbuilder Application development tools from PowerSoft. comp.soft-sys.ptolemy The Ptolemy simulation/code generation environment. comp.soft-sys.sas The SAS statistics package.
    comp.soft-sys.stat.spss The statistical program package SPSS. comp.soft-sys.wxwindows Discussions related to wxWindows framework. comp.software-eng Software Engineering and related topics. comp.software.arabic Arabic script software. (Moderated) comp.software.config-mgmt Configuration management, tools and procedures. comp.software.extreme-programming Extreme Programming discussions. comp.software.international Finding, using, & writing non-English software. comp.software.licensing Software licensing technology. comp.software.measurement Discussions of software metrics. comp.software.patterns Design, organizational and other software patterns. comp.software.shareware.announce Shareware announcements. (Moderated) comp.software.shareware.authors Creation of shareware. (Moderated) comp.software.testing All aspects of testing computer systems. comp.software.year-2000 Year 2000 compliance: projects and issues. comp.sources.bugs Bug reports, fixes, discussion for posted sources. comp.sources.d For any discussion of source postings. comp.sources.games Postings of recreational software. (Moderated) comp.sources.testers Finding people to test software.
    comp.sources.wanted Requests for software and fixes. comp.specification.misc Formal specification methods in general. comp.specification.z Discussion about the formal specification notation Z. comp.speech.research Speech technology research issues.
    comp.speech.users Issues related with using current speech technology. comp.std.announce Announcements about standards activities. (Moderated) comp.std.c Discussion about C language standards.
    comp.std.c++ Discussion about C++ language, library, standards. (Moderated)
    comp.std.misc Discussion about various standards.
    comp.sw.components Software components and related technology. comp.sys.3b1 Discussion and support of AT&T 7300/3B1/UnixPC. comp.sys.acorn.advocacy Why Acorn computers and programs are better. comp.sys.acorn.announce Announcements for Acorn and ARM users. (Moderated) comp.sys.acorn.apps Acorn software applications.
    comp.sys.acorn.extra-cpu Extra CPUs in Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.games Discussion of games for Acorn machines. comp.sys.acorn.hardware Acorn hardware.
    comp.sys.acorn.misc Acorn computing in general.
    comp.sys.acorn.networking Networking of Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.programmer Programming of Acorn computers. comp.sys.amiga.advocacy Why an Amiga is better than XYZ.

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    -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
    Hash: SHA512

    What follows is a complete list of newsgroups in the "Big Eight"
    hierarchies (comp.*, humanities.*, misc.*, news.*, rec.*, sci.*,
    soc.*, and talk.*) with descriptions. Moderated newsgroups are marked
    with the string "(Moderated)" at the end of the description.

    Most versions of news support a "checkgroups" control message that can
    be used to help keep your active file in sync with the "standard"
    Usenet groups. This newsgroup list is in the format expected by such
    software. If you wish to process it as a checkgroups control message,
    extract the newsgroup list between the marked lines below and pass it
    to your checkgroups script on standard input.

    A normal checkgroups control message is also posted monthly, suitable
    for automated processing by news software. This posting is intended
    to supplement the control message, providing the same list in a
    regular news message. This may be useful for reference, or for review
    by readers without access to control messages.

    ========================= cut to this line ========================= comp.admin.policy Discussions of site administration policies.
    comp.ai Artificial Intelligence. (Moderated)
    comp.ai.alife Research about artificial life. comp.ai.doc-analysis.misc General document understanding technologies. comp.ai.doc-analysis.ocr OCR research, algorithms and software. comp.ai.edu Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Education. comp.ai.fuzzy Fuzzy set theory, aka fuzzy logic.
    comp.ai.games Artificial intelligence in games and game-playing. comp.ai.genetic Genetic algorithms in computing.
    comp.ai.nat-lang Natural language processing by computers. comp.ai.neural-nets All aspects of neural networks.
    comp.ai.philosophy Philosophical aspects of Artificial Intelligence. comp.ai.shells Expert systems and other artificial intelligence shells.
    comp.ai.vision Artificial Intelligence Vision Research. (Moderated) comp.answers Repository for periodic USENET articles. (Moderated) comp.apps.spreadsheets Spreadsheets on various platforms.
    comp.arch Computer architecture.
    comp.arch.arithmetic Implementing arithmetic on computers/digital systems. comp.arch.embedded Embedded computer systems topics.
    comp.arch.fpga Field Programmable Gate Array based computing systems. comp.arch.hobbyist Homebrew digital electronics design. (Moderated) comp.arch.storage Storage system issues, both hardware and software. comp.archives.admin Issues relating to computer archive administration. comp.archives.ms-windows.discuss Discussing Microsoft Windows archives. comp.bbs.majorbbs Support & discussion of The Major BBS from Galacticomm. comp.bbs.misc All aspects of computer bulletin board systems. comp.bbs.waffle The Waffle BBS and USENET system on all platforms. comp.benchmarks Discussion of benchmarking techniques and results. comp.binaries.cbm For the transfer of 8bit Commodore binaries. (Moderated)
    comp.bugs.misc General UNIX bug reports and fixes (incl V7, uucp). comp.cad.autocad AutoDesk's AutoCAD software.
    comp.cad.cadence Users of Cadence Design Systems products. comp.cad.compass Compass Design Automation EDA tools.
    comp.cad.i-deas SDRC I-DEAS Masters Series software. comp.cad.microstation MicroStation CAD software and related products. comp.cad.microstation.programmer Developing software in Microstation CAD.
    comp.cad.pro-engineer Parametric Technology's Pro/Engineer design package. comp.cad.solidworks SolidWorks newsgroup.
    comp.cad.synthesis Research and production in the field of logic synthesis.
    comp.client-server Topics relating to client/server technology. comp.cog-eng Cognitive engineering.
    comp.compilers Compiler construction, theory, etc. (Moderated) comp.compilers.lcc The lcc C Compiler and related topics. comp.compilers.tools.javacc The Java Compiler Compiler and related topics. comp.compression Data compression algorithms and theory. comp.compression.research Discussions about data compression research. (Moderated)
    comp.constraints Constraint processing and related topics. comp.data.administration Manage data as a corporate asset: stds & methds.
    comp.databases Database and data management issues and theory. comp.databases.adabas ADABAS Database topics in general. comp.databases.berkeley-db The Berkeley DB libraries. comp.databases.btrieve Pervasive Software client/server development. comp.databases.filemaker Technical discussions about FileMaker. comp.databases.gupta Gupta SQLWindows client-server development. comp.databases.ibm-db2 Problem resolution with DB2 database products. comp.databases.informix Informix database management software discussions. comp.databases.ingres Issues relating to INGRES products. comp.databases.ms-access MS Windows' relational database system, Access. comp.databases.ms-sqlserver Microsoft's SQL Server and related products. comp.databases.mysql MySQL RDBMS technical discussions. comp.databases.object Object-oriented paradigms in database systems. comp.databases.olap Analytical Processing, Multidimensional DBMS, EIS, DSS. comp.databases.oracle.marketplace Oracle-related jobs, etc. comp.databases.oracle.misc Oracle related topics. comp.databases.oracle.server Oracle database administration/server topics. comp.databases.oracle.tools Oracle software tools/applications. comp.databases.paradox Borland's database for DOS & MS Windows. comp.databases.pick Pick-like, post-relational, database systems. comp.databases.postgresql PGSQL Relational Database Management System. comp.databases.progress The Progress 4GL & RDBMS.
    comp.databases.rdb The relational database engine RDB from DEC. comp.databases.sybase Implementations of the SQL Server. comp.databases.theory Discussing advances in database technology. comp.databases.visual-dbase Database discussions using Visual dBASE. comp.databases.xbase.codebase CodeBase and its related products. comp.databases.xbase.fox Fox Software's xBase system and compatibles. comp.databases.xbase.misc Discussion of xBase (dBASE-like) products. comp.dcom.cabling Cabling selection, installation and use. comp.dcom.cell-relay Forum for discussion of Cell Relay-based products. comp.dcom.fax Fax hardware, software, and protocols. comp.dcom.isdn.capi CAPI - the Common ISDN Application Interface. comp.dcom.lans.ethernet Discussions of the Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 protocols. comp.dcom.lans.misc Local area network hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems Data communications hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems.cable Cable modems and internet access via cable tv. comp.dcom.net-analysis Network Testing and Analysis Procedures and Results. comp.dcom.net-management Network management methods and applications. comp.dcom.sdh-sonet Discuss the SDH and SONET technology. comp.dcom.sys.cisco Info on Cisco routers and bridges.
    comp.dcom.sys.nortel Nortel telecommunications products and systems. comp.dcom.telecom Telecommunications digest. (Moderated) comp.dcom.telecom.tech Discussion of technical aspects of telephony. comp.dcom.videoconf Video conference technology and applications. comp.dcom.voice-over-ip Voice Over IP technology.
    comp.dcom.vpn Virtual Private Network Technology.
    comp.dcom.wan All topics concerned with wide area networking. comp.dcom.xdsl Discussion area for different DSL technologies. comp.distributed Distributed Resource Sharing and Applications. comp.doc.management Document Management technologies.
    comp.doc.techreports Lists of technical reports. (Moderated)
    comp.dsp Digital Signal Processing using computers.
    comp.editors Topics related to computerized text editing.
    comp.edu Computer science education.
    comp.edu.languages.natural Computer assisted languages instruction issues. comp.emacs EMACS editors of different flavors.
    comp.emacs.xemacs Bug reports, questions and answers about XEmacs. comp.emulators.apple2 Emulators of Apple // systems.
    comp.emulators.cbm Emulators of C-64, C-128, PET, and VIC-20 systems. comp.emulators.game-consoles Emulators of game console systems. comp.emulators.misc Emulators of miscellaneous computer systems. comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine A free MS-Windows emulator under X. comp.file-sharing.bittorrent Distributed file sharing on Bittorrent protocol.
    comp.fonts Typefonts -- design, conversion, use, etc. comp.games.development.design Designing gameplay and rules systems. comp.games.development.industry Biz news, project management, jobs. comp.games.development.programming.algorithms Abstract algorithms for games. comp.games.development.programming.misc General info on programming games. comp.graphics.algorithms Algorithms used in producing computer graphics. comp.graphics.animation Technical aspects of computer animation. comp.graphics.api.misc Application Programmer Interface issues, methods. comp.graphics.api.opengl The OpenGL 3D application programming interface.
    comp.graphics.apps.alias 3-D graphics software from Alias Research. comp.graphics.apps.cinema4d 3D modeling, animation and raytracing package. comp.graphics.apps.corel Corel graphics software applications. comp.graphics.apps.gimp The GNU Image Manipulation Program. comp.graphics.apps.gnuplot The gnuplot interactive function plotter. comp.graphics.apps.lightwave NewTek's Lightwave3D & related topics. comp.graphics.apps.pagemaker Question, answers, tips and suggestions. comp.graphics.apps.paint-shop-pro Paint Shop Pro in general. comp.graphics.apps.photoshop Adobe Photoshop techniques & help. comp.graphics.apps.ulead Ulead graphics software products. comp.graphics.misc Computer graphics miscellany. comp.graphics.packages.3dstudio Autodesk's 3D Studio software. comp.graphics.rendering.misc Rendering comparisons, approaches, methods. comp.graphics.rendering.raytracing Raytracing software, tools and methods. comp.graphics.rendering.renderman RenderMan interface & shading language. comp.graphics.visualization Info on scientific visualization. comp.groupware Software & hardware for shared interactive environments.
    comp.groupware.lotus-notes.admin Lotus Notes system administration. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.apps Application software for Lotus Notes. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.misc Lotus Notes related discussions. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.programmer Programming for Lotus Notes. comp.home.automation Home automation devices, setup, sources, etc. comp.human-factors Issues related to human-computer interaction (HCI). comp.infosystems Any discussion about information systems. comp.infosystems.gis All aspects of Geographic Information Systems. comp.infosystems.gemini Internet Hypertext System, Privacy, Accessibility. comp.infosystems.gopher Discussion of the Gopher information service. comp.infosystems.hyperg The Hyper-G network hypermedia system and applications. comp.infosystems.kiosks Informational and transactional kiosks. (Moderated) comp.infosystems.search All aspects of search technology.
    comp.infosystems.wais The Z39.50-based WAIS full-text search system. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html Writing HTML for the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.images Using images, imagemaps on the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.misc Miscellaneous Web authoring issues. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.site-design Web site design philosophy. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets Layout/presentation on the WWW. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.tools Programs to help authoring Websites. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.mac Web browsers for the Macintosh platform.
    comp.infosystems.www.browsers.misc Web browsers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.ms-windows Web browsers for MS Windows. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.x Web browsers for the X-Window system. comp.infosystems.www.misc Miscellaneous World Wide Web discussion. comp.infosystems.www.servers.misc Web servers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.servers.ms-windows Web servers for MS Windows and NT. comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix Web servers for UNIX platforms. comp.internet.library Discussing electronic libraries. (Moderated) comp.internet.services.blog.livejournal LJ blogging service and software. comp.internet.services.google Search, Gmail, Groups, Maps, Picasa, etc. comp.internet.services.video.youtube Internet video for the masses. comp.internet.services.wiki Wikis, such as Wikipedia.
    comp.lang.ada Discussion about Ada*.
    comp.lang.apl Discussion about APL.
    comp.lang.asm.x86 Bulletin Board and Q&A for x86 assembly language topics. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.asm370 Programming in IBM System/370 Assembly Language. comp.lang.awk The AWK programming language.
    comp.lang.basic.misc Other dialects and aspects of BASIC. comp.lang.basic.powerbasic PowerBasic Inc. programming languages. comp.lang.basic.realbasic REALBasic programming discussion. comp.lang.basic.visual.database Database aspects of Visual Basic. comp.lang.basic.visual.misc Visual Basic in general.
    comp.lang.beta The object-oriented programming language BETA. comp.lang.c Discussion about C.
    comp.lang.c++ The object-oriented C++ language.
    comp.lang.c++.leda All aspects of the LEDA library.
    comp.lang.c++.misc Development in C++, libraries, cross and single targets comp.lang.c++.moderated Technical discussion of the C++ language. (Moderated) comp.lang.c.moderated The C programming language. (Moderated) comp.lang.clarion Technical discussion of Clarion programming. comp.lang.clipper Clipper and Visual Objects programming languages. comp.lang.clipper.visual-objects CA-Visual Objects developer system. comp.lang.clos Common Lisp Object System discussions.
    comp.lang.cobol The COBOL language and software.
    comp.lang.dylan For discussion of the Dylan language.
    comp.lang.eiffel The object-oriented Eiffel language.
    comp.lang.forth Discussion about Forth.
    comp.lang.forth.mac The CSI MacForth programming environment. comp.lang.fortran Discussion about FORTRAN.
    comp.lang.functional Discussion about functional languages. comp.lang.haskell Polymorphically-typed lazy purely-functional programming.
    comp.lang.hermes The Hermes language for distributed applications. comp.lang.icon Topics related to the ICON programming language. comp.lang.idl IDL (Interface Description Language) related topics. comp.lang.idl-pvwave IDL and PV-Wave language discussions.
    comp.lang.java.3d 3D Graphics API's for the Java language. comp.lang.java.advocacy Support for and criticism of the Java System. comp.lang.java.beans Java software components (JavaBeans). comp.lang.java.corba Topics relating to Java and CORBA. comp.lang.java.databases Databases, java.sql, JDBC, ODBC. comp.lang.java.gui GUI toolkits and windowing: AWT, IFC etc. comp.lang.java.help Set-up problems, catch-all first aid. comp.lang.java.machine JVM, native methods, hardware. comp.lang.java.programmer Programming in the Java language. comp.lang.java.security Security issues raised by Java. comp.lang.java.softwaretools IDEs, browsers, compilers, other tools. comp.lang.javascript Netscape Communications Corp.'s JavaScript language. comp.lang.labview Labview Software Discussion Group.
    comp.lang.lisp Discussion about LISP.
    comp.lang.logo The Logo teaching and learning language.
    comp.lang.misc Different computer languages not specifically listed. comp.lang.ml ML languages including Standard ML, CAML, Lazy ML, etc. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.modula2 Discussion about Modula-2.
    comp.lang.modula3 Discussion about the Modula-3 language.
    comp.lang.mumps The M (MUMPS) language & technology, in general. comp.lang.oberon The Oberon language and system.
    comp.lang.objective-c The Objective-C language and environment. comp.lang.pascal.ansi-iso Pascal according to ANSI and ISO standards. comp.lang.pascal.borland Borland's Pascal. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.components.misc General component issues. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.databases Database aspects of Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.misc General issues with Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.mac Macintosh based Pascals.
    comp.lang.pascal.misc Pascal in general and ungrouped Pascals. comp.lang.perl.announce Announcements about Perl. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.misc The Perl language in general.
    comp.lang.perl.moderated Perl language. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.modules Use and development of Perl modules.
    comp.lang.perl.tk Using Tk (and X) from Perl.
    comp.lang.php PHP, server side scripting.
    comp.lang.pl1 PL/I language discussions.
    comp.lang.pop Pop11 and the Plug user group.
    comp.lang.postscript The PostScript Page Description Language. comp.lang.prolog Discussion about PROLOG.
    comp.lang.python The Python computer language.
    comp.lang.python.announce Announcements about the Python language. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.rexx The REXX command language.
    comp.lang.ruby The Ruby dynamic OO programming language. comp.lang.scheme The Scheme Programming language.
    comp.lang.scheme.scsh SCSH - the Scheme Shell.
    comp.lang.smalltalk Discussion about Smalltalk 80. comp.lang.smalltalk.advocacy Discussion of Smalltalk Language pros/cons. comp.lang.smalltalk.dolphin The Dolphin variant of the Smalltalk language. comp.lang.tcl The Tcl programming language and related tools. comp.lang.verilog Discussing Verilog and PLI.
    comp.lang.vhdl VHSIC Hardware Description Language, IEEE 1076/87. comp.lang.vrml Virtual Reality Modeling Language discussion. comp.lang.xharbour xHarbour programming, Clipper, and xBase.
    comp.lsi Large scale integrated circuits.
    comp.lsi.testing Testing of electronic circuits.
    comp.mail.elm Discussion and fixes for the ELM mail system. comp.mail.eudora.mac Eudora email software for Macintosh. comp.mail.eudora.ms-windows Eudora email software for MS Windows. comp.mail.headers Gatewayed from the Internet header-people list. comp.mail.imap Discussion of IMAP-based mail systems. comp.mail.list-admin.software Software used in the running of mailing lists. comp.mail.mh The UCI version of the Rand Message Handling system. comp.mail.mime Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions of RFC 1341. comp.mail.misc General discussions about computer mail.
    comp.mail.mutt The Mutt E-Mail Client.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.misc Pegasus Mail for DOS and Macs, and Mercury Mail.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.ms-windows Discussion of Pegasus Mail for Windows. comp.mail.pine The PINE mail user agent.
    comp.mail.sendmail Configuring and using the BSD sendmail agent. comp.mail.uucp Mail in the uucp network environment.
    comp.misc General topics about computers not covered elsewhere. comp.mobile.android Discussing Android devices / OS.
    comp.mobile.ipad Mobile tablet PC running iPhone OS.
    comp.multimedia Interactive multimedia technologies of all kinds. comp.music.midi Computers as components in MIDI music systems. comp.music.misc Miscellaneous use of computers in music. comp.music.research The use of Computers in Music Research and Composition. (Moderated)
    comp.newprod Announcements of new products of interest. (Moderated) comp.object Object-oriented programming and languages. comp.object.corba OMG CORBA standard.
    comp.object.logic Integrating object-oriented and logic programming. comp.org.acm Topics about the Association for Computing Machinery. comp.org.cauce The Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial E-Mail. (Moderated)
    comp.org.ieee Issues and announcements about the IEEE & its members. comp.org.lisp-users Association of Lisp Users related discussions. comp.org.uniforum UniForum Association activities.
    comp.org.usenix USENIX Association events and announcements. comp.org.usenix.roomshare Finding lodging during Usenix conferences. comp.org.user-groups.meetings Planning for user group meetings and events. comp.org.user-groups.misc User group discussions in general.
    comp.os.aos Topics related to Data General's AOS/VS. comp.os.coherent Discussion and support of the Coherent operating system.
    comp.os.cpm Discussion about the CP/M operating system. comp.os.geos.misc GEOS O/S by Geoworks in general. comp.os.geos.programmer GEOS O/S Programming in general.
    comp.os.linux.advocacy Benefits of Linux compared to other operating systems. comp.os.linux.alpha Linux on Digital Alpha machines.
    comp.os.linux.announce Announcements important to the Linux community. (Moderated)
    comp.os.linux.development.apps Writing Linux applications, porting to Linux. comp.os.linux.development.system Linux kernels, device drivers, modules. comp.os.linux.embedded Linux operating system on embedded hardware. comp.os.linux.hardware Hardware compatibility with the Linux operating system. comp.os.linux.m68k Linux operating system on 680x0 Amiga, Atari, VME. comp.os.linux.misc Linux-specific topics not covered by other groups. comp.os.linux.networking Networking and communications under Linux. comp.os.linux.portable Linux OS on portable PCs.
    comp.os.linux.powerpc Linux systems running on PowerPC microprocessors. comp.os.linux.security Security and the GNU/Linux Operating System. comp.os.linux.setup Linux installation and system administration. comp.os.linux.x Linux X Window System servers, clients, libs and fonts. comp.os.linux.xbox Linux on Xbox.
    comp.os.lynx Discussion of LynxOS and Lynx Real-Time Systems. comp.os.mach The MACH OS from CMU & other places.
    comp.os.magic-cap Everything about General Magic's Magic Cap OS. comp.os.minix Discussion of Tanenbaum's MINIX system.
    comp.os.misc General OS-oriented discussion not carried elsewhere. comp.os.ms-windows.advocacy Speculation and debate about Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.financial MS-Windows financial & tax software. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.misc MS-Windows applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.utilities.win95 Utility/add-on programs for Win95. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.winsock.misc Other Winsock applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.word-proc MS-Windows word-processing applications.
    comp.os.ms-windows.ce Microsoft Windows CE operating system. comp.os.ms-windows.misc General discussions about Windows issues. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.misc Windows and other networks. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.tcp-ip Windows and TCP/IP networking. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.win95 Win95 to Novell, TCP/IP, other nets. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.windows Windows' built-in networking. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.misc Windows NT system administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.networking Windows NT network administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.security Windows NT Security topics. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.misc General discussion about Windows NT. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.setup.misc Windows NT software setup. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.backoffice Windows NT BackOffice. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.compatibility Win NT software compatibility. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.services Windows NT system services software. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.controls Controls, dialogs and VBXs. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.graphics GDI, graphics and printing. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.memory Memory management issues. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.misc Programming Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.networks Network programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.nt.kernel-mode Windows NT driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.ole OLE2, COM and DDE programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.mfc MFC-based development for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.misc Windows Development tools. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.winsock Winsock programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.vxd Windows VxD and driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.win32 32-bit Windows programming interfaces. comp.os.ms-windows.video Video adapters and drivers for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.win95.misc Miscellaneous Topics about Windows 95. comp.os.msdos.4dos The 4DOS command processor for MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.apps Discussion of applications that run under MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.desqview QuarterDeck's Desqview and related products. comp.os.msdos.djgpp DOS GNU C/C++ applications and programming environment. comp.os.msdos.misc Miscellaneous topics about MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer Programming MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer.turbovision Borland's text application libraries. comp.os.netware.connectivity Connectivity products (TCP/IP, SAA, NFS, MAC). comp.os.netware.misc General Netware topics.
    comp.os.os2.advocacy Supporting and flaming OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.announce Notable news and announcements related to OS/2. (Moderated)
    comp.os.os2.apps Discussions of applications under OS/2. comp.os.os2.beta All aspects of beta releases of OS/2 systems software. comp.os.os2.bugs OS/2 system bug reports, fixes and work-arounds. comp.os.os2.ecomstation Serenity Systems operating system eComStation. comp.os.os2.games Running games under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.mail-news Mail and news apps/utils (on- & offline) under OS/2. comp.os.os2.marketplace Forsale/wanted; shopping; commercial ads; job postings. comp.os.os2.misc Miscellaneous topics about the OS/2 system. comp.os.os2.multimedia Multi-media on OS/2 systems. comp.os.os2.networking.misc Miscellaneous networking issues of OS/2. comp.os.os2.networking.server Administration of NetWare, Warp Server, etc. comp.os.os2.networking.tcp-ip TCP/IP under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.networking.www World Wide Web (WWW) apps/utils under OS/2. comp.os.os2.programmer.misc Programming OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.porting Porting software to OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.tools Compilers, assemblers, interpreters under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.misc Installing/configuring OS/2; misc. hardware/drivers. comp.os.os2.setup.storage Disk/Tape/CD-ROM hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.video Base video hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.utilities General purpose utils (shells/backup/compression/etc). comp.os.os9 Microware's OS-9 real-time operating system. comp.os.plan9 Plan 9 from Bell Labs. (Moderated)
    comp.os.psos The realtime operating system pSOS+.
    comp.os.qnx Using and developing under the QNX operating system. comp.os.rsts Topics related to the PDP-11 RSTS/E operating system. comp.os.vms DEC's VAX* line of computers & VMS.
    comp.os.vxworks The VxWorks real-time operating system.
    comp.parallel Massively parallel hardware/software. (Moderated) comp.parallel.mpi Message Passing Interface (MPI).
    comp.parallel.pvm The PVM system of multi-computer parallelization. comp.periphs Peripheral devices.
    comp.periphs.printers Information on printers.
    comp.periphs.scanners Technical discussion of scanners and imaging devices. comp.periphs.scsi Discussion of SCSI-based peripheral devices. comp.programming Programming issues that transcend languages and OSs. comp.programming.contests Announcements & results of programming contests.
    comp.programming.literate Literate programming and LP tools. (Moderated) comp.programming.threads All issues about multithreaded programming. comp.protocols.dicom Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine. comp.protocols.dns.bind Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). (Moderated) comp.protocols.kerberos The Kerberos authentication server. comp.protocols.kermit.misc Kermit protocol and software. comp.protocols.misc Various forms and types of protocol.
    comp.protocols.nfs Discussion about the Network File System protocol. comp.protocols.ppp Discussion of the Internet Point to Point Protocol. comp.protocols.smb SMB file sharing protocol and Samba SMB server/client. comp.protocols.snmp The Simple Network Management Protocol. comp.protocols.tcp-ip TCP and IP network protocols. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.domains Topics related to Domain Style names. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.ibmpc TCP/IP for IBM(-like) personal computers. comp.protocols.time.ntp The network time protocol.
    comp.publish.cdrom.hardware Hardware used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.cdrom.software Software used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.electronic.misc General electronic publishing issues. comp.publish.prepress Electronic prepress.
    comp.realtime Issues related to real-time computing.
    comp.risks Risks to the public from computers & users. (Moderated) comp.robotics.misc All aspects of robots and their applications. comp.robotics.research Academic, government & industry research in robotics. (Moderated)
    comp.security.firewalls Anything pertaining to network firewall security. comp.security.misc Security issues of computers and networks. comp.security.pgp.discuss PGP and its implications. comp.security.pgp.tech Use of PGP, bug reports and help. comp.security.pgp.test Testing signing, encryption and decryption using PGP. comp.security.ssh SSH secure remote login and tunneling tools. comp.security.unix Discussion of Unix security.
    comp.simulation Simulation methods, problems, uses. (Moderated) comp.society.futures Events in technology affecting future computing. comp.soft-sys.ace ACE programming, porting, and systems. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.forte Discussion of Forte development software. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.uniface Uniface Client/Server App Development. comp.soft-sys.business.sap Discussion forum on SAP software. comp.soft-sys.dce The Distributed Computing Environment (DCE). comp.soft-sys.gis.esri ESRI GIS software and system implementation. comp.soft-sys.math.maple Maple computer mathematics discussion group. comp.soft-sys.math.mathematica Mathematica discussion group. (Moderated) comp.soft-sys.math.scilab Scientific software package Scilab. comp.soft-sys.matlab The MathWorks calculation and visualization package. comp.soft-sys.octave GNU Octave, language for numerical computations. comp.soft-sys.powerbuilder Application development tools from PowerSoft. comp.soft-sys.ptolemy The Ptolemy simulation/code generation environment. comp.soft-sys.sas The SAS statistics package.
    comp.soft-sys.stat.spss The statistical program package SPSS. comp.soft-sys.wxwindows Discussions related to wxWindows framework. comp.software-eng Software Engineering and related topics. comp.software.arabic Arabic script software. (Moderated) comp.software.config-mgmt Configuration management, tools and procedures. comp.software.extreme-programming Extreme Programming discussions. comp.software.international Finding, using, & writing non-English software. comp.software.licensing Software licensing technology. comp.software.measurement Discussions of software metrics. comp.software.patterns Design, organizational and other software patterns. comp.software.shareware.announce Shareware announcements. (Moderated) comp.software.shareware.authors Creation of shareware. (Moderated) comp.software.testing All aspects of testing computer systems. comp.software.year-2000 Year 2000 compliance: projects and issues. comp.sources.bugs Bug reports, fixes, discussion for posted sources. comp.sources.d For any discussion of source postings. comp.sources.games Postings of recreational software. (Moderated) comp.sources.testers Finding people to test software.
    comp.sources.wanted Requests for software and fixes. comp.specification.misc Formal specification methods in general. comp.specification.z Discussion about the formal specification notation Z. comp.speech.research Speech technology research issues.
    comp.speech.users Issues related with using current speech technology. comp.std.announce Announcements about standards activities. (Moderated) comp.std.c Discussion about C language standards.
    comp.std.c++ Discussion about C++ language, library, standards. (Moderated)
    comp.std.misc Discussion about various standards.
    comp.sw.components Software components and related technology. comp.sys.3b1 Discussion and support of AT&T 7300/3B1/UnixPC. comp.sys.acorn.advocacy Why Acorn computers and programs are better. comp.sys.acorn.announce Announcements for Acorn and ARM users. (Moderated) comp.sys.acorn.apps Acorn software applications.
    comp.sys.acorn.extra-cpu Extra CPUs in Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.games Discussion of games for Acorn machines. comp.sys.acorn.hardware Acorn hardware.
    comp.sys.acorn.misc Acorn computing in general.
    comp.sys.acorn.networking Networking of Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.programmer Programming of Acorn computers. comp.sys.amiga.advocacy Why an Amiga is better than XYZ.

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  • From news.announce.newgroups Moderation@21:1/5 to All on Fri Apr 15 08:00:02 2022
    XPost: news.groups, news.lists.misc

    -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
    Hash: SHA512

    What follows is a complete list of newsgroups in the "Big Eight"
    hierarchies (comp.*, humanities.*, misc.*, news.*, rec.*, sci.*,
    soc.*, and talk.*) with descriptions. Moderated newsgroups are marked
    with the string "(Moderated)" at the end of the description.

    Most versions of news support a "checkgroups" control message that can
    be used to help keep your active file in sync with the "standard"
    Usenet groups. This newsgroup list is in the format expected by such
    software. If you wish to process it as a checkgroups control message,
    extract the newsgroup list between the marked lines below and pass it
    to your checkgroups script on standard input.

    A normal checkgroups control message is also posted monthly, suitable
    for automated processing by news software. This posting is intended
    to supplement the control message, providing the same list in a
    regular news message. This may be useful for reference, or for review
    by readers without access to control messages.

    ========================= cut to this line ========================= comp.admin.policy Discussions of site administration policies.
    comp.ai Artificial Intelligence. (Moderated)
    comp.ai.alife Research about artificial life. comp.ai.doc-analysis.misc General document understanding technologies. comp.ai.doc-analysis.ocr OCR research, algorithms and software. comp.ai.edu Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Education. comp.ai.fuzzy Fuzzy set theory, aka fuzzy logic.
    comp.ai.games Artificial intelligence in games and game-playing. comp.ai.genetic Genetic algorithms in computing.
    comp.ai.nat-lang Natural language processing by computers. comp.ai.neural-nets All aspects of neural networks.
    comp.ai.philosophy Philosophical aspects of Artificial Intelligence. comp.ai.shells Expert systems and other artificial intelligence shells.
    comp.ai.vision Artificial Intelligence Vision Research. (Moderated) comp.answers Repository for periodic USENET articles. (Moderated) comp.apps.spreadsheets Spreadsheets on various platforms.
    comp.arch Computer architecture.
    comp.arch.arithmetic Implementing arithmetic on computers/digital systems. comp.arch.embedded Embedded computer systems topics.
    comp.arch.fpga Field Programmable Gate Array based computing systems. comp.arch.hobbyist Homebrew digital electronics design. (Moderated) comp.arch.storage Storage system issues, both hardware and software. comp.archives.admin Issues relating to computer archive administration. comp.archives.ms-windows.discuss Discussing Microsoft Windows archives. comp.bbs.majorbbs Support & discussion of The Major BBS from Galacticomm. comp.bbs.misc All aspects of computer bulletin board systems. comp.bbs.waffle The Waffle BBS and USENET system on all platforms. comp.benchmarks Discussion of benchmarking techniques and results. comp.binaries.cbm For the transfer of 8bit Commodore binaries. (Moderated)
    comp.bugs.misc General UNIX bug reports and fixes (incl V7, uucp). comp.cad.autocad AutoDesk's AutoCAD software.
    comp.cad.cadence Users of Cadence Design Systems products. comp.cad.compass Compass Design Automation EDA tools.
    comp.cad.i-deas SDRC I-DEAS Masters Series software. comp.cad.microstation MicroStation CAD software and related products. comp.cad.microstation.programmer Developing software in Microstation CAD.
    comp.cad.pro-engineer Parametric Technology's Pro/Engineer design package. comp.cad.solidworks SolidWorks newsgroup.
    comp.cad.synthesis Research and production in the field of logic synthesis.
    comp.client-server Topics relating to client/server technology. comp.cog-eng Cognitive engineering.
    comp.compilers Compiler construction, theory, etc. (Moderated) comp.compilers.lcc The lcc C Compiler and related topics. comp.compilers.tools.javacc The Java Compiler Compiler and related topics. comp.compression Data compression algorithms and theory. comp.compression.research Discussions about data compression research. (Moderated)
    comp.constraints Constraint processing and related topics. comp.data.administration Manage data as a corporate asset: stds & methds.
    comp.databases Database and data management issues and theory. comp.databases.adabas ADABAS Database topics in general. comp.databases.berkeley-db The Berkeley DB libraries. comp.databases.btrieve Pervasive Software client/server development. comp.databases.filemaker Technical discussions about FileMaker. comp.databases.gupta Gupta SQLWindows client-server development. comp.databases.ibm-db2 Problem resolution with DB2 database products. comp.databases.informix Informix database management software discussions. comp.databases.ingres Issues relating to INGRES products. comp.databases.ms-access MS Windows' relational database system, Access. comp.databases.ms-sqlserver Microsoft's SQL Server and related products. comp.databases.mysql MySQL RDBMS technical discussions. comp.databases.object Object-oriented paradigms in database systems. comp.databases.olap Analytical Processing, Multidimensional DBMS, EIS, DSS. comp.databases.oracle.marketplace Oracle-related jobs, etc. comp.databases.oracle.misc Oracle related topics. comp.databases.oracle.server Oracle database administration/server topics. comp.databases.oracle.tools Oracle software tools/applications. comp.databases.paradox Borland's database for DOS & MS Windows. comp.databases.pick Pick-like, post-relational, database systems. comp.databases.postgresql PGSQL Relational Database Management System. comp.databases.progress The Progress 4GL & RDBMS.
    comp.databases.rdb The relational database engine RDB from DEC. comp.databases.sybase Implementations of the SQL Server. comp.databases.theory Discussing advances in database technology. comp.databases.visual-dbase Database discussions using Visual dBASE. comp.databases.xbase.codebase CodeBase and its related products. comp.databases.xbase.fox Fox Software's xBase system and compatibles. comp.databases.xbase.misc Discussion of xBase (dBASE-like) products. comp.dcom.cabling Cabling selection, installation and use. comp.dcom.cell-relay Forum for discussion of Cell Relay-based products. comp.dcom.fax Fax hardware, software, and protocols. comp.dcom.isdn.capi CAPI - the Common ISDN Application Interface. comp.dcom.lans.ethernet Discussions of the Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 protocols. comp.dcom.lans.misc Local area network hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems Data communications hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems.cable Cable modems and internet access via cable tv. comp.dcom.net-analysis Network Testing and Analysis Procedures and Results. comp.dcom.net-management Network management methods and applications. comp.dcom.sdh-sonet Discuss the SDH and SONET technology. comp.dcom.sys.cisco Info on Cisco routers and bridges.
    comp.dcom.sys.nortel Nortel telecommunications products and systems. comp.dcom.telecom Telecommunications digest. (Moderated) comp.dcom.telecom.tech Discussion of technical aspects of telephony. comp.dcom.videoconf Video conference technology and applications. comp.dcom.voice-over-ip Voice Over IP technology.
    comp.dcom.vpn Virtual Private Network Technology.
    comp.dcom.wan All topics concerned with wide area networking. comp.dcom.xdsl Discussion area for different DSL technologies. comp.distributed Distributed Resource Sharing and Applications. comp.doc.management Document Management technologies.
    comp.doc.techreports Lists of technical reports. (Moderated)
    comp.dsp Digital Signal Processing using computers.
    comp.editors Topics related to computerized text editing.
    comp.edu Computer science education.
    comp.edu.languages.natural Computer assisted languages instruction issues. comp.emacs EMACS editors of different flavors.
    comp.emacs.xemacs Bug reports, questions and answers about XEmacs. comp.emulators.apple2 Emulators of Apple // systems.
    comp.emulators.cbm Emulators of C-64, C-128, PET, and VIC-20 systems. comp.emulators.game-consoles Emulators of game console systems. comp.emulators.misc Emulators of miscellaneous computer systems. comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine A free MS-Windows emulator under X. comp.file-sharing.bittorrent Distributed file sharing on Bittorrent protocol.
    comp.fonts Typefonts -- design, conversion, use, etc. comp.games.development.design Designing gameplay and rules systems. comp.games.development.industry Biz news, project management, jobs. comp.games.development.programming.algorithms Abstract algorithms for games. comp.games.development.programming.misc General info on programming games. comp.graphics.algorithms Algorithms used in producing computer graphics. comp.graphics.animation Technical aspects of computer animation. comp.graphics.api.misc Application Programmer Interface issues, methods. comp.graphics.api.opengl The OpenGL 3D application programming interface.
    comp.graphics.apps.alias 3-D graphics software from Alias Research. comp.graphics.apps.cinema4d 3D modeling, animation and raytracing package. comp.graphics.apps.corel Corel graphics software applications. comp.graphics.apps.gimp The GNU Image Manipulation Program. comp.graphics.apps.gnuplot The gnuplot interactive function plotter. comp.graphics.apps.lightwave NewTek's Lightwave3D & related topics. comp.graphics.apps.pagemaker Question, answers, tips and suggestions. comp.graphics.apps.paint-shop-pro Paint Shop Pro in general. comp.graphics.apps.photoshop Adobe Photoshop techniques & help. comp.graphics.apps.ulead Ulead graphics software products. comp.graphics.misc Computer graphics miscellany. comp.graphics.packages.3dstudio Autodesk's 3D Studio software. comp.graphics.rendering.misc Rendering comparisons, approaches, methods. comp.graphics.rendering.raytracing Raytracing software, tools and methods. comp.graphics.rendering.renderman RenderMan interface & shading language. comp.graphics.visualization Info on scientific visualization. comp.groupware Software & hardware for shared interactive environments.
    comp.groupware.lotus-notes.admin Lotus Notes system administration. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.apps Application software for Lotus Notes. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.misc Lotus Notes related discussions. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.programmer Programming for Lotus Notes. comp.home.automation Home automation devices, setup, sources, etc. comp.human-factors Issues related to human-computer interaction (HCI). comp.infosystems Any discussion about information systems. comp.infosystems.gis All aspects of Geographic Information Systems. comp.infosystems.gemini Internet Hypertext System, Privacy, Accessibility. comp.infosystems.gopher Discussion of the Gopher information service. comp.infosystems.hyperg The Hyper-G network hypermedia system and applications. comp.infosystems.kiosks Informational and transactional kiosks. (Moderated) comp.infosystems.search All aspects of search technology.
    comp.infosystems.wais The Z39.50-based WAIS full-text search system. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html Writing HTML for the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.images Using images, imagemaps on the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.misc Miscellaneous Web authoring issues. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.site-design Web site design philosophy. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets Layout/presentation on the WWW. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.tools Programs to help authoring Websites. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.mac Web browsers for the Macintosh platform.
    comp.infosystems.www.browsers.misc Web browsers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.ms-windows Web browsers for MS Windows. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.x Web browsers for the X-Window system. comp.infosystems.www.misc Miscellaneous World Wide Web discussion. comp.infosystems.www.servers.misc Web servers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.servers.ms-windows Web servers for MS Windows and NT. comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix Web servers for UNIX platforms. comp.internet.library Discussing electronic libraries. (Moderated) comp.internet.services.blog.livejournal LJ blogging service and software. comp.internet.services.google Search, Gmail, Groups, Maps, Picasa, etc. comp.internet.services.video.youtube Internet video for the masses. comp.internet.services.wiki Wikis, such as Wikipedia.
    comp.lang.ada Discussion about Ada*.
    comp.lang.apl Discussion about APL.
    comp.lang.asm.x86 Bulletin Board and Q&A for x86 assembly language topics. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.asm370 Programming in IBM System/370 Assembly Language. comp.lang.awk The AWK programming language.
    comp.lang.basic.misc Other dialects and aspects of BASIC. comp.lang.basic.powerbasic PowerBasic Inc. programming languages. comp.lang.basic.realbasic REALBasic programming discussion. comp.lang.basic.visual.database Database aspects of Visual Basic. comp.lang.basic.visual.misc Visual Basic in general.
    comp.lang.beta The object-oriented programming language BETA. comp.lang.c Discussion about C.
    comp.lang.c++ The object-oriented C++ language.
    comp.lang.c++.leda All aspects of the LEDA library.
    comp.lang.c++.misc Development in C++, libraries, cross and single targets comp.lang.c++.moderated Technical discussion of the C++ language. (Moderated) comp.lang.c.moderated The C programming language. (Moderated) comp.lang.clarion Technical discussion of Clarion programming. comp.lang.clipper Clipper and Visual Objects programming languages. comp.lang.clipper.visual-objects CA-Visual Objects developer system. comp.lang.clos Common Lisp Object System discussions.
    comp.lang.cobol The COBOL language and software.
    comp.lang.dylan For discussion of the Dylan language.
    comp.lang.eiffel The object-oriented Eiffel language.
    comp.lang.forth Discussion about Forth.
    comp.lang.forth.mac The CSI MacForth programming environment. comp.lang.fortran Discussion about FORTRAN.
    comp.lang.functional Discussion about functional languages. comp.lang.haskell Polymorphically-typed lazy purely-functional programming.
    comp.lang.hermes The Hermes language for distributed applications. comp.lang.icon Topics related to the ICON programming language. comp.lang.idl IDL (Interface Description Language) related topics. comp.lang.idl-pvwave IDL and PV-Wave language discussions.
    comp.lang.java.3d 3D Graphics API's for the Java language. comp.lang.java.advocacy Support for and criticism of the Java System. comp.lang.java.beans Java software components (JavaBeans). comp.lang.java.corba Topics relating to Java and CORBA. comp.lang.java.databases Databases, java.sql, JDBC, ODBC. comp.lang.java.gui GUI toolkits and windowing: AWT, IFC etc. comp.lang.java.help Set-up problems, catch-all first aid. comp.lang.java.machine JVM, native methods, hardware. comp.lang.java.programmer Programming in the Java language. comp.lang.java.security Security issues raised by Java. comp.lang.java.softwaretools IDEs, browsers, compilers, other tools. comp.lang.javascript Netscape Communications Corp.'s JavaScript language. comp.lang.labview Labview Software Discussion Group.
    comp.lang.lisp Discussion about LISP.
    comp.lang.logo The Logo teaching and learning language.
    comp.lang.misc Different computer languages not specifically listed. comp.lang.ml ML languages including Standard ML, CAML, Lazy ML, etc. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.modula2 Discussion about Modula-2.
    comp.lang.modula3 Discussion about the Modula-3 language.
    comp.lang.mumps The M (MUMPS) language & technology, in general. comp.lang.oberon The Oberon language and system.
    comp.lang.objective-c The Objective-C language and environment. comp.lang.pascal.ansi-iso Pascal according to ANSI and ISO standards. comp.lang.pascal.borland Borland's Pascal. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.components.misc General component issues. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.databases Database aspects of Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.misc General issues with Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.mac Macintosh based Pascals.
    comp.lang.pascal.misc Pascal in general and ungrouped Pascals. comp.lang.perl.announce Announcements about Perl. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.misc The Perl language in general.
    comp.lang.perl.moderated Perl language. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.modules Use and development of Perl modules.
    comp.lang.perl.tk Using Tk (and X) from Perl.
    comp.lang.php PHP, server side scripting.
    comp.lang.pl1 PL/I language discussions.
    comp.lang.pop Pop11 and the Plug user group.
    comp.lang.postscript The PostScript Page Description Language. comp.lang.prolog Discussion about PROLOG.
    comp.lang.python The Python computer language.
    comp.lang.python.announce Announcements about the Python language. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.rexx The REXX command language.
    comp.lang.ruby The Ruby dynamic OO programming language. comp.lang.scheme The Scheme Programming language.
    comp.lang.scheme.scsh SCSH - the Scheme Shell.
    comp.lang.smalltalk Discussion about Smalltalk 80. comp.lang.smalltalk.advocacy Discussion of Smalltalk Language pros/cons. comp.lang.smalltalk.dolphin The Dolphin variant of the Smalltalk language. comp.lang.tcl The Tcl programming language and related tools. comp.lang.verilog Discussing Verilog and PLI.
    comp.lang.vhdl VHSIC Hardware Description Language, IEEE 1076/87. comp.lang.vrml Virtual Reality Modeling Language discussion. comp.lang.xharbour xHarbour programming, Clipper, and xBase.
    comp.lsi Large scale integrated circuits.
    comp.lsi.testing Testing of electronic circuits.
    comp.mail.elm Discussion and fixes for the ELM mail system. comp.mail.eudora.mac Eudora email software for Macintosh. comp.mail.eudora.ms-windows Eudora email software for MS Windows. comp.mail.headers Gatewayed from the Internet header-people list. comp.mail.imap Discussion of IMAP-based mail systems. comp.mail.list-admin.software Software used in the running of mailing lists. comp.mail.mh The UCI version of the Rand Message Handling system. comp.mail.mime Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions of RFC 1341. comp.mail.misc General discussions about computer mail.
    comp.mail.mutt The Mutt E-Mail Client.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.misc Pegasus Mail for DOS and Macs, and Mercury Mail.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.ms-windows Discussion of Pegasus Mail for Windows. comp.mail.pine The PINE mail user agent.
    comp.mail.sendmail Configuring and using the BSD sendmail agent. comp.mail.uucp Mail in the uucp network environment.
    comp.misc General topics about computers not covered elsewhere. comp.mobile.android Discussing Android devices / OS.
    comp.mobile.ipad Mobile tablet PC running iPhone OS.
    comp.multimedia Interactive multimedia technologies of all kinds. comp.music.midi Computers as components in MIDI music systems. comp.music.misc Miscellaneous use of computers in music. comp.music.research The use of Computers in Music Research and Composition. (Moderated)
    comp.newprod Announcements of new products of interest. (Moderated) comp.object Object-oriented programming and languages. comp.object.corba OMG CORBA standard.
    comp.object.logic Integrating object-oriented and logic programming. comp.org.acm Topics about the Association for Computing Machinery. comp.org.cauce The Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial E-Mail. (Moderated)
    comp.org.ieee Issues and announcements about the IEEE & its members. comp.org.lisp-users Association of Lisp Users related discussions. comp.org.uniforum UniForum Association activities.
    comp.org.usenix USENIX Association events and announcements. comp.org.usenix.roomshare Finding lodging during Usenix conferences. comp.org.user-groups.meetings Planning for user group meetings and events. comp.org.user-groups.misc User group discussions in general.
    comp.os.aos Topics related to Data General's AOS/VS. comp.os.coherent Discussion and support of the Coherent operating system.
    comp.os.cpm Discussion about the CP/M operating system. comp.os.geos.misc GEOS O/S by Geoworks in general. comp.os.geos.programmer GEOS O/S Programming in general.
    comp.os.linux.advocacy Benefits of Linux compared to other operating systems. comp.os.linux.alpha Linux on Digital Alpha machines.
    comp.os.linux.announce Announcements important to the Linux community. (Moderated)
    comp.os.linux.development.apps Writing Linux applications, porting to Linux. comp.os.linux.development.system Linux kernels, device drivers, modules. comp.os.linux.embedded Linux operating system on embedded hardware. comp.os.linux.hardware Hardware compatibility with the Linux operating system. comp.os.linux.m68k Linux operating system on 680x0 Amiga, Atari, VME. comp.os.linux.misc Linux-specific topics not covered by other groups. comp.os.linux.networking Networking and communications under Linux. comp.os.linux.portable Linux OS on portable PCs.
    comp.os.linux.powerpc Linux systems running on PowerPC microprocessors. comp.os.linux.security Security and the GNU/Linux Operating System. comp.os.linux.setup Linux installation and system administration. comp.os.linux.x Linux X Window System servers, clients, libs and fonts. comp.os.linux.xbox Linux on Xbox.
    comp.os.lynx Discussion of LynxOS and Lynx Real-Time Systems. comp.os.mach The MACH OS from CMU & other places.
    comp.os.magic-cap Everything about General Magic's Magic Cap OS. comp.os.minix Discussion of Tanenbaum's MINIX system.
    comp.os.misc General OS-oriented discussion not carried elsewhere. comp.os.ms-windows.advocacy Speculation and debate about Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.financial MS-Windows financial & tax software. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.misc MS-Windows applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.utilities.win95 Utility/add-on programs for Win95. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.winsock.misc Other Winsock applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.word-proc MS-Windows word-processing applications.
    comp.os.ms-windows.ce Microsoft Windows CE operating system. comp.os.ms-windows.misc General discussions about Windows issues. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.misc Windows and other networks. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.tcp-ip Windows and TCP/IP networking. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.win95 Win95 to Novell, TCP/IP, other nets. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.windows Windows' built-in networking. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.misc Windows NT system administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.networking Windows NT network administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.security Windows NT Security topics. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.misc General discussion about Windows NT. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.setup.misc Windows NT software setup. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.backoffice Windows NT BackOffice. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.compatibility Win NT software compatibility. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.services Windows NT system services software. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.controls Controls, dialogs and VBXs. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.graphics GDI, graphics and printing. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.memory Memory management issues. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.misc Programming Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.networks Network programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.nt.kernel-mode Windows NT driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.ole OLE2, COM and DDE programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.mfc MFC-based development for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.misc Windows Development tools. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.winsock Winsock programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.vxd Windows VxD and driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.win32 32-bit Windows programming interfaces. comp.os.ms-windows.video Video adapters and drivers for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.win95.misc Miscellaneous Topics about Windows 95. comp.os.msdos.4dos The 4DOS command processor for MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.apps Discussion of applications that run under MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.desqview QuarterDeck's Desqview and related products. comp.os.msdos.djgpp DOS GNU C/C++ applications and programming environment. comp.os.msdos.misc Miscellaneous topics about MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer Programming MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer.turbovision Borland's text application libraries. comp.os.netware.connectivity Connectivity products (TCP/IP, SAA, NFS, MAC). comp.os.netware.misc General Netware topics.
    comp.os.os2.advocacy Supporting and flaming OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.announce Notable news and announcements related to OS/2. (Moderated)
    comp.os.os2.apps Discussions of applications under OS/2. comp.os.os2.beta All aspects of beta releases of OS/2 systems software. comp.os.os2.bugs OS/2 system bug reports, fixes and work-arounds. comp.os.os2.ecomstation Serenity Systems operating system eComStation. comp.os.os2.games Running games under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.mail-news Mail and news apps/utils (on- & offline) under OS/2. comp.os.os2.marketplace Forsale/wanted; shopping; commercial ads; job postings. comp.os.os2.misc Miscellaneous topics about the OS/2 system. comp.os.os2.multimedia Multi-media on OS/2 systems. comp.os.os2.networking.misc Miscellaneous networking issues of OS/2. comp.os.os2.networking.server Administration of NetWare, Warp Server, etc. comp.os.os2.networking.tcp-ip TCP/IP under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.networking.www World Wide Web (WWW) apps/utils under OS/2. comp.os.os2.programmer.misc Programming OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.porting Porting software to OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.tools Compilers, assemblers, interpreters under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.misc Installing/configuring OS/2; misc. hardware/drivers. comp.os.os2.setup.storage Disk/Tape/CD-ROM hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.video Base video hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.utilities General purpose utils (shells/backup/compression/etc). comp.os.os9 Microware's OS-9 real-time operating system. comp.os.plan9 Plan 9 from Bell Labs. (Moderated)
    comp.os.psos The realtime operating system pSOS+.
    comp.os.qnx Using and developing under the QNX operating system. comp.os.rsts Topics related to the PDP-11 RSTS/E operating system. comp.os.vms DEC's VAX* line of computers & VMS.
    comp.os.vxworks The VxWorks real-time operating system.
    comp.parallel Massively parallel hardware/software. (Moderated) comp.parallel.mpi Message Passing Interface (MPI).
    comp.parallel.pvm The PVM system of multi-computer parallelization. comp.periphs Peripheral devices.
    comp.periphs.printers Information on printers.
    comp.periphs.scanners Technical discussion of scanners and imaging devices. comp.periphs.scsi Discussion of SCSI-based peripheral devices. comp.programming Programming issues that transcend languages and OSs. comp.programming.contests Announcements & results of programming contests.
    comp.programming.literate Literate programming and LP tools. (Moderated) comp.programming.threads All issues about multithreaded programming. comp.protocols.dicom Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine. comp.protocols.dns.bind Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). (Moderated) comp.protocols.kerberos The Kerberos authentication server. comp.protocols.kermit.misc Kermit protocol and software. comp.protocols.misc Various forms and types of protocol.
    comp.protocols.nfs Discussion about the Network File System protocol. comp.protocols.ppp Discussion of the Internet Point to Point Protocol. comp.protocols.smb SMB file sharing protocol and Samba SMB server/client. comp.protocols.snmp The Simple Network Management Protocol. comp.protocols.tcp-ip TCP and IP network protocols. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.domains Topics related to Domain Style names. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.ibmpc TCP/IP for IBM(-like) personal computers. comp.protocols.time.ntp The network time protocol.
    comp.publish.cdrom.hardware Hardware used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.cdrom.software Software used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.electronic.misc General electronic publishing issues. comp.publish.prepress Electronic prepress.
    comp.realtime Issues related to real-time computing.
    comp.risks Risks to the public from computers & users. (Moderated) comp.robotics.misc All aspects of robots and their applications. comp.robotics.research Academic, government & industry research in robotics. (Moderated)
    comp.security.firewalls Anything pertaining to network firewall security. comp.security.misc Security issues of computers and networks. comp.security.pgp.discuss PGP and its implications. comp.security.pgp.tech Use of PGP, bug reports and help. comp.security.pgp.test Testing signing, encryption and decryption using PGP. comp.security.ssh SSH secure remote login and tunneling tools. comp.security.unix Discussion of Unix security.
    comp.simulation Simulation methods, problems, uses. (Moderated) comp.society.futures Events in technology affecting future computing. comp.soft-sys.ace ACE programming, porting, and systems. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.forte Discussion of Forte development software. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.uniface Uniface Client/Server App Development. comp.soft-sys.business.sap Discussion forum on SAP software. comp.soft-sys.dce The Distributed Computing Environment (DCE). comp.soft-sys.gis.esri ESRI GIS software and system implementation. comp.soft-sys.math.maple Maple computer mathematics discussion group. comp.soft-sys.math.mathematica Mathematica discussion group. (Moderated) comp.soft-sys.math.scilab Scientific software package Scilab. comp.soft-sys.matlab The MathWorks calculation and visualization package. comp.soft-sys.octave GNU Octave, language for numerical computations. comp.soft-sys.powerbuilder Application development tools from PowerSoft. comp.soft-sys.ptolemy The Ptolemy simulation/code generation environment. comp.soft-sys.sas The SAS statistics package.
    comp.soft-sys.stat.spss The statistical program package SPSS. comp.soft-sys.wxwindows Discussions related to wxWindows framework. comp.software-eng Software Engineering and related topics. comp.software.arabic Arabic script software. (Moderated) comp.software.config-mgmt Configuration management, tools and procedures. comp.software.extreme-programming Extreme Programming discussions. comp.software.international Finding, using, & writing non-English software. comp.software.licensing Software licensing technology. comp.software.measurement Discussions of software metrics. comp.software.patterns Design, organizational and other software patterns. comp.software.testing All aspects of testing computer systems. comp.software.year-2000 Year 2000 compliance: projects and issues. comp.sources.bugs Bug reports, fixes, discussion for posted sources. comp.sources.d For any discussion of source postings. comp.sources.games Postings of recreational software. (Moderated) comp.sources.testers Finding people to test software.
    comp.sources.wanted Requests for software and fixes. comp.specification.misc Formal specification methods in general. comp.specification.z Discussion about the formal specification notation Z. comp.speech.research Speech technology research issues.
    comp.speech.users Issues related with using current speech technology. comp.std.announce Announcements about standards activities. (Moderated) comp.std.c Discussion about C language standards.
    comp.std.c++ Discussion about C++ language, library, standards. (Moderated)
    comp.std.misc Discussion about various standards.
    comp.sw.components Software components and related technology. comp.sys.3b1 Discussion and support of AT&T 7300/3B1/UnixPC. comp.sys.acorn.advocacy Why Acorn computers and programs are better. comp.sys.acorn.announce Announcements for Acorn and ARM users. (Moderated) comp.sys.acorn.apps Acorn software applications.
    comp.sys.acorn.extra-cpu Extra CPUs in Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.games Discussion of games for Acorn machines. comp.sys.acorn.hardware Acorn hardware.
    comp.sys.acorn.misc Acorn computing in general.
    comp.sys.acorn.networking Networking of Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.programmer Programming of Acorn computers. comp.sys.amiga.advocacy Why an Amiga is better than XYZ. comp.sys.amiga.announce Announcements about the Amiga. (Moderated) comp.sys.amiga.applications Miscellaneous applications.

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  • From news.announce.newgroups Moderation@21:1/5 to All on Sun May 15 08:00:02 2022
    XPost: news.groups, news.lists.misc

    -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
    Hash: SHA512

    What follows is a complete list of newsgroups in the "Big Eight"
    hierarchies (comp.*, humanities.*, misc.*, news.*, rec.*, sci.*,
    soc.*, and talk.*) with descriptions. Moderated newsgroups are marked
    with the string "(Moderated)" at the end of the description.

    Most versions of news support a "checkgroups" control message that can
    be used to help keep your active file in sync with the "standard"
    Usenet groups. This newsgroup list is in the format expected by such
    software. If you wish to process it as a checkgroups control message,
    extract the newsgroup list between the marked lines below and pass it
    to your checkgroups script on standard input.

    A normal checkgroups control message is also posted monthly, suitable
    for automated processing by news software. This posting is intended
    to supplement the control message, providing the same list in a
    regular news message. This may be useful for reference, or for review
    by readers without access to control messages.

    ========================= cut to this line ========================= comp.admin.policy Discussions of site administration policies.
    comp.ai Artificial Intelligence. (Moderated)
    comp.ai.alife Research about artificial life. comp.ai.doc-analysis.misc General document understanding technologies. comp.ai.doc-analysis.ocr OCR research, algorithms and software. comp.ai.edu Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Education. comp.ai.fuzzy Fuzzy set theory, aka fuzzy logic.
    comp.ai.games Artificial intelligence in games and game-playing. comp.ai.genetic Genetic algorithms in computing.
    comp.ai.nat-lang Natural language processing by computers. comp.ai.neural-nets All aspects of neural networks.
    comp.ai.philosophy Philosophical aspects of Artificial Intelligence. comp.ai.shells Expert systems and other artificial intelligence shells.
    comp.ai.vision Artificial Intelligence Vision Research. (Moderated) comp.answers Repository for periodic USENET articles. (Moderated) comp.apps.spreadsheets Spreadsheets on various platforms.
    comp.arch Computer architecture.
    comp.arch.arithmetic Implementing arithmetic on computers/digital systems. comp.arch.embedded Embedded computer systems topics.
    comp.arch.fpga Field Programmable Gate Array based computing systems. comp.arch.hobbyist Homebrew digital electronics design. (Moderated) comp.arch.storage Storage system issues, both hardware and software. comp.archives.admin Issues relating to computer archive administration. comp.archives.ms-windows.discuss Discussing Microsoft Windows archives. comp.bbs.majorbbs Support & discussion of The Major BBS from Galacticomm. comp.bbs.misc All aspects of computer bulletin board systems. comp.bbs.waffle The Waffle BBS and USENET system on all platforms. comp.benchmarks Discussion of benchmarking techniques and results. comp.binaries.cbm For the transfer of 8bit Commodore binaries. (Moderated)
    comp.bugs.misc General UNIX bug reports and fixes (incl V7, uucp). comp.cad.autocad AutoDesk's AutoCAD software.
    comp.cad.cadence Users of Cadence Design Systems products. comp.cad.compass Compass Design Automation EDA tools.
    comp.cad.i-deas SDRC I-DEAS Masters Series software. comp.cad.microstation MicroStation CAD software and related products. comp.cad.microstation.programmer Developing software in Microstation CAD.
    comp.cad.pro-engineer Parametric Technology's Pro/Engineer design package. comp.cad.solidworks SolidWorks newsgroup.
    comp.cad.synthesis Research and production in the field of logic synthesis.
    comp.client-server Topics relating to client/server technology. comp.cog-eng Cognitive engineering.
    comp.compilers Compiler construction, theory, etc. (Moderated) comp.compilers.lcc The lcc C Compiler and related topics. comp.compilers.tools.javacc The Java Compiler Compiler and related topics. comp.compression Data compression algorithms and theory. comp.compression.research Discussions about data compression research. (Moderated)
    comp.constraints Constraint processing and related topics. comp.data.administration Manage data as a corporate asset: stds & methds.
    comp.databases Database and data management issues and theory. comp.databases.adabas ADABAS Database topics in general. comp.databases.berkeley-db The Berkeley DB libraries. comp.databases.btrieve Pervasive Software client/server development. comp.databases.filemaker Technical discussions about FileMaker. comp.databases.gupta Gupta SQLWindows client-server development. comp.databases.ibm-db2 Problem resolution with DB2 database products. comp.databases.informix Informix database management software discussions. comp.databases.ingres Issues relating to INGRES products. comp.databases.ms-access MS Windows' relational database system, Access. comp.databases.ms-sqlserver Microsoft's SQL Server and related products. comp.databases.mysql MySQL RDBMS technical discussions. comp.databases.object Object-oriented paradigms in database systems. comp.databases.olap Analytical Processing, Multidimensional DBMS, EIS, DSS. comp.databases.oracle.marketplace Oracle-related jobs, etc. comp.databases.oracle.misc Oracle related topics. comp.databases.oracle.server Oracle database administration/server topics. comp.databases.oracle.tools Oracle software tools/applications. comp.databases.paradox Borland's database for DOS & MS Windows. comp.databases.pick Pick-like, post-relational, database systems. comp.databases.postgresql PGSQL Relational Database Management System. comp.databases.progress The Progress 4GL & RDBMS.
    comp.databases.rdb The relational database engine RDB from DEC. comp.databases.sybase Implementations of the SQL Server. comp.databases.theory Discussing advances in database technology. comp.databases.visual-dbase Database discussions using Visual dBASE. comp.databases.xbase.codebase CodeBase and its related products. comp.databases.xbase.fox Fox Software's xBase system and compatibles. comp.databases.xbase.misc Discussion of xBase (dBASE-like) products. comp.dcom.cabling Cabling selection, installation and use. comp.dcom.cell-relay Forum for discussion of Cell Relay-based products. comp.dcom.fax Fax hardware, software, and protocols. comp.dcom.isdn.capi CAPI - the Common ISDN Application Interface. comp.dcom.lans.ethernet Discussions of the Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 protocols. comp.dcom.lans.misc Local area network hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems Data communications hardware and software. comp.dcom.modems.cable Cable modems and internet access via cable tv. comp.dcom.net-analysis Network Testing and Analysis Procedures and Results. comp.dcom.net-management Network management methods and applications. comp.dcom.sdh-sonet Discuss the SDH and SONET technology. comp.dcom.sys.cisco Info on Cisco routers and bridges.
    comp.dcom.sys.nortel Nortel telecommunications products and systems. comp.dcom.telecom Telecommunications digest. (Moderated) comp.dcom.telecom.tech Discussion of technical aspects of telephony. comp.dcom.videoconf Video conference technology and applications. comp.dcom.voice-over-ip Voice Over IP technology.
    comp.dcom.vpn Virtual Private Network Technology.
    comp.dcom.wan All topics concerned with wide area networking. comp.dcom.xdsl Discussion area for different DSL technologies. comp.distributed Distributed Resource Sharing and Applications. comp.doc.management Document Management technologies.
    comp.doc.techreports Lists of technical reports. (Moderated)
    comp.dsp Digital Signal Processing using computers.
    comp.editors Topics related to computerized text editing.
    comp.edu Computer science education.
    comp.edu.languages.natural Computer assisted languages instruction issues. comp.emacs EMACS editors of different flavors.
    comp.emacs.xemacs Bug reports, questions and answers about XEmacs. comp.emulators.apple2 Emulators of Apple // systems.
    comp.emulators.cbm Emulators of C-64, C-128, PET, and VIC-20 systems. comp.emulators.game-consoles Emulators of game console systems. comp.emulators.misc Emulators of miscellaneous computer systems. comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine A free MS-Windows emulator under X. comp.file-sharing.bittorrent Distributed file sharing on Bittorrent protocol.
    comp.fonts Typefonts -- design, conversion, use, etc. comp.games.development.design Designing gameplay and rules systems. comp.games.development.industry Biz news, project management, jobs. comp.games.development.programming.algorithms Abstract algorithms for games. comp.games.development.programming.misc General info on programming games. comp.graphics.algorithms Algorithms used in producing computer graphics. comp.graphics.animation Technical aspects of computer animation. comp.graphics.api.misc Application Programmer Interface issues, methods. comp.graphics.api.opengl The OpenGL 3D application programming interface.
    comp.graphics.apps.alias 3-D graphics software from Alias Research. comp.graphics.apps.cinema4d 3D modeling, animation and raytracing package. comp.graphics.apps.corel Corel graphics software applications. comp.graphics.apps.gimp The GNU Image Manipulation Program. comp.graphics.apps.gnuplot The gnuplot interactive function plotter. comp.graphics.apps.lightwave NewTek's Lightwave3D & related topics. comp.graphics.apps.pagemaker Question, answers, tips and suggestions. comp.graphics.apps.paint-shop-pro Paint Shop Pro in general. comp.graphics.apps.photoshop Adobe Photoshop techniques & help. comp.graphics.apps.ulead Ulead graphics software products. comp.graphics.misc Computer graphics miscellany. comp.graphics.packages.3dstudio Autodesk's 3D Studio software. comp.graphics.rendering.misc Rendering comparisons, approaches, methods. comp.graphics.rendering.raytracing Raytracing software, tools and methods. comp.graphics.rendering.renderman RenderMan interface & shading language. comp.graphics.visualization Info on scientific visualization. comp.groupware Software & hardware for shared interactive environments.
    comp.groupware.lotus-notes.admin Lotus Notes system administration. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.apps Application software for Lotus Notes. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.misc Lotus Notes related discussions. comp.groupware.lotus-notes.programmer Programming for Lotus Notes. comp.home.automation Home automation devices, setup, sources, etc. comp.human-factors Issues related to human-computer interaction (HCI). comp.infosystems Any discussion about information systems. comp.infosystems.gis All aspects of Geographic Information Systems. comp.infosystems.gemini Internet Hypertext System, Privacy, Accessibility. comp.infosystems.gopher Discussion of the Gopher information service. comp.infosystems.hyperg The Hyper-G network hypermedia system and applications. comp.infosystems.kiosks Informational and transactional kiosks. (Moderated) comp.infosystems.search All aspects of search technology.
    comp.infosystems.wais The Z39.50-based WAIS full-text search system. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html Writing HTML for the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.images Using images, imagemaps on the Web. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.misc Miscellaneous Web authoring issues. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.site-design Web site design philosophy. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets Layout/presentation on the WWW. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.tools Programs to help authoring Websites. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.mac Web browsers for the Macintosh platform.
    comp.infosystems.www.browsers.misc Web browsers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.ms-windows Web browsers for MS Windows. comp.infosystems.www.browsers.x Web browsers for the X-Window system. comp.infosystems.www.misc Miscellaneous World Wide Web discussion. comp.infosystems.www.servers.misc Web servers for other platforms. comp.infosystems.www.servers.ms-windows Web servers for MS Windows and NT. comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix Web servers for UNIX platforms. comp.internet.library Discussing electronic libraries. (Moderated) comp.internet.services.blog.livejournal LJ blogging service and software. comp.internet.services.google Search, Gmail, Groups, Maps, Picasa, etc. comp.internet.services.video.youtube Internet video for the masses. comp.internet.services.wiki Wikis, such as Wikipedia.
    comp.lang.ada Discussion about Ada*.
    comp.lang.apl Discussion about APL.
    comp.lang.asm.x86 Bulletin Board and Q&A for x86 assembly language topics. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.asm370 Programming in IBM System/370 Assembly Language. comp.lang.awk The AWK programming language.
    comp.lang.basic.misc Other dialects and aspects of BASIC. comp.lang.basic.powerbasic PowerBasic Inc. programming languages. comp.lang.basic.realbasic REALBasic programming discussion. comp.lang.basic.visual.database Database aspects of Visual Basic. comp.lang.basic.visual.misc Visual Basic in general.
    comp.lang.beta The object-oriented programming language BETA. comp.lang.c Discussion about C.
    comp.lang.c++ The object-oriented C++ language.
    comp.lang.c++.leda All aspects of the LEDA library.
    comp.lang.c++.misc Development in C++, libraries, cross and single targets comp.lang.c++.moderated Technical discussion of the C++ language. (Moderated) comp.lang.c.moderated The C programming language. (Moderated) comp.lang.clarion Technical discussion of Clarion programming. comp.lang.clipper Clipper and Visual Objects programming languages. comp.lang.clipper.visual-objects CA-Visual Objects developer system. comp.lang.clos Common Lisp Object System discussions.
    comp.lang.cobol The COBOL language and software.
    comp.lang.dylan For discussion of the Dylan language.
    comp.lang.eiffel The object-oriented Eiffel language.
    comp.lang.forth Discussion about Forth.
    comp.lang.forth.mac The CSI MacForth programming environment. comp.lang.fortran Discussion about FORTRAN.
    comp.lang.functional Discussion about functional languages. comp.lang.haskell Polymorphically-typed lazy purely-functional programming.
    comp.lang.hermes The Hermes language for distributed applications. comp.lang.icon Topics related to the ICON programming language. comp.lang.idl IDL (Interface Description Language) related topics. comp.lang.idl-pvwave IDL and PV-Wave language discussions.
    comp.lang.java.3d 3D Graphics API's for the Java language. comp.lang.java.advocacy Support for and criticism of the Java System. comp.lang.java.beans Java software components (JavaBeans). comp.lang.java.corba Topics relating to Java and CORBA. comp.lang.java.databases Databases, java.sql, JDBC, ODBC. comp.lang.java.gui GUI toolkits and windowing: AWT, IFC etc. comp.lang.java.help Set-up problems, catch-all first aid. comp.lang.java.machine JVM, native methods, hardware. comp.lang.java.programmer Programming in the Java language. comp.lang.java.security Security issues raised by Java. comp.lang.java.softwaretools IDEs, browsers, compilers, other tools. comp.lang.javascript Netscape Communications Corp.'s JavaScript language. comp.lang.labview Labview Software Discussion Group.
    comp.lang.lisp Discussion about LISP.
    comp.lang.logo The Logo teaching and learning language.
    comp.lang.misc Different computer languages not specifically listed. comp.lang.ml ML languages including Standard ML, CAML, Lazy ML, etc. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.modula2 Discussion about Modula-2.
    comp.lang.modula3 Discussion about the Modula-3 language.
    comp.lang.mumps The M (MUMPS) language & technology, in general. comp.lang.oberon The Oberon language and system.
    comp.lang.objective-c The Objective-C language and environment. comp.lang.pascal.ansi-iso Pascal according to ANSI and ISO standards. comp.lang.pascal.borland Borland's Pascal. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.components.misc General component issues. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.databases Database aspects of Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.delphi.misc General issues with Borland Delphi. comp.lang.pascal.mac Macintosh based Pascals.
    comp.lang.pascal.misc Pascal in general and ungrouped Pascals. comp.lang.perl.announce Announcements about Perl. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.misc The Perl language in general.
    comp.lang.perl.moderated Perl language. (Moderated) comp.lang.perl.modules Use and development of Perl modules.
    comp.lang.perl.tk Using Tk (and X) from Perl.
    comp.lang.php PHP, server side scripting.
    comp.lang.pl1 PL/I language discussions.
    comp.lang.pop Pop11 and the Plug user group.
    comp.lang.postscript The PostScript Page Description Language. comp.lang.prolog Discussion about PROLOG.
    comp.lang.python The Python computer language.
    comp.lang.python.announce Announcements about the Python language. (Moderated)
    comp.lang.rexx The REXX command language.
    comp.lang.ruby The Ruby dynamic OO programming language. comp.lang.scheme The Scheme Programming language.
    comp.lang.scheme.scsh SCSH - the Scheme Shell.
    comp.lang.smalltalk Discussion about Smalltalk 80. comp.lang.smalltalk.advocacy Discussion of Smalltalk Language pros/cons. comp.lang.smalltalk.dolphin The Dolphin variant of the Smalltalk language. comp.lang.tcl The Tcl programming language and related tools. comp.lang.verilog Discussing Verilog and PLI.
    comp.lang.vhdl VHSIC Hardware Description Language, IEEE 1076/87. comp.lang.vrml Virtual Reality Modeling Language discussion. comp.lang.xharbour xHarbour programming, Clipper, and xBase.
    comp.lsi Large scale integrated circuits.
    comp.lsi.testing Testing of electronic circuits.
    comp.mail.elm Discussion and fixes for the ELM mail system. comp.mail.eudora.mac Eudora email software for Macintosh. comp.mail.eudora.ms-windows Eudora email software for MS Windows. comp.mail.headers Gatewayed from the Internet header-people list. comp.mail.imap Discussion of IMAP-based mail systems. comp.mail.list-admin.software Software used in the running of mailing lists. comp.mail.mh The UCI version of the Rand Message Handling system. comp.mail.mime Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions of RFC 1341. comp.mail.misc General discussions about computer mail.
    comp.mail.mutt The Mutt E-Mail Client.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.misc Pegasus Mail for DOS and Macs, and Mercury Mail.
    comp.mail.pegasus-mail.ms-windows Discussion of Pegasus Mail for Windows. comp.mail.pine The PINE mail user agent.
    comp.mail.sendmail Configuring and using the BSD sendmail agent. comp.mail.uucp Mail in the uucp network environment.
    comp.misc General topics about computers not covered elsewhere. comp.mobile.android Discussing Android devices / OS.
    comp.mobile.ipad Mobile tablet PC running iPhone OS.
    comp.multimedia Interactive multimedia technologies of all kinds. comp.music.midi Computers as components in MIDI music systems. comp.music.misc Miscellaneous use of computers in music. comp.music.research The use of Computers in Music Research and Composition. (Moderated)
    comp.newprod Announcements of new products of interest. (Moderated) comp.object Object-oriented programming and languages. comp.object.corba OMG CORBA standard.
    comp.object.logic Integrating object-oriented and logic programming. comp.org.acm Topics about the Association for Computing Machinery. comp.org.cauce The Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial E-Mail. (Moderated)
    comp.org.ieee Issues and announcements about the IEEE & its members. comp.org.lisp-users Association of Lisp Users related discussions. comp.org.uniforum UniForum Association activities.
    comp.org.usenix USENIX Association events and announcements. comp.org.usenix.roomshare Finding lodging during Usenix conferences. comp.org.user-groups.meetings Planning for user group meetings and events. comp.org.user-groups.misc User group discussions in general.
    comp.os.aos Topics related to Data General's AOS/VS. comp.os.coherent Discussion and support of the Coherent operating system.
    comp.os.cpm Discussion about the CP/M operating system. comp.os.geos.misc GEOS O/S by Geoworks in general. comp.os.geos.programmer GEOS O/S Programming in general.
    comp.os.linux.advocacy Benefits of Linux compared to other operating systems. comp.os.linux.alpha Linux on Digital Alpha machines.
    comp.os.linux.announce Announcements important to the Linux community. (Moderated)
    comp.os.linux.development.apps Writing Linux applications, porting to Linux. comp.os.linux.development.system Linux kernels, device drivers, modules. comp.os.linux.embedded Linux operating system on embedded hardware. comp.os.linux.hardware Hardware compatibility with the Linux operating system. comp.os.linux.m68k Linux operating system on 680x0 Amiga, Atari, VME. comp.os.linux.misc Linux-specific topics not covered by other groups. comp.os.linux.networking Networking and communications under Linux. comp.os.linux.portable Linux OS on portable PCs.
    comp.os.linux.powerpc Linux systems running on PowerPC microprocessors. comp.os.linux.security Security and the GNU/Linux Operating System. comp.os.linux.setup Linux installation and system administration. comp.os.linux.x Linux X Window System servers, clients, libs and fonts. comp.os.linux.xbox Linux on Xbox.
    comp.os.lynx Discussion of LynxOS and Lynx Real-Time Systems. comp.os.mach The MACH OS from CMU & other places.
    comp.os.magic-cap Everything about General Magic's Magic Cap OS. comp.os.minix Discussion of Tanenbaum's MINIX system.
    comp.os.misc General OS-oriented discussion not carried elsewhere. comp.os.ms-windows.advocacy Speculation and debate about Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.financial MS-Windows financial & tax software. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.misc MS-Windows applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.utilities.win95 Utility/add-on programs for Win95. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.winsock.misc Other Winsock applications. comp.os.ms-windows.apps.word-proc MS-Windows word-processing applications.
    comp.os.ms-windows.ce Microsoft Windows CE operating system. comp.os.ms-windows.misc General discussions about Windows issues. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.misc Windows and other networks. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.tcp-ip Windows and TCP/IP networking. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.win95 Win95 to Novell, TCP/IP, other nets. comp.os.ms-windows.networking.windows Windows' built-in networking. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.misc Windows NT system administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.networking Windows NT network administration. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.admin.security Windows NT Security topics. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.misc General discussion about Windows NT. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.setup.misc Windows NT software setup. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.backoffice Windows NT BackOffice. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.compatibility Win NT software compatibility. comp.os.ms-windows.nt.software.services Windows NT system services software. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.controls Controls, dialogs and VBXs. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.graphics GDI, graphics and printing. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.memory Memory management issues. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.misc Programming Microsoft Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.networks Network programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.nt.kernel-mode Windows NT driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.ole OLE2, COM and DDE programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.mfc MFC-based development for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.misc Windows Development tools. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.tools.winsock Winsock programming. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.vxd Windows VxD and driver development. comp.os.ms-windows.programmer.win32 32-bit Windows programming interfaces. comp.os.ms-windows.video Video adapters and drivers for Windows. comp.os.ms-windows.win95.misc Miscellaneous Topics about Windows 95. comp.os.msdos.4dos The 4DOS command processor for MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.apps Discussion of applications that run under MS-DOS. comp.os.msdos.desqview QuarterDeck's Desqview and related products. comp.os.msdos.djgpp DOS GNU C/C++ applications and programming environment. comp.os.msdos.misc Miscellaneous topics about MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer Programming MS-DOS machines. comp.os.msdos.programmer.turbovision Borland's text application libraries. comp.os.netware.connectivity Connectivity products (TCP/IP, SAA, NFS, MAC). comp.os.netware.misc General Netware topics.
    comp.os.os2.advocacy Supporting and flaming OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.announce Notable news and announcements related to OS/2. (Moderated)
    comp.os.os2.apps Discussions of applications under OS/2. comp.os.os2.beta All aspects of beta releases of OS/2 systems software. comp.os.os2.bugs OS/2 system bug reports, fixes and work-arounds. comp.os.os2.ecomstation Serenity Systems operating system eComStation. comp.os.os2.games Running games under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.mail-news Mail and news apps/utils (on- & offline) under OS/2. comp.os.os2.marketplace Forsale/wanted; shopping; commercial ads; job postings. comp.os.os2.misc Miscellaneous topics about the OS/2 system. comp.os.os2.multimedia Multi-media on OS/2 systems. comp.os.os2.networking.misc Miscellaneous networking issues of OS/2. comp.os.os2.networking.server Administration of NetWare, Warp Server, etc. comp.os.os2.networking.tcp-ip TCP/IP under OS/2.
    comp.os.os2.networking.www World Wide Web (WWW) apps/utils under OS/2. comp.os.os2.programmer.misc Programming OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.porting Porting software to OS/2 machines. comp.os.os2.programmer.tools Compilers, assemblers, interpreters under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.misc Installing/configuring OS/2; misc. hardware/drivers. comp.os.os2.setup.storage Disk/Tape/CD-ROM hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.setup.video Base video hardware/drivers under OS/2. comp.os.os2.utilities General purpose utils (shells/backup/compression/etc). comp.os.os9 Microware's OS-9 real-time operating system. comp.os.plan9 Plan 9 from Bell Labs. (Moderated)
    comp.os.psos The realtime operating system pSOS+.
    comp.os.qnx Using and developing under the QNX operating system. comp.os.rsts Topics related to the PDP-11 RSTS/E operating system. comp.os.vms DEC's VAX* line of computers & VMS.
    comp.os.vxworks The VxWorks real-time operating system.
    comp.parallel Massively parallel hardware/software. (Moderated) comp.parallel.mpi Message Passing Interface (MPI).
    comp.parallel.pvm The PVM system of multi-computer parallelization. comp.periphs Peripheral devices.
    comp.periphs.printers Information on printers.
    comp.periphs.scanners Technical discussion of scanners and imaging devices. comp.periphs.scsi Discussion of SCSI-based peripheral devices. comp.programming Programming issues that transcend languages and OSs. comp.programming.contests Announcements & results of programming contests.
    comp.programming.literate Literate programming and LP tools. (Moderated) comp.programming.threads All issues about multithreaded programming. comp.protocols.dicom Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine. comp.protocols.dns.bind Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). (Moderated) comp.protocols.kerberos The Kerberos authentication server. comp.protocols.kermit.misc Kermit protocol and software. comp.protocols.misc Various forms and types of protocol.
    comp.protocols.nfs Discussion about the Network File System protocol. comp.protocols.ppp Discussion of the Internet Point to Point Protocol. comp.protocols.smb SMB file sharing protocol and Samba SMB server/client. comp.protocols.snmp The Simple Network Management Protocol. comp.protocols.tcp-ip TCP and IP network protocols. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.domains Topics related to Domain Style names. comp.protocols.tcp-ip.ibmpc TCP/IP for IBM(-like) personal computers. comp.protocols.time.ntp The network time protocol.
    comp.publish.cdrom.hardware Hardware used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.cdrom.software Software used in publishing with CD-ROM. comp.publish.electronic.misc General electronic publishing issues. comp.publish.prepress Electronic prepress.
    comp.realtime Issues related to real-time computing.
    comp.risks Risks to the public from computers & users. (Moderated) comp.robotics.misc All aspects of robots and their applications. comp.robotics.research Academic, government & industry research in robotics. (Moderated)
    comp.security.firewalls Anything pertaining to network firewall security. comp.security.misc Security issues of computers and networks. comp.security.pgp.discuss PGP and its implications. comp.security.pgp.tech Use of PGP, bug reports and help. comp.security.pgp.test Testing signing, encryption and decryption using PGP. comp.security.ssh SSH secure remote login and tunneling tools. comp.security.unix Discussion of Unix security.
    comp.simulation Simulation methods, problems, uses. (Moderated) comp.society.futures Events in technology affecting future computing. comp.soft-sys.ace ACE programming, porting, and systems. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.forte Discussion of Forte development software. comp.soft-sys.app-builder.uniface Uniface Client/Server App Development. comp.soft-sys.business.sap Discussion forum on SAP software. comp.soft-sys.dce The Distributed Computing Environment (DCE). comp.soft-sys.gis.esri ESRI GIS software and system implementation. comp.soft-sys.math.maple Maple computer mathematics discussion group. comp.soft-sys.math.mathematica Mathematica discussion group. (Moderated) comp.soft-sys.math.scilab Scientific software package Scilab. comp.soft-sys.matlab The MathWorks calculation and visualization package. comp.soft-sys.octave GNU Octave, language for numerical computations. comp.soft-sys.powerbuilder Application development tools from PowerSoft. comp.soft-sys.ptolemy The Ptolemy simulation/code generation environment. comp.soft-sys.sas The SAS statistics package.
    comp.soft-sys.stat.spss The statistical program package SPSS. comp.soft-sys.wxwindows Discussions related to wxWindows framework. comp.software-eng Software Engineering and related topics. comp.software.arabic Arabic script software. (Moderated) comp.software.config-mgmt Configuration management, tools and procedures. comp.software.extreme-programming Extreme Programming discussions. comp.software.international Finding, using, & writing non-English software. comp.software.licensing Software licensing technology. comp.software.measurement Discussions of software metrics. comp.software.patterns Design, organizational and other software patterns. comp.software.testing All aspects of testing computer systems. comp.software.year-2000 Year 2000 compliance: projects and issues. comp.sources.bugs Bug reports, fixes, discussion for posted sources. comp.sources.d For any discussion of source postings. comp.sources.games Postings of recreational software. (Moderated) comp.sources.testers Finding people to test software.
    comp.sources.wanted Requests for software and fixes. comp.specification.misc Formal specification methods in general. comp.specification.z Discussion about the formal specification notation Z. comp.speech.research Speech technology research issues.
    comp.speech.users Issues related with using current speech technology. comp.std.announce Announcements about standards activities. (Moderated) comp.std.c Discussion about C language standards.
    comp.std.c++ Discussion about C++ language, library, standards. (Moderated)
    comp.std.misc Discussion about various standards.
    comp.sw.components Software components and related technology. comp.sys.3b1 Discussion and support of AT&T 7300/3B1/UnixPC. comp.sys.acorn.advocacy Why Acorn computers and programs are better. comp.sys.acorn.announce Announcements for Acorn and ARM users. (Moderated) comp.sys.acorn.apps Acorn software applications.
    comp.sys.acorn.extra-cpu Extra CPUs in Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.games Discussion of games for Acorn machines. comp.sys.acorn.hardware Acorn hardware.
    comp.sys.acorn.misc Acorn computing in general.
    comp.sys.acorn.networking Networking of Acorn computers. comp.sys.acorn.programmer Programming of Acorn computers. comp.sys.amiga.advocacy Why an Amiga is better than XYZ. comp.sys.amiga.announce Announcements about the Amiga. (Moderated) comp.sys.amiga.applications Miscellaneous applications.

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