XPost: comp.theory, sci.logic, sci.math
computation that halts
a computation is said to halt whenever it enters a final state.
(Linz:1990:234)
computer science decider
a decider is a machine that accepts or rejects inputs.
https://cs.stackexchange.com/questions/84433/what-is-decider
halt decider
A halt decider accepts or rejects inputs on the basis of the actual
behavior specified by these inputs. Whenever the direct execution or
pure simulation of an input would never reach
its final state this input is correctly decided as not halting.
#include <stdint.h>
typedef void (*ptr)();
int H(ptr x, ptr y)
{
x(y); // direct execution of P(P)
return 1;
}
// Minimal essence of Linz(1990) Ĥ
// and Strachey(1965) P
void P(ptr x)
{
H(x, x);
}
int main(void)
{
H(P, P);
}
Proof that H(P,P)==0 is correct for every possible H at machine address 00001a7e that simulates or executes the precise byte sequence shown below:
_P()
[00001a5e](01) 55 push ebp
[00001a5f](02) 8bec mov ebp,esp
[00001a61](03) 8b4508 mov eax,[ebp+08]
[00001a64](01) 50 push eax // push P
[00001a65](03) 8b4d08 mov ecx,[ebp+08]
[00001a68](01) 51 push ecx // push P
[00001a69](05) e810000000 call 00001a7e // call H
[00001a6e](03) 83c408 add esp,+08
[00001a71](01) 5d pop ebp
[00001a72](01) c3 ret
Size in bytes:(0021) [00001a72]
P is defined as the above precise byte sequence.
The x86 language is the entire inference basis.
For every possible H defined at machine address 00001a7e that has input
(P,P) when the input to H(P,P) is executed or simulated this input is
either infinitely recursive or aborted at some point. In no case does
the input ever reach its final state of 00001a72.
Now that we have verified that the input to H(P,P) never halts we know
that the correct return value for any correct halt decider H(P,P) must
be 0.
To determine the correct halt status of the input to H(P,P) H merely
needs to simulate its input one instruction at a time until H sees P
call itself with the same parameters that it was called with. When H
sees this H correctly returns 0 for not halting.
Strachey, C 1965. An impossible program The Computer Journal, Volume 7,
Issue 4, January 1965, Page 313,
https://doi.org/10.1093/comjnl/7.4.313
Linz, Peter 1990. An Introduction to Formal Languages and Automata. Lexington/Toronto: D. C. Heath and Company. (318-320)
Halting problem undecidability and infinitely nested simulation (V2)
November 2021 PL Olcott
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/356105750_Halting_problem_undecidability_and_infinitely_nested_simulation_V2
--
Copyright 2021 Pete Olcott
Talent hits a target no one else can hit;
Genius hits a target no one else can see.
Arthur Schopenhauer
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